July–August 2002

THE WAR ON AGING AIRCRAFT

Also: RONALD REAGAN (CVN 76)

YEAR IN REVIEW 2001

July–August 2002

C o n t e n t s

2 Looking Back . . .

10 PCU Ronald Reagan (CVN 76):

Navy’s Newest Carrier—Just Add Water

13 OK Two Wire! Ronald Reagan (CVN 76)

Ramps Up New Technology

16 NAVRIIP:

Navy Tackles Interdeployment Readiness

F e a t u r e s

18 Naval Aviation in the Korean War Series:

Patrol Squadrons in the Korean War

22 The War on Aging Aircraft:

One Battle Down, Many to Go

26 Hank Caruso’s AerocaturesSketchbook:

Navy’s Aging Aircraft

28 The Year in Review 2001

Flagship Publication of Naval Aviation

The U.S. Navy’s Oldest Periodical, Established 1917

Volume 84, No. 5

July–August 2002

De p a r t m e n t s

4 Grampaw Pettibone

6 Airscoop

50 People–Planes–Places

56 Professional Reading

ibc Flightbag/ANA Photo Contest

COVERS—Front: Hank Caruso’s artwork depicts the mascot of NAVAIR’s Aging Aircraft Integration Product

Team (see story and sketchbook pp. 22–27). Back: PH3 J. Scott Campbell snapped AB3 Robert

Schoblocher conducting final checks on a Training Squadron 21 T-45 Goshawk before launching from

George Washington (CVN 73). This page: Ted Carlson captured an SH-60B Seahawk of Helicopter

Antisubmarine Squadron Light 41 on the California coast.

2 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

LOOKING

BACK . . .

The Naval Aviation News Year in Review article is

published annually to document key events from

the previous calendar year. This issue’s chronology

includes an unprecedented event that affected the

entire nation: the 11 September terrorist attacks on

U.S. soil. Naval Aviation’s response to the attacks

was immediate and unwavering.

These pages highlight images from on board some

of the aircraft carriers that stood at the ready to

respond to the terrorist threat in the month after the

attacks. Clockwise from top: a chief aviation warfare

systems operator scans the horizon above Carl

Vinson (CVN 70) from an SH-60H Seahawk on 24

September. A Sailor stands watch on Theodore

Roosevelt (CVN 71) on 13 October as Vella Gulf

(CG 72) steams in the background. Less than a week

following the attacks, a VAQ-141 EA-6B Prowler is

spotted on the catapult before launch from Enterprise

(CVN 65) on 17 September.

PH2(AW) Darryl I.Wood

PHC Daniel E. Smith

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 3

RAdm. Mike McCabe

Director, Air Warfare

Published by the Naval Historical Center under the

auspices of the Chief of Naval Operations

Dr. William S. Dudley

Director, Naval Historical Center

Staff

Sandy Russell Editor

Wendy Leland Managing Editor

Morgan I. Wilbur Art Director

JO1(SW) Ed Wright Assistant Editor

JO3 Dan Ball Assistant Editor

Associates

Hal Andrews Technical Advisor

Cdr. Peter Mersky, USNR (Ret.) Book Review Editor

Capt. R. Rausa, USNR (Ret.) Contributing Editor

Capt. Ted Wilbur, USNR (Ret.) Contributing Artist

Naval Aviation News is online as part of the Naval

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SEND A DISKETTE unless requested by NANews. For

PHC Johnny Bivera

Runway Run-out

An EP-3E Aries II returned from

an extended reconnaissance mission

at night and began its approach to an

airfield at a naval support activity in

the Mediterranean. The aircraft

commander elected to permit a new

and inexperienced third pilot to

perform the approach and landing at

the unfamiliar airfield.

From the beginning of the

approach, the third pilot had

difficulty. Throughout the

approach and landing the

aircraft commander permitted

aircraft configuration, altitude

and airspeed anomalies to

develop and continue unabated

and uncorrected. The third pilot

maintained excessive airspeed

during the final segments of the

approach and touched down

with only half of the available

runway length remaining.

During the initial rollout a

slight left drift developed and

continued until it was corrected

with sufficient rudder

application. With the EP-3E

well left of centerline and

minimal runway remaining, the

aircraft commander assumed

control. His flight control inputs

generated severe pilot-induced

oscillations in aircraft heading. The

plane veered off the runway twice,

ran diagonally from the end of the

prepared surface and came to rest

left of the extended centerline, well

beyond the end of the runway. The

number one engine erupted in fire

and was promptly extinguished by

airfield firefighting assets. All crew

members successfully egressed with

a few incurring minor first-aid

injuries.

Grampaw Pettibone says:

Great balls of fire! I’m

referring to those bursting from

my brain, not to mention the blaze

in the bird’s number one engine.

Plain and simple, the aircraft

commander allowed a bad

situation to get worse. The third

pilot was placed in a situation

beyond his capabilities—making

an approach and landing to an

unfamiliar field in the dark. Bad

show all around.

Gramps from

Yesteryear

13 April 1951

A section of F4U-5N Corsairs

launched from NAS Atlantic City,

N.J., for an air defense exercise.

Immediately after takeoff, the

section came under control of an Air

Force radar ground-controlled

4 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

intercept station and was vectored

toward the New York City area at

15,000 feet. Later, the two aircraft

were assigned to fly at 25,000 feet.

When over Rockaway Beach at

the assigned altitude, the wingman

“tally-hoed” a target above and on a

course of 250 degrees. The Corsairs

were ordered to continue climbing

and to follow the target, an Air

Force B-36.

Passing through 27,000 feet the

leader visually checked his

wingman who was alert and flying

an excellent wing position, as he

had been doing during the entire

flight. At 28,000 feet the leader

noticed his wingman level with his

aircraft and flying erratically,

pitching and rolling. The leader

immediately suspected his

wingman was suffering from

anoxia. He radioed him to switch

to his emergency oxygen system,

but to no avail. The wingman

turned toward the lead aircraft,

passed over it and then fell off into

a steep left spiral. The leader

followed the aircraft down but lost

sight of it against the background

of Manhattan. Nevertheless, he

continued to descend, calling his

wingman by name but never

receiving a reply.

No one witnessed the entire dive.

The aircraft was next seen over

Brooklyn in a shallow dive at low

altitude with wings level. The

aircraft passed directly over the New

York Naval Shipyard at 200 to 300

feet heading 340 degrees. As it

approached the East River the F4U

commenced a right turn and then

dived toward the river. It crashed

150 yards off Manhattan in Corlears

Hook, East River.

Grampaw Pettibone says:

All facts indicated the

pilot lost consciousness

while at high altitude due

to anoxia caused by a

malfunctioning oxygen mask.

The pilot never sufficiently

regained consciousness to avert

crashing. The accident board

recommended that in all highaltitude

aircraft the blinker of

the oxygen regulator be so placed

in the cockpit as to allow the

pilot to see it during all normal

scanning of the instruments. In

the F4U-5N this was not feasible.

It required a rather awkward

motion of the head to look down

to the left to see the blinker. This

was impossible to repeat

continuously while flying combat

tactics and especially while flying

wing.

The commanding officer noted

that the wingman, an ensign, had

according to records attended

lectures, demonstrations and

movies dealing with the operation

and use of the oxygen mask for a

total of four hours of ground

training on this subject.

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 5

GREYHOUNDS BEGIN

SLEP

The first C-2A Greyhound to begin a structural life enhancement

program (SLEP) arrived at Naval Air Depot North Island, Calif.

Structural enhancements to the center wing section and rewiring are

expected to extend the life of the 36 fleet C-2As, to 15,000 flight hours

and 36,000 landings. NADEP North Island will perform the SLEP on

two Greyhounds in 2002 as part of the validation and verification

process, followed by two aircraft in 2003 and four in 2004, reaching

an eventual total of six per year.

AIRSCOOP

Edited by Wendy Leland

PH2 Dwain Willis

Test Squadrons

Redesignated

On 1 May, test squadrons without

alphanumeric designations were

officially redesignated as air test and

evaluation squadrons in keeping

with fleet standards. Previous and

revised designations are as follows:

Naval Force Warfare Aircraft Test

Squadron, NAS Patuxent River,

Md.–VX-20; Naval Rotary Wing

Aircraft Test Squadron, NAS

Patuxent River, Md.–HX-21; Naval

Strike Aircraft Test Squadron, NAS

Patuxent River, Md.–VX-23; Naval

Weapons Test Squadron Point

Mugu, NBVC Point Mugu,

Calif.–VX-30; and Naval Weapons

Test Squadron China Lake, NAWS

China Lake, Calif.–VX-31.

Black Stallions

Activated

Marine Heavy Helicopter

Squadron (HMH) 772, a reserve

CH-53E Super Stallion squadron

based at NAS JRB Willow Grove,

Pa., was activated on 14 February

for one year. Attached to Marine

Medium Helicopter Squadron 263,

MCAS New River, N.C., the HMH-

772 Black Stallions will provide

heavy lift capability for the 24th

Marine Expeditionary Unit’s

aviation combat element,

augmenting the deployment

capability of the 2d Marine Aircraft

Wing.

Brite Star Looks

Forward

The AN/AAQ-22D Brite Star

forward-looking infrared system

successfully completed laser

designation testing at Yuma

Proving Grounds, Ariz., in March.

Designed to replace the AN/AAQ-

22C system on board the Marine

Corps’ UH-1N “Huey,” Brite Star

includes a camera, enhanced

optics, improved tracker modes and

a laser designator.

For the Record

Raytheon Aircraft, Wichita,

Kans., received a $30-million

contract for seven T-6A Texan II

training aircraft. The Navy has

ordered more than 40 Texan IIs, with

the first scheduled for delivery by

year’s end.

Northrop Grumman received a

$42-million planning contract for

continued preparations toward the

overhaul and refueling of Carl

Vinson (CVN 70).

The first AH-1Z Super Cobra

entered the envelope expansion

testing phase at NAS Patuxent

River, Md.

Mishaps

A Naval Weapons Test Squadron

China Lake, Calif., HH-1N “Huey”

crashed in California on 28 March,

killing two crew members and

injuring four others.

An MH-53E Sea Dragon of

Helicopter Mine Countermeasures

Squadron 14 suffered Class A

damage following an emergency

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 7

H-60 Highlights

On 31 March in Guam,

Helicopter Combat Support

Squadron 5 received the first

three MH-60S Knighthawks to

be delivered to an operational

squadron. Here, during a 4 April

ceremony at Owego, N.Y., an

MH-60S Knighthawk, upper

left, flies an American flag

during the first flight of the

MH-60R Seahawk with the total

weapon system on board, below.

The third AH-1Z Super Cobra arrives under wraps at NAS Patuxent River, Md., in

May for testing with Air Test and Evaluation Squadron 21.

Ted Gross

landing in Bahrain on 2 April.

Two members of Naval Weapons

Test Squadron Point Mugu, Calif.,

were killed when their QF-4

Phantom II crashed during the Point

Mugu air show on 20 April.

A Helicopter Antisubmarine

Squadron Light SH-60B Seahawk

was lost on approach to Paul

Hamilton (DDG 60) off southern

California on 4 May. Three crew

members suffered first-aid injuries.

Two T-39N Sabreliners of

Training Squadron 86 were lost and

seven crew members killed

following a midair collision in the

Gulf of Mexico on 8 May.

8 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

In recognition of the contributions

made by service members in response to

the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on

the U.S. and ongoing operations against

the terrorist threat, Executive Order 10448

authorized members of the U.S. armed

forces on active duty on or after 11

September 2001 to be awarded the

National Defense Service Medal. A closing

date is yet to be determined. The medal

was previously issued for service during

the Korean War, the Vietnam War and for

southwest Asia service from 1990 to 1995.

National Defense Service Medal Authorized

Left, before the Helicopter Antisubmarine

Squadron 14 Chargers launch from Kitty

Hawk (CV 63) on a 7 May gunnery

training exercise, AW1 Lance A.

Easterling inspects a .50 caliber machine

gun aboard one of the squadron’s H-60

Seahawks. Above, the object of the

gunners’ scrutiny during the live-fire

exercise is the inflatable red “killer

tomato” target.

PH3 Adam R. Gomez

PH3 John E.Woods

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 9

SUPER HORNET HIGHLIGHTS

PH3 Kittie VandenBosch

PHAN Kristi Earl

The Navy’s newest aircraft, the F/A-18E/F Super

Hornet, is now entering the fleet in force. In

December 2001, Fighter Squadrons 14 and 41

were redesignated strike fighter squadrons

(VFA) to reflect their transition from the F-14

Tomcat to the Super Hornet. Above, VFA-14

celebrated its “safe for flight” certification with

the squadron’s first operational flight on 15

April. Right, a VFA-115 F/A-18E launches from

Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) on 3 May. Below,

an F-model Super Hornet of VFA-41

prepares to launch from Nimitz (CVN 68) on

13 May.

The standard issue ball cap with “Navy” across the

brow attracts attention in Newport News, Va.,

location of the Precommissioning Unit (PCU) of

the Navy’s newest carrier, Ronald Reagan (CVN 76). In

approximately 25 blocks of the city, more than 1,700

PCU Sailors work in uniform. The “Navy” ball cap is

worn by prospective crew members, and it signals PCU

personnel to help integrate the newcomers into the

command.

Sailors later exchange their “Navy” ball caps for

Ronald Reagan plank owner caps—emblazoned with a

symbolic horse and rider over the carrier’s flight deck

(above)—after attending a mandatory indoctrination

course that assists Sailors in a school-to-ship transition.

Developed by PCU senior enlisted personnel, the training

includes ship familiarization, basic damage control, CPR

training, military knowledge, and the history of Ronald

Reagan the man and the carrier’s shipbuilding process.

Commanding Officer Captain J. W. Goodwin gives

the course introduction. He talks about what it means to

be part of the team and what he looks for in Sailors.

Next, he directs the youngest Sailor in the room to read

from an overhead projector the CO’s “four things I don’t

like”: drugs, sexual harassment, alcohol abuse and lack

of integrity. Each topic is thoroughly discussed by the

skipper. He reiterates that Sailors reporting to the PCU

are hand picked for outstanding qualities and are

expected to perform at that level.

Capt. Goodwin started out in Attack Squadron 66,

flying the A-7E Corsair II and then became a flight

instructor, training students in the TA-4J Skyhawk.

Several years and assignments later he transitioned to the

F/A-18 Hornet in Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 25. His

first command came in 1992 at VFA-94. In 1996 he

served as Executive Officer of Carl Vinson (CVN 70), in

1998 became skipper of Rainier (AOE 7), and took

command of PCU Ronald Reagan in 2000.

He firmly believes in teamwork. “This is the crew’s

ship, not my ship,” Goodwin said. “If you tell me what

your job is here, I will tell you exactly how it effects the

rest of the crew. The way a precommissioning unit comes

together is by teamwork; we get a high quality cut of

10 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

PCU RONALD REAGAN (CVN 76)

NAVYS NEWEST CARRIER

JUST ADD WATER

By JO3 Dan Ball

Ball cap photo by JO3 Dan Ball

Sailors. Some have done this before and some are brand

new, but they are all highly motivated. I feel like a

player-coach. I get to play a little bit and I get to coach a

lot.”

After indoctrination, Sailors are up to speed on the

command and the ship, and wearing their command ball

caps they become part of a unit

whose mission is to get the ship

and personnel ready. They

become watch qualified.

Working out of shipyard offices

while the ship is under

construction, they make weekly

familiarization visits to their

prospective spaces on board

Ronald Reagan and witness the

evolution from bare steel and

wires to finished bulkheads.

Command Master Chief R. T. Conklin came to PCU

Ronald Reagan from VFA-15. With more than 30 years

in the Navy, Conklin is no stranger to large commands.

He was Command Master

Chief on board Dwight D.

Eisenhower (CVN 69) and

former Force Master Chief

Naval Surface Force,

Atlantic Fleet.

Conklin said his priorities

are to support the CO, be

the advocate for the crew,

and lead the chief’s mess.

One of his responsibilities is

to ensure that undesignated Sailors

attend an “A” school. Next comes

specialized training needed to run a

new carrier with new equipment. This

could mean traveling to training at

different bases, bringing equipment to

Newport News, going directly to the

manufacturer to train, or going on temporary additional

duty (TAD) aboard another ship, which is a big help to

new Sailors. “When we send them out to ships they are

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 11

Above, Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) under construction at Newport News Naval Shipyard, Va. Below right, Command Master

Chief R. T. Conklin explains the evolution of a PCU. Below, Ronald Reagan CO Capt. J.W. Goodwin welcomes new arrivals.

JO3 Dan Ball

going to come back and measure Ronald Reagan against

that frame of reference, so we set our standards high,”

Conklin said. “From the chief’s mess to the very junior

Sailors, we maintain exceptional standards. That

helps our Sailors feel proud to be part of the

team and keeps them setting goals to

accomplish. ”

Petty officers like Aviation

Boatswain’s Mate (Fuels) First Class

(ABF1) (AW) Raymond Grey take

action. “As leading petty officer,

I’m responsible for getting the

junior guys certified for watch

stations in the department. I organize

detachments for cruises, firefighting

school and crew certification. Sailors

learn a lot by coming here.”

The response to the TAD

assignments is outstanding.

Sailors aboard other ships

are more than

accommodating to their

adopted brethren. Even

amidst action like

Operation Enduring

Freedom, they understand

the mission of the Ronald

Reagan Sailors under their

wing. The PCU’s goal of

training, training and more training

gets accomplished, and the TAD

Sailors become more well rounded.

“I just came off shore duty

and wanted to get my requals,”

said Aviation

Boatswain’s Mate

(Electronics) First Class

(AW) Rafael Corral. “I went

with 14 guys from the PCU to

Carl Vinson. Everyone was

excited about going to sea and

seeing the ports, but when the

September 11th incident happened, port

calls were cancelled. But that was okay. The whole crew

came together, worked incredibly hard and got the

experience we needed to bring back to our ship.”

Deploying Sailors to different ships around the world

greatly benefits the ones back in Newport News. The

TAD Sailors work with real equipment in real sea

conditions. “A brand new Sailor has nothing to really

base his school training on,” Corral said. “When they go

on TAD they get to see how their training applies to

almost everything they do. Then they come back to the

PCU and teach the Sailors here what to expect.”

Training provides a full work day for PCU crew

members, while evenings can be spent at area movie

theaters and nearby shopping malls. The PCU is also

close to Virginia Beach, Fort Story, Little Creek, Colonial

Williamsburg, Busch Gardens and Norfolk. For married

Sailors, good housing and schools are nearby.

While there is no mess hall at the command,

there are many restaurants within walking

distance. A popular diner is Eddie’s,

familiar to anyone who has been stationed

at Newport News. During lunch, Sailors

fill the tables while barked kitchen

orders provide “background” for

conversation.

A favorite event happens once a month

when the ship’s mess crew calls for

volunteers to critique potential menu

items. The word travels fast around

the command and a line forms

outside of the host

building. The days of

black-and-white labels

on generic food are

over. Now, first-rate

entrees, desserts, salads

and beverages are

served for all to sample

as the vendors vie for a

slot on the Navy menu.

For many Ronald Reagan

Sailors, this is not their first

PCU. Aviation Boatswain’s Mate

(Hydraulics) First Class (AW/SW)

Kenneth W. Letexier, who served

during the final weeks of PCU

Harry S. Truman (CVN

75), said it is interesting

to be part of the

beginning this time. “You

see the putting together of

the whole command, and

lay down all of the

guidelines and administrative

tools. It becomes the

groundwork for how the ship will

be run in the future. The example you set today

will be the standard that future crews go by.”

For PCU Ronald Reagan personnel, “setting the

example” seems to be the motto, and many of the

Sailors expressed an interest in extending their tour for

the first deployment. “I came here and saw the ship

basically in pieces,” ABF2 (AW) Edric Kidd said.

“Then I learned what was going on and saw parts of

the ship coming together, our spaces coming together,

the crew coming together, and it makes me want to be

there for the first deployment. I want to see what all of

our work accomplished, and really be part of a brandnew

ship.”

12 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Illustration by DM2 Arturo Chavez

FROM THE CHIEFS MESS

TO THE VERY JUNIOR SAILORS,

WE MAINTAIN EXCEPTIONAL

STANDARDS.”

—CAPTAIN J. W. GOODWIN

In 1995 Newport News Shipbuilding engineers began

designing the ninth Nimitz-class nuclear-powered

aircraft carrier, Ronald Reagan (CVN 76). Modern

technology and experience gained from building the

previous Nimitz-class carriers enabled the engineers to

produce what they call a three-dimensional electronic

product model environment of the ship—a computergenerated

model used for exploration, configuration and

experimentation before the first steel beam of the actual

ship was laid. Advanced methods like this brought forth

major carrier innovations for CVN 76, including a new

island house, bow design and flight deck layout.

