Return to Riverine Image of an anchorReturn to Navy Department LibraryImage of an anchorNaval Historical Center home page
Flag banner

Navy Department Library - Logo
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

Riverine Warfare in Vietnam (1946-1973): A Select Bibliography

Books


Albright, John, John A. Cash and Allan W. Sandstrum. Seven Firefights in Vietnam. Washington, DC: Office of the Chief of Military History, US Army, 1970. [See Chapter 4, “Fight Along the Rach Ba Rai, 15 September 1967,” pp. 66-84.].

Bartholomew, C. A. Mud, Muscle, and Miracles: Marine Salvage in the United States Navy. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center/Naval Sea Systems Command, 1990. [See “Harbor Clearance Unit One,” pp. 262-280.].

Block, Mickey and William Kimball. Before the Dawn. Canton, OH: Daring Books. Paperback reprint, New York: Pocket Books, 1989. [Author was assigned to Special Boat Unit 524, a river patrol boat (PBR) unit based at Sa Dec during 1968-1969.].

Blue Book of Coastal Vessels, Thailand. Columbus, OH: Remote Area Conflict Information Center, Battelle Memorial Institute, 1967. [See the bilingual “Detection Clues for Stop-and-Search Operation,” pp. 71-83. The Navy Department Library’s copy of this publication is non-circulating.].

Blue Book of Coastal Vessels, South Vietnam. Columbus, OH: Remote Area Conflict Information Center, Battelle Memorial Institute, 1967. [See the bilingual “Detection Clues for Stop and Search Operation,” pp. 79-93, and “Registration/Identification of Vessels and Crew,” pp. 95-111. The Navy Department Library’s copy of this publication is non-circulating.].

Bonds, Ray, ed. The Vietnam War: The Illustrated History of the Conflict in Southeast Asia. New York: Crown Publishers, 1979.

Bosiljevac, T. L. SEALs: UDT/SEAL Operations in Vietnam. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press, 1990.

Bowman, John S., ed. The Vietnam War, An Almanac. New York: World Almanac Publications, 1985.

Brinkley, Douglas. Tour of Duty: John Kerry and the Vietnam War. New York: William Morrow, 2004.
de Brossard, Maurice Raymond. Dinassaut. Paris: Editions France Empire, 1952. [The Navy Department Library has a rare 181-page-long translation of the French volume, prepared for the Office of Naval Intelligence which was apparently seeking lessons learned from the First Indochina War. The book, written by a French naval officer (Capitaine de Corvette) describes French riverine operations in the Tonkin (Red River) Delta in northern Vietnam, starting in July 1950. This is a rare non-circulating item.].

Bryant, Jimmy R. Man of the River: Memoir of a Brown Water Sailor in Vietnam, 1968-1969. Fredericksburg, VA: Sergeant Kirkland's Press, 1998. [The author served with river patrol boats (PBR) of River Division 591, Task Force 116.].

Casey, Michael, Clark Dougan, Samuel Lipsman, Jack Sweetman, and Stephen Weiss. Flags Into Battle. The Vietnam Experience. Boston: Boston Publishing, 1987.

Chief of Information. The Navy in Vietnam. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1968.

Clark, Paul W. Riverine Operations in the Delta. Project CHECO Report 67. [San Francisco?]: US Air Force, 1968.

Coletta, Paolo E., ed. United States Navy and Marine Corps Bases, Overseas. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Coney, Michael Charles. The Communist Insurgent Infrastructure in South Vietnam: A Study of Organization and Strategy. Washington, DC: Headquarters, Dept. of the Army, 1967. [Although not easy reading, this is an excellent source for understanding the nature of the enemy forces which confronted US and Republic of [South] Vietnam riverine forces.].

Croizat, Victor. The Brown Water Navy: The River and Coastal War in Indo-China and Vietnam, 1948-1972. Poole, UK: Blandford Press, 1984.

Crowe, Jr., William J. with David Chanoff. The Line of Fire: From Washington to the Gulf, the Politics and Battles of the New Military. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. [See pp. 75-85 for his experiences as an advisor to Republic of [South] Vietnam riverine forces in the Mekong Delta.].

Cullen, Leslie Julian. "Brown Water Admiral: Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr. and United States Naval Forces, Vietnam, 1968-1970." Ph.D. diss., Texas Tech University, 1998.

