US Navy Interviewer's Classification Guide

[Navy ratings (jobs) and training school descriptions]

NAVPERS 16701 December 1943

Aerographer's Mate (AerM) Gunner's Mate (GM) Radioman (RM)
Amphibious Force Training (LC & LS) Harbor Defense Training Radio Technician (RT)
Armed Guard Harbor Entrance Control Post Training Seaman (S)
Aviation Electrician's Mate (AEM) Hospital Apprentice and Pharmacist's Mate (HA & PhM) Shipfitter (SF)
Aviation Machinist's Mate (AMM) Laundryman (Ldry) Ship's Cook (SC) Baker (Bkr)
Aviation Metalsmith (AM) Machinist's Mate (MM) Signalman (SM)
Aviation Ordnanceman (AOM) Metalsmith (M) Sonarman (SoM)
Aviation Radioman (ARM) Mine Warfare Training Specialist (A) - Physical and Drill Instructor ((SpA)
Basic Engineering (F, MM, MoMM, WT) Molder (Ml) Specialist (C) - Classification Interviewer (SpC)
Boatswain's Mate (BM) Motor Machinist's Mate (MoMM) Specialist (M) - Mail Clerk (SpM)
Boilermaker (B) Motor Torpedo Boat Training Specialist (S) - Shore Patrol (SpS)
Bomb Disposal Musician (Mus) Specialsit (Y) - Control Tower Operator (SpY)
Bugler (Bug) Naval Salvage and Diving Training (SaDi) Storekeeper (SK)
Carpenter's Mate (CM) Net Training Submarine Auxiliary Service
Chemical Warfare Parachute Rigger (PR) Submarine Chaser and Escort Training
Electrician's Mate (EM) Patternmaker (PM) Submarine Service (Sub)
Fire Controlman (FC) Photographer's Mate (PhoM) Torpedoman"s Mate (TM)
Fire Controlman R (FCR) - Rangefinder Operator Printer M (Prtr M) - Multilith Operator Watertender (WT)
Fireman (F) Quartermaster (QM) Welder (Wel)
Floating Dry Dock Training Radarman (RdM) Yeoman (Y)

How to Use the "Interviewer's Classification Guide"

This manual is designed to aid the Interviewer in the classification of recruits. It contains information about the various duties for which recruits may be classified. These duties are grouped in the following main categories:

(1) Ratings for which elementary Navy Service Schools are conducted.
(2) Seaman and Fireman ratings.
(3) Operational Schools.

The information concerning each rate or type of duty is presented under four general headings: Selection Qualifications, Job Description, Possible Sources, and Training Course. Under these four headings, the sub-headings are explained as follows:

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: The minimum test scores represent the levels of test performance which differentiate most clearly between successful and unsuccessful performance in elementary Service Schools (according to data now available). The establishment of these scores is also determined, in part, by the needs of the Navy for specified numbers of men in various rates. The object has been to set the minimum scores at a level which would insure the inclusion of a sufficient number of men to meet the needs of the fleet, and, at the same time, to select those men most likely to meet the school requirements successfully. (No minimum test scores are included under operational schools, since men are assigned from General Detail.)

In general, it is expected that recruits selected for the various schools will have test scores above the specified minimum scores. On the other hand, rigid adherence to these standards is not expected. Each individual should be classified on the basis of numerous criteria, of which test scores are only one, and the test scores must be viewed in relation to the total picture. Thus, men who have had considerable experience in a field directly related to a rating should not be excluded solely on the basis of low test scores.

As new test validation becomes available, it is expected that corresponding changes in minimum test scores will be forwarded to the Selection Departments. Each Interviewer should make such corrections in his copy of the "Interviewer's Classification Guide."

An asterisk placed after the test symbol, as for example, GCT* indicates that the designated test is of primary importance for that particular rating.

PHYSICAL: The physical requirements have been included only in those instances in which it is possible for the Interviewer to apply a preliminary screening. It may be obvious that certain recruits do not meet specific requirements such as height, weight, or vision. The list of physical requirements is not always complete, since some traits cannot be determined by the Interviewer but will require a special physical examination.

PERSONAL AND MISCELLANEOUS: Items such as age, personal traits, and similar material are included under the heading PERSONAL. The MISCELLANEOUS category includes schooling, experience, interests, etc.

DUTIES: Under the heading DUTIES, the activities of the men in each rating are briefly described. This is not intended to be complete, but rather to present a picture of the general type of duties performed. Insofar as possible, this description should be viewed in terms of the aptitudes required for performing the job.

EQUIPMENT: This section has been included to supplement the paragraph on DUTIES. It is also intended to furnish the Interviewer with information which may be of interest to certain recruits who have had experience in related civilian occupations.

TYPES OF BILLETS: In some cases, more efficient classification may be effected by considering the recruit in terms of the billet in which he is likely to serve--i.e., whether he is more apt to be assigned to shore stations or to duty afloat. Personality factors such as the ability to get along with people may be important in assigning a man to a particular type of duty.

The phrase "all ships but the smallest", as used here, includes destroyers. "The smallest" are considered to be Patrol Craft, PT boats, minesweepers, converted small yachts, etc.

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: The procedure followed here, in the main, has been to use broad occupational titles, rather than the more specific ones used in the "Dictionary of Occupational Titles". The lists are not intended to be comprehensive, in any sense. Here again, it is suggested that the "Related Civilian Occupations" be viewed in terms of aptitudes for the Navy jobs. In other words, what are the functions common to the civilian job and the Navy job in question? For the purpose of ascertaining more specific relations between particular civilian jobs and Navy rates, the "Dictionary of Occupational Titles" and the "Navy Occupational Conversion Tables" are, of course, available.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: In general, courses have not been included here if they are suggested by the RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS. The list may therefore be considered suggestive rather than comprehensive.

TRAINING COURSE: No attempt has been made to provide a comprehensive discussion of the training course, the purpose having been merely to indicate the general type of training. Its inclusion may be useful in informing the recruit about the school and in judging aptitude for it.

FUNCTIONAL GROUPS:

The schools have been listed in alphabetical order, for the Interviewer's convenience. It should be kept in mind, however, that the ratings fall into functional groupings. The following classification is suggested, to assist Interviewers in considering the ratings from a functional point of view. It is important to remember that many recruits may be considered for several different ratings since the qualifications for jobs may be similar.

GROUP I - Clerical and Communications: ARM, FCR, QM, RdM, RM, SK, SM, SoM, Sp (M), Y.

GROUP II - Technical A: AEM, AerM, AMM, AOM, B, Basic Engr, EM, FC, MM, MoMM, RT, TM.

GROUP III - Technical B: AM, AOM-Bomb Disposal, CM, GM, M, Ml, PM, SF, Sub, WT, Welder.

GROUP IV - Instructional: SP (A), Sp (C).

GROUP V - Miscellaneous: Bug, BM, HA & PhM, Laundryman, Mus, PhoM, PR, SC and Bkr, Sp(S).

GROUP I - Primarily, the ratings in this group require considerable clerical aptitude. In the case of RdM and SoM, the clerical aptitude involved is one of coordinating numerous data, especially from control and indicator panels. With reference to RM and ARM, quick perceptions and the rapid recording of stimuli are the outstanding functions.

GROUP II - Technical A - This group has been differentiated from Technical B because a greater amount of theoretical background is necessary. The importance of mathematics and physics is common to all the ratings listed under Technical A.

GROUP III - Technical B - While a certain amount of theoretical background is involved, it is not so extensive nor so fundamental as for Technical A. Most of these ratings may be characterized by the term "Artificer". Manual skills and the characteristics of a general "handy man" are generally more important than theoretical knowledge.

GROUP IV - Instructional - Functions of a teacher are common to this group, although to a lesser extent in the case of Sp (C).

GROUP V - Miscellaneous - These ratings do not fall into any special functional categories.


AEROGRAPHER'S MATE (AerM)

School Code No. 74

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT* 60; ARI 55; CLER 50.

PHYSICAL: 12/20 vision in both eyes, corrected to 20/20.

PERSONAL: Preferably over 21 years of age. Good memory.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school graduate required. College background, with work in meteorology, astronomy, geography, physical science, thermodynamics, desirable. CAA ground courses in climatology desirable. Typing skill and clerical experience helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Reads meteorological instruments and makes routine weather observations of atmospheric conditions such as pressure, temperature, wind velocity and direction, and precipitation. Keeps detailed records of data in Monthly Aerological Record. Decodes weather reports received on the teletype and enters data on synoptic weather chart. (Memorizes many different types of weather codes.) Draws weather charts and temperature and pressure curves. Types and disseminates weather forecasts. Cleans and maintains meteorological instruments. In higher rates, assists in forecasting weather conditions for flight and naval operations.

EQUIPMENT USED: Barometer, barograph, hygrometer, anemometer, psychrometer, thermometer, clinometer, rain gauge, theodolite, teletype equipment, drawing instruments, radio sound equipment, hygrothermograph.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Air stations; ships carrying aircraft; Air Wings; Weather Centrals.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Physicist, physics laboratory assistant, physics teacher, mathematician, math teacher, geographer, weather observer, forecaster, naturalist, forester surveyor, astronomer, meteorologist, science teacher.

TRAINING COURSE

3 months. Includes codes, weather map work, meteorology, use of aerological instruments. Training in typing and aerological office routine.

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AMPHIBIOUS FORCE TRAINING (LC & LS)

(Operational) School Code No. 94

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MISCELLANEOUS: Qualifications of Seaman. Qualifications of Fireman interested in striking for MoMM. Men with small-boat experience especially valuable as strikers for Amphibious Coxswain.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Duties vary with type of landing ship or craft (see types of Billets). Seaman on smaller landing craft: Boat seamanship. Assists Coxswain in handling landing craft, loading, landing operations, unloading. Occasionally performs limited signaling. While aboard the transports which carry landing craft, is assigned general seaman duties. Fireman on smaller landing craft: Operates and maintains Diesel or gasoline engines. Seaman on larger landing ship: General seamanship. Varied activities in deck force. Fireman on larger landing ship: Varied activities in engine-room force aboard Diesel-powered vessels.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Various types of landing craft and ships designed to land personnel and material; i.e. LCI (Landing Craft Infantry), LCVP (Landing Craft Vehicular and Personnel), LCM (Landing Craft Motorized), LST (Landing Ship Tank), LSI (Landing Ship Infantry), etc. These types of vessels vary in size from approximately 30 to over 300 feet in length. The smaller craft are carried aboard attack transports; the larger vessels navigate independently.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: (for Seaman) -- small boat pilot, yachtsman, rigger, marine oiler, merchant seaman, stevedore. (for Fireman) -- auto mechanic, marine oiler, diesel engineer.

