dewey7.htmTEXTStMl;*>o1ˠv Manila Bay Medal, USRC McCulloch, USS Nanshan, USS Zafiro

Return to Service Medal IndexReturn to NHC homepage

Manila Bay Medal recipients, USRC McCulloch, USS Nanshan, USS Zafiro

Related resource:

USRC McCulloch

[NOTE: The following history is from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Vol. IV, pg. 296. The photo (NHC No. H46474) is from the center's Photographic Section.]

Vital Stats: Displacement 1,432 tons; length 219'; beam 32'6"; draft 16'; armament 4-3".

Built by William Cramp & Sons, Philadelphia, McCulloch was commissioned 12 December 1897 as a cruising cutter for the Revenue Cutter Service, Capt. D.B. Hogsdon, RCS, in command.

As the Spanish-American War was about to commence, the new cutter was steaming via the Suez Canal and the Far East to her first station at San Francisco. Upon her arrival at Singapore 8 April 1898, two full weeks before war was declared, orders directed McCulloch to report to Commodore Dewey on the Asiatic station.

Dewey's squadron was composed of cruisers Olympia, Boston, Baltimore and Raleigh; gunboats Concord and Petrel; and cutter McCulloch, with her charges, the valuable storeships Nanshan and Zafire. The squadron stood out of Mirs Bay, China, 27 April and entered Manila Bay the evening of 30 April. By midnight, Olympia had stealthily passed into the harbor. Successive ships followed in close order.

Just as McCulloch brought El Fraile Rock abaft the starboard beam, the black stillness was broken. Soot in the cutter's stack caught fire and sent up a column of fire like a signal light. Immediately thereafter a battery on El Fraile took McCulloch under fire. Boston, in column just ahead of the cutter, answered the battery, as did McCulloch, and the Spanish gun emplacement was silenced.

As the rock fell astern, Dewey reduced speed to 4 knots so as to reach the head of the Bay in time to join action with the Spanish Fleet at daybreak. His order of battle required McCulloch to guard the precious storeships from enemy gunboats. She was also to protect the ships in line of battle from surprise attack, to tow any disabled ship out of range of gunfire, and to take her place in the line.

American present off Cavite that day, long recalled, with satisfaction, that McCulloch found no need to tow any warship out of the battleline. During five firing runs, made at close range, the accurate gunners of Dewey's squadron wrought devastation upon the Spaniards. The battle, which began at 0540, was over in 7 hours. All of the Spanish warships were destroyed, and 381 Spanish seamen were killed. No American warship was seriously damaged, and only eight American sailors were wounded.

In a message to the Secretary of the Navy, Dewey commended Captain Hogsdon for the efficiency and readiness of his ship. After the battle, because of her speed, McCulloch was dispatched to the closest cable facility, that at Hong Kong, bearing the first dispatches of the great naval victory. According to Samuel Eliot Morison, the United States wrestled an American empire from Spain after 10 weeks' fighting, and "it was control of the ocean that did it."

McCulloch arrived at San Francisco 10 January 1899 and operated on patrol out of that port, cruising from the Mexican border to Cape Blanco. Designated to enforce fur seal regulations 9 August 1906, she operated in the vicinity of the Pribilof Islands until 1912. During these years of service in the Bering Sea patrol, she was especially well known because of her services as floating court to the Alaskan towns. Upon return to San Francisco in 1912, McCulloch resumed patrol operations in her regular west coast cruising district.

Transferred to the Navy 6 April 1917, she continued patrol operations along the Pacific coast. She sank 13 June 3 miles northwest of Point Conception, Calif., after colliding with Pacific Steamship Co.'s steamer Governor.