Cutler, Thomas J. Brown Water, Black Berets: Coastal and Riverine Warfare in Vietnam. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1988.

Daniels, Victory and Judith C. Erdheim. Game Warden. Arlington, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 1976. [This document is available online as part of Texas Tech University’s Virtual Vietnam Archive. It is posted in three PDF files: Front matter and main text, Appendices A-E, and Appendices F-I.].

Doyle, Edward and Samuel Lipsman. America Takes Over, 1965- 1967. The Vietnam Experience. Boston: Boston Publishing, 1982.

Dunnavent, R. Blake. Brown Water Warfare: The U.S. Navy in Riverine Warfare and the Emergence of a Tactical Doctrine, 1775-1970. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003.

Edelman, Bernard, ed. Dear America: Letters Home From Vietnam. 1985. Reprint, New York: W. W. Norton, 2002.

Fall, Bernard B. Street Without Joy. 4th ed. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Company, 1965. [Includes French operations with riverine components including the Battle for the Day River (May-June 1951) and Operation Lorraine (Oct.-Nov. 1952).].

Faulk, Joseph Roy. “Riverine Operations in Vietnam.” Interviewed July 21, 2001, and August 11, 2001. Oral History Program, Naval Historical Foundation, 2002.

Forbes, John and Robert Williams. Riverine Force. No. 8, Illustrated History of the Vietnam War. New York: Bantam, 1987.

Friedman, Norman. U.S. Small Combatants: Including PT-Boats, Subchasers, and the Brown-Water Navy: An Illustrated Design History. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1987. [Includes several chapters dealing with small craft in the Vietnam War and provides line drawings of top and side views of the vessels].

Fulton, William B. Riverine Operations, 1966-1969. Vietnam Studies. Washington, DC: Department of the Army/US Government Printing Office, 1973.

Goldsmith, Wynn. Papa Bravo Romeo: U.S. Navy Patrol Boats at War in Vietnam. New York: Ballantine, 2001. [Author was assigned to River Section 534 in 1967, and operated in the vicinity of the Mekong Delta Province of Kien Hoa.].

Green Book of Coastal Vessels, Thailand. Columbus, OH: Remote Area Conflict Information Center, Battelle Memorial Institute, 1967. [See the bilingual section “Detection Clues,” pp. 10-22, which provides advice on searching vessels and locating contraband cargo. The Navy Department Library’s copy of this publication is non-circulating].

Green Book of Coastal Vessels, Vietnam. Columbus, OH: Remote Area Conflict Information Center, Battelle Memorial Institute, 1967. [See the bilingual section titled “Detection Clues and Contraband,” pp. 8-19, which provides advice on searching vessels and locating contraband cargo. The Navy Department Library’s copy of this publication is non-circulating].

Gregory, Barry. Vietnam Coastal and Riverine Forces Handbook. Northamptonshire, UK: Patrick Stephens/New York: Sterling, 1988.

Hagan, Kenneth J. This People's Navy: The Making of American Sea Power. New York: Free Press, 1991.

Handbook for U.S. Forces in Vietnam. Washington, DC: Department of Defense, 1966. [Includes lots of useful information including photos and data on riverine craft on pp. 123-127. Remarks on small boat operations are on pp. 119-124. A small diagram of a guerrilla base with an underwater entrance is on page 25. Viet Cong river bank positions are illustrated on pp. 22-23.].

Hanks, Dorrell T. Riverine Operations in the Delta: May 1968-June 1969. Project CHECO Report 121. [San Francisco?]: US Air Force, 1969.

Hay, John H., Jr. Vietnam Studies: Tactical and Material Innovations. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1974. [See Chapter 6, "Coronado X (January-February 1968),” pp. 66-77.].

Henderson, William Darryl. Why the Vietcong Fought: A Study of Motivation and Control in a Modern Army in Combat. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979. [Extremely useful source for understanding the enemy faced by US and Republic of [South] Vietnam riverine forces.].

Hooper, Edwin B. United States Naval Power in a Changing World. New York: Praeger, 1988.

Hooper, Edwin B., Dean C. Allard, and Oscar P. Fitzgerald. The Setting of the Stage to 1959. Vol. 1, The United States Navy and the Vietnam Conflict. Washington, DC: Naval History Division/US Government Printing Office, 1976.

