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American Defense Service Medal
(1) The American Defense Service Medal will be awarded
to all persons in the naval service who served on active duty
at any time between 8 September 1939 and 7 December 1941, both
(2) Naval Reserve personnel on training duty under orders
must have served at least 10 days in such duty. Person ordered
to active duty for physical examination and subsequently disqualified
are not entitled to this award. Reserve officers ordered to ships
of the fleet for training duty (cruise) and officers serving on
board ships for temporary additional duty from shore stations
are not considered "regularly attached" and are not
entitled to the fleet clasp.
(3) A service clasp, "Fleet" or "Base,"
is authorized to be worn on the ribbon of the medal by each person
who performed duties as set forth below. No person is entitled
to more than one such clasp.
(a) Fleet or sea. -- For service on the high seas
while regularly attached to any vessel or aircraft squadron of
the Atlantic, Pacific or Asiatic Fleet; to include vessels of
the Naval Transportation Service and vessels operating directly
under the Chief of Naval Operations. [Note: The "Sea"
clasp was issued to Coast Guard personnel under similar qualifications
as the Navy's "Fleet" clasp.]
(b) Base. -- For service on shore at bases and naval
stations outside the continental limits of the United States.
(Duty in Alaska is considered outside the continental limits of
the United States.)
(4) A bronze star, three-sixteenths of an inch in diameter,
will be worn on the service ribbon in lieu of any clasp authorized.
(5) Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard personnel, who
served on the following vessels operating in actual or potential
belligerent contact with the Axis forces in the Atlantic Ocean
between the dates set below the ship in
the table below are authorized to wear upon the American Defense
Service Medal service ribbon, a bronze letter "A"
in lieu of the bronze star. Such letter shall be one-fourth inch
in height and shall be worn centered on the ribbon. When the "A"
is worn, no star shall be worn upon the ribbon (Executive Order
No. 8808 of 28 June 1941; Navy Department General Order No. 172
of 20 April 1942).
[Vessels and dates to be added]
Source: 1948, 1953 U.S. Navy Awards Manual
23 May 2000