“This is the first carrier since Nimitz that has had any

major redesign work,” said Robert Gunter, Jr., Northrop

Grumman/Newport News Senior Vice President, Aircraft

Carrier Program. “The carriers after Nimitz would be

termed with a little ‘m’ for modified, but we looked at

CVN 76 as a big ‘M’ because 60 percent of the drawings

had to be changed to incorporate all of the improvements

we made to the ship.”

Ronald Reagan’s keel was laid in 1998, then hull

construction began, and two years later a newly designed

bulbous bow (above) was attached. The lower portion of

the new bow protrudes forward from the ship in a bubble

shape. Odd looking or not, the new design has some

practical applications. It adds buoyancy to the bow,

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 13

OK TWO WIRE! RONALD REAGAN (CVN 76)

RAMPS UP NEW TECHNOLOGY

By JO3 Dan Ball

reducing drag for better handling at sea

and providing lift to the flight deck. At

722 tons it far outweighs previous bow

designs, but it is so effective that the

Navy is considering retrofitting all

Nimitz-class carriers with it.

The new island house is the same

height as older versions and is placed in the same

location, but is 20 feet longer and has one less deck. This

increases the dimensions of the interior spaces to allow

larger windows, ease of movement and space for future

technology. Notable is the redesigned primary flight

control station. The new design gives the “air boss”

larger windows and a

270-degree view of

the flight deck. On

the navigation

bridge, digital

instruments replace

analog versions in a

“glass bridge” similar

to the “glass cockpit”

in newer aircraft.

Newly designed

consoles let the

bridge crew read touch screens instead of dials

and gauges. Visible from the outside is an upper

stage weapons elevator with port and starboard

access. The new elevator is built into the rear of

the island, and will reduce hangar bay backlog

and speed up the weapons loading process.

Also, the mainmast, aft mast and topside

antennae are arranged differently than on other

carrier islands.

Construction of the island took place

completely indoors, making it much easier for

the builders to access spaces and equipment and

avoid inclement weather. In November 2000 the

650-ton island was moved from the construction site and

raised to the flight deck in one piece by Newport News

Shipbuilding’s superlift crane.

There are several changes on the flight deck of Ronald

Reagan. A new design layout extending the port side

angle of the landing area has moved the foul line clear of

jet blast deflector two. The carrier can simultaneously

launch an aircraft from catapult two and trap on the

landing angle. Another visible change is a three-wire

arresting gear design instead of the traditional four-wire

system. The number two wire, located in the same spot

as number three on other carriers, will be the “hit wire.”

The new system uses polycore cables designed to

withstand more traps than steel cables and extralarge

pulleys to reduce maintenance and man-hours,

and provides the capability to land potentially larger

and heavier aircraft. The former setup of four

arresting gear engines and one barricade engine is

now four arresting gear engines with two of them

interchangeable as

barricade engines. The

removal of one engine

greatly frees up the

space to flight line

maintenance crews.

The four jet blast

deflectors are also

new, incorporating a

one-panel design with

a side-panel cooling

loop to keep exhaust

gasses from harming

flight deck personnel.

Adjacent to the

hangar bay, the

Aircraft Intermediate

Maintenance

Department (AIMD) will work with 18 Consolidated

Automated Support System (CASS) benches. The

system’s Navy standard automatic test equipment enables

the fleet to test electronics at AIMDs ashore and afloat.

The equipment station, or bench, provides

interchangeable configurations that are engineered to

14 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Crew members are invited to sample

foodstuffs, above left, that are competing

for slots on the ship’s menu. Above, a

Sailor stands duty at the PCU ship’s store.

The store stocks snacks, mementos and

uniform items for visitors and the crew.

Ronald Reagan (CVN 76)

incorporates many innovations,

such as a redesigned island

house with a new weapons

elevator located at the rear. The

island house, shown here during

installation, provides roomier

spaces for the “air boss” and

navigators and better views of

the flight deck.

DM2 Arturo Chavez

keep pace with improved technology and new

requirements. Previous carriers were outfitted with 8

benches.

Ronald Reagan is using the fiberoptic Integrated

Communications and Advanced Network control system.

The system uses new automated consoles that replace the

old, red “coke machines” for interior communications.

Three small touch

screens replace large

alarm panels at the

central control station.

Touch screen consoles

will also provide

instant information on the fuel system status and quality

indicators in the 3.5 million-gallon jet fuel system.

These innovations came about through advances in

technology and requests from the fleet. The challenge

was not only to make the newest carrier the most

advanced in the world, but also the safest and most

effective. Ronald Reagan is well on the way to achieving

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 15

Current Schedule

October 2002: Crew moves aboard

February–March 2003: Sea trials

28 March 2003: Contractor’s delivery

date

10 May 2003: Commissioning

Summer 2003: Shakedown cruises

Summer 2004: Arrive at home

port, NAS North Island, Calif.

Statistics

• Top speed exceeds 30 knots

• Powered by two nuclear reactors

that can operate for more than 20

years without refueling

• Expected to operate in the fleet for about

50 years

• Typical Nimitz-class ship carries 80-plus combat

aircraft

• Three two-inch diameter arresting wires on the deck

bring an airplane going 150 miles per hour to a stop in

less than 400 feet

• Home to about 6,000 Navy personnel

• Carries enough food and supplies to operate

for 90 days

• Daily newspaper, and radio and

television stations

• 20,000 meals served daily

• Distillation plants produce 400,000

gallons of fresh water from sea

water daily, enough to supply 2,000

homes

• Nearly 30,000 light fixtures and

1,325 miles of cable and wiring for

1,400 telephones; 14,000 pillowcases

and 28,000 sheets

• Towers 20 stories above the

waterline

• 1,092 feet long—nearly as long as the

Empire State Building is tall

• 4.5-acre flight deck

• Four bronze propellers, each 21 feet across and

weighing 66,220 pounds

• Steering accomplished by two rudders, each 29 feet x

22 feet and weighing 50 tons

• Four high-speed aircraft elevators, each more than 4,000

square feet

R O N A L D R E A G A N ( C V N 7 6 ) F A C T S

The ship was launched

in March 2001 and

directed by tugboats to

her present location for

further construction.

By Ltjg. Anne Cossitt

The ongoing success of Naval Aviation personnel as

part of Operation Enduring Freedom demonstrates

the high level of readiness of deployed forces. But

between deployments, readiness naturally ebbs,

increasing the effort needed to ramp up again. The

Thomas Group, a consulting company with expertise in

process management, is assisting the

Navy in improving nondeployed

readiness through the Naval Aviation

Readiness Integrated Improvement

Program (NAVRIIP).

“NAVRIIP is a fundamental

change in the way we determine,

manage, coordinate and prioritize

Naval Aviation resource requirements

during the interdeployment training

cycle,” explained Commander Bob

Gilbeau, Commander Naval Air

Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet (AIRPAC)

supply readiness officer. “It will allow

us to do better with our existing

resources.”

The program is led by flag officers

from 17 commands, including

Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific

Fleet; Commander in Chief, U.S.

Atlantic Fleet; AIRPAC; Commander Naval Air Force,

U.S. Atlantic Fleet; Naval Air Systems Command

(NAVAIR); Chief of Naval Education and Training;

Naval Supply Systems Command; Naval Inventory

Control Point (NAVICP); and the Defense Logistics

Agency (DLA).

A key element in the process is aligning efforts

between different

supporting commands,

such as the fleet, NAVICP,

DLA and the maintenance

depots. “Before NAVRIIP,

the many commands

associated with the myriad

logistical elements that

define readiness played in

their own lane,” said

Captain Mark Clemente,

Commander Fighter Wing,

U.S. Atlantic Fleet. “There

was no formal cross-functional coordination. NAVRIIP

will get everyone speaking the same language and then

working together to fix real problems.” Three crossfunctional

teams were created to address the more

difficult challenges.

The first team defines appropriate, acceptable levels of

readiness throughout the interdeployment training cycle

16 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Top, HC-8 CH-46 Sea Knights wait out a

snowstorm at NS Norfolk, Va. Naval Aviation

commands’ efforts to maintain readiness during

interdeployment cycles will be aided by the

NAVRIIP program. Above, “Boots on the

Ground” visits allow NAVRIIP teams to gather

information on obstacles to interdeployment

readiness from personnel at all levels of the

chain of command.

and then builds a training and readiness matrix tailored

for each airframe. The team works with type wings to

schedule squadron training requirements and conduct the

right training at the right time. A second team is

responsible for providing parts, people, aircraft and

support equipment to squadrons at the right time and with

the right quality so aviators can continue to meet critical

training milestones. The third cross-functional team is in

charge of planning and programming to ensure that

funding requirements are met.

While it may seem that this program only affects the

highest levels of the chain of command, its success relies

on input from Sailors throughout the fleet. Teams of

maintainers and suppliers from the type commands,

NAVAIR, program offices, NAVICP, DLA and the

Thomas Group travel to naval air stations to conduct

“Boots on the Ground” (BOG) visits to interact with the

troops maintaining and supporting aircraft in order to

identify barriers to readiness improvement.

Recent BOG visits at NAS Whidbey Island, Wash., and

NAS Oceana, Va., enabled fleet aviators and maintainers

to provide input to flag officers on readiness issues. These

visits have already resulted in improvements. For

example, at Oceana “we repair aircraft 24 hours a day, in

three shifts,” explained Capt. Clemente. “The preexpended

bin, containing consumables like nuts and bolts,

was open for only two shifts. The third repair shift would

have to wait until the bin opened the next day. There was

an easy fix to that—keep the bin open during the third

shift.” As problems are brought to the leadership’s

attention through BOGs, steps will be taken to change the

process, working toward solving those problems

consistently over time and ultimately eliminating barriers

that make the process less efficient throughout the fleet.

Capt. Clemente concluded, “This program empowers

the operational chain, the guys who care about flying,

to dive into the issues and fix them.” And that’s a winwin

situation.

Ltjg. Cossitt is assigned to AIRPAC Public Affairs.

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 17

Wendy Leland

18 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Because most of the combat action of the

Korean War took place over the Korean

peninsula, the bulk of the Navy’s aerial

contribution to the war took the form of

carrier-based tactical aircraft.

For Navy patrol squadrons

(VP), the war was fought

primarily on the

peripheries of the main

front, mostly in sea-control

and sea-denial missions, and

other roles such as mine hunting.

The Korean War was one hot spot of many

along the Asian landmass attracting the attention of VP

squadrons in the early 1950s. The broader Cold War was

in full chill. The Soviet Union had tested its first nuclear

weapons in 1949, and its large submarine fleet presented

a credible threat to the Navy’s carrier and amphibious

task forces. Also in 1949, the Communist Chinese

People’s Liberation Army forces had pushed the Chinese

Nationalist forces off the Asian mainland across the

Formosa Strait onto Formosa (now Taiwan). French

colonial forces in Indochina were embattled by an

increasingly strong Viet Minh force led by Ho Chi Minh.

From the Bering Strait to Singapore, Navy patrol planes

had much to monitor.

Although the U.S. Seventh Fleet’s carrier task forces

were committed to the Korean area of operations, the

fleet still was charged with the protection of Formosa.

The fleet was able to maintain routine surveillance of the

Formosa Strait with patrol aircraft, which made it

impossible for the Communist Chinese to launch a

surprise invasion of the island.

In the Korean area of operations, VP squadrons

participated in the blockade of North Korea, keeping

merchant shipping and fishing fleets under surveillance

and deterring hostile submarine activity. In addition,

patrol aircraft hunted and destroyed mines, dropped

flares for air strikes, and conducted weather

reconnaissance and search-and-rescue operations.

At the beginning of the Korean War, Pacific Fleet VP

squadrons were equipped with three heavily armed

aircraft types. Martin PBM-5/5S/5S2 Mariners were the

only flying boats in active patrol squadrons (the P5M

Marlin had not yet entered service.) Seaplanes were

increasingly being displaced by land-based patrol

bombers, such as the four-engine Consolidated Privateer

P4Y-2/2S/2B, a holdover from WW II; and versions of

the new twin-engine Lockheed Neptune (P2V-

2/3/3W/4/5), successor to the post-WWII PV-2 Harpoon

patrol bomber.

The Pacific Fleet was equipped with only nine VP

squadrons in June 1950, having disestablished four

squadrons in the first half of the year. VP squadrons were

based at NAS Whidbey Island, Wash.; NAS San Diego,

Calif.; and NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii. They deployed to

NAF Yokosuka, Japan; NAS Sangley Point, R.P.; NAS

Kodiak, Alaska; and NAS Agana, Guam. By the end of

1950, seven reserve VP squadrons were activated, five of

which were assigned to the Pacific Fleet. By the end of

1951, two more active duty VP squadrons were

established in the Pacific Fleet, and two more reserve

squadrons were activated to augment them. NAS

Alameda, Calif., and NAS Seattle, Wash., accommodated

some of the new squadrons. Only one Atlantic Fleet

patrol squadron, VP-7 at NAS Quonset Point, R.I., was

deployed to the war zone, arriving less than one month

before the truce on 30 June 1953.

When the war broke out in 1950, Fleet Air Wing

(FAW) 1 at Guam controlled squadrons deployed to the

western Pacific. In July 1950 FAW-1 moved to Naha,

Okinawa, to control patrols over the Formosa Strait using

one land-based and one flying boat squadron. FAW-6

was established at Atsugi, Japan, to coordinate patrols in

the Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan. Eventually the typical

strength of FAW-6 included three land-plane squadrons

and two flying boat squadrons, as well as two squadrons

of Royal Air Force Sunderland flying boats. These

command structures remained in place throughout the

war, except during a short period when they were

relieved by FAW-2 and FAW-14, respectively.

Only eight patrol planes—PBMs assigned to VP-46 and

the squadron it was relieving, VP-47—patrolled the Far

East when the North Korean invasion began, while VP-

28’s PB4Ys were deployed to Guam. Soon, VP-47 was

regrouped and retained on deployment, VP-6’s P2V-3s

arrived at Johnson Air Base near Tokyo,

Japan, and VP-42’s PBMs staged at

Iwakuni, Japan. VP-28 staged to Naha

and began daily patrols of the Formosa

Strait and the coast of China. Other

squadrons rotated in turn, and also

deployed to far-flung bases and

anchorages such as Hong Kong; the

Pescadores, Buckner Bay and Kadena

in Okinawa; Tachikawa and Itami in

Japan; and Kodiak and Shemya in the

Aleutians.

As the North Korean invasion pushed south, VP-6’s

Neptunes were used on three occasions to provide naval

gunfire spotting for United Nations warships on the

western coast of South Korea. The squadron’s P2V-3s,

armed with 20mm cannon, bombs and rockets, also

launched many attacks themselves against North Korean

targets along the northeast shore.

On 29 July 1950, two crews destroyed a railroad

train with their rockets and guns. On 13 August, crews

sank three boats and two barges engaged in minelaying

near Chinnampo, and damaged two surface craft near

Wonsan. One VP-6 Neptune was damaged in the attack.

An attack on a patrol boat near Chinnampo on 16

August was fatal to another VP-6 aircraft, which

ditched after taking fire. The crew was rescued by the

Royal Navy cruiser HMS Kenya. Patrol planes were

prohibited thereafter from undertaking attack missions

over Korea. VP-6 became the only

patrol squadron awarded the Navy Unit

Citation during the Korean War.

Patrol planes—PBMs, P2Vs and

Sunderlands—were used extensively in

mine hunting, particularly in the harbors

of Inchon and Wonsan. This tedious

activity required the PBMs to fly low

and slow, close enough to detonate a

moored mine with machine gunfire, but

high enough to avoid the mine’s

explosion. P2Vs dropped depth charges

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 19

Opposite, a VP-28 PB4Y-2 is

superimposed over the

squadron’s first insignia,

approved in 1948. The pirate, or

Privateer, symbolized the type of

squadron aircraft. The cartoon

character holds a bomb in each

hand, intent on sinking enemy

ships. Below, a VP-1 P2V-5

Neptune leaves Atsugi, Japan, on

a patrol over the Sea of Japan on

12 September 1952.

to wipe out magnetic mines.

In 1951 VP squadrons were

pressed into another role, this time

over land, dropping illumination

flares in support of air strikes.

Known as Firefly missions, they

helped deny the night to enemy

supply movements. Admiral

Arthur W. Radford suggested the

use of P4Y-2 Privateers as flare

ships to replace the more

vulnerable R4D Skytrains in

illuminating targets for Marine

Corps F4U-5N Corsair and F7F-

3N Tigercat night hecklers. One

P4Y from VP-772 was modified

for the mission and proved highly

successful, and three more P4Ys

from VP-772 and VP-28 were

assigned as “Lamp Lighters” (later

operated by successive squadrons).

During a typical mission, the P4Y

would rendezvous with four attack

aircraft, search for truck convoys

and illuminate the targets for the attack

aircraft.

Although United Nations forces were

successful in maintaining air superiority over

most of the Korean peninsula, lumbering

patrol aircraft had a few encounters with

enemy aircraft. A VP-42 Mariner was

damaged on 11 May 1952 by a MiG-15

fighter over the Yellow Sea, and on 31 July

1952 a VP-731 PBM was seriously damaged

by gunfire from a MiG-15, which killed two

crewmen and injured two others.

Flights off China and the Soviet Union,

far from protective cover, were more

dangerous. VP-28 P4Ys were attacked over

the Formosa Strait on 26 July by an F-51

Mustang in North Korean markings, and on

20 September and 22 November 1950 by

MiG-15s, all without result. A VP-42 PBM

was lost to unknown causes in the southern

Formosa Strait on 5 November. On 6

November 1951 a VP-6 P2V-3W was shot

down, with no survivors, by Soviet fighters

near Vladivostok. On 18 January 1953

Chinese antiaircraft batteries shot down a

20 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

U.S. Navy Patrol Squadrons in the Korean War

Squadron Aircraft Tail Code Home Port

VP-1 P2V-3/3W/5 CD Whidbey Island

VP-2 P2V-2/3W/4 SB Whidbey Island

VP-4 P2V-4 SC Barbers Point

VP-6 P2V-3/3W BE Barbers Point

VP-7 P2V-5 HE Quonset Point

VP-9 P4Y-2 CB Whidbey Island

VP-17 (VP-772) P4Y-2/2S BH Seattle

VP-19 (VP-871) P4Y-2 CH Alameda

VP-22 P2V-3/4/5 CE Barbers Point

VP-28 P4Y-2S CF Barbers Point

VP-29 (VP-812) P2V-5 BF Whidbey Island

VP-40 PBM-5/5S CA San Diego

VP-42 PBM-5/5S/5S2 SA San Diego

VP-46 PBM-5/5S/5S2 BD San Diego

VP-47 PBM-5 BA Alameda

VP-48 (VP-731) PBM-5 SF San Diego

VP-50 (VP-892) PBM-5/5S SE Alameda

VP-57 (VP-931) P2V-2/3W/5 BI Whidbey Island

Opposite, a PBM Mariner is hoisted aboard

Curtiss (AV 4) for servicing during the

Korean War, 8 November 1950.

Note: Parentheses indicate former reserve designations.

VP-22 P2V off Swatow. A Coast Guard PBM-5G picked

up the survivors but crashed on takeoff, resulting in the

loss of 11 fliers, including 7 from the P2V. The survivors

were rescued by a Navy ship. Further such aircraft

incidents and losses occurred in the years after the

Korean truce.

One daring P2V crew amazingly survived a series of

eight or nine intentional overflights of the Soviet Union’s

Kamchatka peninsula between April and June 1952. A

VP-931 P2V-3W—modified with special electronic

intelligence equipment in its nose and flown by a handpicked

crew—flew in radio silence over the peninsula at

15,000 feet in search of military installations. When

military sites were detected, an Air Force RB-50 flying

above and behind the P2V photographed the sites. The

snoopers were intercepted on two missions by Soviet

MiG fighters but apparently never were fired upon.

Fortunately, the recently declassified operations never

required the services of the Air Force SB-17 rescue plane

assigned to the missions. This VP-931 (later VP-57) crew

also performed a daring search and rescue flight in July

1953 over Vladivostok harbor for the crew of an RB-50

that was shot down by Soviet fighters. A U.S. destroyer

rescued one of the crewmen.

Land-based patrol planes saw greater use than flying

boats in the Korean War, proving to be more efficient. In

Korea, land-based patrol planes flew 12 sorties for every

9 flown by flying boats.

As with U.S. forces in general, patrol aviation

maintained a high level of presence in the Far East

after the Korean War. Its operations increasingly

focused on peripheral reconnaissance of the Soviet

Union and China, particularly surveillance of the

growing Soviet submarine force and vigilance against

Chinese sabre-rattling against Formosa.

Rick Burgess, a former NANews editor, is Managing Editor of the Navy’s

League’s Seapower.