TRAINING COURSE

Six weeks. (approximately). Intensive training in operations and tactics of units to which assigned.

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ARMED GUARD

(Operational) School Code No. 92

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: (Must meet Armed Guard physical qualifications -- Code #4). Teeth fully repaired. Ears free from chronic trouble. Minimum height 66 inches. Minimum weight 140 lbs. 15/20 vision in both eyes capable of correction to 20/20.

PERSONAL: Preferably over 20 years of age.

MISCELLANEOUS: Volunteer. Qualified as swimmer. USNR or USN(I) only.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains guns and ammunition on merchant ships. Stands watch. Spots aircraft and vessels. Loads and fires guns. Communications with other vessels by flag signals and lights.

EQUIPMENT USED: Guns, ammunition, gun sights, varying amounts of fire control equipment.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Merchants Ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Ordnanceman, gunsmith, gun mechanic, locksmith, machine operator, office machine serviceman, factory maintenance man, automobile mechanic, service station attendant, electrician, optical mechanic.

TRAINING COURSE

4 weeks. Includes elementary communications, ship and aircraft identification. Ordnance and gunnery, gun drill, military drill, general seamanship. Armed Guard duties and First Aid. (Some may not go to school at all but may be trained for their duties on ship.)

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AVIATION ELECTRICIAN'S MATE (AEM)

School Code No. 21

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; ARI 45; MAT* 55 or MK ELEC* 55.

PHYSICAL: 12/20 vision in both eyes corrected to 20/20.

PERSONAL: Calmness under stress. Capacity for careful work.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school experience desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

Inspects, maintains, repairs, and installs all electrical equipment in aircraft, such as ignition systems, light systems, landing gear warning signal systems, motors, generators, armatures, storage batteries, booster coils, lamps, fuses, and magnets. Does simple soldering and brazing. Must be able to interpret electric circuit diagrams and blueprints.

EQUIPMENT USED: Hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Naval air stations; aircraft carriers.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Airplane electrician, electrician, telephone installer, cable tester, lineman, electrical machinist, electrical repairman, generator repairman.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes elementary mathematics, electrical circuits, aircraft ignition systems, etc.

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AVIATION MACHINIST'S MATE (AMM)

School Code No. 18

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 52; ARI 45; MAT* 55 or MK MECH* 55, MECHANICAL COMPREHENSION TEST 40; AIRPLANE MATCHING 12.

PHYSICAL: Vision in each eye correctable to 20/20. Must satisfactorily pass the complete test of the Pseudo Isochromatic Plates for Testing Color Perception, American Optical Company, 1940 Edition.

PERSONAL: Calmness under stress. Capacity for careful work.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school experience desirable. Liking for machinery. THOSE WHO VOLUNTEER AND WHO MEET THE COMBAT AIRCREW PHYSICAL QUALIFICATIONS (CODE 3) MAY BE ASSIGNED TO FLIGHT DUTY.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains, adjusts, and repairs aircraft and engines. Must understand principles of their construction and operation. After service experience, may specialize in propeller, fuel systems, brakes, hydraulic systems, starters, etc. May operate machine shop tools, making small replacements. Handles ground gear, such as lines and tackle. Makes pre-flight and periodic inspections. Operates machine gun as member of aircrew.

EQUIPMENT USED: Special airplane and engine tools, drill presses, electric drills, and hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Naval Air Stations. Aircraft carriers, larger ships carrying aircraft. Member of bomber crew. Aircrewmen. Ground Crewmen.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Aviation mechanic, aviation engine maintenance man, automotive mechanic, aircraft assembler, airplane rigger, aeronautical or mechanical engineer, Diesel mechanic, carburetor specialist, machinist, refrigeration mechanic, air brakeman.

RELATED VOCATIONAL TRAINING: Aviation (engine); Mechanics; Machine Shop; Mechanical Drawing.

TRAINING COURSE

21 weeks. Includes elementary mathematics, blueprint reading, theory of flight, and study of subjects mentioned under "Job Description".

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AVIATION METALSMITH (AM)

School Code No. 59

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; ARI 45; MAT* 50 or MK Mech* 50.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school experience desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Repairs and maintains airplane bodies (wings and fuselage). Maintains and repairs instrument panels, floorboards, seats, baggage compartments, cowlings, windshields, bomb racks, etc. Does layout drawing. Cuts sheet metal and tubing. Fits and bends plates. Does heat treating, annealing, brazing, welding, riveting. Makes steel fittings from blueprints. Repair and maintenance of sheet plastic material.

EQUIPMENT USED: Sheet metal working tools -- power shears, bending brakes, scarfers, edgers, forming dies; drafting and template tools; brazing, soldering and welding tools; riveting tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Naval air stations; carriers; carrier and seaplane tenders.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Aircraft metalworker, sheet metal worker, draftsman, tinsmith, metalsmith, riveter, welder, heat treater, wing-frame builder, automobile body repairmen.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Aviation (body); Metal trades; Forging; Mechanical Drawing; Blueprint Reading.

TRAINING COURSE

21 weeks. Includes elementary mathematics, mechanical drawing, blueprint reading, and various courses in metal-working.

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AVIATION ORDNANCEMAN (AOM)

School Code No. 11

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 52; MAT 50; MK MECH 50; MECHANICAL COMPREHENSION TEST 40; AIRPLANE MATCHING TEST 12

PHYSICAL: Vision in each eye correctable to 20/20. Must satisfactorily pass the complete test of the Pseudo Isochromatic Plates for Testing Color Perception, American Optical Company, 1940 Edition.

PERSONAL: Calmness under stress. Capacity to understand and work with complex mechanisms.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school experience in shop work and mathematics desirable. THOSE WHO VOLUNTEER AND WHO MEET THE COMBAT AIRCREW PHYSICAL QUALIFICATIONS (CODE 3) MAY BE ASSIGNED TO FLIGHT DUTY.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains, repairs, and installs aviation ordnance equipment, small arms, machine guns and aircraft cannon, bomb racks, and releasing mechanisms, bomb handling equipment. Synchronizes and boresights machine guns. Rearms and prepares planes for combat, including bombs and fuses, ammunition, torpedoes, aerial mines. Maintains and uses many types of tools and measuring instruments. Sometimes mans guns as member of crew, especially the gun turrets.

EQUIPMENT USED: Aerial targets and towing equipment, bombs, bomb fuses, bomb racks, bomb release and arming mechanisms, aircraft machine guns and cannon, gun mounts, torpedoes, pyrotechnics, and smoke screen apparatus, gun cameras, small arms such as Thompson sub-machine guns, Browning automatic, Colt Automatic, and various lubricants and preservatives.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Aircraft Combat Units (ashore and afloat); aircraft carriers, and Naval Air Stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Ordnanceman, armorer, gunsmith, instrument maker, watchmaker, small mechanical parts assembler, and any mechanical trade in general. RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Mechanics, Instrument Repair; Optical Mechanics; Mechanical Drawing or Drafting.

TRAINING COURSE

14 weeks. Study of specific types of aviation ordnance equipment; includes brief review of elementary mathematics, blueprint reading, and elementary electricity.

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AVIATION RADIOMAN (ARM)

School Code No. 31

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 52; CLER 50; RADIO* 55; MECHANICAL COMPREHENSION 40; AIRPLANE MATCHING TEST 12.

PHYSICAL: 20/20 uncorrected vision in each eye. Must meet Combat Air Crew physical qualifications Code #3. Hearing in each ear must be 15/15 by whispered voice. Must satisfactorily pass the complete test of the Pseudo Isochromatic Plates for Testing Color Perception, American Optical Company, 1940 Edition.

PERSONAL: Preferably not older than 23. Clear speaking voice. Calmness under stress.

MISCELLANEOUS: Must volunteer for Aerial Gunnery. Some high school experience desirable. First Aid training helpful. Good speller.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Transmits and receives encrypted and plain-language messages by radio. Sometimes uses typewriter. Encrypts and decrypts limited number of codes and ciphers. Makes minor radio repairs. Must know blinker, semaphore, flag hoists, and hand tapping. Operates machine gun, which he must be able to disassemble and assemble. Takes bearing with radio direction finder. Uses radio-telephone.

EQUIPMENT USED: Direction finders, radiotelephone, radiotelegraph, testing meters.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Shore and carrier based multiplace airplanes, aircraft carriers, air bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Telephone or telegraph operator, radio operator, sound mixer.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Telegraphy, Electricity.

TRAINING COURSE

20 weeks. Includes code practice, electricity and radio, visual signals, gunnery, theory of flight operation.


BASIC ENGINEERING (F, MM, MoMM, WT)

School Code No. 12

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; ARI 45; MAT 50 or MK MECH 50.

PERSONAL: Interest in mechanics desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Successful completion of this school will qualify a man for either (1) a rating of Fireman aboard ship or (2) further training in machinist's mate, motor machinist's mate, or water tender school. For details, see job description for F, MM, MoMM, WT.

EQUIPMENT USED: Same as that used by MM, MoMM, WT.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Almost all ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Water tender, locomotive fireman, marine fireman, boilermaker, steam fitter, truck and tractor repairman, garage mechanic, motorboat operator, Diesel operator or mechanic, motor vessel engineer, tool and die maker, lathe operator, machinist, milling machine operator, drill press operator, planer or shaper operator, turbine man, power plant operator, stationary or operating engineer.

TRAINING COURSE

8 weeks. This is a basic course including elementary skills and knowledges which can be utilized by Fireman aboard ship or developed further in more advanced schools. Includes elementary arithmetic and geometry, blueprints and blueprint reading, study of engine room equipment and plans of a ship. Also, a study of steam power installations and equipment, boilers, piping, auxiliaries, winches, refrigeration and distillation units, electrical equipment, motors, and gasoline and Diesel units.

