Fifty Years of Naval District Development
1903-1953

APPENDICES


APPENDIX A

General Board recommendation that Officer in Charge of Naval Districts be called "Commandant".

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APPENDIX A

Taken from General Board Files
G. B. 402 (1900-1907)
Naval History Division
Navy Department, Washington, D.C.


G.B. No. 19 JFH
January 30, 1903.

Sir:

It is respectfully recommended that the official title of officers in charge of naval defense districts be that of "Commandant," instead of "Superintendent" as heretofore recommended.

Very respectfully,

/s/ George Dewey
Admiral, U.S. Navy,
President of Board

The Secretary of the Navy

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APPENDIX B

Establishment of Naval Districts

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APPENDIX B

NAVY DEPARTMENT
Washington, May 7, 1903

General Order
No. 128

The sea and lake coasts are hereby divided into the below-named naval districts and the official title of the officer designated to command a district shall be Commandant, (First) Naval District.

The second in command of each naval district shall in time of peace be aid to the Commandant, or such other line officer under his command as he may designate. In time of war the lighthouse inspectors shall become second in command and be charged with the details of the duty.

Torpedo vessels shall be considered as a part of the mobile defense of each district and torpedo boat bases will be established in the several districts.

As a part of the scheme of naval defense each district will provide means of obtaining and forwarding information to and from the coast and of communicating with vessels of our own Navy, and this system, as a whole, shall be designated as the Naval Patrol.

The headquarters of each naval district shall be the place to which all information furnished by the naval patrol stations is to be sent.

The Office of Naval Intelligence is designated as the center to which information coming from the naval patrol stations is to be forwarded via the naval district headquarters. From this office the information will be distributed to the proper authorities under whose cognizance it comes.

The limits of the naval districts, the officers who will be Commandants, and the locations of the torpedo boat bases are given in the following table.*

Under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy the Bureau of Navigation shall have cognizance and general supervision of matters pertaining to the naval districts.

Charles H. Darling
Acting Secretary


* Table not shown in this appendix.

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APPENDIX C

The following letter with its five endorsements
is appended here primarily to indicate the need
for a strong Washington District Liaison Office.

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APPENDIX C

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-8

U.S. NAVY YARD
Portsmouth, N.H.

February 1, 1915

From: Commandant,
To: Secretary of the Navy.
 
Subject: Transfer of Headquarters of First Naval District from Portsmouth, N.H., to Boston, Mass.

1. The attention of the Department is invited to the provisions of article 246, U.S.N. Regulations, which specifies Boston, Mass., as the headquarters of the First Naval District, instead of Portsmouth, N.H., and instructions are requested as to forwarding the papers, instructions, etc., now at this yard, to the Commandant, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass., or other officer designated as Supervisor of the First Naval District.

/s/ Thomas Snowden

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APPENDIX C (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-8

First
Endorsement
Navy Department
Bureau of Navigation
N1D
Feb. 5, 1915

To: The Department.
Subject: Transfer of Headquarters of First Naval District from Portsmouth, N.H., to Boston, Mass.

1. Forwarded, recommending approval.

/s/ Victor Blue


Second
Endorsement
Navy Department N1D
Feb. 5, 1915

To: Commandant, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H.
Via Bureau of Navigation

1. Approved. The papers, instructions, etc., referred to will be forwarded to the Commandant, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass., who is designated as Supervisor of the First Naval District.

2. Return this correspondence to the Bureau of Navigation via the Commandant, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.

/s/ Josephus Daniels


Third
Endorsement
Navy Department
Bureau of Navigation
N2S
Februar 6, 1915

To: Commandant, Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H.
Subject: Transfer of Headquarters of First Naval District from Portsmouth, N.H., to Boston, Mass.

1. Forwarded.

/s/ Brittain
Acting

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APPENDIX C (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-8 4th Indorsement
Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H., Feb. 11, 1915.
 

From: Commandant,
To: Bureau of Navigation, Via Commandant, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.
 
Subject: Transfer of Headquarters of First Naval District
from Portsmouth, N.H., to Boston, Mass.

1. The papers, instructions, etc., relating to the First Naval District will be forwarded to the Commandant of the Boston Yard by registered mail today.

/s/ Thomas Snowden


No., 7
      (Cs)
  5th Indorsement,
      NAVY YARD, BOSTON,
            Commandant's Office,
                  February 13, 1915.

To: Bureau of Navigation.