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 21

CALLED UP FOR KOREA

By Hal Andrews

NANews Technical Advisor Hal Andrews

interrupted his education to join the Navy in 1944, but

WW II was over before he could apply his aviation

radio technician skills. He was discharged from

service, attended Cornell University in his hometown

of Ithaca, N.Y., and graduated with a bachelor’s

degree in mechanical engineering. Later, he was called

to duty during the Korean War. Afterwards,

he returned to Cornell and completed

graduate school in aeronautical

engineering. With 30 years of civilian

service to the Navy before retiring in 1986,

he has spent his life supporting Naval

Aviation. Here, he recalls his experience

working with patrol aircraft in the Korean

War era.

After going to work for Boeing Aircraft

Company in Seattle, Wash., in 1948, a

friend and I joined the Naval Reserve at

NAS Seattle. As an aviation electronics

technician (AT) with Fleet Aircraft Service

Squadron (FASRON) 895, weekend duty involved

servicing our aircraft, as well as PV-2s and PBY-5As

flown by the patrol squadrons. We also got local flights

and sometimes a weekend hop to NAS Oakland, Calif.,

where we stayed in the barracks overnight.

In 1949 I went East and got married, then my wife

and I settled in Seattle. I learned that with a

mechanical engineering degree, my only path to a

reserve commission was as an aviation machinist’s

mate (AD), so I became an AD trainee. After I

reenlisted in early June 1950, our FASRON was called

up in July—on two hours’ notice—and briefly moved

to NAS Whidbey Island, Wash. The FASRON soon

returned to NAS Seattle and became an operational

training unit for recalled reserves and newly formed

regular squadrons that would fly P4Y-2s taken out of

desert storage and returned to service. With plenty of

ADs and a shortage of ATs, I switched back to my AT

rating. Our squadron was beefed up with a recalled

augmentation unit from Minneapolis, Minn., and we

had a good radio/radar shop. We even

prepared six P4Y-2s for delivery to the

French in French Indochina, and supplied

ferry crews for some of them.

Those of us who were called up in July

1950 were informed in mid-1951 that we

would be released from active duty in less

than the two-year squadron call-up period.

Meanwhile, I had applied for a new program

which offered commissions to college

graduates on active duty. Ironically, in

October I received both an offer of a

commission if I accepted two years of

additional active duty, and notice of my

release in November.

We put the house in Seattle on the market and

headed back East, arriving in western New York State

for Christmas so that I could begin work in Buffalo at

the Cornell Aeronautical Lab. I was part of an

evaluation team assessing the design of captured

North Korean-operated Russian aircraft under Air

Force contract.

My brief service in the reserves proved to be

another step toward a civilian engineering career in

Naval Aviation.

Hal Andrews as a

Sailor in 1944.

22 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

The War on Aging Aircraft:

One Battle Down, Many To Go

B y J o h n M i l l i m a n

The war began more than

three years ago, but victory

is still far from secure.

Efforts by the Naval Air Systems

Command’s (NAVAIR) Aging

Aircraft Integrated Product Team (AAIPT) to keep Naval

Aviation a step ahead of the debilitating effects of age are

starting to pay off. “The first battle was merely getting

on the scope,” explained Bob Ernst, head of the AAIPT

at NAS Patuxent River, Md.

“We had to educate the decision

makers about something the

fleet knew all along—aging

platforms and weapons systems

are eating our lunch.”

Like the other services, the Navy and the Marine

Corps face significant age-related challenges in

extending the life span of some aircraft into the middle

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 23

A Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 5

maintenance crew works on an HH-46D Sea

Knight on 30 April—almost 38 years after the

Navy accepted the helicopter in 1964.

PH2 Marjorie McMillen

of the 21st century. “The average age of our in-flight

refueling and maritime surveillance aircraft is about 29

years,” Ernst stated. “If they were cars in Maryland, they

would qualify for historic license plates.”

Recent congressional testimony by senior Department

of Defense officials, including the Chief of Naval

Operations, Commandant of the Marine Corps, various

service secretaries and members of Congress, indicates

that the AAIPT’s message is getting through. The

decision makers know about the problem, and sometimes

knowing about it means more funding to do something

about it. “Thanks to the Chief of Naval Operations’ drive

for near-term readiness, we have the support to make this

happen,” Ernst said. “Now, we have to actually do

something if we want to effectively support these legacy

platforms until their replacements start showing up in 10

to 15 years.”

The battle plan involved joining the efforts of the

AAIPT, which stood up in 1999, with similar teams set

up by the other services. This has been accomplished

with the formation of the Joint Council on Aging Aircraft

(JCAA), a collaborative effort by the Navy, Marine

Corps, Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Defense Logistics

Agency, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), NASA

and academia. “The JCAA is a true force/budget

multiplier that helps us get fixes to the fleet faster, better

and cheaper than we could do it alone,” Ernst said. “It

also increases our credibility, and makes for a stronger

argument on Capitol Hill when asking for funding.”

Finding affordable, available and supportable products

for the fleet to ease maintenance burdens is the trick,

explained AAIPT deputy Lieutenant Commander Lance

Hernandez. “When I was in the fleet, I always wondered

why it took so long to get something you knew you

could get commercially. You stand around scratching

your head in the hangar deck wondering why you

couldn’t just send out to Radio Shack for a replacement.

Sure, we could find a part that would work right off the

shelf, but would it survive the first trap or the Arabian

Sea operating environment?”

According to Ernst, that sums up the big task ahead

for the team and JCAA. “You can’t take stuff right off

the shelf and just slap it on the aircraft. You have to

make sure it’s available, it can withstand the harsh

maritime environment and that the maintainers have the

logistics manuals and training to use it. None of these

things are hard, but they all require analysis and

prototyping,” he emphasized.

Already, the AAIPT is starting to field some new

technology, albeit without the fanfare accorded to larger

programs. “There are a lot of low-tech solutions that

aren’t sexy,” Ernst said, “but they can provide immediate

relief once they’re mapped to the right application.”

Thanks to the team’s efforts, a corrosion fighting tool

called the SemPen will soon meet the fleet. SemPen is a

spot primer/paint applicator that’s easy to use, easy to

24 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Above, Bob Ernst leads a group of engineers, chemists,

logisticians, technicians and support personnel to develop,

test and field solutions to the challenges of operating aging

Navy and Marine Corps aircraft. Right, Dave Kayser

engineered several options for tackling obsolescence

issues plaguing the F/A-18 Hornet’s APG-65 radar.

dispose of and vastly reduces costly overgrinding and

painting of aircraft. Also headed to the fleet is another

corrosion tool called the radial bristle disk, developed

from commercially available automotive paint removing

disks that were found to be too aggressive for aircraft

use.

To fight catastrophic electrical fires, the team is well

along in testing arc fault circuit breaker technology for

aircraft use. “A large portion of our funding for developing

wiring solutions comes from our FAA and Air

Force partners in the JCAA,” Ernst added. “I love

spending other people’s money.”

In addition to hardware, the team is developing

process tools and cost models to address obsolescence.

“A big challenge associated with our aging platforms is

that we can’t keep up with the rapid change in

technology,” Ernst stated. “At best, we upgrade our

equipment every four or five years. What’s killing us is

the microcircuit technology upgrades every 18 months.

We’re often two or three generations behind, so 80

percent of the time our programs have to go to a costly

redesign.” That’s why the team first tries to find old parts

to fix a problem before proceeding with a new design.

One example to hit the fleet is an obsolescence fix the

team developed for the F/A-18 Hornet’s APG-65 radar.

“We identified drop-in components to replace obsolete

and discontinued high-failure components that were

degrading mission capable rates,” Ernst said. “Some of

these components were also used in the Air Force F-15

Eagle, highlighting the joint nature of the challenge. The

new components avoided a costly redesign while

doubling the reliability of the systems.”

That might sound easy, but it required a detailed

engineering analysis of the microcircuits involved by

AAIPT engineer Dave Kayser. “I had to look at the

design application, operating environment and

configuration failure modes just to identify the root cause

and define the problem,” he explained. “Then I had to

research the available options, remembering that I wasn’t

allowed to do any major redesigns. Finally, I had to get

the parts and prove it.” And Kayser isn’t quite finished.

Doing the whole process once isn’t enough, because

there are so many configurations in use.

With a few successes soon to be fielded, the AAIPT

still has a long war ahead of it that is segmented into five

major thrust areas: avionics, corrosion, wiring, dynamic

components and engines. “We’ve just started to scratch

the surface,” Ernst said, and “begun searching for the

common problems in other areas in tandem with our

JCAA partners. It’s going to require the same focus and

discipline to identify, develop and field affordable

solutions to keep our legacy warriors viable and

affordable—and not on the backs of our maintainers.”

Ernst likens the team’s efforts to the buildup that led

to success in WW II. “We’re still doing this as guerilla

warfare. We snipe at technology applications from

behind rocks. We’ve got to do this systematically so all

the platforms can benefit.” He sees the teaming

opportunities through the JCAA as ultimately winning

the war on aging aircraft, but not yet. “Victory in WW II

came after extensive mobilization and buildup of forces,

materiel and strategy.”

Similarly, fighting the effects of aging aircraft isn’t

going to be over anytime soon. “We’re not quite ready

to sail into Tokyo Bay and sign anything just yet,” Ernst

concluded. “We’re still at Guadalcanal. But we’re

making progress.”

John Milliman is AAIPT public affairs officer.

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 25

Above, chemist Kevin Koveleski evaluates new

corrosion preventive compounds and coatings for

possible use in the fleet of aging aircraft. Right, a

logbook reflects testing notes by members of NAVAIR’s

Organic Coatings Team.

AAIPT Mascot. The average age

of the Navy’s aircraft fleet is over 17 years and growing. In

spite of the physical condition, we still expect these

aircraft to continue to perform their operational

functions. The Naval Air Systems Command’s

(NAVAIR) Aging Aircraft Integrated Product Team

(AAIPT) “mascot” incorporates the five key types

of issues facing the U.S. military’s steadily aging

fleet of airborne warriors: degraded and abused

wiring; outdated or unserviceable avionics;

pneumatic and hydraulic dynamic components

(such as valves and pistons); power plants and

propulsion systems; and materials corrosion and

degradation.

26 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Chiropractics. Dynamic components include hydraulic and

pneumatic aircraft elements that translate force into motion.

Continuous cycling under extreme loading conditions takes a

significant toll on these elements over an aircraft’s lifetime and

many are reaching their rework limit. Specific problems include

arthritis of wing fold, blade fold and control surface actuation

mechanisms; canopy hazing; landing gear strut cracks and leaks; leaking

seals for hydraulics and fuel tanks; popped and worn out fasteners;

environmental control system inadequacy; and heat-dirtcontamination

effects.

A Stitch in Time. Because the problems associated with

aging aircraft plague all military and civilian aviation

communities, the Joint Council on Aging Aircraft has

been created to more effectively deal with areas of

mutual concern. The council consists of technical

experts from the Navy, Air Force, Army, Coast

Guard, Federal Aviation Administration and Defense

Logistics Agency. This expertise has been stitched

together into a grassroots coalition focused on dealing

with formidable but under-appreciated concerns.

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 27

Expiring Wiring. There are two fundamental

wiring concerns for aging aircraft: insulation

degradation due to old age and chemical

attack, and insulation damage due to

physical actions, such as abrasion, cuts,

pinches and other maintenance wear and

tear. In addition to the wiring itself, the

AAIPT is attempting to mitigate the

potential effects of wiring damage by

detecting and isolating electrical short

circuits and limiting the effects of short circuits

on system operation.

Paleotronics. Aging aircraft are performing their

operational missions with dated electronic systems that are

often several generations behind the state of the art. The

obvious problems are inferior performance (such as

sensor capabilities, display resolution and computing

power) and difficulty in replacing or repairing

damaged electronic elements. More subtle, but

equally significant, are problems associated with

systems interoperability between different platforms

and different generations of electronics. Paleotronics

are also incapable of transforming overwhelming

amounts of raw data from today’s combat environment

into usable situational awareness for aircrew.

What’s eating you? Corrosion is

insidious and ever present. It acts on all

physical elements of an aircraft.

Corrosive action comes from many

potential sources: exhaust gases,

hydraulics, fuels, cleaning fluids, solvents

and salt atmosphere. Specific problems

include internal corrosion, especially in hardto-

access areas; dissolved honeycomb in

structural panels; delamination of composite

structures; moisture entrapment; and band-aid and

spray-paint fixes resulting from inadequate

resources or training.

Special thanks for assistance from Bob Ernst, head of

NAVAIR’s AAIPT; John Milliman, AAIPT public affairs officer; and Kurt

Engel of Titan Systems.

28 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

On 11 September 2001, zealots owing allegiance to

al Qaeda, an Islamic terrorist organization with

cells in over 60 countries, attacked America.

Founded and led by Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda had

proclaimed jihad (holy war) against the United States and

its allies. Evidence verified that the terrorists were aided

and abetted by Taliban, the Islamic fundamentalist

regime of Afghanistan. The Taliban’s refusal to extradite

terrorists and al Qaeda’s dangerous threat to the free

world left no alternative but to make it clear that

harboring terrorists carried a steep price.

On 7 October 2001, the Sailors and Marines about to

spearhead the free world’s retribution into Afghanistan—

dubbed Operation Enduring Freedom—believed they

faced between 45,000 and 70,000 seasoned fighters.

Predominantly tough mountaineers bred to their harsh

climate, Taliban masters of camouflage and dispersal

were experienced by years of warfare. Afghans, who had

outlasted invaders for centuries and were led by Taliban

religious fanatics, were superbly confident.

The approaching onset of winter promised to render

the bleak weather even more severe. In the north, the

Hindu Kush mountains climbed to over 24,000 feet, and

recurring subfreezing temperatures and shifting, chilling

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 29

Above, Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71)

underway in the Arabian Sea (PH2 Jason

Scarborough). Opposite, top, Enterprise (CVN 65)

signalmen hoist a flag that flew over the Pentagon post

11 September 2001 (PH3 Joshua C. Millage). Opposite,

bottom, after a mission over Afghanistan, an F-14 Tomcat aircrew

briefs a plane captain aboard Enterprise (PHAN Lance H. Mayhew, Jr.).

BY WILLIAM T. BAKER AND MARK L. EVANS

winds penetrated every layer of

clothing, while ground snow caused

“whiteouts.” In the deserts,

dehydration was a constant concern,

and in the south Marine helicopter

pilots learned that dust was such a

problem they had to maintain

forward movement during takeoffs

and landings to stay ahead of the

dust clouds.

Taliban claimed 250 to 300

aircraft, though only half were

operational combat types—believed

to be MiG-21BIS Fishbed, 21UM

Mongol and 23BN/UB Flogger, as

well as Su-20, 22U/M-4/UM Fitter

and 25K/UBK Frogfoot aircraft; and

Mi-25 Hind gunship and Mi-8 and

Mi-17 Hip transport

helos.

Principal airfields

included Baghlan,

Bagram, Faizabad,

Gardez, Ghazni, Herat,

Jalalabad, Kabul,

Kandahar, Kholm,

Kunduz, Mazar-e-

Sharif, Sherpur and

Shindand. Air defense

was reported as

primarily SA-7 Grail

and FIM-92A Stinger

surface-to-air missiles

(SAM), together with

strong antiaircraft

artillery (AAA). Taliban

teams were anticipated

to employ rocket-propelled grenades

against helos entering landing zones.

America and its allies expected one of

the toughest fights they had ever

faced.

The first strikes went in around

2230. Approximately 25 strike

aircraft from Enterprise (CVN 65)

and Carl Vinson (CVN 70)—

supported by about 15 Air Force

bombers, including several B-1B

Lancers, six B-2 Spirits of the 509th

Bomb Wing and B-52H

Stratofortresses—struck al Qaeda

and Taliban targets with laser-guided

bombs, joint direct attack munitions

and air-to-ground missiles. In

addition, U.S. and British ships and

submarines launched 50 Tomahawk

land attack missiles.

This concentration of ordnance

hit 31 targets, comprising aircraft,

airfields, SAM and AAA sites and

training camps. Coalition pilots flew

just under 200 sorties on the first

day with a 100-percent completion

rate. No aircraft were diverted

ashore and not one was lost.

Seven S-3B Vikings from Sea

Control Squadron 24 flew ahead

above Pakistan to wait for strike

aircraft to rendezvous, and refueled

the strikers on both inbound and

outbound flights. Strike aircraft

averaged 5.5 hours per mission, and

for northern targets, up to 850 miles

away, twice that. Electronic Attack

Squadrons 135 and 141 EA-6B

Prowlers completed their core

mission of Taliban and al Qaeda

electronic suppression, then

eventually jammed enemy ground

communications, enabling coalition

forces to localize the enemy.

Fighter Squadron 14 F-14B

Tomcats led the first strike into the

Afghan capital of Kabul and

knocked out its early warning

facility. Tomcats used the Low-

Altitude Navigation and Targeting

Infrared for Night system to pinpoint

and pass on precision targeting

coordinates to other strikers. Tactical

Airborne Reconnaissance Pod

System equipment was instrumental

in identifying and tracking the

enemy. Taliban pilots refused to give

battle in the air, so F-14 Tomcats and

F/A-18C Hornets blasted enemy

aircraft on the ground.

Joint cooperation reached new

levels. Navy fighters escorted Air

Force bombers until air supremacy

was achieved. Air Force C-17

Globemaster IIIs dropped 37,500

humanitarian ration packets to

starving refugees, while EC-130Es

flown by the 193rd Special

Operations Wing, Pennsylvania Air

National Guard, broadcast news and

information to the Afghan people.

Air Force combat controllers used

modern technology, including

“spotting scopes” (similar to highpowered

binoculars) and global

positioning system units, to call in

Naval Aviation strikes,

then traveled on

horseback to the next

battle. Air Force KC-135

Stratotankers performed

more than 80 percent of

the mission tanking. The

United Kingdom’s

Operation Veritas

supported its allies.

January

1 CVW-3 aircraft

operating from Harry S.

Truman (CVN 75) on

her maiden deployment

struck a radar system in

southern Iraq with

precision-guided munitions.

9 The flight restriction was lifted

on all 165 Marine MH-53E Sea

Dragons, grounded on 25 August

2000 following the 10 August crash

of a Sea Dragon off Corpus Christi,

Texas. The aircraft were fitted with

monitoring systems for the duplex

swashplate bearings in the main

rotor.

11 Navy changed the status of

LCdr. Michael Scott Speicher, VFA-

81, from killed in action/body not

recovered to missing in action. On

17 January 1991 Speicher was flying

his F/A-18C Hornet from Saratoga

(CV 60) when he was shot down

over Iraq.

19 At White Sands Missile

Range, N.M., the Joint Air-to-

30 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

An F-14A Tomcat of Fighter Squadron 41 prepares to refuel during

flight operations from Enterprise (CVN 65) on 5 October 2001.

Cdr. Brian G. Gawne

Surface Standoff Missile performed

its first flight using an imaging

infrared seeker to guide to the target.

19 Navy awarded Lockheed

Martin, Orlando, Fla., a contract

modification worth $62.9 million

over three years to provide 40

Consolidated Automated Support

Systems (CASS) stations. Used to

test avionics, CASS was the world’s

largest automated test support

program.

20 Donald H. Rumsfeld, a former

Naval Aviator, was sworn in as the

21st Secretary of Defense.

25 Flight tests were concluded on

the AQS-22 dipping sonar for the

SH-60R Seahawk. A total of 243

SH-60R upgrades from the SH-60B

were planned by 2012.

26 Newport News Shipbuilding,

Va., was awarded a contract for the

design and construction of CVN 77,

scheduled for delivery in 2008.

February

Navy began testing the Joint

Helmet-Mounted Cueing System for

the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet.

2 Navy announced the selection

of 14 Advanced Concept

Technology Demonstration FY 2001

projects, including an advanced

tactical laser for aircraft; a loitering

electronic warfare killer; an

unmanned aerial vehicle; and a

tactical missile penetrator against

hard and deeply buried targets.

5–11 During a maritime

interdiction operation surge

enforcing Iraqi compliance with UN

sanctions, aircraft 617 from HS-7

was instrumental in halting the

smuggling of 2,300 metric tons of

Iraqi oil worth $460,000 by the

vessels Al Salam and Mustafa.

6 The CH-60S Seahawk was

redesignated MH-60S to better

reflect its diverse primary missions

of armed helicopter, organic

airborne mine countermeasures and

vertical replenishment.

7 Space shuttle Atlantis launched

with Naval Aviation personnel

retired naval officer Kenneth D.

Cockrell and Cdr. Robert L.

Curbeam, Jr., on board.

13 Boeing Co., St. Charles, Mo.,

was awarded a $36.4 million

contract for the production of the

Standoff Land Attack Missile-

Expanded Response (SLAM-ER). A

total of 346 SLAM-ERs were

ordered through 2004. Approximately

700 AGM-84H SLAMs in

inventory would be retrofitted with

the SLAM-ER upgrade.

15 When an earthquake

devastated Mumbai, India, Cowpens

(CG 63) and HSL 51 Det 2

delivered over $80,000 worth of

disaster relief supplies.