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BOATSWAIN'S MATE (BM)

School Code No. 35

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: Minimum test scores will be published as soon as the data are available. It should be noted that men selected for assignment to BM training should be of service school calibre.

PHYSICAL: 20/20 vision uncorrected. In case of men with especially good qualifiications, 18/20 in both eyes acceptable, or 15/20 in one eye and 20/20 in the other. No glasses. Good hearing. Quick reactions. Alert.

PERSONAL: Evidence of leadership.

MISCELLANEOUS: Experience in handling small boats valuable. Sea Scout experience helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: The boatswain's mate must first of all be a leader, as more military demands are made of him than of any other rating. Supervises men of the deck force in the capacity of foreman or straw boss. As such must understand all deck work -- know nautical terms and the handling of gear, hoists, tackle, lines, nets, signal flags, and lights, navigation instruments. Directs handling of cargo. Maintains and operates hoisting and landing gear and cargo nets. Directs stowage of cargo. Directs stowage and care of canvas. May be required to handle small boats and direct the crew. May cooperate with beach parties in handling equipment and directing landing of boats.

EQUIPMENT USED: Hoisting gear, hatches, tackle, lines, cargo nets, signal flags and lights.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All types of ships. Men with small boat experience particularly desirable for amphibious training.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Stevedore, merchant seaman, boat pilot, yachtsman, tramp steamer hand. Strawboss, foreman.

TRAINING COURSE

While BM training is classified among the elementary service schools, men recommended for this assignment may be sent either to a type of elementary school training or to operational training, varying in length according to the service force to which the man is assigned. No differentiation is made in selection for these two types of assignment, since the qualifications are intended to be identical.

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BOILERMAKER (B)

School Code No. 61

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; MAT 50; MK MECH* 50.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Repairs and tests Fireroom (boilerroom) equipment. Renews parts, such as tubes, gauges, glass columns, valves. Repairs boiler plates and brick-work of boilers. Checks seams, rivets, welds, fits pipes. Lays out heavy sheet metal work. Maintains and repairs condensers, evaporators, various kinds of heaters, pumps, etc. Has expert knowledge of safety precautions of the Fireroom.

EQUIPMENT USED: Expanding tools, pneumatic hammer, oxyacetylene torch, forming dies, blacksmith's tools -- forge, anvils, chipping and caulking tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Larger ships; repair ships; Navy yards and bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Boilermaker, blacksmith, riveter, sheet metal worker, welder, forging press operator, hammersmith, steam fitter, furnace installer and repairman.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Steam power; Pipefitting.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes mathematics, heat and power units, care and repair of boilers, fuels, etc.

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BOMB DISPOSAL

School Code No. 71

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; MK MECH 50; MK ELEC 50.

PERSONAL: 25 to 35 years of age desirable. Ability to remain calm in dangerous situations. Should not be adventuresome because frequently assigned to duty with allied services and without officer supervision. Should be responsible and self-reliant. Must have good judgment.

MISCELLANEOUS: Volunteer. Preferably high school graduate.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Disposes of all types of explosives (both allied and enemy) afloat and ashore, including bombs, unexploded shells, fuses, high explosive storage dumps, booby traps, anti-tank mines, and anti-personnel devices. May also be called on to assist in military demolition.

EQUIPMENT USED: Radio and electro-magnetic mine locating gear; wrenches; fine tools; optical instruments; all types of explosives; pick and shovels; block and tackle.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Almost exclusively shore duty in combat areas.

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Men experienced in precision work; mechanical and electrical work; mining; highway, dam, bridge, reinforced concrete and steel construction.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Mechanical drawing; Blueprint reading; Shopwork; Chemistry; Physics; Auto Mechanics; Carpentry; Radio; Electricity; Optical Repair; X-ray.

TRAINING COURSE

9 weeks at Bomb Disposal School. Includes thorough study of high explosives, bombs, projectiles, fuses employed by enemy, allied and U.S. forces; bomb disposal tools and methods; bomb damage, ashore and afloat; military demolition (including actual experience); booby traps, anti-tank mines and anti-personnel devices. Most graduates are rated AOM3c.

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BUGLER (Bug)

School Code No. 47

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

None.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Renders all Navy bugle calls. Keeps bugle in good condition. Stands routine bugle watch. Reads treble clef, interprets abbreviations. Must be familiar with part played by bugler in table of honors. In higher rates, must recognize personal flags of flag officers and the man-of-war ensigns of the principal maritime nations.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Larger ships; shore stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Bandsman -- cornet, trumpet or trombone player.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes care of bugle and drum, elementary music, etiquette of the side and quarter-deck, ship and shore routine for buglers.

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CARPENTER'S MATE (CM)

School Code No. 54

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: ARI 45; MAT 50.

PERSONAL: Interest in general repairs -- "handy man".

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Does carpentry and joinery work. Repairs or replaces deck planking and other woodwork. Shores up (braces) bulkheads. Lays and repairs tiling. Caulks seams. Repairs and maintains small boats. Makes and repairs furniture. Renews gaskets in watertight doors, ports, and hatches. Paints. May make repairs in light metal, such as in ventilating and drainage systems. Usually works closely with Metalsmith and Shipfitter.

EQUIPMENT USED: Dressed lumber, concrete, bolts, wire, guy cables, nails, blueprints, oakum, hot pitch, putty, linoleum, sheet metal. Hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Most ships except the smallest, including repair ships; Shore stations and Naval bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Carpenter, ship wright, cabinet maker, bridge builder, packing case maker, mine timberman, woodworking machine operator, boat-oar maker.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks: Mathematics, including elementary trigonometry. Identification of woods, hand and power tools, etc.

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CHEMICAL WARFARE

School Code No. 70

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; MAT 50.

PHYSICAL: Strength average or above.

PERSONAL: Emotional stability. Interest in chemistry or physics.

MISCELLANEOUS: High School graduate, including one year of physics or chemistry preferred.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Storing, handling, and shipping of toxic gases. Must know the physological effects of common toxic gases and first aid treatment after exposure. Must also be thoroughly familiar with proper methods of decontamination.

EQUIPMENT USED: Chemical land mines and bombs, incendiary bombs, bulk containers and spray tanks, gas masks, protective clothing, chemical grenades, candles, portable cylinders and Livens projectors.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest, operating bases, supply depots.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Laboratory assistant, shipping or receiving clerk handling bulk gas containers. Practical experience with toxic gases. Pipefitter, steamfitter.

TRAINING COURSE

2 weeks: Study of definition and classification of agents and war gases. Training in use of gas mask, protective clothing, and decontamination procedures.

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ELECTRICIAN'S MATE (EM)

School Code No. 22

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; ARI 45; MAT 55 or MK ELEC* 55.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains and repairs electrical equipment aboard ship, including generators, control panels, electrical parts of main and auxiliary engines, motors, electric pumps, refrigerators, laundry machinery, blowers, fire detectors, electric gauges, and bells. Locates and repairs defects in wiring, splices and insulates wires. Maintains interior communications systems, searchlights, yardarm blinkers, and other electrical apparatus all over the ship. Does miscellaneous soldering and brazing.

EQUIPMENT USED: Wire, rubber tape, friction tape, flux core solder. Hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Practically all ships; Navy yards and bases; Shore stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Electrician, telephone installer, cable tester, electrical repairman, wire assembler, lineman, electric clock and instrument repairman.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Electricity.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes elementary mathematics, elementary alternating current, and types of Navy electrical equipment.

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FIRE CONTROLMAN (FC)

School Code No. 25

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 60; ARI 50; MAT 55 or MK ELEC 55.

PHYSICAL: 20/20 vision corrected acceptable; 20/20 uncorrected preferable.

PERSONAL: Calmness under stress. Clear speaking voice. Alertness. Interests related to practical physics and engineering. Preferably 20 years of age or over.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school graduate, except in special cases of high aptitude. Mathematics and physics important.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains and operates equipment designed for accurate gunfire, including optical instruments (such as rangefinders and telescopes), fire-control communications systems (telephones and automatic signal equipment, gun director, etc.) Lower rated men act as talker, plotter, switchboard operator, or gun-director operator, whereas maintenance of technical equipment (which is electrical engineering in nature) is an added function of higher rates.

EQUIPMENT USED: Directors, computers, coincidence and stereoscopic rangefinders, gunfights, rangekeepers, telescope, switchboards. Special hand tools, lathe, drill press.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Almost all ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Electrician, optical mechanic, instrument maker or repairman, watchmaker, small tool mechanic, gas-meter repairman, telegraph installer, telephone installer, radio repairman, mechanical and electrical office appliance repairman, electrical engineer.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Covers telephones and communications, optics, fire-control instruments, fire-control problems, etc.

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FIRE CONTROLMAN R (FCR) - RANGEFINDER OPERATOR

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; READ 50; MAT 45.

PHYSICAL: 20/20 vision in each eye uncorrected. Must meet Rangefinder Operator physical qualifications - Code #1.

PERSONAL: Emotionally stable. Calmness under stress very important. Quick reactions. Not over 30 years of age.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Controls gunfire of battery to which assigned. Stands rangefinder watch (high up in the ship or in gun turret). Spots vessels or aircraft. Ascertains by use of binocular range-finder the accurate range and bearing of the target. Reports observations to the Talker. Cleans rangefinders. Uses radar equipment; handles dials, reads indicators.

EQUIPMENT USED: Binocular rangefinder, computers, telescope, mathematical tables.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Almost all ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Surveyor, rodman and chainman, forest fire lookout, astronomer.

TRAINING COURSE

8-12 weeks. Mathematics, including simple trigonometry, elementary optics, theory and handling of rangefinders.

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FIREMAN (F)

School Code No. 02

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

None.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Operates main and auxiliary engines, makes minor repairs. Fires the boilers. Makes minor repairs to Fireroom equipment, such as oil burners and fuel supply systems. Knows the water and steam circulation systems. Performs specifically assigned duties of various types at general quarters and emergency drills. Has detailed knowledge of his own part of the ship, including location of fireplugs and all fire apparatus. Is familiar with names and uses of boiler parts and fittings. Uses hand and machine tools commonly found in engine rooms, firerooms, and machine rooms. Also maintains and operates small boat engines.

