Signals for the Use of the Navy of the Confederate States



Confederate States Signal Book cover.


SIGNALS

for the use of

THE NAVY

of the

CONFEDERATE STATES.

1861.




RICHMOND:
Enquirer Book and Job Press.
Tyler, Wise & Allegre.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 3.


Signals.

Nos.
4. ACT at your discretion.
5. ACTION prepare for.
6. Action commence.
7. Action close.
12. Action withdraw from.
21. Ahead go and look out for danger. Having the signal for danger bent to let it be known.
44. Anchor run in and.
75. ASSENT or yes.
82. ASSISTANCE in want of.
128. BOARD the enemy.
136. Boats cover, or protect.
138. Boats recall your.
129. Boats send one to commander-in-chief. If another ship, her pendant or number will be shown.
146. Boats send, to chase.
170. Boilers are damaged. The number will be shown by next signal, in numerals, if necessary.
171. Boilers are leaky.
172. BOOKS signal, send, on board the commander-in-chief. If on board, send for. (See no. 1056.)
183. BRIG the strange sail is.
184. BRING-TO on the starboard tack.
185. Bring-to on the port tack.
186. Bring-to to repair damages.
186. Bring-to the van and centre till the rear closes.
188. Bring-to the van till the centre closes.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 4.


4

195.
BUSINESS or enterprise, have you completed that, which you were directed to do.
211. Cast off the ship or ships that you are towing.
222. CEASE firing.
282. CHASE the strange sail at your discretion. If separated from the fleet, rejoin as soon as possible.
283. Chase to discontinue.
300. CHASED I have been.
308. Close to hailing distance.
320. COAL I am in want of.
329. COLORS show your.
353. Communications I have, for the commander-in-chief.
Communications make, by telegraph.
COMPASS SIGNALS.
357. North.
358. N. by E.
359. N.N.E.
360. N.E. by N.
361. N.E.
362. N.E. by E.
363. E.N.E.
364. E. by N.
365. East.
366. E. by S.
367. E.S.E.
368. S.E.by E.
369. S.E.
370. S.E. by S.
371. S.S.E.
372. S. by E.
373. South.
374. S. by W.
375. S.S.W.
376. S.W. by S.
377. S.W.
378. S.W. by W.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 5.


5

379. W.S.W.
380. W. by S.
381. West.
382. W. by N.
383. W.N.W.
384. N.W. by W.
385. N.W.
386. N.W. by N.
387. N.N.W.
388. N. by W.
389. By the wind on the starboard tack.
390. By the wind on the port tack.
391. Before the wind.
392. One point.
393. Two points.
394. Three points.
395. Four points.
396. Five points.
397. Six points.
398. Seven points.
399. Eight points.
400. Nine points.
Note.- Whenever it is intended to make quarter-point compass signals, it will be done by repeating the same signal, continuing to the right hand.
423. COURSE steer as will be shown by compass signal.
Note.- If rate of sailing or steaming per hour is necessary, it will be shown in knots by numerals.
424. Course steer the same, as the commander-in-chief.
Cover the boats. (See No. 136.)
434. COVERED that all the lights of the fleet are to be kept perfectly, during the night.
448. Damage is repaired.
DAMAGED by shot holes between wind and water.
(See No. 494.)


Confederate States Signal Book, page 6.


6

490. Disabled or Damaged is, the engine.
491. Disabled or Damaged is, the propeller.
492. Disabled or Damaged are, the paddle wheels.
494. Disabled or Damaged having a dangerous shot between
wind and water
502. Discovering the enemy. Compass signal will show
the direction, and the number of, afterwards
by numerals if necessary.
503. Discovering strange ships. Compass signal will show the
direction, and the number of, if necessary.
504. DISEMBARK your force.
534. EMBARK your forces.
541. ENEMY have you seen; direction, number, and
character, give.
542. Enemy how are they steering.
543. Enemy I have seen.
546. Enemy is at anchor.
550. Enemy is getting underway.
569. ENEMIES the strange ship or ships in sight are sus-
pected to be.
570. Enemies the strange ship or ships in sight are posi-
tively.
Engine is disabled. (See No. 490.)
579. Engine is in good order.
580. Engine is there anything wrong with your.
583. EXAMINE the strange ship or ships you are in chase
of, or that are passing through or near the
fleet. If suspicious, bring them to
the commander-in-chief; if not, obtain
what intelligence you can, and return to
your station as soon as possible.
609. Fire this ship is on.
613. FIRES keep up. If in a particular number of fur-
naces, it will be shown by numerals.
615. Fires keep banked in furnaces.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 7.