1. Forwarded.

2. The papers, instructions, etc., referred to in the 4th indorsement thereon have been received.

/s/ W. R. Rush

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APPENDIX C (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-9

March 27, 1915.

To: Commandant, Naval Station Portsmouth, N.H.
Subject: Supervisor of 1st Naval District.

1. Article 248 of the Navy Regulations makes the headquarters for the 1st Naval District in Boston, and page 7 of the "Regulations for the Government of the Naval Districts of the United States" places the 1st Naval District under the supervision of the Commandant, Naval Station, Portsmouth, N.H.

2. It is requested that you transfer to the Commandant, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass., who will in the future be the Supervisor of the 1st Naval District, all the files of the 1st Naval District and the confidential letters and pamphlets connected therewith.

VICTOR BLUE

B-Mi

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APPENDIX C (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-9

NAVY DEPARTMENT
Bureau of Navigation
Office of Naval Districts
Washington, D.C.

April 7, 1915.

TO: Bureau of Navigation.
Subject: Supervisor of 1st Naval District.
Inclosure: (A) Gen. File BuNav. 3769.

1. Referring to the Bureau's file of correspondence relating to the transfer of the duties of the Supervisor of the First Naval District from the Commandant Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H., to the Commandant Navy Yard Boston, Mass., it is noted that your 2nd Indorsement of February 5, 1915 approved the transfer of the papers, instructions, etc., of the First Naval District from the Commandant Navy Yard Portsmouth to the Commandant Navy Yard Boston in consequence of letter No. 13-1-88 of February 1, 1915 from the Commandant Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N.H., to the Secretary of the Navy. It is noted in the 4th indorsement of the Commandant of the Navy Yard Portsmouth of February 11, 1915, that these papers were transferred on that date.

2. The Office of Naval Districts had no knowledge of this and on March 27, 1915, prepared for the signature of the Chief of Bureau of Navigation, letter No. 3769-9, which provided for the same transfer, and this letter was apparently sent.

3. General file of Bureau of Navigation No. 3769 copied and returned herewith.

4. It is requested, in order that the records of the Naval Districts may be kept complete that all letters relating to the Naval Districts be forwarded via the Office of Naval Districts and that copies be furnished for its files.

/s/ F. B. BASSETT Jr.

M-D

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APPENDIX C (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-9

First Endorsement,
BUREAU OF NAVIGATION,

April 8, 1915.

To: Division of Naval Militia Affairs.
SUBJECT: Re Supervisor of First Naval District.

1. Referred for its information and return.

BRITTAIN
Acting

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APPENDIX D

Change of title of Officer-In-Charge of Naval Districts from "Supervisor" to "Commandant."

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APPENDIX D

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-11 April 26, 1916.

To: Supervisor, First Naval District, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.
Subject: Change of Title.

1. Pursuant to the Department's approval in part of the report of the Board for the Revision of the Regulations for the Government of Naval Districts, your title is hereby changed to "Commandant, First Naval District."

2. Radio Superintendents, Inspector-Instructors of Naval Militia, Inspectors of Machinery and of Ordnance, Recruiting Officers, Hydrographic Officers, and Purchasing Pay Officers within your district have been directed to report to you by letter.

JOSEPHUS DANIELS

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APPENDIX E

For an indication of the difficulties encountered by "1916" District Commandants in obtaining Staff Assistants, the following letter with its two endorsements is appended.

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APPENDIX E

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-14

BOSTON NAVY YARD
Office of the Commandant

December 14, 1916

From: Commandant, First Naval District,
To: Secretary of the Navy.
Subject: Requesting detail of an additional officer for duty as Aide to Commandant, First Naval District.

1. Attention is invited to the fact that the Commandant of the First Naval District is also Commandant of the Navy Yard and Station, Boston, Mass., and that the number of officers attached to his command is no more than sufficient to conduct the work of the yard, which has been considered paramount to that of the district.

2. The Commandant has previously recommended that at least one officer, not below that of Commander, either retired or active, be ordered here, whose sole duty would be in connection with the Naval District.

3. It is now urgently recommended, that an officer, either active or retired, not below the rank of Lieutenant (junior grade), be ordered for duty as Aide to the Commandant of the First Naval District at the earliest practicable date, this officer to be assigned to no other duty.

/s/ W. R. RUSH

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APPENDIX E (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-14

January 11, 1917.

To: Commandant, First Naval District, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass.
Subject: Requesting detail of an additional officer for duty as Aide to Commandant, First Naval District.
Reference: Letter December 14, 1916, No. 411.