Huchthausen, Peter A. and Nguyen Thi Lung. Echoes of the Mekong. Baltimore, MD: Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1996.

Hunt, Richard A. Pacification: The American Struggle for Vietnam's Hearts and Minds. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995. [See page 188 for remarks on the US riverine force.].

Johnson, Harold E. Small Arms Identification and Operation Guide – Eurasian Communist Countries. 2d ed. US Army Foreign Science and Technology Center, 1970. [Provides information on weapons used by the People’s Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF), popularly known as Viet Cong (VC); and the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN), popularly known as the NVA or North Vietnamese Army. The copy of this book in the Navy Department Library is non-circulating.].

Johnson, J.R. “A CINCPAC Glossary of Commonly Used Abbreviations and Short Titles.” Camp H. M. Smith, Hawaii: 1968.

Johnson, Raymond W. Postmark: Mekong Delta. Westwood, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1968.

Jones, David Lane. "United States Riverine Warfare in Vietnam: A Critical Analysis of Strategy." Ph.D. diss., Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University), 1999.

Kelly, Daniel E. Seawolves: First Choice. New York: Ivy, 1998. [Kelly served as a gunner on a UH-1B helicopter in squadron HAL-3, nicknamed the "Seawolves."].

____. U.S. Navy Seawolves: The Elite HAL-3 Helicopter Squadron in Vietnam. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002.

Kiem Do and Julie Kane. Counterpart: A South Vietnamese Naval Officer's War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998. [Chapter 13 describes Kiem's appointment as deputy fleet commander, with responsibilities for staffing, maintenance, and arming of the 65 seagoing ships of the Republic of [South] Vietnam's Navy. The ships were assigned to coastal and riverine zone commanders. Chapters 14 and 15 describe his assignment as the district commander of the IV Coastal Zone (Mekong Delta) with coastal and riverine responsibilities. Chapter 16 opens with his assignment as the chief of staff of the Vietnamese Mobile Riverine Force in 1972.].

Knott, Richard. Fire from the Sky: Seawolf Gunships in the Mekong Delta. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2005. [The story of US Navy helicopter squadron HAL-3, which operated in support of the US Navy in the Mekong Delta region].

Kobee, E. F., S. Erickson, L. Lange, L. Sockard, and B. Vajakos. Small Craft Counterinsurgency Blockade. White Oak, MD: Naval Ordnance Laboratory, 1972.

Kranish, Michael, Brian C. Mooney, and Nina J. Easton. John F. Kerry: The Complete Biography by the “Boston Globe” Reporters Who Know Him Best. New York: Public Affairs, 2004. [Includes two chapters on Kerry's service in the Mekong Delta.].

Kreh, William R. Citizen Sailors: The U.S. Naval Reserve in War and Peace. New York: David McKay, 1969.

Krisel, Lionel. A Review of U.S. Navy Experience in Establishment and Conduct of South Vietnam Inshore Coastal Patrol: Operation Market Time. Los Angeles: Westwood Research, 1969. [This study was prepared for the Naval Research Laboratory. The Navy Department Library’s copy of this study is a non-circulating item. Although Market Time patrol vessels were assigned to coastal patrol, they sometimes operated in the mouths of rivers.].

Lam Quang Thi. The Twenty-Five Year Century: A South Vietnamese General Remembers the Indochina War to the Fall of Saigon. Denton, TX: University of North Texas Press, 2001. [See Chapter 8 in which the author was assigned as commander of the Army of the Republic of [South] Vietnam's 9th Infantry Division in 1965. Mekong Delta operations involving riverine elements are described in this and the two subsequent chapters.].

Lavell, Kitt. Flying Black Ponies: The Navy’s Close Air Support Squadron in Vietnam. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2000. [An extremely well-researched account of US Navy Light Attack Squadron Four (VAL-4), which flew OV-10 “Broncos” over the Mekong Delta during the years 1969-1972.].

Lawson, Robert L., ed. The History of US Naval Air Power. New York: Military Press, 1985.

Marolda, Edward J. By Sea, Air, and Land: An Illustrated History of the U.S. Navy and the War in Southeast Asia. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 1992. [Online edition without all of the images of the hardcopy edition.].

