Uniform Regulations, 1864
For a rear-admiral, commodore, captain, commander, lieutenant commander, lieutenant, master and ensign, and all staff officers of assimilated rank, respectively, to be as follows:
Frock coat, of navy-blue cloth, faced with the same, and lined with black silk serge; double breasted, with two rows of large navy buttons on the breast, nine in each row, placed four inches and a half apart from eye to eye at top, and two inches and a half at bottom; rolling collar; skirts to be full, commencing at the hip bone and descending four-fifths thence toward the knee, with one button behind on each hip and one near the bottom of each fold; cuffs to be closed and made two and a half to three inches deep.
For gunners, boatswains, carpenters, and sailmakers,
For midshipmen, third assistant engineers, and clerks, the same except that the buttons are to be of medium size only.
For a master's mate receiving $40 per month, frock coat of navy blue cloth or flannel; rolling collar; single breasted, with nine navy buttons of medium size on the breast, one behind on each hip, one near the bottom on each fold, and none on the cuffs. They will also wear a gold star above the cuff, and the navy cap with simply the wreath.
For master's mates receiving $25 per month, yeomen,
masters-at-arms, surgeon's stewards, and paymasters' stewards,
blue cloth or flannel jacket; rolling collar, double-breasted,
with two rows of medium sized navy buttons on the breast, six
in each row; and slashed sleeves, with four small sized navy buttons.
They will also wear the navy cap without wreath or device.
Shall be a caban overcoat and cape, of dark blue beaver or pilot cloth, lined throughout with dark blue flannel; skirt to extend four inches below the knee; cape to be ten inches shorter; double breasted, with pockets in side seam, and buttons arranged as for frock coat; the cape to be made so that it can be removed at pleasure, and provided with an extra cloth collar to detach, so as to from a separate garment. On each end of the collar of the overcoat shall be the following devices: For a rear admiral, two silver stars; commodore, one silver star; captain, a silver eagle; commander, a silver leaf; lieutenant commander, a gold leaf; lieutenant, two silver bars; master, one silver bar; ensign, a small gold cord on the front edge of the collar. Staff officers of corresponding assimilated rank are to wear the same designations. Stars, eagle and bars to be parallel to the ends of the collar. The overcoats of all other officers than those above mentioned are to have no devices, and but seven buttons in each row.
Jackets may be worn as "service dress" by
all officers, except at general muster, or upon special occasions
of ceremony, when a different dress is prescribed by the commanding
officer; to be of navy-blue cloth or navy-blue fine flannel, faced
with the same, and lined with black silk serge; double or single
breasted, as in the coat; rolling collar, with the same number
of small sized buttons on the breast as for the coat, and with
the same arrangement of lace on the cuffs, and the same shoulder
In mild climates or seasons, officers in "service dress" may wear the uniform made of navy blue fine flannel. Coats to be lined with black silk serge, and furnished with navy buttons of medium size. The same may be worn on shipboard at sea, except at general muster; also on board ship in port, except at general muster, when on watch with the colors hoisted, or on occasions of ceremony, when a different dress is prescribed by the commanding officer.
Source: Uniform for Officers of the United States Navy, As Prescribed in Regulations for the Uniform of the U.S. Navy, Jan. 28, 1864. Tomes, Melvain & Co., 6 Maiden Lane, New York. Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, BY TOMES, MELVAIN & CO., in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Southern District of New-York. The text is reproduced here exactly as in the original, following the original use of capitalization and italics.