16 F/A-18C Hornets, USAF

F-15E Eagles and British GR1

Tornados, supported by VAQ-130

EA-6B Prowlers, struck five Iraqi

radar and command, control and

communication nodes outside

Baghdad.

24 The X-31 thrust vectoring

demonstrator flew for the first time

since 1995, at NAS Patuxent River,

Md.

March

Formal training began for Naval

Aviation personnel selected for

International Space Station missions

beginning in 2002. Selectees were

retired Capts. Frank L. Culbertson

and Kenneth D. Bowersox, Cdr.

Daniel W. Bursch, LCdr. Scott J.

Kelly and Marine Lt. Col. Carlos I.

Noriega.

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 31

NAS Keflavik, Iceland/

NS Roosevelt Roads, PR

VP-10 Aug 00–Feb 01

VP-8 Feb 01–Aug 01

VP-16 Aug 01–Feb 02

NAS Sigonella, Italy

VP-45 Aug 00–Feb 01

VP-26 Feb 01–Aug 01

VP-5 Aug 01–Feb 02

Indian Ocean (Dets in North Arabian Sea/

Arabian Gulf)

VP-47 Dec 00–Jun 01

VP-9 Jun 01–Dec 01

VP-4 Dec 01–Jun 02

Patrol Squadron Major Deployments, 2001

NAF Misawa, Japan (Det at Kadena,

Okinawa)

VP-1 Dec 00–Jun 01

VP-46 Jun 01–Dec 01

VP-40 Dec 01–Jun 02

Note: All squadrons fly the P-3C Orion.

A P-3C Orion of Patrol Squadron 46,

NAS Whidbey Island,Wash., hunts for a

submarine off Malaysia on 25 July 2001

as part of an annual Cooperation Afloat

Readiness and Training exercise.

PH1 Kevin H. Tierney

4 Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) was

christened at Newport News

Shipbuilding, Va. Launched six days

later, she was scheduled for

commissioning in 2003.

7 Navy announced that blendable

borescope technology developed by

Pratt & Whitney for repairing

commercial jet engines had been

adapted to allow AV-8B Harrier II

engines to be serviced without

removal from the aircraft.

8 Space shuttle Discovery

launched from Kennedy Space

Center, Fla., with Naval Aviator

Capt. James D. Wetherbee on board.

It returned on 21 March with Capt.

William M. Shepherd from the

International Space Station.

24 The Shared Reconnaissance

Pod Program began testing on

board F/A-18E Super Hornet E2 at

China Lake, Calif. Carried on the

aircraft’s centerline, the pod was

designed to provide high- and

medium-altitude tactical

reconnaissance capability.

28 Navy agreed to allow Sailors

in the aviation machinist’s mate and

aviation structural mechanic ratings

to apply skills learned in “A” School

toward an associate’s degree in

aviation maintenance technology.

31 AH-1Z Super Cobra aircraft

number 1 (BuNo 162549) arrived at

NAS Patuxent River, Md., for

continued flight testing.

April

The Boeing Co., St. Louis, Mo.,

was awarded a $235 million contract

for 11,054 Joint Direct Attack

Munitions including 672 for the

Navy. JDAMs incorporate a new tail

section containing an inertial

navigation system/global positioning

system to convert unguided free-fall

bombs into guided weapons.

1 While flying a routine

surveillance mission in

international airspace over the

South China Sea, a VQ-1 EP-3E

Aries II (BuNo 156511) was

disabled in a midair collision by a

Chinese J-8. Lt. Shane Osborn,

mission commander, recovered and

executed an emergency landing at

the nearest airfield, Lingshui, a

Chinese air base on Hainan Island.

The 24 crew members were

detained.

1 HSL-60, the Navy’s first

reserve Light Airborne Multi-

Purpose System MK III squadron,

was established at NS Mayport, Fla.

Its six SH-60B Seahawks were

intended to support reserve frigates

by eliminating the gap between the

total of 82 active duty LAMPS dets

and the 88 required fleet-wide.

2 A fire on board Lexington (AVT

16) in Corpus Christi Bay, Texas,

caused extensive damage to the

carrier, a non-Navy museum.

3 Navy ordered 24 T-6A Texan IIs

and technical support from Raytheon

Co., Wichita, Kans., worth $148

million as part of the Joint Primary

Aircraft Training System with the

Air Force. Navy planned 328 Texan

IIs through 2017.

6 The X-31 completed its first

flight phase at NAS Patuxent River,

Md.

6 Amphibious assault ship Iwo

Jima (LHD 7) was delivered to the

Navy at Northrop Grumman Ingalls

Shipbuilding, Pascagoula, Miss.

11 Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72)

began a six-month planned

incremental availability at PSNS

Bremerton, Wash.

12 VAdm. Joseph S. Mobley, the

Navy’s last Vietnam-era POW on

active duty, was relieved as

Commander Naval Air Force, U.S.

Atlantic Fleet by RAdm. Michael D.

Malone, on board Theodore Roosevelt

(CVN 71) at NS Norfolk, Va.

16 The 24 crew members of the

VQ-1 EP-3E Aries II detained in

China following a 1 April midair

collision with a Chinese fighter

returned to NAS Whidbey Island,

Wash.

19 Space Shuttle Endeavour

launched from Kennedy Space

Center, Fla., with Naval Aviation

personnel Capts. Kent V. Rominger

and Jeffrey S. Ashby and retired

Capt. John L. Philips on board.

Endeavour returned to Edwards

AFB, Calif., on 1 May.

19 The NP2000 E-2C Hawkeye

completed its first flight at NAS

Patuxent River, Md. The aircraft was

equipped with digitally controlled,

all-composite eight-bladed propeller

systems.

32 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

General Henry H. Shelton presents

awards to 24 crew members of the

captured EP-3E Aries II who were

detained by Chinese authorities on

Hainan Island, Peoples Republic of

China, following a midair collision

with a Chinese J-8 fighter over

international waters on 1 April. The

presentations were made during the

2001 Department of Defense Open

House at Andrews AFB, Md., on 18

May.

SrA Joseph Lozada

continued on page 34

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 33

Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72)

CVW-14 (Tail Code: NK)

IO/WestPac

14 Aug 00–12 Feb 01

Squadron Aircraft

VF-31* F-14D

VFA-25 F/A-18C

VFA-113 F/A-18C

VFA-115 F/A-18C

VAW-113 E-2C

VAQ-139 EA-6B

VRC-30 Det 1 C-2A

VS-35 S-3B

HS-4 SH-60F/HH-60H

Harry S. Truman (CVN 75)

CVW-3 (Tail Code: AC)

Mediterranean/IO

28 Nov 00–23 May 01

Squadron Aircraft

VF-32* F-14B

VFA-37 F/A-18C

VFA-105 F/A-18C

VMFA-312 (DR)** F/A-18C

VAW-126 E-2C

VAQ-130 EA-6B

VRC-40 Det 1 C-2A

VS-22 S-3B

HS-7 SH-60F/HH-60H

Kitty Hawk (CV 63)†

CVW-5 (Tail Code: NF)

WestPac

2 Mar 01–11 Jun 01

Squadron Aircraft

VF-154* F-14A

VFA-27 F/A-18C

VFA-192 F/A-18C

VFA-195 F/A-18C

VAW-115 E-2C

VAQ-136 EA-6B

VRC-30 Det 5 C-2A

VS-21 S-3B

HS-14 SH-60F/HH-60H

Constellation (CV 64)

CVW-2 (Tail Code: NE)

WestPac/IO

15 Mar 01–15 Sep 01

Squadron Aircraft

VF-2* F-14D

VFA-137 F/A-18C

VFA-151 F/A-18C

VMFA-323 (WS)** F/A-18C

VAW-116 E-2C

VAQ-131 EA-6B

VRC-30 Det 2 C-2A

VS-38 S-3B

HS-2 SH-60F/HH-60H

HSL-47 Det 4‡ SH-60B

Enterprise (CVN 65)

CVW-8 (Tail Code: AJ)

Mediterranean/IO

25 Apr 01–10 Nov 01

Squadron Aircraft

VF-14* F-14B

VF-41* F-14B

VFA-15 F/A-18C

VFA-87 F/A-18C

VAW-124 E-2C

VAQ-141 EA-6B

VRC-40 Det 5 C-2A

VS-24 S-3B

HS-3 SH-60F/HH-60H

Carl Vinson (CVN 70)

CVW-11 (Tail Code: NH)

IO

23 Jul 01–23 Jan 02

Squadron Aircraft

VF-213* F-14D

VFA-22 F/A-18C

VFA-94 F/A-18C

VFA-97 F/A-18C

VAW-117 E-2C

VAQ-135 EA-6B

VRC-30 Det 3 C-2A

VS-29 S-3B

HS-6 SH-60F/HH-60H

Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71)

CVW-1 (Tail Code: AB)

Mediterranean/IO

19 Sep 01–27 Mar 02

Squadron Aircraft

VF-102* F-14B

VFA-82 F/A-18C

VFA-86 F/A-18C

VFMA-251 (DW)** F/A-18C

VAW-123 E-2C

VAQ-137 EA-6B

VRC-40 Det 2 C-2A

VS-32 S-3B

HS-11 SH-60F/HH-60H

Kitty Hawk (CV 63)†

CVW-5 (Tail Code: NF)

Operation Enduring Freedom

1 Oct 01–23 Dec 01

Squadron Aircraft

VFA-27 F/A-18C

VFA-192 F/A-18C

VFA-195 F/A-18C

VS-21 S-3B

VRC-30 Det 5 C-2A

HS-14 SH-60F/HH-60H

Special Operations Aircraft§

John C. Stennis (CVN 74)

CVW-9 (Tail Code: NG)

IO

12 Nov 01–12 May 02

Squadron Aircraft

VF-211* F-14A

VFA-146 F/A-18C

VFA-147 F/A-18C

VMFA-314 (VW)** F/A-18C

VAW-112 E-2C

VAQ-138 EA-6B

VRC-30 Det 4 C-2A

VS-33 S-3B

HS-8 SH-60F/HH-60H

*All deployed F-14 squadrons are equipped

with the Tactical Air Reconnaissance Pod

System and Low-Altitude Navigation and

Targeting Infrared for Night.

**While on deployment, VMFA squadrons

take on the tail code of the air wing. Their

original tail codes are noted in parentheses.

Kitty Hawk (CV 63) operates from her home

port in Yokosuka, Japan.

‡This deployment marked the first time an

HSL det deployed as part of an air wing.

§Kitty Hawk (CV 63) deployed during

C a r r i e r a n d A i r W i n g D e p l o y m e n t s , 2 0 0 1

Destroyer O'Kane (DDG 77) refuels

from Carl Vinson (CVN 70) on 20

December 2001 (PH3 Carol Warden).

21 Destroyer Lassen (DDG 82),

named in honor of Ltjg. Clyde

Everett Lassen, was commissioned

at Tampa, Fla. Lassen was awarded

the Medal of Honor for a 19 June

1968 night rescue of two aviators

from America (CVA 66), whose F-4J

Phantom II had been shot down over

North Vietnam.

21 The first C-40A Clipper was

delivered to the Naval Air Reserve

at NAS JRB Fort Worth, Texas.

23 A Naval Strike Aircraft Test

Squadron F/A-18A Hornet made the

first fully automated landing at sea

using the global positioning system,

on board Theodore Roosevelt (CVN

71) off Norfolk, Va.

28 An operation leading to the

largest cocaine drug seizure in

maritime history began. A Customs

Service P-3 Orion supported a Coast

Guard HC-130 Hercules shadowing

suspected smuggler Svesda Maru.

Frigate Rodney M. Davis (FFG 60),

with an embarked Coast Guard law

enforcement detachment, intercepted

Svesda Maru 600 miles south of

Acapulco, Mexico. Davis was then

relieved by Coast Guard cutter

Active (WMEC 618). A total of 460

bales (26,397 pounds) of cocaine

worth $844 million were seized.

May

Navy released ALNAV 047/01,

which changed the standards for

student pilot uncorrected vision from

uncorrected 20/30 correctable to

20/20, to uncorrected 20/40

correctable to 20/20. Standards for

pilots in Group II relaxed from

20/100 to 20/200 and from 20/200 to

20/400 for Group III.

NAVADMIN 101/01 announced

the reinstatement of the NFO to

Pilot Program, with 12–36 eligible

NFOs selected annually.

1 Navy awarded Northrop

Grumman Ingalls Shipbuilding,

Pascagoula, Miss., an additional

$196 million for continued

construction of LHD 8, the first gas

turbine-powered Wasp (LHD 1)-

class amphibious assault ship.

7 Navy announced the award to

Northrop Grumman, San Diego,

Calif., of a $14.2 million contract

for low-rate initial production of the

RQ-8A Fire Scout vertical takeoff

and landing unmanned aerial

vehicle.

8 The first RQ-2B Block upgrade

Pioneer unmanned aerial vehicle

rolled out at NAS Patuxent River,

Md.

22 Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN

69) arrived at Newport News

Shipbuilding, Va., for a four-year

refueling and complex overhaul, her

only one scheduled.

23 Raytheon Co., El Segundo,

Calif., announced a $62 million

contract for low-rate initial

production of 15 Advanced

Targeting Forward Looking Infrared

Receiver pods and spares for the

F/A-18A–D Hornet and F/A-18E/F

Super Hornet.

25 The SH-60R Seahawk was

redesignated MH-60R to better

reflect its diverse primary missions of

undersea warfare, antisurface warfare

and naval surface fire support.

29 Robert Grant Smith died at his

home in California. Best known as a

Naval Aviation artist, Smith’s career

began in 1936 as an engineer with

Northrop Aircraft. In 1994 he

became the first recipient of the

R. G. Smith Award for excellence in

Naval Aviation art, named in his

honor by the Naval Aviation

Museum Foundation, Pensacola, Fla.

June

15 Secretary of the Navy

announced that the Navy would

discontinue training on Vieques

Island by 1 May 2003.

19 Remains returned from

Vietnam were identified as Col.

Winfield W. Sisson, USMC, and

Col. Harley B. Pyles, USAF. On 18

October 1965 their O-1E Bird Dog

crashed on a mountainside in South

34 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

L–R, Kitty Hawk (CV 63), USNS

Rappahannock (T-AO 204),

HMAS Brisbane (DDG 41) and

Chancellorville (CG 62) conduct a

replenishment at sea during Exercise

Tandem Thrust on 11 May 2001.

PH2 Andrew Meyers

Vietnam during low-level clouds

and heavy rain.

22 AH-1Z Super Cobra Zulu

1 logged its 100th flight hour at

NAS Patuxent River, Md.

23 Destroyer Mason (DDG

87) was christened at Bath Iron

Works, Maine. The destroyer

was named in honor of Ens.

Newton Henry Mason of VF-3

who was posthumously

awarded the Distinguished

Flying Cross for his actions

against the Japanese during the

Battle of the Coral Sea on 8–9

May 1942.

25 VFA-115 became the first

operational squadron to

complete transition to the F/A-

18E/F Super Hornet, receiving

its “safe for flight” certification

at NAS Lemoore, Calif. The

squadron was scheduled for

deployment with CVW-14 on

board Abraham Lincoln (CVN

72) in summer 2002.

26 Lockheed Martin,

Marietta, Ga., began full-scale

fatigue testing of an S-3 Viking

to determine its remaining

structural life.

27 Secretary of Defense released

details of the FY 2002 budget,

including a 4.1 percent across-theboard

pay raise for service

members. Naval Aviation was

authorized 2,480 active aircraft

(1,460 Navy and 1,020 Marine), not

including trainers or TACAMOs, as

well as 407 reserve aircraft (221

Navy and 186 Marine)—a build-rate

goal of only 90 aircraft per year

instead of the 180–210 requested.

Ordnance included 30 Standoff

Land Attack Missiles-Expanded

Reponse, 9,207 Joint Direct Attack

Munitions, 57 AIM-120 Advanced

Medium Range, Air-to-Air Missiles

and 90 RIM-116A Rolling Airframe

Missiles.

28 Following her only scheduled

three-year refueling and overhaul, at

Newport News Shipbuilding, Va.,

Nimitz (CVN 68) was redelivered to

the Navy at NS Norfolk, Va.

29 Navy awarded an additional

$81 million to Northrop Grumman

Ingalls Shipbuilding, Pascagoula,

Miss., for the construction of LHD 8.

30 HSL-84 was deactivated at

NAS North Island, Calif., marking

the passing of the Navy’s Light

Airborne Multipurpose System MK

I program.

30 Amphibious assault ship Iwo

Jima (LHD 7) was commissioned at

NAS Pensacola, Fla.

July

Kitty Hawk (CV 63) installed the

RIM-116A Rolling Airframe Missile

system, comprising two mounts,

each holding 21 missiles per

launcher. Additional systems were

installed on Peleliu (LHA 5).

Navy announced qualification of

the Common Crash Resistant Troop

Seat System. Designed to

accommodate and protect nearly

any size person, it was expected to

first enter the fleet in the upgraded

UH-1 “Huey.”

5 The disassembled pieces

of the VQ-1 EP-3E Aries II—

held by Chinese authorities

after it landed on Hainan

island following a midair

collision with a Chinese

fighter on 1 April—arrived at

Dobbins ARB, Marietta, Ga.,

on board a Russian Antonov-

124 transport.

9 An E-2C Hawkeye

equipped with a Surveillance

Infrared Search and Track

sensor detected and tracked a

theater ballistic missile

launched from White Sands

Missile Range, N.M.

11 The National Defense

Authorization Act of FY

2002 included bill H.R.

2586, stating that the

Secretary of the Navy could

close the Vieques Island livefire

training range only if

CNO and Commandant of

the Marine Corps jointly

certified that an alternative

providing equivalent or

superior training was

available immediately

thereafter.

12 Space shuttle Atlantis

launched from Kennedy Space

Center, Fla., with Marine Aviator

Maj. Charles O. Hobaugh on board.

Atlantis returned on 24 July.

18 Navy announced that the crew

of Enterprise (CVN 65) had been

selected to debut the fleet’s new

flight deck trousers, designed for

comfort and durability.

19 At Sikorsky Aircraft, Stratford,

Conn., the first SH-60B remanufactured

into an MH-60R Seahawk

made its maiden flight.

31 The Pentagon announced an

increase in Iraqi violations

following a missile launch against

an E-2C Hawkeye inside Kuwaiti

airspace on 19 July. In Operation

Southern Watch, there were 221

Iraqi provocations against coalition

aircraft in 2000, but 370 to date in

2001. For Operation Northern

Watch, there were 145 during

2000, and 62 since January 2001.

To date in 2001, the coalition

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 35

Electronic Attack (VAQ)

Expeditionary Squadron

Major Deployments,

2001

Incirlik Air Base, Turkey

VAQ-128 Oct 00–Jan 01

VAQ-133 Jan 01–May 01

VAQ-134 May 01–Aug 01

VMAQ-1 Aug 01–Nov 01

VMAQ-3 Nov 01–Feb 02

Prince Sultan Air Base, Saudi Arabia

VMAQ-1 Oct 00–Jan 01

VMAQ-3 Jan 01–Apr 01

VAQ-209* Apr 01–May 01

VAQ-142 May 01–Aug 01

VAQ-128 Aug 01–Nov 01

VAQ-133 Nov 01–Feb 02

MCAS Iwakuni, Japan†

VMAQ-4 Oct 00–Mar 01

*Reserve squadron deployment.

struck Iraq 19 times in the south

and seven in the north.

August

The first upgraded TAV-8B

Harrier II, the two-seat trainer

version, was delivered to VMAT-203

at MCAS Cherry Point, N.C.

Scheduled for 17 aircraft, the

upgrade included enhanced night

attack and radar capabilities.

The arc fault circuit breaker,

designed to protect aircraft from

wire-related mishaps, made its first

flight on board a Navy C-9 Skytrain

II at NS Norfolk, Va. It was

scheduled for production in 2002.

1 S-3B Vikings of VS-24

equipped with the Surveillance

System Upgrade, a synthetic

aperture radar coupled with a

tactical common data link, deployed

with CVW-8 in support of Operation

Southern Watch. The Vikings tracked

and identified multiple targets in

southern Iraq and provided

coordinates for RQ-1A Predator

unmanned aerial vehicles from

ranges of over 50 miles.

2–3 Coast Guard HH-60A

Jayhawks and HH-65A Dolphins

supported three cutters in rescuing

22 survivors from a Cuban migrant

vessel that capsized southeast of

Key West, Fla. The crews flew 26

sorties covering over 1,000 square

miles during the two-day SAR

mission.

5 A team of 10 specialists began a

30-day excavation on the slope of

Mutnovskiy volcano, Kamchatka,

Russia, tentatively identified on 11

August 2000 as the crash site of a

PV-1 Ventura. On 25 March 1944 the

Ventura and its crew of seven failed

to return to Attu, Aleutian Islands,

from a five-plane reconnaissance and

bombing mission against the

Japanese in the Kurile Islands.