EQUIPMENT USED: Steam and water gauges, blow-off cocks, condensers, feed water heaters, feed pumps, ejectors, oil burners.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Almost all ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Fireman, stationary boiler; fireman, locomotive; oven fireman; marine engineer, turbine man; power plant operator; stationary or operating engineer.

TRAINING

May strike for rating aboard ship, usually in engine-room force.

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FLOATING DRY DOCK TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 96

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MISCELLANEOUS: Interest in construction and repair. General characteristics of a "handyman". Interest in striking for artificer rates.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Operates and maintains floating dry docks, docks vessels, overhauls, repairs, and replaces damaged or lost equipment. Duties vary according to type and size of drydock.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Floating dry docks (mobile bases).

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Carpenter, metalsmith, machinist, civilian shipfitter, mechanic, carpentry.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Metal trades, machine shop, automotive trades.

TRAINING COURSE

12 weeks (approximately). Study and practice of techniques employed in maintenance and operation of docks, i.e., docking vessels, overhaul, repair and replacement of damaged or lost equipment. Crews are trained by units for particular size and type of dry dock to which each will be assigned.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Complement obtained from the Fleet, advanced and elementary service schools, and recruit training stations. Half of total personnel furnished by Seabees.

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GUNNER'S MATE (GM)

School Code No. 10

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 40; READ 45; MAT 45 or MK MECH 45.

PHYSICAL: Physical strength average or above. Good eyesight desirable.

PERSONAL: Mechanical interests desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains guns, gun mounts, and gun parts such as recoil mechanisms, bearings and rollers. Does simple brazing and soldering. Loads and fires guns which do not have automatic controls. Acts as gun crew chief of small gun or member of crew of larger gun. Operates smoke screen generator; depth charge mechanism, ammunition hoists.

EQUIPMENT USED: Many types of guns and small arms; gun mounts recoil and counter recoil mechanism; gas ejection apparatus; elementary electric hydraulic gear; ammunition hoists; lubricants and preservatives - oil, paint, grease; pyrotechnics; smoke screen generator; aerial targets. Machine tools and mechanic's tools; star gauges; telescope sight tube; bearing gauges; scraping tools; lapping heads and bore sponges.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Ordnance mechanic, machine operator, gunsmith, locksmith, office machine serviceman, factory maintenance man, automobile mechanic, service station attendant, electrician, gun mechanic, optical mechanic.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes various types of Navy guns, ammunition. Navy training manual for Firecontrolman, 3c.

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HARBOR DEFENSE TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 90

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: Normal hearing. Ears free from disease.

PERSONAL: Patience. Quick reactions. Pitch discrimination important.

MISCELLANEOUS: Ability to play musical instrument by ear desirable. Experience in handling small boats helpful. Interest in striking for SoM.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Stands watch in shore detection stations. Operates various types of detection equipment used in harbor defense, including echo-ranging equipment. (See duties of SoM). Acts as member of boarding party to intercept unidentified vessels.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Harbors in U.S. or advanced bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Telegrapher, telephone operator, piano tuner, radio-telephone operator, musician.

TRAINING COURSE

10 weeks. Includes operation of detection equipment used in harbor defense. (Special 14 weeks course for maintenance men, who are usually petty officers prior to assignment to Harbor Defense training.)

GENERAL INFORMATION

Eight operators and one maintenance man make up a team, which works in cooperation with the Harbor Entrance Control Post. When a ship is detected approaching the harbor, a report is made to the Harbor Entrance Control Post. If the ship does not make the appropriate response to signals, Harbor Defense patrol sends out a boarding party.

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HARBOR ENTRANCE CONTROL POST TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 91

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: Qualifications of SM or RM. Normal hearing. Normal eyesight.

PERSONAL: Alertness.

MISCELLANEOUS: Interest in striking for RM or SM.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Assists in communicating by radio, radio-telephone, or signal flags with incoming vessels to ascertain their business in the harbor. Acts as lookout, reporting to Harbor Defense any vessels which do not answer. Harbor Defense then sends out boarding party. Mans lookout posts for spotting ships and aircraft. Performs routine duties of station maintenance.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Harbors in U.S. or advanced bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN EXPERIENCE: Radio operator telegraph operator and related; merchant sailor, seaman.

TRAINING COURSE

10 weeks. Includes maintenance of Harbor Entrance Control Post, radio and signal communication. Recognition of ships and aircraft.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Only a small number of men (Seamen) are sent to this school from the training stations. The majority of the complement consists of graduates of elementary schools with SM and RM ratings.

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HOSPITAL APPRENTICE AND PHARMACIST'S MATE (HA & PhM)

School Code No. 43

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT* 50; READ 50; CLER 50.

PHYSICAL: Clean cut; neat appearance.

PERSONAL: Must be interviewed by member of Medical Corps. Interest in medicine, First Aid and related fields helpful.

MISCELLANEOUS: Minimum of two years of high school required. Clerical experience or training desirable. Courses in mathematics, biology, physiology, chemistry, helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Performs nursing duties under supervision, prepares and administers simple medicines, maintains sanitary conditions. Serves meals, makes beds, takes temperature and pulses. In higher rates, handles all sorts of emergencies, both with First Aid and more skilled treatment. Takes charge of Sick Bay. Bandages, makes splints, treats for hemorrhage and shock. May specialize as assistant in surgery, eye-ear-nose and throat, out-patient department, physiotherapy, drug-dispensing. May become laboratory, dental, or x-ray technician, pharmaceutical assistant, etc. May work on hospital records, typing, filing, etc.

EQUIPMENT USED: Surgical instruments, hospital equipment. Medicinal supplies, bandages, splints, chemicals.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest; hospital ships; shore stations; Naval hospitals: with Marine Corps on land operations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Medical student, practical nurse, medical technician, first aid man, ambulance orderly, bath attendant, laboratory assistant, pharmacist, veterinarian, undertaker, athletic trainer, masseur, anesthetist, dental assistant.

RELATED VOCATIONAL TRAINING: Medical Assistant; Dental Assistant; Dental Mechanics; X-Ray Technician.

TRAINING COURSE

6 weeks. Includes anatomy, physiology, chemistry, hygiene and sanitation, minor surgery and Fist Aid, nursing, etc. Upon completion, student is rated Hospital Apprentice 2c, and is assigned to a naval hospital for further training.

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LAUNDRYMAN (Ldry)

School Code No. 52

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 40; MAT 40; MK MECH 40.

PERSONAL: Ability to organize work and supervise the work of others.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Washes and presses naval gear (clothes, linen, etc.). Operates and maintains washing machines, drying tumblers, laundry presses, and flat-work irons. Uses power-driven machinery. Bleaches, tests water, sterilizes. Impregnates and decontaminates wearing apparel in connection with gas attacks. Checks, marks, lists, and sorts laundry. Head laundryman organizes the ship's laundry requiring crew of 5-30 men, plans workflow and supervises operations.

Highest rate at present is Seaman 1/c. Receives extra pay above standard for Seaman 1/c. May strike for Petty Officer ratings in other branches. Laundry supervisors rated as Ship's Service Man L (SSML).

EQUIPMENT USED: Extractors, washing machines, tumblers, flat-work pressers, steam presses.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Shore stations and most types of ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Laundryman, dry-cleaning machine operator, textile dyer, fur glazer, presser, sorter, marker, spotter.

TRAINING COURSE

8 weeks. Includes study of textiles and common fabrics. Also operations and maintenance of all Naval laundry equipment, techniques of water testing, stain removal, bleaching, dyeing, etc.

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MACHINIST'S MATE (MM)

School Code No. 14

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; ARI 5; MAT 55; MK MECH* 55.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Performs all or part of the functions in the operation, maintenance, and repair of main and auxiliary engines, steering engines, anchor machinery, turbines, pumps, and related equipment. In its operation, starts and stops equipment and controls its speed. In the repair of mechanical equipment or the making of machine parts, uses machine and hand tools. May work to close tolerances. Does welding and brazing.

EQUIPMENT USED: Metal castings and forgings, steel, brass, cast iron, wrought iron, metal pipe stock. Lathe, milling machine, planer, shaper, and other machine tools; hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All types of ships except the smallest.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Machinist, tool and die maker, lathe operator, milling machine operator, drill press operator, planer operator, shaper operator, machine shop worker, engine mechanic, marine engineer, automobile mechanic, turbine man, power plant operator, stationary engineer, operating engineer.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Machine trades (if more than mere operation or tending); Mechanics; Auto Mechanics; Gas Engines; Plant Maintenance; Plant Operation.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Emphasizes machine-shop work. Includes related mathematics.

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METALSMITH (M)

School Code No. 58

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: ARI 45; MAT* 50 or MK MECH* 50.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Repairs and constructs metal equipment aboard ship. Maintains and repairs ventilating and drainage system, including ventilators, ducts, and piping. Tests and replaces watertight gaskets. Performs heat-treating and case-hardening. Cuts, welds, and rivets metal parts. Works with damage repair parties. Constructs and repairs sheet metal equipment, such as lockers, trays, cabinets, and chests.

EQUIPMENT USED: Aluminum, duralumin, stainless steel, monel, sheet brass, sheet copper, sheet and corrugated iron, steel plate, tubing. Sheet metal working tools - power shears, bending brakes, scarfers, edgers, forming dies, etc.; drafting and template tools; brazing, soldering and welding tools; riveting tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All types of ships except the smallest; repair ships and tenders; Navy yards and bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Automobile body repairman, copper or tinsmith, welder, boilermaker, sheet metal worker, draftsman, heat treater, riveter.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Metal Trades; Foundry; Forging; Welding; Blacksmithing; Heat-treating; Heating and Ventilating; Mechanical Drawing.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Arithmetic, mechanical drawing, blueprint reading, various types of metal working.

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MINE WARFARE TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 88

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

None.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: After training, each man is assigned either to a Minelayer or a Minesweeper. May strike for rating of Mineman (MN).

Minelayer Duties: Carries and moves heavy mine cases, anchors, cables, lines, buoys; coils and lays out mine cables; attaches lines to various equipment with knots, lashings, shackles, and other fastenings. Also performs general deck force duties.