Reserve Officers of the McCulloch

William P. Elliot, Lieutenant, U. S. Navy
Daniel B. Hodgsdon, Captain, Revenue Cutter Service
Daniel P. Foley, First Lieutenant, R.C.S.
Walker, W. Joynes, Second Lieutenant, R.C.S.
Randolph Ridgely, Jr., Third Lieutenant, R.C.S.
William E. Atlee, Third Lieutenant, R.C.S.
John Mel, Third Lieutenant, R.C.S.
Joseph B. Greene, Assistant Surgeon, Marine Hospital Service
William C. Meyers, First Assistant Engineer, R.C.S.
William E. MacCoun, First Assistant Engineer, R.C.S.
Henry F. Schoenborn, Second Assistant Engineer, R.C.S.
George A. Loud, Acting Paymaster

Frank B. Randall, R.C.S., Chief Engineer of the Revenue Cutter McCulloch, died from the effects of heat and over-exertion when the fleet was coming in through the entrance to Manila Bay, while trying to stop the blaze from the smokestack of his vessel.

 Crew of the McCulloch

Anderson, Charles, Seaman
Anderson, Johan, Seaman
Armstrong, Burt, Second Class Boy
Bailey, Thomas, Ordinary Seaman
Barnes, Frank A., Second Class Boy
Beaubrin, Jacob, Coal Passer
Benson, Henry, Coal Passer
Bryson, John, Quartermaster
Burke, John A., Boatswain .
Burns, James, Fireman
Burwell, Edward L., Ordinary Seaman
Carson, Gustav, Master-At-Arms
Charles, Bernard, Ordinary Seaman
Choy, Ah, Fireman
Christie, Henry, Seaman
Clark, Charles, Coxswain
Clindining, Frank, Ordinary Seaman
Craig, F.C., Ordinary Seaman
Dirwanger, T.A., Ordinary Seaman
Doner, John, Ordinary Seaman
Dunseath, William, Fireman
Fedoroff, August E., Seaman
Fong, Ah, Fireman
Forbis, Archie, First Class Boy
Hakansson, George .. Coal Passer
Hatch, Kimball Fireman
Hein, George Coal Passer
Hong, Ah, Fireman .
Humphrey, F., Seaman
Imai, Echi, First Class Boy
Johnson, Charlie, Quartermaster
Kemer, John A., Ordinary Seaman
King, Frank, Ordinary Seaman
Klump, David, Machinist
Kuhl, A., Seaman
Lawrence, John, Coal Passer
Long, C. H., First Class Boy
Low, Ah, Coal Passer
Malitani, Kameo, First Class Boy Miller, William E., Ordinary Seaman
Mcfarlane, James, Ordinary Seaman
Neithercote, H. A., Bugler
Ogata, Kuraki, First Class Boy
Olsen, Gustav E., Fireman
Olsen, Oscar J., Fireman
Owens, Paul G., Ordinary Seaman
Parovel, Joseph, Seaman
Pattison, Joseph, Seaman
Persson, Olaf, Seaman
Quirk, Patrick, Ship's Cook
Rice, Louis M., Cabin Steward
Richter, B. C., Seaman
Rossin, Peter, Carpenter
Sakee, Koudo, Wardroom Steward
Sing, Ah, Machinist
Sjobug, B. H., Quartermaster
Smith, Dennis A., Ordinary Seaman
Sutton, William, Second Class Boy
Svenson, John, Coxswain
Swanson, Olaf, Coxswain
Thompson, Harry, Seaman
Thompson, N. A., Seaman
Timmins, Bernard, Oiler
Tubbs, Burt, Second Class Boy
Tye, Ah, Fireman
Woolford, Nelson, Gunner
Yoshi, K., First Class Boy
Oshi, K., First Class Boy

The Honorable George A. Loud, was Acting Paymaster on board the U. S. Revenue Cutter McCulloch.

Press Correspondents
Mr. E. W. Harden, Special Correspondent for the New York World, was onboard of the McCulloch.
Mr. J. T. McCutcheon, R.F.G.S., Special Correspondent for the Chicago Herald, was onboard the McCulloch.