10 About 20 coalition strike

aircraft, comprising F/A-18C

Hornets and F-14B Tomcats from

Enterprise (CVN 65), supported by

USAF F-16 Falcons and British

GR1 Tornados, attacked

communication, radar and missile

sites near Baghdad, Iraq.

10 Space shuttle Discovery

launched from Kennedy Space

Center, Fla., with Naval Aviators

retired Capt. Frank L. Culbertson

and Frederick Sturckow on board.

Discovery returned on 22 August.

16 The Navy awarded Northrop

Grumman, Melbourne, Fla., a $44.7

million contract for the Coastal

Battlefield Reconnaissance and

Analysis program, an airborne mine

detection system utilizing an

unmanned aerial vehicle, for the

Marines.

16 Upon retirement, VAdm.

Arthur K. Cebrowski, President,

Naval War College, transferred the

Gray Eagle title to RAdm. Robert

M. Nutwell, Deputy Assistant

Secretary of Defense, in a Pentagon

ceremony. The title honors the Naval

Aviator on active duty with the

36 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Aviation Command Changes, 2001

Established

Sea Control Wing Pacific Detachment AIMD 1 Mar

Strike Fighter Wing Pacific Detachment AIMD 1 Mar

Airborne Early Warning Wing Pacific Detachment AIMD 1 Mar

Electronic Attack Wing Pacific Detachment AIMD 1 Mar

Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Unit (AIMU), Fallon, NV 1 Mar

HSL-60 1 Apr

Naval Air Depot Jacksonville Detachment, Oceana, VA 1 Jul

Sea Control Weapons School, Jacksonville, FL 13 Sep

Naval Air Mediterranean Repair Activity, Naples, Italy 1 Oct

Naval Technical Training Center, Lackland AFB, TX 1 Oct

Naval Air Forces, North Island, CA 16 Oct

Fleet Forces Command, Norfolk, VA 16 Oct

Naval Air Maintenance Training Group Detachment, Milton, FL 20 Sep

Commissioned

Iwo Jima (LHD 7) 30 Jun

Deactivated

HSL-94 1 Apr

HSL-84 30 Jun

Naval Air Pacific Repair Activity Detachment, Naples, Italy 1 Oct

Naval Technical Training Center Detachment, Lackland AFB, TX 1 Oct

Redesignated

Naval Aviation Depot Cherry Point, NC, to Naval Air Depot

Cherry Point 20 Apr

Naval Aviation Depot Jacksonville, FL, to Naval Air Depot

Jacksonville 20 Apr

Naval Aviation Depot North Island, CA, to Naval Air Depot

North Island 20 Apr

NAS Key West, FL, to NAF Key West 30 Sep

Naval Air Warfare Center, Weapons Division Detachment,

White Sands Missile Range, NM, to Port Hueneme Division

Naval Surface Warfare Center Detachment, White Sands

Missile Range 15 Nov

earliest designation date.

21 Aviation Career Continuation

Pay, a sea- and performance-based

incentive designed to enhance

retention of experienced officers for

Naval Aviation, was authorized.

Officers designated as Naval

Aviators or active duty Naval Flight

Officers at or below O-6 paygrade;

qualified to perform operational

flying duty; and having less than 24

years aviation service were eligible.

27 President Theodore

Roosevelt’s Medal of Honor—

awarded for leading the “Rough

Riders” of the 1st Volunteer Cavalry

up Kettle and San Juan Hills against

the Spanish on 1 July 1898—was

presented to Theodore Roosevelt

(CVN 71). It was displayed through

14 September, then transferred to the

Theodore Roosevelt inaugural site,

Buffalo, N.Y.

29 The first guided BLU-109

2,000-pound Joint Direct Attack

Munition launch from an F/A-18E

Super Hornet occurred at NAWS

China Lake, Calif.

29 The Joint UAV in Time

Sensitive Operations Joint Test &

Evaluation organization was

established at NAS Fallon, Nev. Led

by a Navy director, the temporary

joint-DOD organization was tasked

with addressing commonality in

unmanned aerial vehicle operations

and training.

29 The Secretary of the Navy

implemented the National Defense

Authorization Act for FY 2001,

passed on 1 October 2000, granting

back pay to Navy and Marine WW

II POWs imprisoned between 7

December 1941 and 31 December

1946, who were selected for

promotion but not available to

accept the promotion. The act

included surviving spouses of

deceased POWs and allowed two

years for collection.

31 The Marines accepted delivery

of the first three production KC-

130J Hercules, the first arriving at

VMGRT-253, MCAS Cherry Point,

N.C., on 7 September. All 79 Marine

KC-130F/R/Ts were to be replaced

with KC-130Js. Seven were

requested for 2001, all for VMGRT-

253 following testing at NAS

Patuxent River, Md.

31 The Marines accepted delivery

of a UC-35D Encore, the third of

seven planned to replace the CT-39

Sabreliner. To be assigned to MCAS

Miramar, Calif., it was to be

followed over the next six months

by two more, one to MCAS

Futenma, Okinawa, and one to

Marine Reserve NAF Washington.

Two initial UC-35C Ultras were

assigned to Marine Reserve NAS

New Orleans, La.

September

5 The MH-60 Seahawk common

cockpit received certification for

flight in instrument meteorological

conditions, paving the way for

operational evaluation.

10 On the eve of the terrorist

attacks, the Navy comprised 375,618

active and 170,168 reserve

personnel and 4,108 operational

aircraft and 317 ships, with 44,638

personnel and 91 ships deployed.

Carriers underway were Enterprise

(CVN 65) in the Arabian Gulf, Carl

Vinson (CVN 70) in the Indian

Ocean, and Constellation (CV 64)

and John C. Stennis (CVN 74) in the

Pacific.

11 Hijackers flew two Boeing

767 airliners, American Flight 11

and United 175, into the twin World

Trade Center towers in New York

City, collapsing both and devastating

nearby buildings. Two Boeing 757s

were also hijacked: American 77

crashed into the Pentagon, and

United 93 was seized for a second

attack against the nation’s capital,

which was thwarted by passengers,

and the plane crashed in southern

Pennsylvania. The terrorist atrocities

killed as many as 3,000 people from

over 80 nations.

11–12 DOD declared Force

Protection Condition Delta, the

highest alert. The George

Washington (CVN 73) battle group

sailed from NS Norfolk, Va., to

protect New York City, responding

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 37

Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 5 crewman HM3 Raymond Munn assesses

a “victim” with the assistance of AM3 Todd Steinbrecher during a search and

rescue exercise on 31 May 2001.

PH2 Marjorie McNamee

to tasking from the North American

Aerospace Defense Command, as

well as supporting hospital ship

Comfort (AH 20). The John F.

Kennedy (CV 67) and John C.

Stennis (CVN 74) battle groups

positioned themselves to defend the

East and West coasts, respectively,

while across the globe aircraft

ashore emergency-sortied. The

Coast Guard began to escort Navy

ships departing or arriving ports.

14 The president declared a

national emergency and authorized

the call-up of up to 50,000 reservists

and National Guardsmen. Initial

participation included 13,000 Air

Force, 10,000 Army, 7,500 Marine,

3,000 Navy and 2,000 Coast Guard

personnel.

14 Navy received $3.8 billion

from H.R. 2888, which provided a

$40 billion appropriation for

national security measures. Passed

as P.L. 107-38 on 18 September, it

was followed by P.L. 107-40, which

authorized the use of the armed

forces against those responsible for

the terrorist attacks.

19 The first AH-1W Super Cobra

was inducted at NADEP Cherry

Point, N.C., as part of the Integrated

Maintenance Concept, designed to

produce a shorter maintenance

turnaround time.

19 The Theodore Roosevelt

(CVN 71) battle group deployed

from NS Norfolk, Va., escorted by

HH-60H Seahawks from HS-11.

24 The Navy accepted delivery

of the first full-rate production F/A-

18F Super Hornet (BuNo 165875),

to be assigned to VFA-115. To date,

67 Super Hornets had been

delivered, including 12 to VFA-115

and 34 to VFA-122.

24 Secretary of Defense

delegated his “stop-loss” authority to

the heads of military departments,

allowing the services to retain

individuals on active duty beyond

their date of separation. President

George H. W. Bush first delegated

stop-loss authority to the Secretary

of Defense during Operation Desert

Shield in 1990, though it has not

been implemented since Operation

Allied Force in 1999. Approximately

10,500 naval personnel in 11 critical

specialties were affected.

25 Secretary of Defense

announced that America’s war on

terrorism outside the U.S. was

designated Operation Enduring

Freedom. Activities to sustain

homeland defense and civil support

were designated Operation Noble

Eagle.

28 Remains returned from

Vietnam were identified as Lt. Edd

D. Taylor, VA-152. On 29 August

1965 Taylor, flying an A-1H

Skyraider (BuNo 134619) from

Oriskany (CVA 34) on a search and

rescue mission for a downed Air

Force pilot, was shot down over

North Vietnam.

30 The first U.S. flag raised over

the rubble of the World Trade Center

in New York City was hoisted on

board Theodore Roosevelt (CVN

71).

October

Shortly after the terrorist attacks

on America, VQ-1 aircrews began

flying over Afghanistan, providing

invaluable intelligence and

situational awareness to theater

commanders.

2 Commandant of the Coast

Guard announced that 2001

interdiction operations had collected

an all-time record amount of cocaine

in maritime seizures, most made

possible with the close cooperation

provided by Naval Aviation.

4 In preparation for the air

campaign against Afghanistan, HS-3

and HS-6 stood up as the Navy’s

combat search and rescue (CSAR)

alert package for the northern

Arabian Sea. The Navy was initially

responsible for all CSARs in

Pakistan south of 28º north and all

overwater SARs.

4–7 As H-hour approached P-3C

Orions executed intelligence,

surveillance and reconnaissance

flights over Afghanistan, while

VFA-15 F/A-18C Hornets flew

combat air patrols over Pakistan.

The enormous distances necessitated

the eventual establishment of

forward operating bases and forward

arming and refueling points ashore

in Pakistan: Pasni, on the coast;

Shamsi, approximately 90 miles

inland from Pansi; and Jacobabad

and Dalbandin, both deeper in the

interior.

6 NATO Standing Naval Force,

Mediterranean began patrols in the

eastern Med in support of the war on

terrorism. On 12 September NATO

implemented Article 5, which stated

38 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Enterprise (CVN 65) steams alongside

fast combat support ship Arctic (AOE

8) during a vertical replenishment in

the Arabian Gulf on 5 September 2001.

PH3 Douglas M. Pearlman

that an attack against a member in

Europe or North America was an

attack against them all.

7 The first strikes were launched

against Afghanistan in retaliation for

the terrorist attacks of 11 September.

8 Office of Homeland Security

was established to develop and

coordinate a national strategy to

protect the U.S. from terrorism.

Naval Aviation early warning and

intelligence aircraft were tasked with

rapid integration into the plan.

9 The third day of strikes against

al Qaeda and Taliban hit 13 targets,

including airfields, air defense sites,

communications and

infrastructure. Approximately

15 strike aircraft were

supported by about 8 landbased

bombers and 15 ship

and submarine-launched

missiles. VF-14 led the first longrange

tactical air strike, flying over

1,700 miles round trip to Mazar-e-

Sharif, where two F-14B Tomcats

destroyed three MiG-21 Fishbeds and

two transports on the ground. As

Taliban casualties increased, they

began to hide troops and equipment

among mosques, sacred sites and

schools, which made precisionguided

munitions crucial for

knocking out targets without

collateral damage.

12 Kitty Hawk (CV 63), with

CVW-5 embarked, arrived on station

in the Arabian Sea. She was

deployed as an afloat forward

staging base for U.S. joint forces,

commencing operational tasking on

16 October. During the deployment

CVW-5 flew over 600 missions,

including 100 combat sorties.

14–15 As the war entered its

second week, naval aircraft were

supported by USAF AC-130U

Spookys for the first time in the

fighting. Strikes against Taliban

increased in momentum as the air

campaign shifted to support the

advance of the Islamic State of

Afghanistan (Northern Alliance),

Afghans opposed to Taliban. VF-14

maximized forward air control

flexibility by configuring five F-14B

Tomcats to carry four GBU-12 laserguided

bombs each, and configuring

the remainder for two GBU-16s.

16 The Joint Staff deputy director

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 39

In October 2001, strikes against

Afghanistan took center stage in Naval

Aviation operations. Clockwise from

left, an F/A-18C Hornet launches from

Carl Vinson (CVN 70) on 7 October; an

F-14 Tomcat launches from Enterprise

(CVN 65) on 18 October; and an

aviation ordnanceman adjusts a bomb

mounted on an F/A-18C Hornet in

preparation for a strike from

Enterprise (CVN 65) on 16 October.

PHAN Lance H. Mayhew, Jr.

PHAN Lance H. Mayhew, Jr.

PH1 Greg Messier

of operations announced the use of

engagement zone doctrine in

Afghanistan due to the reduction of

enemy air defense. This allowed

“flex targeting” to be adopted:

aircraft hit a target, refueled in the

air and then hit another target.

17 Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71)

launched her first strikes in the war

on terrorism. Her schedule shifted

12 hours to accommodate night

operations, while Carl Vinson (CVN

70) conducted day strikes.

18 F/A-18C Hornets from

VMFA-251 launched strikes against

Taliban infrastructure from Theodore

Roosevelt (CVN 71), the first

Marine air strikes in Operation

Enduring Freedom.

19 Near Kandahar, the first

American ground offensive of the

war began when special forces from

Kitty Hawk (CV 63) raided the

compound of Mullah Omar, a key

Taliban leader. Among Task Force

57 aircraft that supported the raid

were Aircraft Improvement

Program-equipped P-3C Orions.

19 Developmental testing of the

Harpoon Block II missile concluded

at Point Mugu, Calif.

19–20 The 15th Marine

Expeditionary Unit and Army

mechanics recovered an Army UH-

60 Blackhawk that crashed in

Pakistan during a Ranger special

operation. Marine KC-130 Hercules

refueled the search and rescue CH-

53E Super Stallions en route,

enabling the Marines to reach the site

and recover the Blackhawk without

additional landings in dangerous

territory.

21 As the war in Afghanistan

entered its third week,

approximately 80 strike aircraft,

including about 60 carrier-based,

struck 11 targets comprising

airfields, radar, tanks, vehicles and

military training facilities.

22 The first of 21 new production

E-2C Hawkeyes, featuring the

Cooperative Engagement Capability

(CEC), advanced control

workstations and an integrated

satellite communications system,

was delivered to the Navy at

Northrop Grumman, St. Augustine,

Fla. Initial operational capability

was scheduled for 2004. The CEC

was developed to defend the fleet at

greater ranges against advanced

threats, such as cruise missiles,

enabling the development of a single

integrated air picture.

25 Prior to her departure from the

Arabian Sea, Enterprise (CVN 65)

unloaded most remaining ordnance

to her relief, Theodore Roosevelt

(CVN 71).

26 DOD announced that

Lockheed Martin, Fort Worth,

Texas, won the Joint Strike Fighter

40 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

HELTACWINGPAC

Squadron Dates Ship

HC-5 Det 2 Mar 01–Sep 01 San Jose (TAFS 7)

HC-5 Det 4 Aug 01–Dec 01 Niagara Falls (TAFS 3)

HC-5 Det 6 Sep 01–Nov 01 Essex (LHD 2)

HC-5 Det 5 Sep 01–Jul 02 Flint (TAE 32)

HC-11 Det 5 Aug 00–Feb 01 Tarawa (LHA 1)

HC-11 Det 2 Aug 00–Feb 01 Camden (AOE 2)

HC-11 Det 1 Mar 01–Sep 01 Rainier (AOE 7)

HC-11 Det 7 Mar 01–Sep 01 Boxer (LHD 4)

HC-11 Det 8 Jul 01–Jan 02 Sacramento (AOE 1)

HC-11 Det 6 Aug 01–Mar 02 Peleliu (LHA 5)

HC-11 Det 2 Sep 01–Nov 01 Nimitz (CVN 68)

HC-11 Det 3 Nov 01–Dec 01 Bridge (AOE 10)

HELTACWINGLANT

Squadron Dates Ship

HC-6 Det 6 Sep 00–May 01 Nassau (LHA 4)

HC-8 Det 2 Nov 00–May 01 Mount Baker (TAE 34)

HC-6 Det 3 Apr 01–Sep 01 Inchon (MCS 12)

HC-6 Det 2 Apr 01–Oct 01 Arctic (AOE 8)

HC-8 Det 7 Apr 01–Oct 01 Kearsarge (LHD 3)

HC-8 Det 4 May 01–Jul 01 Detroit (AOE 4)

HC-8 Det 4 Sep 01–Mar 02 Detroit (AOE 4)

HC-8 Det 3 Oct 01–Apr 02 Saturn (TAFS 10)

HC-2 Det 1 * LaSalle (AGF 3)/Naples, Italy

HC Squadron Major

Deployments, 2001

An HC-8 CH-46 Sea Knight approaches Vella Gulf (CG 72)

on 14 November 2001 (PHC Eric A. Clement).

competition. The Navy planned

480 to complement the F/A-

18E/F Super Hornet, replacing

older versions of the Hornet,

while the Marines requested 609

to replace the AV-8B Harrier II

and Hornet. The first operational

Joint Strike Fighter was to be

delivered in FY 2008.

28 LCdr. (Ret.) Richard Halsey

Best died in Santa Monica, Calif.

During the Battle of Midway on 4

June 1942, Lt. Best led the SBD-

2/3 Dauntlesses of VB-6’s 1st

Division from Enterprise (CV 6)

in an attack that sank Japanese

heavy carrier Akagi, for which he

was awarded the Navy Cross.

29 Navy announced that the

MH-60S Seahawk had been

cleared to enter operational

evaluation, scheduled to conclude in

January 2002.

31 HSL-60 accepted its first SH-

60B Seahawk (BuNo 161567) at NS

Mayport, Fla.

November

At China Lake, Calif., the

Standoff Land Attack Missile-

Expanded Response completed its

first firing from an S-3B Viking.

1 Secretary of Defense

announced that as of the 25th day of

combat operations during Operation

Enduring Freedom, coalition aircraft

had flown over 2,000 sorties and

delivered more than a million

humanitarian rations.

1 Task Force 58 stood up,

combining the 15th and 26th Marine

Expeditionary Units (MEU). Both

MEUs included an AV-8B Harrier II

det of six aircraft from VMA-331

and VMA-223, respectively. Since

the two KC-130 Hercules normally

allotted to each MEU were not

sufficient, six were committed to TF

58: two from VMGR-252 and four

from VMGR-352.

2 OPNAVNOTE 3111 formally

completed the disestablishment of

VFA-127, the Navy’s last active

duty adversary squadron, which

actually occurred on 31 March

1996 at NAS Fallon, Nev.

3 15th Marine Expeditionary

Unit AV-8B Harrier IIs from

Peleliu (LHA 5) flew the first

Harrier strikes in the war on

terrorism, hitting targets in

southern Afghanistan with MK-82

500-pound bombs.

9 More than half of the combat

sorties flown on this date focused

on the engagement zones north of

Kabul and around Mazar-e-Sharif,

a crucial crossroads for Taliban

supplies. F-14 Tomcats and F/A-

18C Hornets delivered precisionguided

munitions against Taliban

positions, enabling the Northern

Alliance to tighten the noose around

the beleaguered city.

9–13 Under constant pounding

from Naval Aviation assets, Taliban

troops retreated from Mazar-e-Sharif

and Kabul at dawn with Northern

Alliance troops close on their heels.

The victory gave the coalition its

first large airfield in-country and

opened up an overland supply route

through Uzbekistan.

13–14 A strike on a building near

Kabul, and on the following day in

Kandahar, killed senior terrorist

leaders believed to include

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 41

In support of Operation Enduring Freedom:

above, a Fighter Squadron 102 F-14 Tomcat

launches from Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 69) on

17 November 2001; below, an aircraft director

signals an AH-1W Super Cobra to launch from

Peleliu (LHA 5) on 13 October 2001.

LCpl. Matthew J. Decker

PHAN Marla E. Martinez-Cintron

Mohammed Atef, al Qaeda’s second

in command.

14 Near Ghazni, 50 miles

southwest of Kabul, naval aircraft

covered three U.S. special

operations helos when they rescued

eight aid workers, including two

Americans who had been held

captive by Taliban.

15 The EA-18 Airborne Electronic

Attack concept aircraft completed

initial demonstration flights at the

Boeing Co., St. Louis, Mo., using

an F/A-18F Super Hornet to carry

three ALQ-99 jamming pods.

16 An Improved Capability III

EA-6B Prowler, the first of two

prototypes, logged its first flight at

Northrop Grumman, St. Augustine,

Fla.

18 An eight member team from

destroyer Peterson (DD 969)

boarded vessel Samra, suspected

of smuggling Iraqi oil in

international waters in the Arabian

Gulf. Samra was dangerously

overloaded and sank in heavy seas.

