NHHC home Frequently Asked Questions

Women in the U.S. Navy: Bibliography and Sources

World War I

Butler, Helen. I Was a Yeoman (F). Washington DC: Naval Historical Foundation, 1967. OCLC 5850376.

Daniels, Josephus. Our Navy At War. New York: Doran, 1922. OCLC 10529260, 3210988.

Dessez, Eunice. First Enlisted Women, 1917-1918. Philadelphia PA: Dorrance, 1955. OCLC 1724542.

World War II

Akers, Regina. "Female Naval Reservists During World War II: A Historiographical Essay." Minerva 8 (Summer 1990): 55.

Alsmeyer, Marie Bennet. The Way of Waves: Women in the Navy. Conway AR: Hamba Books, 1982.

Angel, Joan. Angel of the Navy: The Story of a Wave. New York: Hasting House, 1943. OCLC 1815177

Campbell, D'Ann. "Servicewomen of World War II." Armed Forces and Society 16 (Winter 1990): 251.

____. Women at War With America: Private Lives in a Patriotic Era. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1984. OCLC 10605327.

____. "Women in Uniform, the World War II Experiment." Military Affairs 51 (Jul. 1987): 137.

Ebbert, Jean and Marie-Beth Hall. "Navy Women's Reserve: WAVES," In In Defense of a Nation: Servicewomen in World War II, edited by Jeannee M. Holm and Judith Bellafaire. Washington: Military Women's Press, 1998. OCLC 38173523

Gildersleeve, Virginia C. Many a Good Crusade. New York: Macmillan, 1954. OCLC 6015508.

Gruhzit-Hoyt, Olga. They Also Served: American Women in World War II. New York: Birch Lane Press, 1995. OCLC 31658325.

Gunter, Helen Clifford. Navy WAVE Memories of World War II. Fort Bragg CA: Cypress House Press, 1992. OCLC 25831715.

Gutmann, Stephanie. The Kinder, Gentler Military: Can America's Gender-Neutrol Fighting Force Still Win Wars? New York: Scribner, 2000.

Litoff, Judy Barrett and David C. Smith. We're In This War Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. OCLC 28890537.

Wingo, Josette Dermody. Mother Was a Gunner's Mate: World War II in the Waves. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994.

Post-World War II

Atkinson, Gerald L. From Trust to Terror: Radical Feminism is Destroying the U.S. Navy. Camp Springs MD: Atkinson Associates Press, 1997. OCLC 37996289

Blumenfeld, Laura. "Women's Navy Blues; Don't Rock the Boat, They're on Board the Ships, But It's Still a Man's World." Washington Post (22 Sep. 1992): B1, B4.

Byron, John L. "End Sexism." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 122 (Feb. 1996): 27-31.

Disher, Sharon Hanley. First Class: Women Join the Ranks at the Naval Academy. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998. OCLC 38144390. [In 1976, women entered the U.S. Naval Academy for the first time.]

Evan, Julius L. "Reaching for the Stars." Naval Aviation News 69 (Mar.-Apr. 1987): 20-22.

"First Female Naval Aviator in Space." Sea Services Weekly (17 Mar. 1995): 3.

"Flight Wings for Linda." All Hands 691 (Aug. 1974): 44-45.

Fuentes, Gidget and B.J. Ramos. "Who Will Be First? Corps, Navy Vie to Promote First Woman to 3-Star." Navy Times (1 Jul. 1996): 4.

Gruhzit-Hoyt, Olga. A Time Remembered: American Women in the Vietnam War. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1999.

Hovis, Bobbi. Station Hospital Saigon: A Navy Nurse in Vietnam, 1963-1964. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1992. OCLC 29959214.

Jensen, Milinda. "Women Fliers Continuing the Tradition." Naval Aviation News 72 (Nov.-Dec. 1989): 12.

____. "Women Military Aviators 1989 Convention, Women in Naval Aviation: 15 Years." Naval Aviation News 72 (Nov.-Dec. 1989): 10-11.

Johnson, Louanne. Making Waves a Woman in This Man's Navy. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986.

Jones, Jo. "Women of Annapolis." All Hands 798 (Jul. 1983): 32- 36.

Lancaster, John. "Tailhook Assault Victim: Terror and Frustration." Washington Post (24 Jun. 1992): A1, A4.

Lawrence, William P. "Women in Combat: The Commission." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 119 (Feb. 1993): 48-51.

Linnekin, Richard B. "Tailhook 1991 and Other Perplexities." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 118 (Sep. 1992): 36-40.

"Navy Will Send Women to Sea, Opening Way to Combat Service." Washington Post (9 Aug. 1972): A1, A4.

Pexton, Patrick. "63 Women Get Carrier Orders." Navy Times (21 Mar. 1994): 4.

Ramos, B.J. "Navy Promotes First Three-Star Woman: 6 Other Admirals Swap Jobs." Navy Times (22 July 1996): 3.

Sams, Candace. "Looking Ahead: RADM Grace Hopper, USNR (ret)." All Hands 836 (Nov. 1986): 26-27.

Skaine, Rosemarie. Women at War: Gender Issues of American in Combat. Jefferson NC: McFarland& Co., 1999.

Tucker, John M. "The Gay Issue." United States Naval Institute Proceedings 119 (Jan. 1993): 109.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Gender Discrimination in the Military. 102d Cong., 2d sess., 1992, H.A.S.C. 102-60. OCLC 27468867.

