General Order No. 250

Navy Department,
Washington, June 8, 1880.

[Establishment of the Office of Judge Advocate General of the Navy]

The following act of Congress, approved June 8, 1880, establishing the Office of Judge Advocate General of the Navy, is published for the information of the naval service :

AN ACT to authorize the President to appoint an officer of the Navy or the Marine Corps to perform the duties of solicitor and judge-advocate-general, and so forth, and to fix the rank and pay of such an officer.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to appoint, for the term of four years, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from the officers of the Navy or the Marine Corps, a judge-advocate-general of the Navy, with the rank, pay, and allowances of a captain in the Navy or a colonel in the Marine Corps, as the case may be. And the office of the said judge-advocate-general shall be in the Navy Department, where he shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, receive, revise, and have recorded the proceedings of all courts-martial, courts of inquiry, and boards for the examination of officers for retirement and promotion in the naval service, and perform such other duties as have heretofore been performed by the solicitor and naval judge-advocate-general.

In accordance with the law above quoted, and with a view of defining more particularly the duties and functions of the Office of Judge Advocate General of the Navy, it is hereby ordered -

First. The Judge Advocate General shall receive, revise, report upon, and have recorded, the proceedings of all Courts-Martial, Courts of Inquiry, and Boards for the examination of officers for retirement and promotion in the naval service, and perform such other duties as have heretofore been performed by the Solicitor and Naval Judge Advocate General.

Second. The proceedings of all General and Summary Courts-Martial, Courts of Inquiry, and Boards for the examination of officers for promotion, after action thereon by the reviewing authority, will be forwarded direct to, and filed in, the Office of the Judge Advocate General.

The presiding officers of General Courts-Martial, Courts of Inquiry, and Boards for the examination of officers for retirement and promotion, convened by order of the Secretary of the Navy, will forward the proceedings of such Courts and Boards direct to the Judge Advocate General.

Third. All communications pertaining to questions of law arising before Courts-Martial, Courts of Inquiry, and Boards for the examination of officers for retirement and promotion, or to the proceedings thereof, which may require the action of the Department, will be addressed to the "Judge Advocate General of the Navy, Navy Department."

R.W. THOMPSON,
Secretary of the Navy.