Two Americans and several

smugglers died. Naval aircraft

assisted in the rescue of the other 6

U.S. sailors and 10 smugglers.

22–23 Overnight, the 26th MEU

flew its first sorties into

Afghanistan. Just before dawn, four

VMA-223 AV-8B Harrier IIs

surprised an al Qaeda vehicle

convoy and destroyed it with laserguided

bombs.

25 Covered by AH-1W Super

Cobras, six HMM-163 CH-53E

Super Stallions launched from Peleliu

(LHA 5) at 1800 local time carrying

15th Marine Expeditionary Unit

Marines. The helos rendezvoused

with KC-130 refuelers, and four

hours later secured a desert airstrip

southwest of Kandahar, some 300

miles from their ships. Within an

hour of the initial landing, equipment

and supplies were delivered via

Hercules. By the morning of the

26th, 519 Marines and Sailors were

ashore and established a perimeter,

designated Forward Operating Base

Camp Rhino. Navy top cover was

continual throughout the

operation.

25–26 Bitter fighting

raged at Qala-e-Jhangi, a

walled and moated 19th

century fortress six miles

west of Mazar-e-Sharif,

when 500–600 Taliban

prisoners rebelled. The

rebels killed CIA agent

Johnny Micheal Spann,

stormed the armory and

seized most of the fortress.

Despite attacks by

coalition special forces and

Northern Alliance troops

supported by tanks, it was

only retaken after strikes

by F/A-18C Hornets and a

USAF AC-130U Spooky.

26 Joint Surveillance Target

Attack Radar System-equipped

aircraft detected a column of about

15 Taliban vehicles, including

several armored personnel carriers,

probing the northwest perimeter of

Forward Operating Base Camp

Rhino. VF-102

F-14B Tomcats broke up the

attackers and two Marine AH-1W

Super Cobras finished the job.

30 The Battle of Tora Bora

began as naval reconnaissance

aircraft spotted Taliban troops

fleeing toward the fortress of Tora

Bora, an immense cave complex

interlaced with tunnels spanning

two valleys south of Jalalabad.

December

The Naval Air Training

Command unveiled the

Introductory Flight Screening

program at NAS Pensacola, Fla.,

to provide prospective Naval

Aviators with 25 hours of

instruction from FAA-certified

flight instructors prior to

commencing Navy flight training.

The last of seven KC-130J

Hercules to be delivered to the

Marines in 2001 arrived at MCAS

Cherry Point, N.C.

1 The Bonhomme Richard (LHD

6) amphibious ready group, with the

13th Marine Expeditionary Unit

42 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

On 2 December 2001, CH-53 and AH-1 helos await their next mission as Seabees level a dirt

landing strip at Forward Operating Base Camp Rhino inside Afghanistan.

Commander Carrier Group 3 RAdm. Thomas

E. Zelibor briefs an aviation electronics

technician after a routine check flight from

Carl Vinson (CVN 70) on 17 November.

PHC Terry Cosgrove

PH3 Kerryl Cacho

continued on page 45

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 43

LAMPS MK III Major Ship Deployments, 2001

Battle Group Deployments

George Washington (CVN 73)

21 Jun 00–20 Dec 00

Squadron Ship

HSL-44 Det 9 Simpson (FFG 56) (04 Aug

00–04 Feb 01)*

Harry S. Truman (CVN 75)

28 Nov 00–23 May 01

Squadron Ship

HSL-42 Det 8 San Jacinto (CG 56)

HSL-44 Det 1 Deyo (DD 989)

HSL-48 Det 6 Stump (DD 978)

HSL-46 Det 2 Carr (FFG 52) (12 Jan–

10 Jul 01)*

Enterprise (CVN 65)

25 Apr 01–25 Oct 01

Squadron Ship

HSL-42 Det 5 Nicholas (FFG 47)

HSL-46 Det 1 Thorn (DD 988)

HSL-46 Det 5 Gettysburg (CG 64)

HSL-48 Det 9 Philippine Sea (CG 58)

HSL-44 Det 7 Nicholson (DD 982) (16

Jun–12 Dec 01)*

Individual Deployments

Squadron Dates Ship

HSL-46 Det 6 15 Dec 00–15 May 01 O’Bannon (DD 987)

HSL-48 Det 1 10 Mar 01–25 Apr 01 Stephen W. Groves (FFG 29)

HSL-44 Det 5 10 Mar 01–28 Aug 01 Halyburton (FFG 40)

HSL-44 Det 3 22 Mar 01–17 Aug 01 John L. Hall (FFG 32)

HSL-48 Det 8 20 Apr 01–28 Aug 01 Ticonderoga (CG 47)

HSL-46 Det 10 21 May 01–05 Jul 01 Anzio (CG 68)

HSL-48 Det 1 21 May 01–12 Jul 01 Cape St. George (CG 71)

HSL-48 Det 4 11 Jun 01–12 Nov 01 McInerney (FFG 8)

HSL-42 Det 3 11 Jun 01–07 Dec 01 Robert G. Bradley (FFG 49)

HSL-46 Det 8 13 Aug 01–29 Oct 01 Churchill (DDG 81)

HSL-42 Det 9 12 Oct 01–05 Dec 01 Monterey (CG 61)

HSL-42 Det 10 10 Oct 01–08 Apr 02 Stephen W. Groves (FFG 29)

HSL-46 Det 10 07 Nov 01–26 Mar 02 Doyle (FFG 39)

HSLWINGPAC

Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71)

18 Sep 01–27 Mar 02

Squadron Ship

HSL-42 Det 2 Leyte Gulf (CG 55)

HSL-44 Det 4 Peterson (DD 969)

HSL-44 Det 6 Elrod (FFG 55)

HSL-48 Det 10 Anzio (CG 68)

HSL-46 Det 3 Hayler (DD 997) (16 Oct 01–16 Apr 02)*

* Deployment dates of squadrons that joined a battle group late are

indicated in parentheses.

Battle Group Deployments

Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72)

14 Aug 00–12 Feb 01

Squadron Ship

HSL-37 Det 3 Crommelin (FFG 37)

HSL-37 Det 7 Fletcher (DD 992)

HSL-43 Det 1 Bunker Hill (CG 52)

HSL-49 Det 4 Shiloh (CG 67)

Kitty Hawk (CV 63)

02 Mar 01–11 Jun 01

Squadron Ship

HSL-51 Det 1 Vandegrift (FFG 48)

HSL-51 Det 4 Chancellorsville (CG 62)

HSL-51 Det 5 Gary (FFG 51)

HSL-51 Det 6 Vincennes (CG 49)

Constellation (CV 64)

15 Mar 01–15 Sep 01

Squadron Ship

HSL-37 Det 6 Chosin (CG 65)

HSL-43 Det 2 Kinkaid (DD 965)

Individual Deployments

HSL-47 Det 3 13 Sep 00–06 Feb 01 McClusky (FFG 41)

HSL-49 Det 6 09 Nov 00–26 Apr 01 Hewitt (DD 966)

HSL-45 Det 9 12 Jan 01–28 June 01 Paul F. Foster (DD 964)

HSL-43 Det 3 19 Mar 01–06 Aug 01 Rodney M. Davis (FFG 60)

HSL-51 Det 11 20 Mar 01–20 Jun 01 Blue Ridge (LCC 19)

HSL-49 Det 2 15 May 01–01 Nov 01 David R. Ray (DD 971)

HSL-51 Det 3 15 Jun 01–21 Nov 01 O’Brien (DD 975)

HSL-49 Det 4 24 Sep 01–03 Dec 01 Fife (DD 991)

HSL-47 Det 6 18 Oct 01–18 Apr 02 John Young (DD 973)

HSL-45 Det 2 18 Oct 01–18 Apr 02 Ford (FFG 54)

HSL-43 Det 5 22 Oct 01–19 Apr 02 Rentz (FFG 46)

John C. Stennis (CVN 74)

12 Nov 01–12 May 02

Squadron Ship

HSL-31 Det 1 Port Royal (CG 73)

HSL-43 Det 6 Elliot (DD 967)

HSL-47 Det 2 Jarrett (FFG 33)

Carl Vinson (CVN 70)

23 Jul 01–23 Jan 02

Squadron Ship

HSL-45 Det 1 Ingraham (FFG 61)

HSL-43 Det 4 Antietam (CG 54)

† This deployment marked the first time an HSL squadron deployed as part of a carrier air wing.

44 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

A-6E 152936 14 Nov

A-6E 162203 14 Nov

AV-8B 162730 23 Jan

AV-8B 162738 20 Feb

AV-8B 162742 23 Apr

AV-8B 162947 20 Jun

AV-8B 162967 21 May

AV-8B 163188 21 Aug

AV-8B 163189 18 Jul

AV-8B 163193 20 Jun

AV-8B 163197 18 Sep

AV-8B 163204 20 Mar

AV-8B 163419 20 Jun

AV-8B 163659 20 Jun

AV-8B 163665 11 Dec

AV-8B 163668 13 Nov

AV-8B 163669 20 Jun

AV-8B 163678 16 Oct

AV-8B 163680 20 Jun

AV-8B 163853 25 Jul

AV-8B 164149 20 Jun

C-2A 162146 7 May

CH-46E 157668 9 Jul

CH-53D 156669 2 Aug

CH-53D 156674 2 Aug

CH-53D 156964 8 Mar

CH-53D 157130 2 Aug

CH-53D 157136 2 Aug

CH-53D 157143 2 Aug

CH-53D 157746 2 Aug

CH-53D 157750 2 Aug

CH-53E 161536 20 Jun

CH-53E 161537 20 Jun

DC-130A 570496 6 Jun

E-2C 161785 25 Jul

E-2C 162614 4 Jan

E-2C 162616 25 Jul

E-2C 164354 23 Jan

EA-6B 160787 16 Nov

EA-6B 164403 21 Nov

ES-3A 158862 2 Aug

ES-3A 159393 2 Aug

ES-3A 159420 2 Aug

F-4S 158362 20 Jun

F-14A 158616 21 Mar

F-14A 158631 27 Nov

F-14A 159591 19 Apr

F-14A 159837 2 Aug

F-14A 159866 2 Aug

F-14A 160382 10 Nov

F-14A 160387 2 Aug

F-14A 160396 2 Aug

F-14A 160399 2 Aug

F-14A 160402 2 Aug

F-14A 160404 2 Aug

F-14A 160405 2 Aug

F-14A 160410 2 Aug

F-14A 160413 2 Aug

F-14A 160655 2 Aug

F-14A 160668 2 Aug

F-14A 160679 2 Aug

F-14A 160682 2 Aug

F-14A 160687 2 Aug

F-14A 160892 2 Aug

F-14A 160900 2 Aug

F-14A 160908 2 Aug

F-14A 160913 23 Apr

F-14A 161137 2 Aug

F-14A 161140 2 Aug

F-14A 161155 2 Aug

F-14A 161156 2 Aug

F-14A 161161 2 Aug

F-14A 162589 26 Oct

F-14B 161417 21 Oct

F-14D 164351 9 Aug

F/A-18A 161713 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161715 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161716 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161717 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161718 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161720 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161724 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161728 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161730 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161731 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161738 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161739 2 Aug

F/A-18A 161742 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161745 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161747 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161752 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161755 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161756 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161757 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161758 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161760 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161761 25 Jul

F/A-18A 161969 19 Jun

F/A-18A 163134 22 Aug

F/A-18C 164251 23 Oct

F/A-18C 165219 29 May

HH-1N 158245 27 Jul

HH-1N 158258 27 Jul

HH-1N 158283 27 Jul

HH-1N 158290 25 Jul

HH-1N 158556 4 Sep

HH-1N 160832 25 Jul

HH-46D 151949 22 Jun

MV-22B 165433 16 Jul

NF-14A 160658 11 Jul

NP-3B 152739 23 Oct

OH-58C 696189 5 Oct

QF-4N 152970 26 Jun

QF-4S 153823 29 Aug

QF-4S 153887 18 Jul

QF-4S 155521 12 Dec

QF-4S 158351 28 Nov

S-3A 159395 25 Jul

S-3A 159396 25 Jul

S-3A 159410 25 Jul

S-3A 159417 25 Jul

S-3A 159749 25 Jul

S-3A 160585 25 Jul

S-3A 160586 25 Jul

S-3A 160594 25 Jul

S-3A 160595 25 Jul

S-3A 160598 25 Jul

S-3B 159743 23 Oct

SH-60R 162094 21 Nov

SH-60R 162098 29 Sep

T-2C 157044 2 Aug

T-34C 160520 30 Aug

T-34C 160960 8 Jul

T-38A 610825 14 Aug

T-45A 163601 21 Feb

TAV-8B 164540 3 Feb

TH-57C 162023 6 Jul

UH-1N 158282 27 Jul

UH-1N 159688 10 Apr

UH-1N 160449 27 Jul

Aircraft Stricken in 2001

Aircraft BuNo Date Aircraft BuNo Date Aircraft BuNo Date

embarked, deployed six weeks

ahead of schedule in support of

Operation Enduring Freedom.

1 VF-14 and VF-41 were

redesignated VFA-14 and VFA-41.

Both began relocation from NAS

Oceana, Va., to NAS Lemoore,

Calif., and transition from the F-14B

Tomcat to the F/A-18E/F Super

Hornet.

2 The Marines at Forward

Operating Base Camp Rhino were

reinforced by 26th Marine

Expeditionary Unit helos and

finished building their defensive

perimeter.

4 At China Lake, Calif., the

unitary warhead variant of the

AGM-154C Joint Standoff Weapon,

launched by F/A-18C/D Hornets,

completed its first free-flight tests.

This was the first U.S. weapon to

incorporate the Broach penetration

warhead.

5 Marine and Navy aircraft flew

close cover for lines-ofcommunication

interdiction missions

along Route 1, which connected

Lashkar Gah with Kandahar, to cut

off the escape of Taliban and al

Qaeda troops fleeing from the

battles in northern Afghanistan.

5 Three U.S. service members and

5 Afghans were killed and 17

Americans and 19 Afghans

wounded when a B-52H

Stratofortress accidentally

dropped a Joint Direct Attack

Munition nearby. AH-1W

Super Cobras covered the

evacuation of casualties by

CH-53E Super Stallions to

Forward Operating Base

Camp Rhino. Nineteen

Americans were transferred

to a USAF C-130

Hercules Joint

Medevac Aviation

Unit. The Afghans

were flown by Super

Stallions to Bataan

(LHD 5) and Peleliu

(LHA 5) for

treatment.

6–7 When

Marines at Forward

Operating Base

Camp Rhino spotted light flashes to

the north, a P-3C Orion orbiting

overhead confirmed a Taliban probe

and the Marines opened up with

81mm mortars, forcing the Taliban

to disengage. Later that evening a

six-vehicle convoy tried to slip past

the Marines, but was spotted by an

Orion. As the enemy, estimated to

be in company strength, dismounted

to form a skirmish line, F/A-18C

Hornets and F-14 Tomcats dropped

six 500-pound and two 1,000-pound

laser-guided bombs.

6 Remains returned from Vietnam

were identified as Cdr. John A.

Feldhaus, VA-152. On 8 October

1966 Feldhaus launched from

Oriskany (CVA 34) on a daytime

armed reconnaissance mission over

North Vietnam, but was lost when

his A-1H Skyraider (BuNo 137629)

was hit by ground fire.

7 Marine Corps accepted the first

AN/AAQ-28 Litening II targeting

pod, designed to give the AV-8B

Harrier II the capability to

autonomously deliver precisionguided

munitions.

11 The last of 74 Marine dayattack

AV-8B Harrier IIs was

inducted at NADEP Cherry Point,

N.C., for modification into the

night-attack Harrier II Plus

configuration. The aircraft was

expected to return to fleet service in

September 2003.

12 An Air Force B-1B Lancer

outbound from a night strike over

Afghanistan crashed in the Indian

Ocean north of Diego Garcia,

B.I.O.T. A VP-4 P-3C Orion and an

Air Force KC-10A

Extender from the 79th

Air Refueling Wing

conducted a search and

rescue and directed

destroyer Russell (DDG

59) to the scene. All four

crew members were

rescued.

13–14 A task force

comprised of a combined

antiarmor team plus

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 45

Left, on 30 November 2001, Bataan

(LHD 5) steams in support of

Operation Enduring Freedom with the

26th Marine Expeditionary Unit

embarked. Below, an F/A-18 Hornet

lands aboard Kitty Hawk during

Operation Enduring Freedom on 21

November.

A VFA-94 F/A-18 Hornet refuels from an Air Force tanker

during Operation Enduring Freedom on 4 November 2001.

PH3 John E.Woods

PH1 David C. Mercil

supporting elements from the 26th

Marine Expeditionary Unit advanced

to the Kandahar airport, linking up

en route with Army special forces.

AV-8B Harrier IIs and AH-1W

Cobras supported by additional

coalition aircraft provided close air

support. CH-53E Super Stallions

rushed in reinforcements, enabling

the Marines to establish a forward

operating base.

15 Destroyer Mustin (DDG 89)—

named for the four Navy veterans of

the Mustin family, including Naval

Aviator Henry C. Mustin—

was christened at Pascagoula, Miss.

16–17 John C. Stennis (CVN 74)

relieved Carl Vinson (CVN 70) in

the Arabian Sea and immediately

launched her first strikes against

Afghanistan.

17 The Northern Alliance claimed

victory at Tora Bora. F/A-18C

Hornets pounded escape routes as

Taliban and al Qaeda remnants fled

toward Pakistan.

21 The Joint Air-to-Surface

Standoff Missile was approved for

low-rate initial production.

Aircraft Accepted in 2001

Bureau Number Qty Type Name Contractor

165488-165498 11 T-45C Goshawk Boeing

165568-165579 12 AV-8B* Harrier II Boeing

165598-165599 2 T-45C Goshawk Boeing

165647-165648 2 E-2C Hawkeye Northrop Grumman

165736 1 KC-130J Hercules Lockheed Martin

165738-165739 2 KC-130J Hercules Lockheed Martin

165752-165759 8 MH-60S Seahawk Sikorsky

165764 1 MH-60S Seahawk Sikorsky

165766 1 MH-60S Seahawk Sikorsky

165782-165792 11 F/A-18E Super Hornet Boeing

165798-165808 11 F/A-18F Super Hornet Boeing

165809-165810 2 KC-130J Hercules Lockheed Martin

165829-165832 4 C-40A Clipper Boeing

165860-165866 7 F/A-18E Super Hornet Boeing

165875-165881 7 F/A-18F Super Hornet Boeing

165938-165939 2 UC-35D Encore Cessna

166402-166403 2 MH-60R* Seahawk Sikorsky

650979 1 NC-130H Hercules Lockheed Martin

842402 1 UH-60L Blackhawk Sikorsky

872466-872467 2 UH-60L Blackhawk Sikorsky

* Remanufactured

Bureau Numbers Issued in 2001

Numbers below were assigned by CNO during 2001 for future Navy and

Marine Corps aircraft procurement:

Numbers Qty Type Name Contractor

166374 1 UC-35D Encore Cessna

166375-166379 5 C-37A Gulfstream

166380-166382 3 KC-130J Hercules Lockheed Martin

166383-166399 17 MV-22B Osprey Bell/Boeing

166400-166401 2 RQ-8A Fire Scout Northrop Grumman

166402-166410 9 SH-60R Seahawk Sikorsky

166411-166413 3 AV-8B Harrier II Boeing

166414-166416 3 RQ-8A Fire Scout Northrop Grumman

166417-166419 3 E-2C Hawkeye Northrop Grumman

166420-166467 48 F/A-18E/F Super Hornet Boeing

Left, a VFA-147 F/A-18 Hornet

launches from John C.

Stennis (CVN 74) in support of

Operation Enduring Freedom

on 18 December 2001. The

previous day, Sailors and

Marines stood at attention on

Stennis’s flight deck as a flag

found in the rubble of the

World Trade Center in New

York was raised on the mast,

below left.

