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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060
Second Nicaraguan Campaign 1926-1933
Civil war broke out in Nicaragua during the first months
of 1926, and U.S. naval landing parties went ashore to establish
a neutral zone for the protection of American citizens.
As the fighting intensified and spread, additional coastal
enclaves were formed by the Navy to shelter refugees. By January
1927 the U.S. Special Service Squadron was reinforced by two light
cruisers and seven destroyers.
When the danger points moved inland, 3,000 U.S. Marines supported
by planes from Navy Observation Squadron 3 landed at the request
of the Nicaraguan government. Once order was restored, sailors
and Marines monitored free elections and organized and trained
an efficient National Guard.
15 July 1996