Minesweeper Duties: Adjusts, streams, tests, and recovers all types of sweep gear. Attaches lines and cables to various equipment with knots, lashing, shackles, and other special fastenings. Also performs general deck force duties.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Minelayers; Minesweepers.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Stevedore, merchant seaman, boat pilot, yachtsman, tramp steamer hand, longshoreman, crane operator, hoist operator, dynamiter, explosives handler, blaster, miner, trawler, fisherman.

TRAINING COURSE

Five weeks. Use and handling of mines for defense of coastal areas. General training in operations listed under Duties.

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MOLDER (Ml)

School Code No. 62

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; MAT 50; MK MECH* 50.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Makes molds and cores, using patterns received from patternmaker. Packs sand around patterns and removes patterns after molds have set. Melts metal and makes castings by pouring the molten metal into finished molds. May anneal or heat-treat castings. In higher rates, equips and maintains foundry and operates all types of foundry equipment.

EQUIPMENT USED: Brass, bronze, aluminum, iron, sand molds, crucible for melting metal; sand blaster, various hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Repair ships; larger fighting ships; air bases; submarine bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Foundry worker, molder, pourer.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes elementary mathematics; properties of metals, heat-treating and casting.

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MOTOR MACHINIST'S MATE (MoMM)

School Code No. 19

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; ARI 45; MAT* 55 or MK MECH* 55.

PERSONAL: Interest in mechanics.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Operates, maintains, adjusts and repairs Diesel and gasoline engines. Stands throttle watch. Checks gauges and, as ordered, changes speed. Disassembles and overhauls Diesel and gasoline engines; including carburetors, ignition systems, injector systems. Responsible for care and storage of fuel and lubricating oil. Repairs and tests engine piping systems.

EQUIPMENT USED: Metal castings and forgings, steel, brass, cast iron, wrought iron, metal pipe stock. Motor repair tools; motor testing equipment including pressure gauges, electric meters, tachometers, brakes, etc.; machine tools including lathes, shapers, grinders, etc.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Patrol Craft; Landing Craft; Landing Ships; Destroyer Escorts; PT boats. Private craft taken over by Navy. All navy boats. Sometimes on ships larger than above, manning auxiliary Diesels.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Truck and tractor repairman, garage mechanic, motorboat operator, Diesel operator or mechanic, motor vessel engineer machinist.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Gas engines; Mechanics; Diesel training.

TRAINING COURSE

8 weeks. Includes applied math., applied electricity, steam, Diesel mechanics, gasoline engines, etc.

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MOTOR TORPEDO BOAT TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 84

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: Good health. Physical stamina.

PERSONAL: 21-35 years of age. Well adjusted. Capacity for teamwork. Dependable.

MISCELLANEOUS: Men who would be strikers for artificer and engine-room rates especially valuable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: (Four types of assignments, as listed below, involve different duties. Most men from the training stations are assigned to the first type.)

1. OPERATING SQUADRON. Members of crew of PT boat. A SEAMAN has general deck duties, under direction of petty officers of the deck force: maintenance of the ship and gear, gunnery, lookout duty, etc. May strike for TM, GM, and other rates. A FIREMAN assists the petty officers of the engineering force. Stands engine-room watch under supervision. May strike for MoMM, EM, etc.

In general, duties aboard PT's cover a wide range, since the crew is small, affording less opportunity for specialization. Also, each member of the crew must be ready to replace others in case of casualties.

2. PT TENDERS. Makes minor repairs and replacements on PT Boats.

3. OPERATING BASES. Performs complete overhaul and repair work on PT boats of squadron attached to the base.

4. MAJOR OVERHAUL BASES. Performs complete overhaul and repair work on PT's.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Men sent from the training stations are likely to be assigned to the Operating Squadron, on completion of training. Men assigned to the other types of duty, where possible, are rated men or graduates of elementary and advanced schools, and they belong largely to the rates in the engineering branch. The Operating Squadron consists of crews on board PT boats. Some of the men attached to this group are stationed at the operating base for personnel replacement and to assist in boat repair. PT Tenders are mobile repair and refueling ships. They sometimes advance well into the area of active operations. Operating Bases are land bases for minor overhaul and repair. Major Overhaul Bases are larger, more completely equipped bases further from the center of operation for complete overhaul and repair activity.

TRAINING COURSE

8-12 weeks. Intensive class and shop work as well as practical instruction on board PT boats. Training is broad and diversified.

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MUSICIAN (Mus)

School Code No. 46

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: Must pass regular USN physical examination.

PERSONAL: Must be between 17 and 35 years old.

MISCELLANEOUS: NAVY SCHOOL OF MUSIC--Should have had at least 3 years of band, orchestra, or dance orchestra experience, but need not be a professional musician. Men with vocal training and experience should be given consideration providing they also play an instrument. Must pass entrance exam based on ability to sight read marches, overtures, waltzes, etc. Due to length of course must enlist for regular 6 year U.S.N. enlistment.

FLEET MUSIC SCHOOL--A limited number of men who pass preliminary entrance examination, but who are unwilling to enlist in U.S.N. may be considered for fleet music school.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Specializes in playing one instrument. Plays concert, popular, band and orchestra music. Usually is a member of a 23-piece band. Plays for military formations and ceremonies, church, and ship's entertainment. Furnishes music for parades, dances, and other engagements when ship is in port. In higher rates, may teach others and direct band in absence of leader.

EQUIPMENT USED: Flute, clarinet, saxophone, cornet, French horn, trombone, baritone, tuba, drums, piano, organ, violin, viola, violin-cello, guitar, string bass, oboe, bassoon.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Flagships, larger ships and shore stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Instrumental musician, instrumental instructor, music supervisor.

TRAINING COURSE

NAVY SCHOOL OF MUSIC: Approximately 52 weeks. Includes band and dance orchestra training, private instrumental instruction, sight singing and dictation, harmony, counterpoint, musicology, history of music, orchestration, conducting, general training course. College credit for the equivalent of 2 years' college work may be obtained. Students eligible for Mus3c after 6 months' training; approximately 10% of each class eligible for Mus2c upon graduation.

FLEET MUSIC SCHOOL: An organizing and replacement center for fleet bands. 8-16 weeks. Includes band and dance orchestra training, instrumental instruction, elementary theory.

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NAVAL SALVAGE AND DIVING TRAINING (SaDi)

(Operational) School Code No. 97

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: Not less than 12/20 binocular vision, uncorrected. Not excessively overweight. (Must pass BuMed physical examination for "Divers, salvage"). Physical strength above average. Agile.

PERSONAL: 25 to 40 years of age. (Not over 40 unless experienced in diving). No tendency to claustrophobia. Calmness under stress.

MISCELLANEOUS: Volunteer. Mechanical aptitude, skills and interest necessary.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Performs salvage and repair work on vessels and other submerged equipment. Performs underwater welding, cutting, sheet-metal work, and under water carpentry, including shoring-up bulkheads and underwater rigging.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Destroyer tenders, submarine tenders, motor torpedo boat squadron tender, salvage vessels, rescue vessels. Advanced bases. (Serves with salvage parties on small boats working from shore).

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Diver, heavy carpenter, iron worker, caisson worker.

TRAINING COURSE

14 weeks. Includes Salvage work on vessels and submerged equipment. Blueprint reading.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Diving duty carries extra pay (see BuPers Manual--D5326-7). It should be made clear to all men wishing to volunteer for this duty that both the training and the duties are hazardous.

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NET TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 93

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PHYSICAL: Physical strength average or above. (Men should be strong enough to handle heavy cables and nets.) Good eye sight.

MISCELLANEOUS: Men interested in striking for BM, MM, SF.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Manufactures nets from reels of wire. Repairs nets. Splices wire, welds, makes cross connections and shackles. Lays and recovers nets. Cleans marine growth from nets. Signals with flags and flashing light. Operates tractors and cranes. Handles small boats, moorings, buoys.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Net layers, net tenders, pontoon barges, buoy boats, and other small craft.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Wire worker, cable splicer, cable repairman, cable hooker, cable engineer.

TRAINING COURSE

4 months. Manufacture and repair of nets. Laying and recovering nets. Trained in exercise group of 20-30 men.

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PARACHUTE RIGGER (PR)

School Code No. 73

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; MAT 45.

PHYSICAL: Minimum height 5 ft. 5 in. 20 to 30 years of age.

PERSONAL: Capacity for careful work.

MISCELLANEOUS: Volunteer. Experience in hand and machine sewing helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Packs, maintains and repairs parachutes, life-rafts, life-jackets, and cargo chutes. Assembles and uses tool kit. Repairs fabric equipment used in aviation and flight clothing. Uses sewing machines. Inspects and maintains parachute harness, buckles, straps, canopies, shroud lines, rip cord, pilot chute. Reads blueprints. May be required to perform test-jumps on new types of equipment.

EQUIPMENT USED: Parachute material, parachute, ropes and shroud lines, pack. Clothcutters, sewing machine, needle and thread, splicing tools, packing tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Naval air stations. Aircraft carriers. Does not have flight duty.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Parachute inspector, parachute rigger, parachute packer, parachute repairman, tailor, upholsterer, seat and chair coverers, sewing machine operator, canvas cover repairman, tent and awning maker, sail maker, needle trades worker.

TRAINING COURSE

3 months. Includes care and upkeep of sewing machines, firefighting equipment, pilots' and gunners' safety belts, and subjects corresponding to items listed under "Job Descriptions". Although not at present required, emphasis is placed on the courses for enlisted men on preparations for making an actual parachute jump.

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PATTERNMAKER (PM)

School Code No. 55

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; ARI 45; MAT 50.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Makes patterns to be used by Molder in making metal parts such as valves, engine or machine casings, and cylinders. Reads blueprints. Roughs out lumber to approximate size and shape, and shapes and smooths surfaces to exact dimensions. Uses hand and power tools. Joins parts of patterns, strengthens joints, and shellacs patterns. Makes core boxes.

EQUIPMENT USED: Wood, metal, sand, shellac, solder, acid baths, plating baths, buffers, beeswax, paraffin. Wood-working and wood carving machines and hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Larger fighting ships; repair ships; Navy yards and bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Patternmaker, pattern layout man, carpenter, molder, foundry man, cabinet maker, wood furniture assembler, manual training teacher, wood-shop worker.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Mechanical drawing.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes mathematics, molding, mechanical drawing, theory, and practice in patternmaking.