Marolda, Edward J. and G. Wesley Pryce III. A Short History of the United States Navy and the Southeast Asian Conflict, 1950-1975. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 1984.

Marolda, Edward J. and Oscar P. Fitzgerald. From Military Assistance to Combat, 1959-1965. Vol. 2, The United States Navy and the Vietnam Conflict. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 1986.

Mauclere, Jean. Marins Dans Les Arroyos [Sailors on the Canals]. Paris: J. Peyronnet et Cie, 1950. [The Navy Department Library has a rare 138-page-long translation of this French memoir, prepared for the Office of Naval Intelligence which was apparently seeking lessons learned from the First Indochina War. Although the book opens with the French naval reoccupation of Tonkin in northern Vietnam in 1946, and operations on the Red River, the focus rapidly shifts to Hue in central Vietnam (Annam), and then on to the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam (Cochin China) for riverine operations, including convoy escort, resupply of isolated garrisons, etc., in the Ca Mau Peninsula, in the vicinity of the Plain of Reeds, etc. during 1947. This is a rare, non-circulating item.].

McQuilkin, William C. "Operation SEALORDS: A Front in a Frontless War, an Analysis of the Brown-Water Navy in Vietnam." Master's thesis, US Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1997. [The text of this 96-page thesis is available online in PDF format.]

Mesko, Jim. Riverine: A Pictorial History of the Brown Water War in Vietnam. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal, 1985.

Mintz, J. Game Warden. Mobile Riverine Force and Revolutionary Development Operations in the Delta. Arlington, VA: The Center, 1968.

Moeser, Robert D. U.S. Navy: Vietnam. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1969.

Moore, Withers M., Herbert L. Bergsma, and Timothy J. Demy. Chaplains With U.S. Naval Units in Vietnam, 1954-1975. Washington, DC: History Branch, Office of the Chief of Chaplains, 1985.

Mordal, Jacques. Marine Indochine [The Navy in Indochina]. Paris: Le Livre Contemporaine - Amiot-Dumont, 1953. [The Navy Department Library has a rare 318-page-long translation of this French volume, prepared in 1967 for the Office of Naval Intelligence which was apparently seeking lessons learned from the First Indochina War. This volume surveys French naval operations in French Indochina, including Vietnam, from 1940 to 1953. This is a rare, non-circulating item.].

Myer, Charles R. Division-Level Communications, 1962-1973. Vietnam Studies. Washington, DC: Department of the Army/US Government Printing
Office, 1982.

Pike, Douglas. Viet Cong: The Organization and Techniques of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1966. [A classic and useful reference for understanding the enemy faced by US and Republic of [South] Vietnam riverine forces. Readers may find Chapter 14, "Binh Van: The Proselyting Program," pp. 253-268, to be particularly illuminating, although the entire volume deserves study.].

River Patrol Force TF-116. 2d ed. Paducah, KY: Turner, 2000.

Roberts, Michael L. United States Navy Patches: Command & Support/Amphibious Forces/SEAL Team/Fleets/Flotillas/Groups. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military/Aviation History, 1996. [Includes patches of some units participating in riverine warfare in Vietnam.].

Rozier, William B. To Battle a Dragon. New York: Vantage Press, 1971.

Sansom, Robert L. The Economics of Insurgency in the Mekong Delta. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1970. [Although this volume does not deal with riverine warfare, it is extremely useful for understanding the context of the conflict in the Mekong Delta.].

Schreadley, Richard L. From the Rivers to the Sea: The United States Navy in Vietnam. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1992.

Sheppard, Don. Riverine: A Brown-Water Sailor in the Delta, 1967. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1992.

Stanton, Shelby L. Green Berets at War: U.S. Army Special Forces in Southeast Asia, 1956-1975. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1985.

A Study of Strategic Lessons Learned in Vietnam, Volume I, The Enemy. McLean, VA: BDM Corp., 1979. [This volume is a useful survey of the communist Vietnamese during the war. Chapter 5, "Bases, Sanctuaries, and LOC," pp. 5-1 to 5-8, is of particular interest because it described the overall communist logistical efforts, including those the US and Republic of [South] Vietnam riverine forces sought to interdict. A map of numbered communist base areas including those in the Mekong Delta is provided on page 5-36.].