1. Information is requested as to whether or not the Commandant is aware of any suitable retired officer who will volunteer for the duty in question.

L. C. PALMER

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APPENDIX E (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769-8, National Archives

No. 411-R

BOSTON NAVY YARD
Office of the Commandant

February 5, 1917

To: Secretary of the Navy (Navigation).
Subject: Detail of officer for duty as Assistant Commandant, First Naval District.
Reference: (a) Comdts. let. #411, Dec. 14/1916.
(b) Bu. Nav. let. #3769-14, N-31/W, Jan. 11, 1917.

1. Replying to inquiry in Reference (b) the Commandant reports that Commodore Reuben O. Bitler, U.S. N., Retired, volunteers for duty in connection with the First Naval District, and recommends that his orders to report to the Commandant, First Naval District as Assistant Commandant of that District be issued as early as practicable.

W. R. RUSH

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APPENDIX F

Naval Militia upon mobilization 1917.

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APPENDIX F

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

February 13, 1917.

Memorandum for Commandant of the District's Office.

In case Naval Militia's services are required upon mobilization the Commandant of the District is authorized and directed to communicate directly with the Governor of the State with a view to his calling the Naval Militia out to rendezvous; all this without reference to the Navy Department.

W. R. RUSH

(Captain Magruder of the Bureau communicated the above to Commander G. G. Mitchell, while in conference)

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APPENDIX F (Cont'd)

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

BOSTON NAVY YARD
Office of the Commandant

February 24, 1917

From: Commandant, First Naval District,
To: Chief of Naval Operations.
Subject: Disposition of Naval Militia upon mobilization at Federal Rendezvous, Boston, Mass.
References: (a) Navy Dept. letter No. N-32/M/Dy, July 12, 1916.
(b) Operations' letter No. 24514/63:10, Op-14, September 19, 1916.
(c) Operations' letter No. 3973-176, Op-14, January 30, 1917.
Enclosures: (A) Copy of letter, Commanding Officer, USS Kearsarge, to Commandant, Navy Yard, Boston, Mass., No. 10-17-20, Feb. 9, 1917.
(B) Copy, memorandum for Commandant, First Naval District, February 16, 1917.

1. Attention is invited to references (a), (b) and (c), and to enclosures (A) and (B).

2. It is the understanding of the Commandant, First Naval District, that upon mobilization of the Naval Militia of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and Maine, at the Federal Rendezvous, Boston, Mass., he will conduct the examinations of, and muster into service, the officers and men of the Naval Militia of these states, quartering them temporarily on such vessels as may be present at this yard.

3. The understanding also is that further assignment to duty will be made by the Bureau of Navigation.

4. The Department's plans for the disposition of these units in the event of mobilization are requested in advance of such mobilization.

/s/ W. R. RUSH

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APPENDIX G

Organization of Naval Communication and Information Service, First Naval District 1917.

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APPENDIX G

Taken from BuNav Files
No. 3769, National Archives

No. 3769-17

5th Endorsement.

March 13, 1917.

From: Bureau of Navigation.
To: Chief of Naval Operations.
Subject: Organization of Naval Communication and Information Service, First Naval District.

1. Returned, contents noted.

2. It is recommended that no Naval Militia Officers be employed as Section Commanders, inasmuch as they cannot be called into national service, except by the President of the United States. It is desirable that all officers, other than officers of the Navy, employed in this organization be enrolled in the Naval Coast Defense Reserve. Should the Naval Militia Officers, mentioned in the "Organization Report" so desire, they could enroll in the Naval Coast Defense Reserve for this duty upon acceptance of their resignations from the Naval Militia.

3. Regarding the detail of chief quartermasters of the Navy at the various lights within the District, it would seem that the principal purpose is to secure military command. It is believed that any line chief petty officer could perform this duty, and it is requested that retired chief petty officers of the line be used, to be assigned by the Commandants of Naval Districts from the retired enlisted personnel available for duty in their Districts.

4. It is further recommended that arrangements be made for detailing number of the enlisted personnel of the Coast Guard (Life Saving Service), in place of the Boy Scouts noted in the "Organization Plan". It is not believed that Boy Scouts should be employed on military service of this nature, if below military age.*

5. It is noted that the initials "U.S.N.M." are placed after the names of certain officers mentioned as Aids for Communication and Information in the various sections. The Bureau is unable to place any organization to which these initials apply. It is possible that they may be intended to indicate officers of the United States Naval Reserve Force.