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PHOTOGRAPHER'S MATE (PhoM)

School Code No. 75

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; READ 50.

MISCELLANEOUS: Must be high school graduate. Physics and chemistry desirable. Professional experience in photography desirable; highly skilled amateur experience helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Operates "still" and motion picture cameras. May photograph battle operations of ships and aircraft. May take aerial photographs. Performs darkroom and related work, such as mixing chemical solutions, developing, printing, enlarging, drying, spotting, retouching, mounting, making lantern slides and slide films, montage work, contact and optical printing, and assembling aerial photographic mosaics. Operations motion picture and stereopticon projectors.

EQUIPMENT USED: Film, sensitive paper, dark-room chemicals. Camera, enlarger, projector, printer, light meter, stereocomparagraph, stereomicroscope.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Larger ships and shore stations. May have considerable flight duty.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Photographer, cameraman, dark-room man, film technician, motion picture operator, lantern slide maker, aerial photographer, photo-lithographer, blue printer, film cutter and editor, photomicrographer, camera repairman, motion picture sound recording technician, motion picture animator, motion picture film processing machine operator, microfilm operator.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Basic photography, still and motion picture cameras, laboratory techniques. Aerial photography, photographic mapping. Outstanding students may have opportunities for advanced training in special phases of photography.

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PRINTER M (Prtr M) - MULTILITH OPERATOR

School Code No. 19

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; MAT 50.

PERSONAL: Interest in printing, photography and allied graphic arts processes.

MISCELLANEOUS: Experience in offset printing very desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Prepares litho-plates, zinc plates, halftone negatives, operates process camera. Operates, adjusts, and makes minor repairs on duplicating machine. Must be familiar with manufacturers' operational manuals for the various machine models used.

EQUIPMENT USED: Process cameras, duplicating machines, plate coating machine, and vacuum frames.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships but the smallest, shore establishments.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Duplicating Machine Operator, printers, photographers, and allied graphic arts industries.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Printing and Lithography.

TRAINING COURSE

10 weeks. Study of offset printing process and allied photo-mechanical sciences. Demonstrations and practical work in process camera use, plate-making, book pick-up and assembly, use of multigraph machine, and principles of offset press operation.

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QUARTERMASTER (QM)

School Code No. 34

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; ARI 55; READ 50; CLER 50.

PHYSICAL: 20/20 uncorrected vision in each eye. Must satisfactorily pass the complete test of the Pseudo-Isochromatic Plates for Testing Color Perception, American Optical Co., 1940 Edition. Ability to withstand eye fatigue. Quick reactions.

PERSONAL: Good memory. Leadership. Personable. Minimum age 20.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school graduate desirable. High school mathematics valuable. Clerical experience helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Stands deck and bridge watches. Supervises enlisted personnel on the Deck in navigation (uses navigation instruments, interprets weather messages, reads charts and Pilots, determines ship's position, uses tide and current tables, applies correction to charts from "Notice to Mariners"). Must be qualified steersman. Takes bearing and soundings, plots courses, keeps deck log. Must know signaling, including whistle, bell and light signals. (On small ship, may perform all the duties of signalman.) Responsible for honors and ceremonies.

EQUIPMENT USED: Chart, sextant, navigator's rangefinder, magnetic compass, Pilots (Navigation Publications), course protractor, dividers, hand lead, sounding machine, fathometer, chronometer, gyro compass, pelorus, stadimeter, barometer, anemometer, azimuth, thermometer, blinker tube, semaphore flags, searchlight.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships but the smallest.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Boat pilot, deep sea fisherman or yachtsman, merchant mariner, weather observer, geodetic surveyor, marine engineer.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes navigation and navigational aids, piloting and logkeeping. Signaling. Sight recognition of flags and pennants.

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RADARMAN (RdM)

School Code No. 28

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; ARI 50; READ 50; CLER 50.

PERSONAL: Alertness. Calmness under stress. Patience. Minimum age 22. Clear speaking voice.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school graduate. Knowledge of First Aid desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Stands radar watch and remains alert through long periods of inactivity. Uses and regulates radar equipment. Handles dials, reads indicators. Plots and reads polar coordinates and converts to rectangular coordinates. Coordinates numerous data. Solves maneuvering board problems.

EQUIPMENT USED: Radio type equipment. Plotting boards, telephone head sets; speed scales; stopwatch.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Generator-switchboard operator, railroad towerman, sound mixer, controlman, studio-engineer.

TRAINING COURSE

Varies. Practice with radar dial panels. Interpretation of indicator readings. Maneuvering board problems, reporting, plotting.

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RADIOMAN (RM)

School Code No. 30

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; SPELL 50; CLER 50; RADIO* 55.

PHYSICAL: Hearing in each ear must be 15/15 by whispered voice. Ears free from disease. Manual dexterity.

PERSONAL: No older than 28, unless experienced in code reception.

MISCELLANEOUS: Hobby as "Ham Operator," if code work included. Knowledge of typing desirable. H.S. experience desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Sends and receives encrypted (codes and ciphers) and plain-language messages by radio. Receives messages in Morse code through earphones and records them by typewriter. Transmits with a telegraph key or microphone. May be required to make simple emergency repairs to receivers and transmitters. Must be familiar with the parts of Naval messages, including abbreviations and shortcuts (prosines, etc.); keeps a radio log. Stands watch in radio "shack".

EQUIPMENT USED: Radio telegraph, radio telephone, direction finder, typewriter. Radio repair tools, electrician's tools, testing meters.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships; radio stations ashore.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Radio operator, transmitter operator, wireless operator, telegraph operator.

TRAINING COURSE

19 weeks. Practice in sending and receiving Morse code, typing, and hand printing. Naval radio operating procedures. Practical instruction in use of radio instruments and radio-type equipment.

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RADIO TECHNICIAN (RT)

School Code No. 23

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: Must pass Radio Technician Test; GCT 60; ARI 55; MK ELEC 55.

PERSONAL: Manual dexterity. Interest in studying. Age 17 - 40.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school training desirable, preferably including algebra, trigonometry, physics, elementary electricity. Hobby as "Ham Operator" helpful. Mechanical hobbies dealing with small parts, such as model construction, helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Maintains and repairs radios, radar and sonar equipment. Must understand circuit diagrams, principles of various types of vacuum tubes, direct and alternating current, wave theory, etc. (Considerable theoretical knowledge is required).

EQUIPMENT USED: Long wave, intermediate wave, short wave, and ultra-high-frequency receivers, transmitters, direction finders, underwater sound, Radar, aircraft homing apparatus, control systems, loudspeakers, amplifiers, interior communications systems, echo-ranging equipment, telegraph outfits, storage batteries, motor generator sets, transmission lines. Electrical bench tools, electric meters and testing apparatus, hand tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All but the smallest ships. Shore bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Electrician, radio repairman or technician, communication engineer, radio parts assembler, sound equipment serviceman.

TRAINING COURSE

Pre-radio: 4 weeks. Course includes elementary mathematics, electricity and radio theory, and radio laboratory. Those who complete this course successfully go on to 12 weeks primary course, including electricity, alternating current, mathematics, mechanics, practical and theoretical study of radios. Those who successfully complete the primary course may qualify for a 24 week advanced course in radio maintenance, including radar and sound equipment.

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SEAMAN (S)

Code No. 01

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

None.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Keeps deck ship-shape. Acts as messenger, lookout, sideboy, telephone talker. Stands anchor watch, lifebuoy watch. Mans guns and handles ammunition. Mans boats. Must know organization of ship, including personnel and plan of ship. Ties knots used in seamanship, splices rope, handles ground tackle. Takes soundings. Performs specifically assigned duties at general quarters and emergency drills.

EQUIPMENT USED: Lines (ropes, wires), ground tackle, boats, lead lines ammunition, etc.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All types of ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Motor boat operator, rigger, marine oiler, diver's helper, merchant seaman, able seaman, ordinary seaman, mate.

TRAINING

May strike for rating aboard ship, usually in deck forces.

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SHIPFITTER (SF)

School Code No. 60

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; MAT 50; MK MECH 50.

PERSONAL: Interest in general repairs - "handy man".

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Makes repairs to hull and deck structures. Puts ship plates in place, rivets together sections of steel plates and hull framing. Scarfs and closes seams between overlapping steel plates. Cuts, chips, files, and caulks angles, seams, and rivets. Welds. Renews gaskets in watertight doors, parts, and hatches. Installs and repairs pump connections. Lays out, bends and shapes sheet metal and metal sections. Threads and fits pipes. Works closely with Metalsmith and Carpenter's Mate.

EQUIPMENT USED: Heavy steel plate, iron pipe and fittings, sheet metal, boiler sections. Various hand tools, flanging press pneumatic hammer, welding tools.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All types of ships except the smallest. Navy yards and bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Shipfitter, marine steam fitter, steel plate caulker, tanks tester, ship erector, flanging press operator, scarfing machine operator, pipefitter, scaler, blacksmith, welder, sheet-metal worker, riveter, bridge builder, structural steel worker, boilermaker.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Pipe-fitting; Welding; Machine Shop; Blacksmithing; Mechanical Drawing.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes mathematics, mechanical drawing, elementary electricity, ship's structure, etc.

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SHIP'S COOK (SC)

BAKER (Bkr)

School Code No. 50

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

PERSONAL: Cleanliness.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Cook: Plans menus. Prepares and cooks food for Navy personnel. Operates galley-ranges and other cooking apparatus. Cuts and prepares meat. Stores and inspects provisions. Keeps ice boxes, vegetable lockers, meat blocks, etc. in proper condition. Is responsible for sanitary precautions to be taken in stowage, preparation, and issuing food. May set up and operate field kitchen and camp ice box.

Baker: Prepares ingredients for bakery products, and bakes bread, cakes, pies, and other pastries. Tends and regulates ovens, and operates all other baking and ingredient-preparation apparatus. May set up and operate field ovens.

EQUIPMENT USED: Bakery ingredients, food stuffs. Mixing machine, frying vat, steamjacketed kettles, automatic flour scale, automatic water control, thermometer, humidity indicator, decorating bag, pusher, oven, peel, kitchen equipment.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships but the smallest; shore stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Cook: Cook, dietitian, steward, chef. Baker: Baker, cake decorator, oventender.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Food Trades; Dietetics; Cooking.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Cook: Includes study of foods and food values, operation of galley equipment. Preparation of all types of foods. Arithmetic, spelling, English.