____. Implementation of the Repeal of Combat Exclusion on Female Aviators. 102d Cong., 2d sess., 1992, H.A.S.C. 102-38. OCLC 26781357.

____. Women in Combat. 103d Cong., 1st sess., 1993, H.A.S.C. 103- 20. OCLC 29942986.

____. Women in the Military. 100th Cong., 1st & 2d sess., 1988, H.A.S.C. 100-52. OCLC 18912140.

____. Women in the Military. 101st Cong., 2d sess., 1990, H.A.S.C. 101-63. OCLC 22353812.

____. Women in the Military: The Tailhook Affair and the Problem of Sexual Harassment. 102d Cong., 2d sess., 1992, Committee Print 12. H.A.S.C. 102-12. OCLC 27178113.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Honor Systems and Sexual Harassment at the Service Academies. 103d Cong., 2d sess., 1994, S. Hrg. 103-550. OCLC 30725406.

U.S. Department of Defense. Women in Defense-DoD Leading the Way: United Nations Fourth World Conference, Beijing, China. Washington: GPO, 1996. OCLC 34494181, 34677731.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Gender Issues: Analysis of Promotion and Career Opportunities Data is Incomplete. Washington: General Accounting Office, 1998. OCLC 39304491

Wallace, Douglas. "Life on the Coed Carrier, A Historic Experiment on the USS Eisenhower Proves a Rousing Success." Time 145 (17 Apr. 1995): 5-6.

Witt, Linda, Judith Bellafaire, Britta Granrud and Mary Jo Binker. "A Defense Weapon Known to Be of Value" Servicewomen of the Korean War Era. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. 2005.

"Women On Sea Duty." All Hands 742 (Nov. 1978): 6-12.

"Woman to Head Navy Jet Squadron." Washington Times (8 Jun. 1990): 13, 15.

Persian Gulf War

Becraft, Carolyn. Facts About Women in the U.S. Armed Services: The War in the Persian Gulf. Washington DC: Women's Research and Education Institute, 1991.

Booker, Simeon. "Black Participation in the War." Jet 79 (25 Feb. 1991): 4-9.

Mann, Judy. "Women at War, Women at Work." Washington Post (20 Feb. 1991): B3.

Quinn, Sally. "Mothers at War: What Are We Doing To Our Kids." Washington Post (10 Feb. 1991): C1, C2.

Randolph, Laura B. "The Untold Story of Black Women in the Gulf War." Ebony 46 (Sep. 1991): 100-107.

Schmitt, Eric. "War Puts U.S. Servicewomen Closer Than Ever to Combat." New York Times (22 Jan. 1991): A1, A12.

U.S. Department of Defense. Conduct of the Persian Gulf Conflict: An Interim Report to Congress. Washington DC: Dept. of Defense, 1991. [See 9-1 to 9-3]. OCLC 24114037.

____. Conduct of the Persian Gulf War: Final Report to Congress. Apr. 1992 [See appendix R, "Role of Women in the Theater of Operations," 647-49]. OCLC 27049227.

Operationa Iraqi Freedom

Ruff, Cheryl Lynn and K. Sue Roper. Ruff's War: A Navy Nurse on the Frontline in Iraq
. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2005.

Overviews

All Hands 798 (Jul. 1983): 2-7, 16-27, 32-36. [Includes four articles on women in the Navy]

All Hands 855 (June 1988): 2-40. [Includes seven articles on women in the Navy]

Atwater, Terry E. "Women in the Navy." Deckplate 10 (Jan.-Feb. 1990): 11-14.

Ebbert, Jean and Marie-Beth Hall. Crossed Currents: Navy Women From WWI to Tailhook. New York: Brassey's, 1993.
OCLC 27011064.

Hancock, Joy Bright. Lady in the Navy: A Personal Reminiscence. Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 1972. OCLC 482129.

Holm, Jeanne. Women in the Military: An Unfinished Revolution. rev. ed. Novato CA: Presidio Press, 1992. OCLC 26012907.

Navy Women, 1908-1988: A Pictorial History. 2 vols. Waves National, 1990. OCLC 22335311, 22267817.

Stahura, Barbara. "Women in the Fleet." In 200 Years of the Department of the Navy, edited by Charles Oldham. Tampa, FL: Faircount International, 1998. OCLC 39149162 [In 1978, women were permitted to serve as regular crew members on Navy support ships, and in 1994 Congress lifted the combat exclusion law. As of early 1998, officer and enlisted women were assigned to 57 combatant and 64 non-com

batant ships. Women officers serve on 14 additional ships, and 23 ships are receiving habitability modification in the next two years. Navy women are flying F-14 Tomcats, F/A-18 Hornets, helicopters, and other aircraft.]

____________________________________________

Selected Unpublished/Archival Sources Available to Researchers at the Operational Archives Branch of the Naval Historical Center

Bureau of Naval Personnel. "History of the Womens Reserve." 2 vols. Washington: 1946. [Navy Dept. Library, US Naval Admin. History of WWII, no.88]

Chief of Naval Operations Study Group on Women in the Navy, 1942- 1987, 11 boxes, Operational Archives.

Records of the Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel for Women (WAVES' Director), 1942-1975, 30 boxes, Operational Archives.

Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel, Special Assistant for Women's Policy (PERS-OOW), 1947-1991, 22 boxes, Operational Archives.