L. C. PALMER

*Emphasis supplied by author

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APPENDIX H

Order governing administration of Naval Districts
1918.

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APPENDIX H

General Order No. 372 Navy Department
Washington, February 28, 1918.

ADMINISTRATION OF NAVAL DISTRICTS

1. The commandant of each naval district shall have full military control and authority over the various administrative establishments and the various activities of the Navy within the limits of his district and the ultimate responsibility for the successful conduct of these activities.

2. The naval activities in each district will be segregated as far as possible into the following groups: Military, industrial, supply, transportation, and the district forces will be organized along these lines by the commandant of the district.

3. In order to effect this it will be necessary in certain districts to remove from the navy yard organizations as now operated certain activities which have no relation to the actual work of the yards, which is industrial, such as receiving ships, marine barracks, naval hospitals, medical supply department, electrical schools, ammunition depot, armed guard activities, and in order not to unduly tax the storage facilities at the yard all supply activities and provision for storage designed to meet the requirements of overseas and district patrol activities rather than the actual needs of the yards for work to be undertaken by them. In all such cases of removal where extra facilities necessitate added expense, definite approval by the Department shall be obtained.

4. In the administration of affairs in the district the commandant will not be required to personally supervise the technical work or administrative detail of the several groups, but will operate each group through an officer who shall act as executive chief in the group to which he is assigned and be responsible for these details, and in the case of navy yards their organization and internal operation shall not be changed.

5. While these groups will be coordinate and the executive of each group shall operate as the direct representative of the commandant, every effort will be made to develop complete intercommunication between the several groups in regard to all matters requiring joint action.

6. To this end communication and correspondence between groups on matters of joint interest shall not be routed through the commandant who will require to be kept informed only as to appropriate matters of administration and general interest.

7. The responsibility will be upon the commandant to keep himself adequately informed either by personal inspection or through such agencies as he may employ as to the condition and progress of affairs in the several groups.

8. The organization established pursuant to this order should, in a general way, result in establishing the same relations between the commandant of the district and the various groups included in his command that exist between a commander in chief afloat and the various units of his command, except that the independence of the individual organizations in the technical work for which they exist is to be fully conserved.

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APPENDIX H (Cont'd)

9. In the absence of the commandant from the limits of his command or in the event of his disability, the command shall devolve upon the senior line officer on duty within the district.

10. Within the fifth naval district the activities located on the Severn and Potomac Rivers will be excepted from the operation of this general order.

Josephus Daniels,
Secretary of the Navy.

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APPENDIX I

Discontinuance of Second Naval District, 1919.

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APPENDIX I

Op-14-Be-W 2/34
24514       923
Navy Department
Washington
Feb. 26, 1919

From: Secretary of the Navy
To: First Naval District
Second Naval District
Third Naval District
Subject: Second Naval District: Transfer of to 1st and 3rd Naval Districts.

1. The second Naval District will be discontinued as a separate Naval District, and its activities will be divided between the First and Third Naval Districts.

2. The boundary line between the First and Third Naval Districts will be as follows: from the intersection of the Massachusetts-Rhode Island boundary with the meridian seventy one degrees (71) thirty minutes (30') West to Point Judith, thence to Southeast end of Block Island, thence to Nantucket Shoals Lightship, thence true East.

3. The Commandant of the Second Naval District will transfer to the Commandants of the First and Third Districts all the activities and functions of the second Naval District, bearing in mind that the new geographical division should govern the district to which such activities should be transferred.

4. All unexecuted business should be transferred to the 1st and 3rd Districts, and the Commandant concerned are to assume and carry on the duties of the Second Naval District, and should be fully and definitely informed as to the present and proposed policy of the Commandant of that District.

5. The transfer will be completed in all its details by the 15th of March, 1919.

/s/ Josephus Daniels

Taken From:

    BuNav files. 592-564 National Archives, Washington, D.C.

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APPENDIX J

Command Relationships in Naval District 1945, order governing.

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APPENDIX J

45-608--Command Relationships in Naval Districts

Op13-1C-jc, Serial 221713, 4 June 1945

ACTION: ALL SHIPS AND STATIONS

(Ref: (a) SecNav ltr. serial 59113, of 4 Sept. 1943.)
(Enc: (A) List of matters common to all activities which are under the coordination control of district commandants.)

1. Due to the unprecedented expansion of the Navy and the necessity born of the emergency, numerous activities have been established in the several naval districts with a wide variety of command relationships to the commandant.