A Study of Strategic Lessons Learned in Vietnam, Volume II, South Vietnam. McLean, VA: BDM Corp., 1979. [See Chapter 5 for a survey of the [South] Vietnamese Armed Forces, which includes a brief description of the Vietnamese Navy on pp. 5-13 and 5-14.].

A Study of Strategic Lessons Learned in Vietnam, Volume VI, Conduct of the War, Book 1, Operational Analyses. McLean, VA: BDM Corp., 1980. [See “Blue and Brown Waters,” pp. 7-1 to 7-72 for a survey of French, Vietnamese, and US experiences in Indochina.].

Summers, Harry G., Jr. Vietnam War Almanac. New York: Facts on File, 1985.

Tidman, Keith R. The Operations Evaluation Group: A History of Naval Operations Analysis. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1984.

A Translation from the French: Lessons of the War in Indochina. Vol. 2. Translated by V.J. Croizat. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corp., 1967. [See Section 14, “River and Coastal Actions,” pp. 173-189; Section 28, “The River Forces,” pp. 348-358; and “Water Transport Units,” p. 321. Security on waterways is discussed on page 325.].

Uhlig, Frank, Jr., ed. Vietnam: The Naval Story. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1986.

US Army. Riverine Warfare. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1971. [Field Manual, FM 31-75.].

US Military Assistance Command, Vietnam. River Assault Group Operations. 1965. Photocopy, Alexandria, VA: Defense Technical Information Center [DTIC], 1967.

US Naval History Division. Riverine Warfare, The U.S. Navy's Operations on Inland Waters. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1969.

US Naval History Division. Riverine Warfare: Vietnam. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1972.

US Navy. Doctrine for Navy/Marine Corps Joint Riverine Operations. Washington, DC: US Navy, 1972. [The Navy Department Library’s copy of this manual is non-circulating. It includes Change 1, March 1974 and Change 2, December 1975].

US Navy. Doctrine for Riverine Operations. Washington, DC: US Navy, 1968. [The Navy Department Library’s copy of this manual is non-circulating.].

US Navy. Bureau of Ships. Boats of the United States Navy. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1968. [Includes top and side views of small craft used in riverine warfare including the Armored Troop Carrier (ATC), Command and Communications Boat (CCB), Armored Troop Carrier Refueler, Monitor, River Patrol Boat, River Patrol Boat (Mark II), and River Patrol Craft (RPC), etc. The Navy Department Library's copy of this volume is non-circulating].

Victory in Vietnam: The Official History of the People's Army of Vietnam, 1954-1975. Translated by Merle L. Pribbenow. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2002. [This volume is essential for understanding Vietnamese communist perspectives on the war, including operations in the Mekong Delta.].

Viet Cong Boobytraps, Mines and Mine Warfare Techniques. Washington, DC: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1967. [See "Water Mines," pp. 17-18, for two examples of locally fabricated, yet effective mines, detonated by electricity. "The Viet Cong seek to place water mines where vessels must slow down, bunch up, or stop."].

Wages, Clarence J. "Riverine Operations, Rung Sat, Republic of Vietnam, 1969-1970." Interviewed 16 and 30 December 2001. Oral History Program, Naval Historical Foundation, 2002. [During 1969-1970 Wages served both as an adviser in the Rung Sat Special Zone and as commander of a River Patrol Group. The interview is available in PDF format at Texas Tech University’s Virtual Vietnam Archive. It consists of two parts: front matter and pp. 1-30, and pp. 31-49.].

Weapons and Equipment Recognition Guide: Southeast Asia. Washington, DC: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1966. [A photo, brief description, and characteristics are provided for each weapon. For example, a Soviet 82-mm Mortar M1937 (1942-43 Version)(Chinese Communist 82-mm Mortar Type 53) has the following characteristics: Caliber, 82 mm; length of tube, 4 feet; weight, firing position, 123 pounds; muzzle velocity, 210 m/s; maximum range, 3,040 meters; rate of fire, 25 rounds per minute; and ammunition type, high explosive and smoke.].

Wiarda, Jonathan S. Coastal Patrol in Vietnam: The US Navy at Its Best. Washington, DC: Naval Historical Center, 1994.

