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there is a concert, minstrel show, or some other function in progress, in which case he is given leave to remain up later; or unless he is on watch.

While these drills are supposed to occur only in the daytime, now and then the commanding officer will sound a call for a drill during the middle of the night. However, this is rare.

On Wednesday and Saturday afternoons there are no regular drills, and the man's time is usually his own. After muster and divine services on Sunday morning, the bluejacket is unoccupied.

The routine and periods of drill as given above are often changed by reason of the duty the ship is engaged upon, or because of the severe weather of the North, or the heat of the tropics.

The Fleet passing through the Straits of Magellan Escorted by Chilian Flagship

PAY AND ADVANCEMENT

     As has been shown, the work in the Navy is divided up into a number of different branches, i.e., the seaman, electrical, machinists', clerical, musicians', hospital corps, commissary and artificers. Promotion in the seaman branch is from apprentice seaman to ordinary seaman, thence to seaman, thence to third-class petty officer, second-class petty officer, first-class petty officer, and chief petty officer. In May, 1908, Congress increased the pay of all enlisted men by 10 per cent.

     When the apprentice seaman enlists he is immediately put on the pay-roll at $17.60 per month, although a month 's pay must be accumulated on the books as soon as possible. After four months at the training station, he goes on board ship if he passes the examination as an

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