PH3 Jayme Pastoric PH3 Troy M. Latham

46 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 47

Naval Aeronautical Organization—United States Naval Aviation

Air Force Commanders

Naval Air Forces NAS North Island, CA

Naval Air Force Atlantic NB Norfolk, VA

Naval Air Force Pacific NAS North Island, CA

Naval Air Reserve Force NAS JRB New Orleans, LA

Carrier Groups

Carrier Group One NS San Diego, CA

Carrier Group Two NB Norfolk, VA

Carrier Group Three NS Bremerton, WA

Carrier Group Four NB Norfolk, VA

Carrier Group Five Fleet Activity Yokosuka, Japan

Carrier Group Six NS Mayport, FL

Carrier Group Seven NS San Diego, CA

Carrier Group Eight NB Norfolk, VA

Aircraft Carriers

Kitty Hawk (CV 63) Fleet Activity Yokosuka, Japan

Constellation (CV 64) NS San Diego, CA

Enterprise (CVN 65) NB Norfolk, VA

John F. Kennedy (CV 67) NS Mayport, FL

Nimitz (CVN 68) NS San Diego, CA

Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) NB Norfolk, VA

Carl Vinson (CVN 70) NS Bremerton, WA

Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) NB Norfolk, VA

Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) NS Everett, WA

George Washington (CVN 73) NB Norfolk, VA

John C. Stennis (CVN 74) NS San Diego, CA

Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) NB Norfolk, VA

Ronald Reagan (CVN 76)* NB Norfolk, VA

Fleet Air Commands

Fleet Air Keflavik NAS Keflavik, Iceland

Fleet Air Western Pacific NAF Atsugi, Japan

Fleet Air Mediterranean Naples, Italy

Functional Wing Commanders

Reserve Patrol Wing NAS Willow Grove, PA

Patrol and Reconnaissance Force Atlantic NB Norfolk, VA

Patrol and Reconnaissance Force Pacific MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

Helicopter Wing Reserve NAS North Island, CA

Fleet Aviation Specialized Operational Training Group

Fleet Aviation Specialized Operational Training Group

Atlantic (plus detachments) NB Norfolk, VA

Fleet Aviation Specialized Operational Training Group

Pacific (plus detachments) NAS North Island, CA

Type Wing Commanders

Airborne Early Warning Wing Atlantic NB Norfolk, VA

Airborne Early Warning Wing Pacific NBVC Point Mugu, CA

Electronic Attack Wing Pacific NAS Whidbey Island, WA

Fighter Wing Atlantic NAS Oceana, VA

Fleet Logistics Support Wing NAS JRB Fort Worth, TX

Helicopter Antisubmarine Wing Atlantic NAS Jacksonville, FL

Helicopter Antisubmarine Wing Pacific NAS North Island, CA

Helicopter Antisubmarine Wing Light Atlantic NS Mayport, FL

Helicopter Antisubmarine Wing Light Pacific NAS North Island, CA

Helicopter Tactical Wing Atlantic NB Norfolk, VA

Helicopter Tactical Wing Pacific NAS North Island, CA

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1 NSF Kamiseya, Japan

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1

Det Diego Garcia NAF Diego Garcia, B.I.O.T.

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1

Det Kadena NAF Kadena, Japan

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 1

Det Misawa NAF Misawa, Japan

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 5 NAS Brunswick, ME

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 10 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 11 NAS North Island, CA

Sea Control Wing Atlantic NAS Jacksonville, FL

Sea Control Wing Pacific NAS North Island, CA

Strategic Communications Wing 1 Tinker AFB, OK

Strike Fighter Wing Atlantic NAS Oceana, VA

Strike Fighter Wing Pacific NAS Lemoore, CA

Carrier AirWings

Carrier Air Wing 1 NAS Oceana, VA

Carrier Air Wing 2 NAS Lemoore, CA

Carrier Air Wing 3 NAS Lemoore, CA

Carrier Air Wing 5 NAF Atsugi, Japan

Carrier Air Wing 7 NAS Oceana, VA

Carrier Air Wing 8 NAS Oceana, VA

Carrier Air Wing 9 NAS Lemoore, CA

Carrier Air Wing 11 NAS Lemoore, CA

Carrier Air Wing 14 NAS Lemoore, CA

Carrier Air Wing 17 NAS Oceana, VA

Carrier Air Wing Reserve 20 NAS Atlanta, GA

Fighter Squadrons

VF-2 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-11 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-31 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-32 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-101 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-103 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-143 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-154 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VF-211 NAS Oceana, VA

VF-213 NAS Oceana, VA

Fighter Composite Squadrons

VFC-12 NAS Oceana, VA

VFC-13 NAS Fallon, NV

Strike Fighter Squadrons

VFA-14 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-15 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-22 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-25 NAS Lemoore, CA

48 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

VFA-27 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VFA-34 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-37 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-41 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-81 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-82 MCAS Beaufort, SC

VFA-83 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-86 MCAS Beaufort, SC

VFA-87 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-94 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-97 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-102 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-105 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-106 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-113 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-115 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-122 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-125 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-131 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-136 NAS Oceana, VA

VFA-137 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-146 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-147 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-151 NAS Lemoore, CA

VFA-192 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VFA-195 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VFA-201 NAS JRB Fort Worth, TX

VFA-203 NAS Atlanta, GA

VFA-204 NAS JRB New Orleans, LA

Electronic Attack Squadrons

VAQ-128 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-129 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-130 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-131 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-132 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-133 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-134 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-135 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-136 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VAQ-137 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-138 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-139 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-140 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-141 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-142 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VAQ-209 NAF Washington, DC

Carrier Airborne Early Warning Squadrons

VAW-77 NAS Atlanta, GA

VAW-78 NB Norfolk, VA

VAW-112 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VAW-113 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VAW-115 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VAW-116 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VAW-117 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VAW-120 NB Norfolk, VA

VAW-121 NB Norfolk, VA

VAW-123 NB Norfolk, VA

VAW-124 NB Norfolk, VA

VAW-125 NB Norfolk, VA

VAW-126 NB Norfolk, VA

Sea Control Squadrons

VS-21 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VS-22 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VS-24 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VS-29 NAS North Island, CA

VS-30 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VS-31 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VS-32 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VS-33 NAS North Island, CA

VS-35 NAS North Island, CA

VS-38 NAS North Island, CA

VS-41 NAS North Island, CA

Patrol Squadrons

VP-1 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VP-4 MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

VP-5 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VP-8 NAS Brunswick, ME

VP-9 MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

VP-10 NAS Brunswick, ME

VP-16 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VP-26 NAS Brunswick, ME

VP-30 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VP-40 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VP-45 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VP-46 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VP-47 MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

VP-62 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VP-64 NAS Willow Grove, PA

VP-65 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VP-66 NAS Willow Grove, PA

VP-69 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VP-92 NAS Brunswick, ME

VP-94 NAS JRB New Orleans, LA

Patrol Squadron Special Units

VPU-1 NAS Brunswick, ME

VPU-2 MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadrons

VQ-1 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VQ-1 Det Misawa NAF Misawa, Japan

VQ-2 NS Rota, Spain

VQ-3 Tinker AFB, OK

VQ-3 Det Offutt Offutt AFB, NE

VQ-3 Det Travis Travis AFB, CA

VQ-4 Tinker AFB, OK

VQ-4 Det NAS Patuxent River, MD

VQ-7 Tinker AFB, OK

Fleet Logistics Support Squadrons

VR-1 NAF Washington, DC

VR-46 NAS Atlanta, GA

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 49

VR-48 NAF Washington, DC

VR-51 MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

VR-52 NAS Willow Grove, PA

VR-53 NAF Washington, DC

VR-54 NAS JRB New Orleans, LA

VR-55 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VR-56 NB Norfolk, VA

VR-57 NAS North Island, CA

VR-58 NAS Jacksonville, FL

VR-59 NAS JRB Fort Worth, TX

VR-61 NAS Whidbey Island, WA

VR-62 NAS Brunswick, ME

VRC-30 NAS North Island, CA

VRC-30 Det 5 NAF Atsugi, Japan

VRC-40 NB Norfolk, VA

Composite Squadrons

VC-6 NB Norfolk, VA

VC-6 Det Patuxent River NAS Patuxent River, MD

VC-6 Det Dam Neck Fleet Combat Training Center Dam Neck, VA

VC-8 NS Roosevelt Roads, PR

Helicopter Antisubmarine Warfare Squadrons

HS-2 NAS North Island, CA

HS-3 NAS Jacksonville, FL

HS-4 NAS North Island, CA

HS-5 NAS Jacksonville, FL

HS-6 NAS North Island, CA

HS-7 NAS Jacksonville, FL

HS-8 NAS North Island, CA

HS-10 NAS North Island, CA

HS-11 NAS Jacksonville, FL

HS-14 NAF Atsugi, Japan

HS-15 NAS Jacksonville, FL

HS-75 NAS Jacksonville, FL

Helicopter Antisubmarine Warfare Squadrons Light

HSL-37 MCBH Kaneohe Bay, HI

HSL-40 NS Mayport, FL

HSL-41 NAS North Island, CA

HSL-42 NS Mayport, FL

HSL-43 NAS North Island, CA

HSL-44 NS Mayport, FL

HSL-45 NAS North Island, CA

HSL-46 NS Mayport, FL

HSL-47 NAS North Island, CA

HSL-48 NS Mayport, FL

HSL-49 NAS North Island, CA

HSL-51 NAF Atsugi, Japan

HSL-60 NS Mayport, FL

Helicopter Combat Support Squadrons

HC-2 NB Norfolk, VA

HC-3 NAS North Island, CA

HC-4 NAS Sigonella, Italy

HC-5 Anderson AFB, Guam

HC-6 NB Norfolk, VA

HC-8 NB Norfolk, VA

HC-11 NAS North Island, CA

HC-85 NAS North Island, CA

Helicopter Combat Support Special Squadrons

HCS-4 NB Norfolk, VA

HCS-5 NAS North Island, CA

Helicopter Mine Countermeasures Squadrons

HM-14 NB Norfolk, VA

HM-15 NAS Corpus Christi, TX

Air Test and Evaluation Squadrons**

VX-1 NAS Patuxent River, MD

VX-9 NAWS China Lake, CA

VX-20 NAS Patuxent River, MD

HX-21 NAS Patuxent River, MD

VX-23 NAS Patuxent River, MD

VX-30 NBVC Point Mugu, CA

VX-31 NAWS China Lake, CA

Tactical Air Control Group

Tactical Air Control Group 1 NB Coronado, CA

Tactical Air Control Squadrons

TACRON 11 NB Coronado, CA

TACRON 12 NB Coronado, CA

TACRON 21 NAB Little Creek, VA

TACRON 22 NAB Little Creek, VA

Flight Demonstration Squadron

Blue Angels NAS Pensacola, FL

Naval Air Training Command

Chief of Naval Air Training NAS Corpus Christi, TX

Training AirWings

Training Wing 1 NAS Meridian, MS

Training Wing 2 NAS Kingsville, TX

Training Wing 4 NAS Corpus Christi, TX

Training Wing 5 NAS Whiting Field, FL

Training Wing 6 NAS Pensacola, FL

Training Squadrons

VT-2 NAS Whiting Field, FL

VT-3 NAS Whiting Field, FL

VT-4 NAS Pensacola, FL

VT-6 NAS Whiting Field, FL

VT-7 NAS Meridian, MS

VT-9 NAS Meridian, MS

VT-10 NAS Pensacola, FL

VT-21 NAS Kingsville, TX

VT-22 NAS Kingsville, TX

VT-27 NAS Corpus Christi, TX

VT-28 NAS Corpus Christi, TX

VT-31 NAS Corpus Christi, TX

VT-35 NAS Corpus Christi, TX

VT-86 NAS Pensacola, FL

Helicopter Training Squadrons

HT-8

NAS Whiting Field, FL

HT-18

NAS Whiting Field, FL

Aviation Training Schools/Center

Strike Fighter Weapons School Atlantic

NAS Oceana, VA

Strike Fighter Weapons School Pacific

NAS Lemoore, CA

Strike Weapons and Tactics School

Atlantic

NAS Oceana, VA

Strike Weapons and Tactics School Pacific

NAS North Island, CA

Electronic Attack Weapons School

NAS Whidbey Island, WA

Landing Signal Officer School

NAS Oceana, VA

Sea Control Weapons School

NAS Jacksonville, FL

Reserve Antisubmarine Warfare

Training Center

NAS Willow Grove, PA

Notes:

Organization chart only includes Navy aviation

units active as of press time. Marine Corps

aviation units were not included.

*PCU Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) is included

because upon commissioning in May 2003, the

ship is slated to be home-ported at NB Norfolk,

Va.

**On 1 May 2002, test squadrons without

standard alphanumeric designations were

officially redesignated in keeping with fleet

standards. Previous and revised designations are

as follows: Naval Force Warfare Aircraft Test

Squadron–VX-20; Naval Rotary Wing Aircraft

Test Squadron–HX-21; Naval Strike Aircraft

Test Squadron–VX-23; Naval Weapons Test

Squadron Point Mugu–VX-30; and Naval

Weapons Test Squadron China Lake–VX-31.

50 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Awards

For the third year in a row

Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69)

won the Fleet Retention Excellence

Award. The award gives the crew

the privilege of painting each of the

ship’s 60,000-pound anchors a

bright gold to mark the achievement.

The 2001 CNET Golden Anchor

award winners in the aviation

community were NAS Corpus

Christi, Texas; NAS Pensacola, Fla.;

NAS Meridian, Miss; Naval

Aviation Schools Command,

Pensacola, Fla.; and Naval Air

Maintenance Training Units North

Island, Calif., and Whidbey Island,

Wash. The annual award recognizes

commands that excel in retention.

VFA-97 earned the Capt.

Michael J. Estocin award for

meritorious achievement by a strike

fighter squadron. Squadron pilot

LCdr. James J. Reich was selected

as the winner of the

COMNAVAIRPAC 2001

Michael G. Hoff Attack Aviator

award, presented annually to the top

tactical pilot or Naval Flight Officer

for exceptional proficiency,

professionalism and contributions to

carrier-based attack missions.

The CNO Search and Rescue

Model Manager establishes the

policies for Navy search and rescue

teams, and presents annual SAR

Excellence Awards. Recipients

judged to exemplify the commitment

to others embodied in the SAR

motto, “So Others May Live,” were:

Aviation Rescue Swimmer of the

Year, AW2 Patrick G. Parent;

Aviation Rescue Crew of the Year,

Rescue Oscar Two, NAS Brunswick,

Maine; and Search and Rescue Unit

of the Year, HC-5.

The winners of the 2002 Captain

Edward F. Ney award for food

service excellence in the aviation

community were Bataan (LHD 5);

Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6);

Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71);

Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72); NAS

Brunswick, Maine; NAS Oceana,

Va.; and NAS Sigonella, Italy.

The annual Secretary of Defense

Environmental Award recognizes

installations, teams and individuals

for outstanding work in Department

of Defense environmental programs.

Aviation community honorable

mentions went to NAS Pensacola,

Fla.; NAS Brunswick, Maine; and

NAES Lakehurst, N.J.

The 2001 aviation winners of the

Secretary of the Navy

Environmental Award for

outstanding environmental programs

were: NAS Pensacola, Fla.; MCAS

Beaufort, S.C.; MCAS Yuma, Ariz.;

NAS Keflavik, Iceland; MCAS

50 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Above, a VF-103 F-14B Tomcat

assigned to CVW-17 aboard George

Washington (CVN 73) performs a highspeed

pass while conducting

integrated training exercises in the

Caribbean on 26 April.

PH1 James Vidrine

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 51

JO1(SW) Ed Wright

Iwakuni, Japan; NAF Atsugi/

Shinkampo, Japan; George

Washington (CVN 73); NAS

Brunswick, Maine; and NAES

Lakehurst, N.J.

The Navy League of the United

States presented its 2002 awards in

recognition of outstanding

leadership and achievement.

Aviation winners were: Admiral

Claude V. Ricketts award for

inspirational leadership (E-7 and

above), HMCS(SW/AW/FMF)

Roger M. Grose, Enterprise (CVN

65); Captain Winifred Quick

Collins award for inspirational

leadership (enlisted), AZCS(AW)

Amy E. Goin, VF-41; General

Gerald C. Thomas award for

inspirational leadership (enlisted),

MSgt. Delphine E. Hamilton,

VMFT-401; Rear Admiral William

S. Parsons award for scientific and

technical progress, Donald A.

Birchler, COMPATRECONWING 1;

Stephen Decatur award for

operational competence, Cdr.

Charles T. Hollingsworth,

COMPATRECONWING 1; and

Honorable J. William Middendorf

II award for engineering excellence

(USN E-4–E-9), MM1(SW/AW)

Michael A. Bastys, Theodore

Roosevelt (CVN 71).

The 2001 aviation winners of the

Secretary of the Navy Admiral

Elmo R. Zumwalt award for

excellence in bachelor housing were:

NAF Key West, Fla.; NAS Whidbey

Island, Wash.; NAS Lemoore, Calif.;

NAF Atsugi, Japan; NAS Whiting

Field, Fla.; and NAS Pensacola, Fla.

CHINFO Merit Awards

recognize exemplary achievements

in internal media products by Navy

commands and individuals. The

categories and winners in the

aviation community for 2001 were:

publication for a specific audience,

(magazine), 1st Naval Aviation

News, Naval Historical Center,

Washington, D.C.; military funded

newspaper, small deployed units, 1st

Penny Press, Abraham Lincoln

(CVN 72), and 3rd Give ’Em Hell

Herald, Harry S. Truman (CVN 75);

military funded newspaper, small

shore units, 2nd Northwest Islander,

NAR Whidbey Island, Wash.;

civilian enterprise newspaper, 1st

Jax Air News, NAS Jacksonville,

Fla.; news article, 2nd JO3 William

D. Price Jr., Theodore Roosevelt

(CVN 71); commentary, 1st Ltjg.

Don Capoldo, NAS Lemoore, Calif.;

and 3rd Eileen Brown, NAS

Whidbey Island, Wash.; sports

Above, L-R, Lt. Hughes, Lts. (jg) Cruz

and McCabe and LCdr. Pettigrew of

VF-114. On 6 May 1972, flying F-4J

Phantom IIs, top, these aircrews

vectored against four MiG-21s near

Than Hoa, Vietnam, taking out three.

Each man received the Silver Star for

aggressive airmanship and

professional performance. Left, MiG

killer-era squadronmates and friends of

now-Director, Air Warfare RAdm. Mike

McCabe surprised him at a May 2002

ceremony to commemorate the 30th

anniversary of the MiG kills: L-R, retired

RAdms. John Kerr and Ed Allen, Adm.

William Fallon, RAdm. McCabe and

Capt. Denis Faherty.

article, 1st Lt. Brandon Hammond,

VFA-122; series, 1st Lt. John A.

Kalantzis, NAS Lemoore, Calif.;

stand-alone photograph, 3rd JO3

Michael Douglas, NAS Sigonella,

Italy, and HM Wendy Leland,

Naval Aviation News, Washington,

D.C.; photojournalism, 1st James S.

Darcy III, NAS Patuxent River, Md.;

2nd Art Giberson, NAS Pensacola,

Fla., and HM Wendy Leland,

Naval Aviation News, Washington

D.C.; art/graphics in support of a

publication, 3rd Morgan Ian

Wilbur, Naval Aviation News,

Washington, D.C., and HM Ted

Wilbur, Naval Aviation News,

Washington. DC.; contribution by a

newspaper contractor-stringer, 1st

Tammy Ragonese, NAS Lemoore,

Calif.; web-based publication, 2nd

Rudder Online, NAR Norfolk, Va.;

outstanding new writer, 2nd JO3

Kristin Fitzsimmons, George

Washington (CVN 73); DON print

journalist of the year, 1st JO2

Joaquin Juatai, NAS Whidbey

Island, Wash.; familygram, small

command, 2nd Seahawker, VAW-

126; familygram, large command,

1st Talon, Tarawa (LHA 1);

cruisebook, large command, 1st

Westpac 2000, Tarawa (LHA 1), 2nd

Med/Arabian Gulf 2000, George

Washington (CVN 73); SITE TV

newscast, 1st PAO/Photolab, Carl

Vinson (CVN 70); and SITE open,

Late Night with the PAO, Theodore

Roosevelt (CVN 71).

52 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

AMERICAS BIG STICK

BREAKS THE RECORD

Below,Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) steams home after 159

days at sea, a post-WW II record. The ship was on station in the

Arabian Sea conducting air strikes in Afghanistan in support of

Operation Enduring Freedom. Right, “The Stick” artwork © Hank

Caruso, originally commissioned by VAQ-141 in 1993, depicts

air operations aboard TR.

By JO1(SW) Tim Paynter, Joint Task Force-Full

Accounting Public Affairs

On a January morning in 1968, a Navy

commander, three lieutenants (junior

grade), four petty officers second class

and a petty officer third class climbed

aboard their OP-2E Neptune and prepared

for takeoff. They would not live to see

sunset that day.

The nine Sailors were members of

Observation Squadron 67, a unit that operated

secretly from an air base in Thailand during the

Vietnam War. Their mission was to pepper the jungles

of Laos with tiny sensors that could be used to collect

intelligence by detecting slight movements or listening

in on conversations.

That morning, three planes left the airstrip in

Thailand, but only two returned. The cryptic last words

of the third aircraft’s mission commander were, “I’m

going down through this hole in the clouds.”

All that is known is that their plane crashed on the

side of a cloud-covered mountain in Laos, nearly a mile

above the jungle floor, and for more than 30 years the

site remained untouched.

The mountain was deemed too dangerous

to excavate in 1996 when an investigation

team located the crash site, but with help

from Army mountaineers it was decided that

it could be done. In 2001, the crash site was

excavated for the first time; the remains were

repatriated and are in the identification process.