Baker: Course similar to that of cooks, but includes baking of breads, cakes, pies, and pastries, instead of cooking.

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SIGNALMAN (SM)

School Code No. 33

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; CLER 50; RADIO 50; SPELL 50.

PHYSICAL: 20/20 uncorrected vision in each eye. Must satisfactorily pass the complete test of the Pseudo-Isochromatic Plates for Testing Color Perception, American Optical Co., 1940 Edition. Ability to withstand eye fatigue. Quick reactions.

PERSONAL: Good memory. Capacity for teamwork. Clear speaking voice.

MISCELLANEOUS: Clerical background desirable. Legible handwriting. Signal training in Boy Scouts helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Sends and receives messages by flaghoist, flashing light, and semaphore. Stands watch on signal bridge. Knows all flags used in flaghoist. Memorizes much material in connection with flaghoist (signal, calls, governing flags, etc.), as experience increases. Does "spotting" work, identifies vessels and aircraft. May take sun and star sights and assist Quartermaster, on smaller ships.

EQUIPMENT USED: Semaphore flags, searchlight, blinker tubes, flaghoists, navigational and recognition lights.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All types of ships except the smallest.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Merchant sailor, seaman, steamer hand, boat pilot, yachtsman, telegrapher, airport control operator.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes Naval organization afloat and ashore, communications procedures and instructions, study of signal equipment and practice in the various types of signaling.

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SONARMAN (SoM)

School Code No. 29

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: SONAR PITCH-MEMORY TEST 50; GCT 50; READ, ARITH, MAT 50 on any two.

PHYSICAL: Hearing in each ear must be 15/15 by whispered voice. Ears free from disease. Normal near-vision (preferably score of "J2" or better on Jaeger Near-Vision Test).

PERSONAL: Clear speaking voice; no speech impediments; patience; good motor coordination; ability to concentrate under conditions of distraction.

MISCELLANEOUS: Tonal discrimination very important. Experience in bands, glee clubs is significant; playing instruments by ear desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Stands watch in detection stations, ashore and afloat. Operates "echo range" equipment, which emits sound and receives echoes by means of electrical apparatus. Controls direction of sound impulse. Interprets quality and pitch of echo as received through loud speaker. Operates instrument panel (controls indicators). Coordinates numerous data. Operates listening devices (as distinct from "echo range"), which amplify underwater sounds from other vessels. Identifies type of vessel by sound characteristics and estimates its distance, bearing, and speed.

EQUIPMENT USED: Supersonic equipment (radio type).

TYPES OF BILLETS: Destroyer, Destroyer Escorts; Sub-chasers; Patrol Craft; Mine Sweepers; Submarines, etc.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Musician, radio broadcast technician, radio telephone operator, piano tuner.

TRAINING COURSE

5 weeks. Includes elementary physics of sound, training on interpretation of compass scales, practice watches, theory and use of sound equipment. Concentrated training in actual operation of underwater sound equipment ashore and afloat. Approximately 20% of graduates volunteering are selected for additional 10-week course in sonar material. Includes elementary arithmetic, electricity, radio, and sound, with emphasis on maintenance of supersonic equipment.

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Sp(A) SPECIALIST (A) - PHYSICAL AND DRILL INSTRUCTOR

School Code No. 79

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45.

PHYSICAL: Good physique. Military bearing.

PERSONAL: Age 21 to 42. Personable. Leadership.

MISCELLANEOUS: U.S.N. men not eligible. Must be high-school graduate. (May be waived if otherwise exceptionally well qualified). Must meet one of the following qualifications: (1) Professional athletic experience as physical training instructor or coach. (2) Professional athletic experience. (3) Experience on varsity team (high school or college) in one or more highly competitive sports (football, boxing, basketball, track, swimming, soccer, lacrosse, wrestling). Experience as military drill instructor helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Instructs men in the rules and playing of competitive sports. Directs men in health-building exercises. Supervises training and conditioning of men. Teaches personal hygiene. Assists with recreational program. Acts as drill instructor.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Shore stations. Larger ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Physical education teacher, umpire, referee, trainer, professional athlete.

RELATED COLLEGE COURSES: Physical education; Physiology.

TRAINING COURSE

6 weeks. Instruction in drilling, swimming, coaching, recruit training, First Aid, etc.

NOTE: In accordance with Recruit Rating Directive #4, men assigned to this school are no longer rated Sp(A)3c prior to transfer to school.

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Sp(C) SPECIALIST (C) - CLASSIFICATION INTERVIEWER

School Code No. 80

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 60; READ 50; CLER 55.

PERSONAL: Ability to meet people easily. Interest in people. Personable. Preferably over 25 years of age.

MISCELLANEOUS: Familiarity with industrial processes and with wide range of occupations helpful. Must be high school graduate. College training desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Interviews enlisted men of the Navy for the purpose of classifying them efficiently. Secures occupation history, educational background, interests, hobbies and other pertinent data, during interview. Interprets psychological test data. Advises recruits concerning duties of various rates. Is thoroughly familiar with requirements and curricula of elementary service schools and the corresponding jobs. Analyzes information obtained to determine occupational fitness and applies personnel techniques and selection procedures. Codes information received. Recommends assignments.

EQUIPMENT USED: Dictionary of Occupational Titles, Bureau of Naval Personnel Manual, U.S. Navy Occupational Conversion Tables, Manual of Procedures for Enlisted Personnel Selection and Classification Records, Enlisted Personnel Qualifications Card, Selection Office Punch Cards, Codes, Interviewer's Classification Guide, Oral Trade Questions, Navy Training Course manuals.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Naval Training Stations, receiving ships.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Personnel worker, psychologist, vocational counselor, employment manager, job analyst, industrial engineer.

RELATED COLLEGE COURSES: Personnel; Applied Psychology; Methods of Job Analysis; Counseling; Industrial Psychology; Industrial Engineering.

TRAINING COURSE

4 weeks. Includes study of personnel techniques, interviewing procedures, Navy rates and jobs. Occupational classification, training station procedures. Theory, administration and interpretation of tests. Applied psychology.

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SPECIALIST (M) (Sp(M) - MAIL CLERK

School Code No. 76

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45; READ 45; CLER 55.

PERSONAL: Interest in detailed work.

MISCELLANEOUS: USN men not eligible. Clear, legible handwriting. Clerical experience helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Operates Navy post office. Distributes incoming mail and dispatches outgoing mail. Transacts money order business, sells stamps, handles insured and registered mail. Determines classes of mail and correct postage rates. Redirects incorrectly addressed or undeliverable mail. Prepares requisitions for postal supplies. Is thoroughly familiar with Navy mail regulations, classified material, and security requirements for handling mail. In higher rates, takes charge of the larger Navy post offices, supervises those in lower rates.

EQUIPMENT USED: "The Navy Mail Service, Edition 1938"; "Postal Laws and Regulations"; "Postal Guide"; scales, stamps, envelopes, other post office supplies.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All naval shore establishments.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Postal clerk; mail sorter; mail weigher, general clerk, stenographer, typist, secretary.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Clerical Practice; Business Training.

TRAINING COURSE

11 weeks. 9 weeks practical and theoretical instruction in procedures mentioned under "Job Description", after which graduates will be assigned to the Fleet Post Office, New York, N.Y. or the Fleet Post Office, San Francisco, California, for 2 weeks training.

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Sp(S) SPECIALIST (S) - SHORE PATROL

School Code No. 66

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 45.

PHYSICAL: Excellent physical condition. Strength above average. Medium to tall, well proportioned.

PERSONAL: At least 25 years of age. Good personal appearance.

MISCELLANEOUS: USN men not eligible. Desirable experience: policeman, guard, watchman, or protective force involving contact with, and handling of, people; participation in athletics.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Inspects and patrols the post to which assigned, including all public places frequented by service personnel. Enforces out-of-bounds orders. Must be able to drive a patrol car and operate a two-way police radio. Makes arrests according to established procedures. Is able to use night stick, revolver, and restraining holds properly. Controls vehicular and pedestrian traffic. May act as beach guard. Has elementary knowledge of first aid. Knows Navy Regulations pertaining to his job. Knows jurisdiction and relations with civil police.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Shore stations and shore areas frequented by service personnel, including foreign territory.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Policeman, detective, watchman, guard.

TRAINING COURSE

6 weeks for whites, 8 weeks for negroes. Includes study of jurisdiction, parts of Navy Regulations, naval law, first aid, physical training, military drill, uniform recognition and regulations, military courtesies, police techniques.

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SPECIALIST (Y) - CONTROL TOWER OPERATOR SP(Y)

School Code No.32

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; ARI 45; CLER 50.

PHYSICAL: Visual acuity 20/20 corrected in each eye. Must meet physical requirements of Air Traffic Control Tower Operators as set forth in Civilian Air Regulations, Part 29 -- Physical Standards for Airmen.

PERSONAL: Age 18-30 preferred. 18-35 acceptable. Clear, well-modulated voice without speech defects or pronounced local accents. Voice must not be high pitched. Mature, stable personality. Alert, quick reactions. Ability to concentrate under difficult and noisy conditions.

MISCELLANEOUS: High school graduate. Experience or interest in aviation highly desirable. USN or Fleet Reserve men not eligible.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Clears planes (controls their take-off and landing) by means of radio and traffic light gun. Establishes radio contact with incoming planes and issues instructions for approach to the field, ordering pilots to fly specific courses. Obtains and issues information concerning weather at field. Receives flight plans. Checks plane clearances. Keeps records of arrival and departure of planes and time in flight. Accounts for all planes in vicinity. Records all messages.

EQUIPMENT USED: Radio telephone, microphone, traffic light gun, map charts, field glasses.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Naval Air Stations or air fields either within or outside the continental limits of U.S.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Airport-control operator; telephone operator; radio operator; telephone quotation clerk; teletype operator; telegraphers; central-office operator; telephone solicitor; radio announcer; demonstrator; sales person; teacher; actor; intercepter command worker.

TRAINING COURSE

6 weeks. Includes four weeks practice with mock-up tower, each student alternately acting as pilot of small dummy plane and control tower operator, two weeks of actual practice in tower, under supervision.