Young, Darryl. The Element of Surprise: Navy SEALs in Vietnam. New York: Ivy Books, 1990.

Zumwalt, Elmo, Jr. On Watch: A Memoir. New York: Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co., 1976.

Zumwalt, Elmo, Jr., Elmo Zumwalt III, and John Pekkanen. My Father, My Son. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1986.



Articles

Abel, Christopher A. "Forgotten Lessons of Riverine Warfare." US Naval Institute Proceedings 108, no. 1 (January 1982): 64-68.

Ashworth, George W. "South Vietnamese Navy Wins Its Spurs in Cambodia." Navy 13, no. 7-8 (July-August 1970): 33-37.

Baker, John W., and Lee C. Dickson. "Army Forces in Riverine Operations" Military Review 47, no. 8 (August 1967): 64-74.

Baldwin, Hanson W. "'Spitkits' in Tropic Seas." Shipmate 29, no. 7 (August-September 1966): 8-12.

Batten, Loring. "A Navy and National Need: Greater River Warfare Capability." Navy 9, no. 2 (February 1966): 8-14.

Beebe, Robert P. "Operations in Restricted Waters." US Naval Institute Proceedings 88, no. 6 (June 1962): 22-33.

Carrison, Daniel J. "Riverine Warfare: A Forgotten Capability Redeveloped." Data 13 (December 1968): 29-31.

Chapelle, Dickey. "Water War in Viet Nam." National Geographic 129 (February 1966): 272-296.

Colwell, John B. "Naval Action - Vietnam." Ordnance 51 (November- December 1966): 262-264.

Cowan, William V. "Killer Forrest." Marine Corps Gazette 54, no. 8 (August 1970): 31-34.

Cracknell, William H., Jr. "The Role of the U.S. Navy in Inshore Waters." Naval War College Review 21, no. 3 (November 1968): 65-91.

Croizat, Victor J. "Naval Forces in River War." US Naval Institute Proceedings 92, no. 10 (October 1966): 52-61.

_____. "Vietnamese Naval Forces: Origin of the Species." US Naval Institute Proceedings 99, no. 2 (February1973): 48-58.

Cutler, Thomas J. "God Be Here." US Naval Institute Proceedings 114, no. 4 (April 1988): 80-83. [Cutler served as an advisor to South Vietnamese naval forces from January to December 1972. The article is an excerpt from his book Brown Water, Black Berets: Coastal and Riverine Warfare in Vietnam. See full citation above.].

Dagle, Dan. "The Mobile Riverine Force, Vietnam." US Naval Institute Proceedings 95, no. 1 (January 1969): 126-128.

Dutcher, William E. "Naval and Maritime Events, January 1970-June 1971." Naval Review Issue, US Naval Institute Proceedings 97, no. 5 (May 1971): 55-78.

Ebersole, J.F. "Skimmer Ops." US Naval Institute Proceedings 100, no. 7 (July 1974): 40-46.

Emory, Thomas R. M. "River Power." US Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 8 (August 1970): 117-121.

Finklestein, J.B. "Naval and Maritime Events, January 1971-June 1971." Naval Review Issue, US Naval Institute Proceedings 98, no. 5 (May 1972): 43-64.

_____. "Naval and Maritime Events, July 1971-December 1971." Naval Review Issue, US Naval Institute Proceedings 98, no. 5 (May 1972): 339-354.

Fitzgerald, Oscar P. "U.S. Naval Forces in the Vietnam War: The Advisory Mission, 1961-1965." In Changing Interpretations and New Sources in Naval History, edited by Robert William Love, Jr. New York: Garland Publishing, 1980.

Fulton, William B. "Mobile Riverine Forces in Combat." Field Artilleryman, no. 43 (April 1969): 15-28.

Gammell, Clark M. "Naval and Maritime Events, 1 July 1966-30 June 1967." In Naval Review 1968, 238-279. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1967.

Gleasner, D.C. "The Air Cushion Vehicle: A Giant Step for the Navy." Our Navy 65, no. 2 (February 1970): 2-7.

Gravatt, Brent L. "Command and Control in Joint Riverine Operations." Military Review 64, no. 5 (May 1984): 54-65.

Green, William J., Jr. "River Gunfire Support Ship." US Naval Institute Proceedings 93, no. 10 (October 1967): 135-136.