7

620. FLOATS unship. If unshipped, ship.
622. FOLLOW the motions of the commanding officer.
623. Follow do not, the motions of the commanding officer.
624. Follow your instructions.
665. Go ahead.
666. Go ahead slow.
667. Go ahead faster.
668. Go ahead at full power.
675. Guns are or have been heard in the direction to
be shown by compass signal, if necessary.
HARBOR . . . . . run into, and anchor. (See No. 44.)
HEAVE to. (See Nos. from 184 to 188.)
710. INFERIOR are the enemies' ships, to the whole fleet.
746. KEEP all fast.
747. Keep underway.
Keep within signal distance.
761. Land I see.
773. LIGHTS carry one, during the night.
778. LOOK into the harbor and reconnoitre.
792. MAKE the best of your way into your intended port,
or in the execution of your orders.
797. MERCHANTMEN, are the vessels in sight.
814. NEGATIVE NO, NONE, or NOTHING.
PADDLEWHEELS are disabled. (See No. 492.)
845. PART company.
846. Part company, you may not.
864. PILOT boat or boats in sight.
866. Pilot I am in want of one.
874. POSSESSION take, of the chase or enemy.
877. PREPARE for battle.
879. Prepare to board.
892. PRIZE abandon.
896. Prize destroy.
902. Prize take in tow.
903 PROCEED on the service assigned to you.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 8.


8
938. RECONNOITRE the enemy, and make known to the com-
ander-in-chief his force, number, &c.,
as soon as possible
988. REPEAT signals.
1019. Sail to make.
1024. Sail to make, or carry all possible, consistent
with safety.
1029. Sail and steam together, keep under.
1034. SAILS to furl.
1051. Ship is the strange sail in sight.
1057. Signal distance, keep within.
1061. SINKING this ship is.
1063. SLIP and make sail.
1065. SLOOP-OF-WAR is the strange vessel.
1067. Smoke I see, that of a steamer. Direction will next be
shown by compass signal, if necessary.
1101. Steam I am unable to use.
1105. Steam keep under, only.
1106. STEAMER is, the vessel in sight.
1124. Strange sail, do not suffer to approach.
1125. Strange vessel is a friend.
1136. SUPERIOR are the enemy's ships, to the whole fleet.
1147. TACK ship.
1148. Tack or wear at discretion.
1164. TACKED that the strange or enemy's ship or ships have, and
are steering as will next be shown by compass signal.
1191. TOW this ship, or the ship whose pendant or number
will be shown next.
1192. Tow prepare to be taken in. If by a particular
vessel, her pendant or number
will next be shown. When ready to be taken in tow,
the "preparatory" pendant to be hoisted at the fore.
1198. TOWLINE additional one, send, to the vessel you
are towing.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 9.


9

1218. UNDERWAY to get.
1230. Underway that the strange or enemy's fleet, ship,
or ships, are.
1231. UNEQUAL that I am, to the contest.
1243. Want that I am in, of a medical officer.

___________________

FOG SIGNALS.

No. Number of Guns Interval in No. of guns or
or Whistles. minutes. whistles.
1 [2] [3] [1] ACT at your
discretion.
3 [2] [3] [3] ANCHOR.


Confederate States Signal Book, page 10. Shows 21 flags in color: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, cornet, guard, 1st. rep., 2nd. rep., 3rd rep., answer, prep., int., numeral, meal and church.



Confederate States Signal Book, page 11.


The guard signal hoisted over the following numbers is to indicate that those numbers are there employed as distinguishing pennants.

The private signal of the squadron is the answering pennant over the ensign at the mast head.


No. 4 - Act at discretion
5-Action prepare for
6- " commence
7- " close
12- Withdraw from
13- Act as already ordered-
15 - Action continues
21 - Ahead go and look out for danger - having the signal for danger bent, to let it be known



Confederate States Signal Book, page 12.


ADDITIONAL SIGNALS

Nos.

