upon as "greenhorns" or "land-lubbers".  By the time these cruises are over they know about hoisting boats, anchoring, getting under way, steering, boxing the compass-applications of their early training they could not get in any other way.  They also learn how to make themselves at home on board ship.  These small vessels are yachts, especially adapted to he purpose, and a boy must have sluggish blood indeed who would not enjoy this kind of an outing.


     After four o'clock in the afternoon the time of the apprentice seamen is his own.  He can devote it to reading, study, letter-writing, baseball or football (in the proper seasons), or whatever he wills.  There is a very complete library filled with fiction and text books of every sort. If the apprentice seaman is ambitious, there is nothing to prevent his training body and mind.

Single Stick Exercise


     This course of first instruction usually lasts four months. At the end of that time the apprentice seaman is examined, and if he qualifies he gets a rating and goes aboard a man-o' -war, with an advance in pay. The course is simplicity itself, and is so planned that there is no work wasted. It is a gradual development of the landsman into a sailor.

In regard to the moral and beneficial effects of the work and instruction, the Navy has no secrets. All is done openly, and the prospective recruit has only to inquire and observe for himself. The parents who come to see their sons at work go back to their homes and get other parents to follow their example. The parents of sons at the training station are the best advertising medium the Government has to get new men. The Department only wishes that all parents would write or go to the training stations to learn how their sons are getting along.  Then there would he no need of this pamphlet.

The great improvement in the make-up, both moral and physical, of a boy is in itself the strongest recommendation in favor of enlistment. The petty officers in charge of each particular squad or company, and the warrant officers in charge of battalions, have been through just this same training at Newport themselves, 'and are especially selected from the service for this only; and when they learn to know each particular man under them, it is to these petty officers that the apprentice seamen look for advice and counsel. They have been "through the mill" themselves, and so are' qualified by their experience to know just what the stumbling-blocks and pitfalls are. These petty officers are thoroughly impressed by the officers in charge of the station with the necessity of keeping in close touch with the

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