Harrigan, Anthony. "Inshore and River Warfare." Orbis 10, no. 3 (Fall 1966): 940-946.

_____. "River and Shallow-Water Warfare." Military Review 45, no. 10 (October 1965): 77-83.

Helm, Glenn E. “Surprised at Tet: U.S. Naval Forces in Vietnam, 1968.” Pull Together (Newsletter of the Naval Historical Foundation and the Naval Historical Center) 36, no.1 (Spring/Summer 1997): 1-5.

Howard, James M., III. "Operation Deep Channel." US Naval Institute Proceedings 97, no. 8 (August 1971): 39-49.

Johnson, Roy L. "2 Years After the Gulf of Tonkin." Navy 9, no. 8 (August 1966): 8-14, 60-61.

Kolbenschlag, George R. "Naval and Maritime Chronology, 1 July 1965-30 June 1966." In Naval Review 1967, 232-259. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1966.

MacDonald, Scot. "Riverine Warfare: How Services Are Meeting The Delta Test." Armed Forces Management 14 (May 1968): 42-43.

_____. "The War in Vietnam's Shallows." Naval History 1, no. 1 (April 1987): 12-19.

Marquez, Toby, and J.B. Finkelstein. "Naval and Maritime Events, July 1970-December 1970." Naval Review Issue, US Naval Institute Proceedings 97, no. 5 (May 1971): 333-349.

Meyer, Richard M. "The Ground-Sea Team in River Warfare" Military Review 46, no. 9 (September 1966): 54-61. [Looks at the French Dinassauts of the First Indochina War, as well as operations in the Republic of [South] Vietnam.].

Mumford, Robert E., Jr. "Jackstay; New Dimensions in Amphibious Warfare." In Naval Review 1968, 68-87. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1967.

Murphy, R.P.W. and Edwin J. Black. "The South Vietnamese Navy." US Naval Institute Proceedings 90, no. 1 (January 1964): 53-61.

Mustin, Thomas M. "The River War." Ordnance 53, no. 290 (September-October 1968): 176-178.

"Navy Gunship Helicopters in the Mekong." US Naval Institute Proceedings 94, no. 5 (May 1968): 91-104.

Nelson, Andrew G. and Norman G. Mosher. "Proposed: A Counterinsurgency Task Force." US Naval Institute Proceedings 92, no. 6 (June 1966): 36-45.

Powers, Robert C. "Beans and Bullets for Sea Lords." US Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 12 (December 1970): 95-97.

Riggs, Jerry. "U.S. Minesweeping Boats Keep Clear the River Path to Saigon." Navy 10, no. 5 (May 1967): 15-18.

Robinette, Hillary M. "Guerrilla Warfare and Waterway Control." Military Review 50, no. 2 (February 1970): 17-23.

Rosier, Bill. "Seawolves on the Prowl in Vietnam." Naval Aviation News (January 1967): 26-27.

Sasser, Charles W. “For the First Time Since the Civil War, Riverine Craft Played an Important Part in Combat Operations.” Vietnam 12, no. 2 (August 1999): 14, 16, 70.

Schreadley, Richard L. "The Naval War in Vietnam, 1950-1970." Naval Review Issue. US Naval Institute Proceedings 97, no. 5 (May 1971): 180-209.

_____. "'Nothing to Report. A Day on the Vam Co Tay." US Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 12 (December 1970): 23-27.

_____. "Sea Lords." US Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 8 (August 1970): 22-31.

_____. "Swift Raiders." US Naval Institute Proceedings 110, no. 6 (June 1984): 53-63.

Sheehan, Daniel B. "The Black Ponies." US Naval Institute Proceedings 114, no. 4 (April 1988): 84-88. [The author served in US Navy squadron VAL-4 from March 1969 to March 1970 as a fire team leader and quality assurance officer.].

Simpson, Thomas H., and David LaBoissiere. "Fire Support in Riverine Operations." Marine Corps Gazette 53, no. 8 (August 1969): 43-47.

"Smaller than the 'Small Boys.'" Cruiser-Destroyerman 12, no. 4 (April 1967): 10-14.

Smith, Albert C., Jr. "Rung Sat Special Zone, Vietnam's Mekong Delta." US Naval Institute Proceedings 94, no. 4 (April 1968): 116-121.