22 Act as the Commander-in chief
23 Act as already ordered
24 Action _________ continue
25 Anchor ______ I am in want of
26 Anchor & Keep up steam
27 Anchor ________ weigh
28 Anchor _______ let go
29 Assistance send to this vessel or the one whose pennant or number shall be shown
44 - Anchor, run in and
45 - " I am in want of
49 - Anchor, and keep up steam
77 Ammunition I am in want of
78 Ammunition I have none
54 - Anchor with spring on cable



Confederate States Signal Book, page 13.


133 Barque the strange sail is
55 - Anchor
56 - Anchor
57 -Anchor on starboard beam of immediate Senior
58 - " " port " " " "
59 - " " Starboard. Quar. " " " "
60 - " " port " " " "
330 Comd'ng Officers come on board
331 Cover this ship or the ship whose pennant or number
" " " " " is shown.
332 Come within hail.
544 Engage the nearest of the enemys [sic] ships
545 Engage the largest of the enemy
" ships
547 Engage the smallest of the enemys
" ships
548 Engage the enemy at long range
549. Engage the enemy at short range
561 Entice the enemy under our guns
61 - Anchor ahead of immediate Senior
62 = " astern do do do
75 - Assent or Yes
77 - Ammunition -- I am in want of
82 - Assistance in want of



Confederate States Signal Book, page 14.


83-- Assistance give to vessel in distress
84 - send to vessel whose no. will be shown
128 - Board the Enemy
129 - Boat send to Comdg-in-Cheif [sic] of another
ship her no will be shown
610 Fuel I am in want of
611 Frigate the strange sail is.
612 Form the line of battle on the starboard tack.
614 Form the line of battle on the port tack.
616 Form the first order of steaming.
626 Form the 2nd order of steaming.
627 Form the 3rd order of steaming
628 Form in the order already agreed to
629 Fires start.
630 Fires put out.

136 Boats cover or protect.
680 Hulled this ship is.
137 Boats
138 Boats recall
146 Boats send to chase
170 Boilers are damaged
171 " " leakey [sic]



Confederate States Signal Book, page 15.


767 Launches the strange boats are
171 Books, signal, send on board the Comd. in Cheif [sic] if on board
send for (See No. 1056)
175. Board the enemy
762 Leaking this vessel is faster than
the pumps can clear her.
182. Barque the strange sail is
183 Brig " " " " 
880 Prepare to anchor.
184 - Bring to on the Starboard tack
185 - " " " " Port "
186 - " " " to repair damages
187 - " " the van and centre till the rear closes
188 Bring to the van till the centre closes
195 - Business or Enterprise- have you completed that you have been directed to do
211 Cast off the ships or ship you are towing
222 Cease firing.
282 Chase the strange sail at your discretion. If separated from the fleet - rejoin it as
soon as possible
283 - Chase discontinue
300 - Chased I have been



Confederate States Signal Book, page 16.


320 - Coal I am in want of




329 - Colours, show your
330 - Comd-Offs. or Comdg. Off. whose no. is shown come on board
331 Come within hail

438 Danger





990 - Return to your position
1018. - Safety seek your own



Confederate States Signal Book, page 17.


880 - Prepare to anchor
680 Hulled this ship is





Confederate States Signal Book, page 18.


Signals.

450. - Detention what causes.
438. - Danger.
581. - Exercise the guns.
990. - Return to your position.
1236. - Understand I do not, the signal.
890. - Prepare to sail.
1018. - Safety seek your own.
1059. Shore run your vessel on.



Confederate States Signal Book, Flyleaf.


13 - Act as already ordered.
15 - Action continue.
17
22 - Act as the Comdr. in chief.
24 - Action continue
27 - Anchor weigh.
28 - Anchor let go.
29 - Assistance send to this vessel, or the one whose pennant or number shall be next shown.
45 - Anchor I am in want of ,
49 - Anchor and keep at steam.
54 - Anchor with a spring on cable.
57 - Anchor on Starboard beam of immediate Senior.
58 - Anchor on Port beam of immediate Senior.
x17 - Ammunition I am in want of.
133 - Barque the strange sail is.
175 - Board the enemy.
183 - Barque the strange sail is.
330 - Comdg. Officer come on board.
332 - Cover this ship, or the vessel whose pennat [sic] on number is shown.
331 - Come within hail.
438 - Danger.
544 - Engage the nearest Enemy.
548 - Engage the Enemy at long range.
580 - Exercise small arms.
581 - Exercise the gun.
610 - Fuel I am in want.
629 - Fires start.