2. The war has introduced the sea-frontier commander. The sea-frontier commander's authority over district matters, however, is exercised through the district commandants. Therefore, insofar as command relationships are concerned, the sea-frontier commander is not included in this directive. In addition, such Marine Corps activities as are not affiliated directly with naval activities in a district are also not considered in this directive except insofar as coordination for the military defense of the district is concerned.

3. In order to eliminate difficulties in administration and to clarify and delineate the command relationship between the district commandant and all the activities within his district, the relationships hereinafter set forth shall become effective immediately. In this connection, the terms "military command" and "administrative control" are defined as follows:

    Military command is the authoritative direction exercised over units of organization in military matters, together with the power to exercise such direction in all matters when circumstances require.

    Administrative control is the authoritative direction exercised over units of organization by the application of one or more of the following powers:

  1. Coordination control -- the necessary direction of units of organization to insure well-integrated relationships among all units, together with the authority to make such inspections as are necessary to insure coordination. This includes independent Marine Corps units, for defense only.

  2. Management control -- the day-by-day administration and control of operations of a unit of organization in the performance of its primary function.

  3. Technical control -- the specialized or professional guidance needed by a unit of organization to perform its primary function.

4. All activities within the geographical limits of a naval district are under the district commandant's military command, as defined above.

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APPENDIX J (Cont'd)

5. It is desirable that, insofar as practicable, all activities within a district be under the administrative control of the district commandant. However, there are certain aspects of administrative control which must be exercised by bureaus and offices of the Navy Department. In order, therefore, to clarify the administrative relationships between district commandant and activities in his district the following delineations are made:

  1. All activities within the geographical limits of the naval district are under the commandant of the district for coordination control, as defined above.

    The commandant's coordination control shall include those matters common to all activities which relate to the administration of the district as a whole. Typical matters coming under the commandant's coordination control are listed in enclosure (A). It is to be noted that enclosure (A) is the presently determined listed of items, but it is incomplete and will be changed from time to time as necessity indicates a reason. It should further serve as a guide for the type of matters which by Navy Department policy will fall under the coordinating jurisdiction of the commandant. It is expected that the commandant will delegate, in whole or in part, certain matters listed in enclosure (A) and nothing herein is to be construed as precluding such delegation. Likewise, the basic responsibility of commanding officers with respect to such matters is in nowise affected.

  2. No activity within the geographical limits of a naval district is under the commandant of the district for management and/or technical control, as defined above, except where such control, or controls, is specifically delegated to the commandant by a bureau or office of the Navy Department or other comparable naval authority.

6. Attention is directed to the fact that cognizance of naval-district matters, including command-relationship problems, has been assigned by the Secretary of the Navy (reference (a) to the Chief of Naval Operations. All matters concerning command relationships which may be referred to the Navy Department should therefore be addressed to the Chief of Naval Operations.

7. It is considered that the attainment of satisfactory relationships can be achieved within the framework of existing Navy Regulations and this directive. To accomplish this a conscientious effort must be made by all concerned to resolve all local differences through the application of common sense and a spirit of cooperation.

8. All directives or instructions which conflict with the foregoing are hereby modified accordingly, except that nothing in this directive shall be construed to abrograte in any way instructions that have been or may be issued to sea-frontier commanders relating to district activities. -- SecNav. James Forrestal.

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APPENDIX J (Cont'd)
Enclosure (A)

The following matters are among those which call for coordination control by the district commandant:

  1. Shore patrol.

  2. Uniform.

  3. Naval Intelligence.

  4. Security measures (fire prevention, et cetera). (BuOrd retains control over the production, stowage, and maintenance of explosive material and safety measures related thereto in naval ordnance establishments and activities).

  5. Public relations.

  6. Communications.

  7. Sanitary and health-protection programs.

  8. Personnel distribution (only those personnel ordered to a naval district for assignment).

  9. Labor relations.

  10. Transportation and transportation facilities.

  11. Legal assistance to service personnel.

  12. Real estate, office space, leases, land for training purposes, et cetera.

  13. National Service Life Insurance, charity drives, and similar matters (over-all control for district--no local administration).

  14. Rationing matters (SecNav ltr. Serial No. 233113, dated 2 Sept. 1944).

  15. Construction projects.

  16. Welfare.

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[B L A N K]

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APPENDIX K

Naval District Limits 1953.

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[B L A N K]

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APPENDIX K

Naval District Limits 1953.

Map showing Naval District Limits - 1953.

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[B L A N K]

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