USS Nanshan

(AG-3: dp. 5,059; 1. 295'8"; b. 39'; dr. 21'3"; s. 11 k.; cpl. 45; a. 1 6-pdr.; cl. Nanshan)

Nanshan was launched in 1896 by Grangemouth Dockyard Co., Grangemouth, Scotland, for merchant service as a collier in the Far East; purchased at Hong Kong 6 April 1898 from Frank Smythe; and placed in service the same day Capt. E. H. Stovell of the British Marine Service in command.

Acquired by the Navy as a supply ship for Commodore George Dewey's Asiatic Squadron, Nanshan sailed from Hong Kong 24 April 1898 with the squadron, remaining outside the harbor during the Battle of Manila Bay 1 May. She coaled Dewey's victorious ships until Manila was occupied 13 August, and continued to serve in the Philippines and on the China Station. Aside from a brief period out of service at Cavite Navy Yard for upkeep 29 March 1906 through 1 February 1907, Nanshan served in the Far East until 10 May 1913, when she returned to San Francisco to coal ships along the coasts of California, Mexico, and South America. Placed out of service at Mare Island 31 March 1914 for repairs, Nanshan was placed in full commission 1 August 1914 with her first Navy crew. SuppIy missions ranging from Alaska to Hawaii continued until 1 February 1918, when she sailed for Hampton Roads, Va., via the Panama Canal.

This cargo trip ended with her return to Mare Island 16 May when she resumed her usual operations, which included in July 1919 an emergency mission to Kodiak and the Pribiloffs bringing badly-needed food. Between 5 December 1919 and 3 December 1921, Nanshan served as a target repair ship. She decommissioned at Mare Island 18 January 1922 and was sold 29 July 1922 to John A. Bereovich Co.

Eligible for Manila Bay Medal:

Ben W. Hodges, U. S. N., Lieutenant

USS Zafiro

(Collier: t. 1,062 (gross); 1. 213'8~"; b. 31'9~"; dr. 15.6'; s. 10.5 k. (tl.); cpl. 1 (1898), 45 (1900); a.2 37mm. revolving cannons (1900))

Zafiro, a collier constructed in 1884 at Aberdeen, Scotland, by Hall Russell & Co., was purchased for the Navy by Admiral Dewey at Hong Kong on 9 April 1898 just before his squadron sailed for the Philippines. Though the Secretary of the Navy's Report for 1900 indicates that she was placed in commission on 10 April 1898, her role as a commissioned ship must have been unique indeed for her complement showed only one Navy man, her commanding officer. Her status in the Navy from 1898 to 1900 is further complicated by the fact that there are no deck logs extant for her during the period. Her first log begins on 20 September 1900. Finally, after her service in the Spanish-American War, she had no naval complement on board until Ens. L. A. Cotten reported on board to assume command on 10 May 1900. Thus, the date upon which she was placed in commission cannot be established with any precision.

In any event, she sailed from Hong Kong with Dewey's Fleet and served with it as a collier and supply ship during the Battle of Manila Bay and the ensuing Philippines campaign. The lack of documents covering her activities in 1898 and the first half of 1899 precludes any detailed narrative for that period. Presumably, she plied the waters of the Philippine Islands carrying troops, supplies, and dispatches between points in the archipelago. Based at Cavite on Luzon, she is known to have performed such missions during the period from July 1899 to June 1904. Those movements -- in support of the Army's suppression of the Philippine insurrection and campaigns against the Moslem Moro tribesmen -- took her to a host of exotic places, and length and breadth of the islands. On 10 June 1904, Zafiro was placed out of commission at Cavite. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 15 January 1906, and, on 21 October 1910, she was sold to Mr. J. W. Zeeve of Seattle, Wash.

Eligible for Manila Bay Medal:

Henry A. Pearson, U. S. N., Ensign

Return to Service Medal IndexReturn to NHC homepage

26 July 1999  2p( JgJ( VDgp`p@ `0Jg$ np( JgJ( VDgp`p@ `| ~`p+Jg p+ @f| k `p+ @gp+ @f| p+ @f\Jg& np( JgJ( VDgp`p@ `Jg$ np( JgJ( VD, 2A9 ; 2PMwp H(