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STOREKEEPER (SK)

School Code No. 39

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; ARI 50; CLER 55.

PERSONAL: Ability to write legibly and neatly.

MISCELLANEOUS: Typing skill and ability to handle office machines desirable. High school training helpful. Bookkeeping, accounting, cashier, inventory experience helpful.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Receives, stores and issues equipment, supplies, material, or tools. Procures supplies, and checks incoming items against orders. Fills requisitions for stock. Takes inventories. Maintains records, including vouchers, invoices, stock cards, and requisition forms. Operates typewriter and office machines. May sell merchandise in Ship's Service Stores. Handles disbursing and fiscal accounting under supervision of Supply Officer.

EQUIPMENT USED: Record keeping equipment, ledgers, files, invoices, public vouchers, stock cards, requisitions, storage and stock room facilities, packaging and shipping facilities.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest. Shore stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Stock clerk, freight clerk, warehouse record clerk, accountant, storekeeper, purchasing agent, cashier, bookkeeper, shipping clerk, inventory clerk, hotel food checker.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Storekeeping; Stockkeeping, Bookkeeping.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes supply system organization ashore and afloat, typing, Naval organization, English, and spelling.

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SUBMARINE AUXILIARY SERVICE

(Operational) School Code No. 87*

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MISCELLANEOUS: Men interested in submarine warfare but not eligible for Submarine Service (School Code No. 36). Strikers for various rates, particularly artificers, MM, MoMM, M, Ml, TM and GM.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Submarine auxiliary service includes practically all rates (and strikers for these rates). Many of these rates are billeted at the submarine operating bases and perform services relating to the maintenance of the base itself. The auxililary service exists for maintenance, overhaul, and repair of submairnes; for refueling; for supply and maintenance of ammunition (torpedoes, etc.); and for submarine tending.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Submarine operating bases and submarine tenders (repair ships, rescue vessels, and smaller auxililary craft, such as minesweepers assigned to submarine auxiliary service).

POSSIBLE SOURCES

(All sources relating to general detail and to strikers for numerous rates.)

TRAINING COURSE

(In-service training in billets menitoned under "Types of Billets".)

*The purpose of a separate classification for Submarine Auxiliary Service is to distinguish this type of assignment clearly from Submarine Service (Shool Code No. 36). Men who qualify for the latter service should not be assigned to billets described here in. Therefore, a separate classification is established to prevent such misplacement. One reason for recommending recruits for Submarine Auxiliary Service is to give recruits interested in submarine service (who are not now qualified for duty aboard subs) an opportunity to learn about the service and possibly strike for that duty at a later date.

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SUBMARINE CHASER AND ESCORT TRAINING

(Operational) School Code No. 82

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

None.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: General deck or engineering force duty aboard DE (Destroyer Escort), PC (Patrol Craft), SC (Submarine Chaser), and other similar ships designed for anti-submarine warfare. Assists petty officers in anti-submarine activities such as operation of underwater sound apparatus and other sub-locating devices and all types of sub-destroying mechanisms. Also mans battle stations against surface and aircraft raiders. Range of duties is greater on smaller ships.

TYPES OF BILLETS: DE, PC, SC and other similar ships designed for anti-submarine warfare (convoy escort and sub-chasing duty.)

TRAINING COURSE

8 weeks (approximately). Centers around general attack and defense procedure against submarines - underwater sound equipment and other submarine locating devices, depth charges and other sub-destroying mechanisms. Action against surface raiders and aircraft, operating of various types of armament.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Men may strike for various rates, with particular opportunities for SoM, RM, SM, GM, MM, MoMM.

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SUBMARINE SERVICE (Sub)

School Code No. 36*

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; ARI 50; MAT 55 or MK MECH 55 or MK ELEC 55.

PHYSICAL: Eyesight 15/20. (20/20 for Seaman). Must pass BuMed physical examination.

PERSONAL: Emotional stability, capacity for teamwork, ability to get along with people. Personable in appearance. Preferably 25 years of age or younger.

MISCELLANEOUS: Volunteer. Mechanical background very desirable.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Performs duties of rate or grade on submarines. Must be familiar with submarine equipment and operation, especially as affecting own duties. Must also be familiar with organization, stations, and duties of other men on board. Can start and stop all machinery aboard submarines. Operates air and water manifolds, pumps and diving planes. Knows proper procedure in case of casualty or accident. Men in Seaman Branch required to steer and signal.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Submarines.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: See rates listed under training course, plus those for Quartermaster, Signalman and Seaman.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Auto Mechanics; Mechanics; Gas Engines; Plumbing; Pipe-fitting; Electricity; Heating and Ventilation; Air Conditioning; Plant Maintenance and Operation.

TRAINING COURSE

6 weeks of general submarine training. Includes details of construction and operation of the submarine, drainage, air ventilation, and salvage system. Use of escape buoy. TM, GM, MoMM, EM, RM, RT, and SoM and strikers for these rates receive approximately 6 weeks of additional training, including sound, Diesel, storage batteries.

* While Submarine Service is classified as an elementary school, men recommended for this assignment may be sent either to elementary school or directly to duty aboard submarines. In the latter instance, they are trained on the job. No differentiation is made in selection for these two types of assignment, since the qualifications are identical.

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TORPEDOMAN'S MATE (TM)

School Code No. 18

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 55; MK MECH 55; MK ELEC 55.

PHYSICAL: Physical strength average or above. Manual dexterity.

MISCELLANEOUS: Some high school experience desirable. Interest in fine machinery.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Operates torpedo tubes and related equipment. Sets, installs, and removes time fuses. Disassembles and assembles the tail, exercise, and war heads of torpedoes. Sets gyro, loads torpedo tubes, aims and fires torpedoes (when this is not done automatically). Tests torpedoes on trial runs. Maintains and repairs torpedoes, exploding and depth control mechanisms, directors, and air compressor systems. Performs brazing, soldering, and welding as required for torpedoes and tubes. Stows torpedoes, war heads, and auxiliary gear, and has charge of torpedo magazines. Keeps torpedo logs and record sheets. Stows, handles, and maintains depth charges. Tests, operates, and repairs hydraulic release gears and release tracks.

EQUIPMENT USED: Hand tools, welding machine, torpedo gauges. Torpedo tubes and torpedoes, war heads, exercise heads, "ready" torpedo tools, torpedo directors; Y, K, and I guns, depth charges, ammunition; pyrotechnics; exploder mechanisms; magazines, gyro control systems, torpedo testing stands, air and steam pressure gauges.

TYPES OF BILLETS: Smaller fighting ships; Naval bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Pneumatic system mechanic, bench machinist, gunsmith, locksmith, machine assembler, tool maker, watchmaker, office machine serviceman, machinery or appliance maintenance mechanic, automotive mechanic.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Instrument Repair; Watchmaking or Watch Repair.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes assembly, disassembly, and care of torpedoes. Maintenance of torpedo tubes. Use of depth charges, depth charge racks, Y and K guns.

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WATERTENDER (WT)

School Code No. 13

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: MAT 45; MK MECH 50.

PERSONAL: Leadership. Calmness under stress. At least 25 years of age.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Takes charge of Fireroom (boilerroom). Reads steam and water gauges. Maintains proper steam pressure in boilers by controlling feed valves of oil burners, safety valves, and blow-off cocks. Operates equipment such as feed pump ejectors, condensers, pumps, super-heaters, evaporators, and draft system. Maintains and performs minor repairs on boiler room equipment. Removes scale and sludge from interior of boiler, and cleans valves, tubes, and other equipment. Supervises firemen. Keeps Fireroom log.

EQUIPMENT USED: Boilers, oil burners, stokers, pressure vessels, pipes, valves, gauges, pumps, etc.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Stationary water tender, locomotive fireman, marine fireman, boilermaker, steam fitter.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Steam power; Pipe Fitting.

TRAINING COURSE

6 weeks. Study of fireroom equipment - boilers, piping systems, pumps, valves, etc. Welding.

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WELDER (Wel)

School Code No. 63

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: MAT 50; MK MECH 50; MK ELECT 50.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Performs welding and cutting operations involved in construction and repair of sheet metal and metal equipment including lockers, trays, cabinets, ventilators, ducts, piping, etc. Works with damage control parties. Repair and maintenance of welding equipment.

EQUIPMENT USED: Cutting and welding torches, arc welding machines.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All fighting ships except the smallest; repair ships and tenders; Navy yards and bases.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Metal worker, riveter, blacksmith, copper or tinsmith, heat treater, welder.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Metal trades; Foundry; Forging, Welding; Blacksmithing; Heat-treating.

TRAINING COURSE

10 weeks. Safety precautions, oxygen and acetylene handling, combustion, characteristics and use of various metals and alloys, use of flux, principles of the electric arc, alternating and direct current, polarity. Involves considerable practical work. Graduate as strikers for rating of Metalsmith or Shipfitter.

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YEOMAN (Y)

School Code No. 38

SELECTION QUALIFICATIONS

MINIMUM TEST SCORES: GCT 50; SPELL 55; CLER 55; ENGL 55.

PERSONAL: Capacity for detailed work.

MISCELLANEOUS: Touch typing (mandatory). High school graduate.

JOB DESCRIPTION

DUTIES: Performs typing, stenographic, and clerical duties. Types official correspondence, prepares standard reports and maintains records. Maintains filing system. Operates simple duplicating equipment (mimeograph, ditto, etc.) Furnishes information on elementary personnel matters such as gratuities, insurance, retirement, transfer, medical treatment for dependents, promotions, and transportation. Records court proceedings. Types ship's watch, quarter, and station bills. Shorthand required for Y1c.

EQUIPMENT USED: Typewriter, files, record-keeping systems.

TYPES OF BILLETS: All ships except the smallest; Shore stations.

POSSIBLE SOURCES

RELATED CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONS: Typist, stenographer, secretary, file clerk, office machine operator, mail clerk, general clerk, court reporter.

RELATED VOCATIONAL COURSES: Commercial subjects such as Business Training, Clerical Practice, Shorthand, Accounting, Bookkeeping.

TRAINING COURSE

16 weeks. Includes personnel regulations, Naval organization. English and spelling, Navy filing system, correspondence, and touch typing.