Smyth, Cecil B., Jr. "United States Coastal and River Forces in Vietnam." Trading Post 43 (October-December 1983): 1.

Spore, John B. "Floating Assault Force: Scourge of the Mekong Delta." Army 18, no. 2 (February 1968): 28-32.

Storck, T.S. "PBRs Thwart Viet Cong on Delta Waterways." Our Navy 63, no. 4 (April 1968): 38-39.

_____. "The 'Seawolves.'" Our Navy 63, no. 2 (February 1968): 40-43.

Strole, D.L. and W.E. Dutcher. "Naval and Maritime Events, July 1968-December 1969." Naval Review Issue, US Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 5 (May 1970): 14-96, 520-558.

Swanson, Leroy V. "Market Time-Game Warden: The Navy in Vietnam." Naval Engineers Journal 78, no. 3 (June 1966): 391-394.

Swarztrauber, S.A. "River Patrol Relearned." Naval Review Issue, US Naval Institute Proceedings 96, no. 5 (May 1970): 120-157.

Todaro, Donald G. "Big Weapons for Small Boats, Firepower for Riverine War." National Defense 59, no. 327 (November-December 1974): 215-220.

Tompkins, E.T. "The U.S. Navy 'Ashore' in Viet Nam." Navy 11, no. 2 (February 1968): 14-20, 46.

Torrance, Harold S. "Naval and Maritime Events, 1 July 1967-30 June 1968." In Naval Review 1969, 280-337. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1968.

"U.S. 'Brown Water Navy' Disbanded, Heads Home." Navy 12, no. 10 (October 1969): 26-27.

"Vietnam: A Unique War." Cruiser-Destroyerman 11, no. 10 (November 1966): 12-19.

Weeks, Robert H. "Naval Communications in Southeast Asian Operations." Signal 22, no. 8 (April 1968): 12-15, 18-19.

Wells, W.C. "The Riverine Force in Action, 1966-1967." In Naval Review 1969, 46-83. Annapolis, MD: US Naval Institute, 1968.

Weseleskey, A.E. "The Seawolf' Helo Pilots of Vietnam." US Naval Institute Proceedings 94, no. 5 (May 1968): 128-130.

Westmoreland, William. "Interview: Westmoreland." By Dennis Chamberland. US Naval Institute Proceedings 112, no. 7 (July 1986): 45-48.

White, Michael E. "Vietnamese Riverine Forces Taking up the Slack." Marine Corps Gazette 53 (December 1969): 41-42.

White, Peter T. "The Mekong, River of Terror and Hope." National Geographic 134 (December 1968): 737-787.

Wiarda. Jonathan S. “The US Coast Guard in Vietnam: Achieving Success in a Difficult War.” Naval War College Review 51, no. 2 (Spring 1998): 30-46.

Winter, Robert M. "Armor Afloat in Vietnam." US Naval Institute Proceedings 94, no. 11 (November 1968): 132-134.

Wukovitz, John F. "Enemy Supply Lines Assaulted." Vietnam 3, no. 6 (April 1991): 26-32.

Wunderlin, Clarence E., Jr. "Paradox of Power: Infiltration, Coastal Surveillance, and the United States Navy in Vietnam, 1965-1968." Journal of Military History 53, no. 3 (July 1989): 275-289.

Yohanan, Robert R. "Joint Training for Inshore Naval Operations." US Naval Institute Proceedings 94, no. 3 (March 1968): 130-132.

Websites

Mobile Riverine Force Association. [This website contains a great deal of useful information including documents.].

Naval Historical Center. [See the "Vietnam Service, 1962-1975" section under the “Wars and Conflicts of the US Navy” heading.]

Naval Historical Center. “The Vietnam Experience” [Online exhibit by the Navy Art Collection Branch.].

US Naval History Division. United States Naval Operations Vietnam, Highlights. Monthly reports covering the periods January-Febuary 1966 and March to August 1966 are available as text files.

US Navy. "Commander Naval Forces Vietnam (COMNAVFORV) Monthly Summaries." Available in PDF format, these wartime reports include operations of Task Force (TF) 115 (Coastal Patrol), TF 116 (River Patrol), and TF 117 (Riverine).


31 March 2006