Now, as part of a Joint Task Force–Full Accounting

initiative, another search is in progress.

Strapped in and nearly dangling at times from the

side of the mountain, only 100 feet from the summit,

workers systematically search through grids on a 35-

degree mud- and rock-filled slope. This time around it’s

fresh dirt, undisturbed remains, new pieces of the

puzzle and hopefully closure for families who have

waited for more than three decades.

Sailors Search for Sailors in Southeast Asia

PH2 Jason Scarborough

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 53

The Coast Guard reported banner success rates in its

drug-interdiction operation “New Frontier.” The new

program uses C-130 Hercules and cutter-deployable

tactical MH-68A Mako helicopters in the pursuit of drug

smugglers in the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean.

Approximately 80 percent of the illegal narcotics that enter

the United States via maritime routes each year are

transported on “go-fast” vessels, which are normally

between 30 and 40 feet long and capable of traveling in

excess of 50 knots (58 mph) and can carry up to three tons

of cocaine.

On 15 January,

the crew of cutter

Steadfast, homeported

in

Warrenton, OR,

recovered 2.2

tons of marijuana

from a 30-foot

go-fast vessel and

turned the boat,

marijuana and

three crewmen over to Mexican naval authorities.

On 16 January, the crew of cutter Midgett, based in

Seattle, Wash., chased a go-fast boat, caught it and its six

crewmen, and recovered 925 pounds of cocaine.

On 24 January, Midgett’s crew caught another go-fast

vessel, with four

crewmen and 733

pounds of

cocaine.

On 26 January,

the helicopter crew deployed aboard Steadfast located a

go-fast boat, which jettisoned its load of 1.8 tons of

marijuana during the pursuit.

On 3 February, the crew of cutter Boutwell, homeported

in Alameda, Calif., recovered 2.5 tons of cocaine

from a 40-foot go-fast vessel and took into custody four

crewmen for prosecution in the U.S.

On 12 February, cutters Boutwell and Hamilton, homeported

in San Diego, Calif., working with their two

embarked helicopters, stopped a 40-foot go-fast boat and

its six-person crew who had jettisoned 3.4 tons of

cocaine into the ocean.

On 22 February, Midgett’s crew possibly

thwarted a transfer of contraband when they

pursued the Mexican-flagged fishing vessel Atun X,

which quickly sank as Midgett approached. The 11

crewmen rescued from Atun X were turned over to

Mexican naval authorities.

On 12 March, Boutwell and Hamilton located

and chased two go-fast

boats which jettisoned

their cargo. One vessel

was stopped and 1.5 tons

of marijuana were

recovered. The three

crewmen were turned

over to Mexican naval

authorities for

O P E R A T I O N N E W F R O N T I E R

Top left, HITRON 10

MH-68A Mako helicopters

based out of Jacksonville, Fla.

The Mako is an all-weather,

short-range interdiction

aircraft deployable aboard

Coast Guard cutters. Top

right, Rick Gallant of the

Coast Guard inspects the

landing platform at a Boston, Mass., hospital. Right,

Coast Guard sharpshooters fire warning shots and

disable engines if other methods fail to stop boats. The

MH-68A is equipped with a 7.62 machine gun, above

right, and a precision .50-caliber rifle. Above left, these

suspected drug smugglers were arrested and 6,749

pounds of cocaine were seized after rounds were fired

into the boat’s engine, disabling it at sea.

Scan Pattern

In a 23 January ceremony the

National Museum of Naval Aviation,

Pensacola, Fla., accepted for display

the City of Marietta, a C-9 Skytrain II

(BuNo 163511), honoring its three

decades of service to the fleet. The

aircraft was flown by VR-46, NAS

Atlanta, Ga.

Naval Aviators are “staying Navy”

at the highest rate in 12 years. The

current total of 68 resignations from

Naval Aviation to date for FY 02, is a

50-percent reduction from this point

in FY 01. The war on terrorism is

having a significant impact of

resignation rates: 94 aviators pulled

their resignation requests after 11

September 2001. Other factors

include increases in basic pay, career

sea pay, incentive pay, Aviation

Career Continuation Pay and the

Thrift Savings Plan availability.

Anniversary and

Records

VR-56 celebrated its 25th

anniversary in January.

HSL-41 surpassed 110,000 mishapfree

flight hours

HMM-264 surpassed 90,000

mishap-free flight hours.

VR-53 surpassed 33,000 mishapfree

flight hours.

Commander CVW-1 Capt.

Stephen Voetsch completed his

4,000th F-14 Tomcat hour in January

on Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71).

Commander CVW-5 Capt.

Michael F. Galpin logged his 3,000th

Tomcat hour in February at NAF

Atsugi, Japan.

Also in February, VF-154 CO Cdr.

James H. Flatley IV marked his

3,000th F-14 hour at Kadena Air

Base, Okinawa.

Rescues

On 26 January the Boston Coast

Guard command center dispatched an

HH-60 Jayhawk helicopter and HU-25

Falcon jet in response to a distress

call from five fishermen in a life boat

after their vessel Tara M.J. sank in the

North Atlantic. The Falcon crew

spotted the life raft 125 miles east of

Portland, Maine. Kastner, a 170-foot

cargo ship in the area, retrieved the

unharmed crewmen and took them to

Lockporte, Nova Scotia.

LCpl. Ernest Rancel rescued a

Sailor while on liberty during a

deployment to Tumon Bay, Guam, in

February. An ordnance technician with

VMFA-212, Rancel witnessed the

Sailor in a jet ski accident and was

able to bring him ashore on a floating

backboard. Rancel then provided the

Sailor first aid for a broken leg and

shock while awaiting emergency

personnel.

An HC-11 CH-46 Sea Knight

acting as the search and rescue

helicopter for flight deck

qualifications on Tarawa (LHA 1) was

called into action when an AV-8B

Harrier II crashed during a landing

attempt. The pilot of the Harrier

ejected safely, landed in the water and

was picked up and in medical care

aboard Tarawa within 15 minutes.

54 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

Enterprise (CVN 65): Capt. Eric

C. Heidlinger relieved Capt. James

A. Winnefeld, Jr., 15 Feb.

FIFTHFLT: VAdm. Timothy J.

Keating relieved VAdm. Charles W.

Moore, Jr., 10 Feb.

HCS-5: Cdr. Michael S.

Remington relieved Cdr. Donald S.

Thiesse, 23 Feb.

HSL-40: Cdr. Michael A. Walley

relieved Capt. William K. Lescher,

26 Apr.

HSL-43: Cdr. S. Jeff Tappan

relieved Cdr. James J. Gillcrist, 31

Jan.

VAQ-140: Cdr. Steven G.

Kochman relieved Cdr. Thomas L.

Mascolo, 20 Apr.

VF-154: Cdr. James H. Flatley IV

relieved Cdr. Paul O. Monger, 4 Mar.

VFA-82: Cdr. Steve Foley relieved

Cdr. Mark Hunter, 12 Mar.

VFA-201: Cdr. Thomas W.

Marotta relieved Cdr. Hermon C.

Cook, 16 Mar.

VP-4: Cdr. Tyrone Payton relieved

Cdr. M. D. Yancey, 8 Apr.

VPU-2: Cdr. Michael E. Groody

relieved Cdr. Joseph W. Rixey, 8 Mar.

VR-48: Cdr. John A. McGrath

relieved Cdr. Timothy G. Schaefer,

13 Apr.

VR-53: Cdr. John B. Fluhart

relieved Cdr. Jerome D. Frechette,

3 Nov 01.

VT-9: Cdr. Charles L. Aley

relieved Cdr. Albert L. St. Clair,

8 Mar.

Wasp (LHD 1): Capt. Edward P.

McNamee relieved Capt. Robert C.

Jackson, 15 Feb.

C H A N G E O F C O M M A N D

A potential Naval

Aviator gets his first

experience at the

stick in an AH-1W

Super Cobra during

the annual firepower

exhibition on the Mall

in Washington, D.C.,

in May.

JO3 Dan Ball

A VF-154 F-14A Tomcat recovers

aboard Kitty Hawk (CV 63).

PH1(AW) William R. Goodwin

Naval Aviation News July–August 2002 55

BATTLE STATIONS

TRAINING GETS

REALITY CHECK

By LCdr. John Wallach, Great Lakes Public

Affairs Officer

With the help of technology, simulation and

some of the entertainment industry’s top

creative minds, the Recruit Training Command

is poised to make a quantum leap in the evolution of

“Battle Stations” training.

First assembled in an empty warehouse in 1997

with plywood, makeshift plumbing and old-fashioned

Sailor ingenuity, Battle Stations has evolved

considerably from its beginnings. Nearing its fifth

anniversary, the 12-hour exercise pushes recruits to

their limits, requiring them to draw on every aspect

of their training to date. Now, with the help of

experts in the entertainment industry, the Navy is

working to make Battle Stations even more

unforgettable.

“Our objective is to make Battle Stations a more

effective training evolution,” said RAdm. Ann

Rondeau, Commander Naval Training Center, Great

Lakes, Ill. “If we achieve that goal, we send a better

trained Sailor to the fleet, and that’s what Great Lakes

is all about.”

With that guidance, the Naval Air Warfare Center

Training Systems Division in Orlando, Fla., and

i.d.e.a.s. at Disney-MGM Studios began work on the

first phase of the project, creative development of a

Battle Stations story line.

“Our tasking was to create the Battle Stations

experience in the form of a story, incorporating the

scenarios which are taught today,” said Bob Allen,

i.d.e.a.s. chief executive officer. “We are professional

storytellers, and our aim is to have recruits so

immersed in the Battle Stations story that it becomes

real. Reality leads to what we call ‘experiential

learning,’ a very effective technique.”

Under the i.d.e.a.s. concept, recruits are marched to

a pier, where they are dwarfed by a ship’s mast

protruding through the roof of the Battle Stations

facility. Bird calls, tug boat whistles and other ambient

noises of a busy port echo from speakers nearby.

Once aboard the Battle Stations ship, recruits go

below to the mess decks to receive briefings on the

night’s mission. The scenarios then begin to unfold

in a continuous sequence along the story line.

Routine operations come first. Gear is stowed, stores

are loaded, then the order is passed to execute an

emergency sortie—20 minutes to get the ship

underway. Aggression scenarios follow. General

quarters is sounded. Recruits battle shipboard fires,

repel terrorist boarders, move ammunition from a

flooding magazine, and rescue injured shipmates

from smoke-filled compartments.

It is the increase in realism that sets the new Battle

Stations apart from the old. In the abandon-ship

scenario, for example, wave machines, salt water and

night lighting will make the jump from the ship far

more uninviting than the combat pool used today. “We

have to maintain a suspension of disbelief throughout

the entire 12-hour evolution,” said Allen. “It’s

imperative that we keep the stress level up as well.”

“The new Battle Stations must be ‘refreshable,’”

added Rondeau. “We have a predictable customer in

the fleet, but not a predictive one. Ten years ago, antiterrorism

force protection was not as significant a part

of our training curriculum as it is today. We need to

anticipate what our training priorities will be 10 years

from now, and build in the flexibility to adapt to

them.”

“We will evaluate our Battle Stations return on

investment, as we do the effectiveness of all of our

training programs, based on feedback from the fleet,”

stated Capt. O. W. Wright, Recruit Training

Command skipper. “When a Sailor uses what he or

she learned in boot camp to respond successfully to a

Naval Aviation News routinely spotlights Naval Aviation personnel,

and it is interesting for the staff to follow their career paths. This

photograph from the February 1981 issue shows AD2 Constance R.

Woodworth (third from left) with other Helicopter Mine

Countermeasures Squadron 12 members at NAS Norfolk, Va. Her

proud father, Ralph, wrote to say that his daughter, now

AFCM(AW/NAC) Robinson, retired in a joint ceremony with her

husband, AFCM(NAC) Alan W. Robinson, at Corpus Christi, Texas.

As a woman in a nontraditional rating, she saw changes during her

naval service, but her dad remarked, “I don’t think she ever had a

truly bad day in the Navy. Some days were just better than others.”

Osborn, Shane, with Malcolm McConnell. Born to Fly:

The Untold Story of the Downed American

Reconnaissance Plane. Broadway Books, 1540

Broadway, New York, NY 10036. 2001. 262 pp. Ill.

$22.95. Simultaneously published: Osborn, Shane,

with Malcolm McConnell. Adapted for young people

by Michael French. Born to Fly: The Heroic Story of

Downed U.S. Navy Pilot Lt. Shane Osborn. Delacorte

Press, 1540 Broadway, New York, NY 10036. 2001.

183 pp. Ill. $15.95.

Having the eyes of the world, including those of

your commander in chief and his top military

advisors, resting squarely on you and your crew is

pretty heavy stuff for a 27-year-old lieutenant aviator.

But that was part of the challenge that Shane Osborn and

his crew of 23 faced in the first weeks of April 2001.

Taking off from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, in the early

morning hours of 1 April, they were anticipating a

routine surveillance flight over the South China Sea.

However, the flight became anything but routine when

two Chinese Finback fighters appeared and quickly

established close and sloppy formation with the

American EP-3E.

After some attention-getting antics, the J-8s came too

close, one of them hitting the Aries II’s No. 1 engine. The

huge four-bladed prop tore through the fighter’s rear

fuselage, and debris carried away the EP-3E’s radome.

The doomed interceptor and pilot fell into the sea below,

leaving the Americans struggling to right their stricken

aircraft, literally fighting for their lives in an inverted

dive.

Backed up by his crew, Lt. Osborn regained controlled

flight after losing nearly 8,000 feet in 30 seconds. The

crew decided to land at the Chinese airfield on Hainan

Island. After repeated calls for landing instructions went

unanswered, they landed the EP-3E and were

immediately surrounded by Chinese troops. Eleven days

of internment and interrogation followed before the 24

Americans were released to American authorities and

allowed to leave Hainan.

The secretive world of airborne electronic intelligence

gathering shuns the glare of notoriety, but this VQ-1

crew brought a high level of favorable exposure to their

small community. Their story is told in these two books.

It’s a rather unusual commercial ploy: one “full size”

adult-oriented book with all the preflight details,

occasional four-letter words and the intense

interrogations the crew experienced, published along

with a smaller format book whose text is reduced in

length and content and focuses on the more exciting

aspects of Lt. Osborn’s love of flying for the Navy. Note

the subtle difference in the two books’ subtitles. The

adult version touts “The Untold Story,” while the junior

version promises “The Heroic Story.” Both publishers are

imprints of Random House.

The adult book begins with a lengthy description of an

EP-3 preflight, allowing the author to introduce his crew

and establishing the narrative for what is to come. The

text moves back and forth from the present to Osborn’s

memories of growing up in South Dakota and Nebraska.

It’s an accepted way of telling a story and moves well.

Like many youngsters dreaming of military wings,

Osborn had always wanted to fly fighters.

After graduating from the University of Nebraska on a

Naval ROTC scholarship, he began flight training. His

dream of flying F-14 Tomcats or F/A-18 Hornets quickly

evaporated when the small window of the jet pipeline

closed. Undaunted, he chose P-3 Orions and got his

wings and an assignment to VQ-1. His description of that

fateful 1 April mission is worth reading to learn how he

and his crew survived what should have been a deadly

midair with an overly aggressive Chinese aviator bent on

showing off and scaring his American quarry.

The common mistake of designating the Finback as an

F-8 instead of the correct J-8 is, unfortunately,

perpetuated. This error led to occasional confusion in the

media during the two-week crisis, one CNN anchor

demanding of an Army general why the Chinese had

been allowed to get F-8s. The young reporter obviously

thought the F-8 in question was the F-8 Crusader of

Vietnam fame.

Lt. Osborn also gives first-time public confirmation

that the flight crew completed the destruct plan to disable

their valuable intelligence-gathering sensors and systems.

As he and his crew realized they would be staying with

their Chinese hosts for a while, Osborn developed a

game plan. They determined what their individual and

collective roles would be and resolved to hang together

as a unit.

Writing in the first person, Osborn gives a lot of space

to his particular experiences, especially as he was

initially separated from his group when the Chinese

realized his senior position and the fact the crew looked

to him for leadership. Fortunately, the other officers and

the senior chief flight engineer quickly exercised their

own leadership skills in Osborn’s absence, and soon the

23 other members had formed their manner of dealing

with the Chinese. As Senior Chief Nick Mellos said,

“Don’t get lazy around the guards. We might still be here

a long time. This detention crap can be drawn out much

longer than any of us want. But we’re Americans, and

we’re sailors. So we’ll watch what we say and what we

do.” It was excellent advice from an old hand who was

as much responsible for the successful return of everyone

as Lt. Osborn and his other officers.

These are good books, although I question the

legitimacy of issuing two editions. I saw nothing in the

adult version that today’s younger readers couldn’t have

56 Naval Aviation News July–August 2002

By Cdr. Peter B. Mersky, USNR (Ret.)

Save the Vengeance

In December 2001 an organization

was formed to secure the future of the

last surviving WW II British aircraft

carrier. “Save the Vengeance” is

attempting to acquire the historic ship

from the Brazilian navy, her last

operator and current owner.

Initially built as a Colossus-class

light fleet carrier, the ship was

commissioned HMS Vengeance for

the Royal Navy in 1944. Following

service during WW II, she went on

loan to the Australian navy from

1952 to 1955 as HMAS Vengeance.

Later, the ship was sold to the

Brazilian navy, refitted and

commissioned NAeL Minas Gerais

in 1960, serving until decommissioned

in October 2001.

The organization’s goal is to

acquire the carrier, return her to the

United Kingdom and transform her

into a museum to educate the public

on the development of aircraft

carriers and their role in history. If

this project is successful, Vengeance

will be the only preserved aircraft

carrier in Europe. For more

information, go to

www.fleetairarmarchive.

net/vengeance.

Reunions

EAAAirVenture, 23–29 JUL,

Oshkosh, WI. POC: Dick Knapinski,

920-426-6523; dknapinski@eaa.org;

www.airventure.org.

Ranger (CVA/CV 61), 24–28

JUL, Chicago, IL. POC: George

Meoli, gmeoli@erols.com.

RVAH-12, 26–28 JUL, Pensacola,

FL. POC: Rod Anderson, 734-475-

5898; rod.anderson@veridian.com;

http://members.tripod.com/

rvah12_naskeywest/index.htm.

Bon Homme Richard (CV/CVA

31), 9–10 AUG, Charleston, SC.

POC: Ron Edlund, 231-773-0441.

America (CV 66), 14–17 AUG,

Charleston, SC. POC: Ed Pelletier,

888-391-CV66; angels66@aol.com;

www.ussamerica.org.

Enterprise (CVA/CVN 65), 27–31

AUG, Pittsburgh, PA. POC: Walter

McDougall, 724-325-9954;

mcdou@alltel.net.

VC-12/VAW-12, SEP 2002,

Newport, RI. POC: Edward

Seykowski, 219-462-3636;

edseykow@juno.com.

Iwo Jima (LPH 2/LHD 7), 5–8

SEP, Everett, WA. POC: Robert

McAnally, 757-723-0317;

yujack@megalink.net.

Salisbury Sound (AV 13), 12–14

SEP, Virginia Beach, VA. POC:

Marian Bruce, 505-293-3841;

brubru@nm.net.

VC-35/VA(AW)-35, 18–21 SEP,

Albuquerque, NM. POC: William

Martin, 505-864-7953;

houdiniesc@aol.com.

Tripoli (CVE 64), 18–22 SEP, Hot

Springs, AK. POC: Jim Metts, 409-

722-1468; jrmetts@ih2000.net;

www.geocites.com/pentagon/5871.

Saginaw Bay (CVE 82), 20–24

SEP, Arlington, VA. POC: Rita

Homman, 740-654-1651;

ejhomman@juno.com.

Wright (AV 1/AG 79/CVL 49),

22–26 SEP, Charleston, SC. POC: Ed

Harvey, 229-872-3940;

edgin@caironet.com.

NAS/NOB Trinidad, 26–28 SEP,

Memphis, TN. POC: F. D. Barrett,

870-496-2285; barrett@ozarkisp.net.

WW II Navy Scouting

Squadrons, 27–30 SEP, Corpus

Christi, TX. POC: Leon Hance, 361-

780-5419; w4yfz@dbstech.com.

Essex (CV/CVA/CVS 9/LHD 2),

30 SEP–6 OCT, New Orleans, LA.

POC: C. Leonard Schlamp, 812-437-

9485; clschlamp@juno.com.

ANA PHOTO

C O N T E S T

PH1 Jim Hampshire won the

bimonthly photo contest with this

spectacular shot of a Special

Purpose Insertion/Extraction team

suspended above John F.

Kennedy (CV 67).

For contest details call

703-960-2490. Mail photos to

ANA, 2550 Huntington Ave.,

Suite 201, Alexandria, VA

22303-1499; email

zip@anahq.org.

Cash Awards:

Bimonthly—$100.

Annual—First, $350;