NHHC home Frequently Asked Questions



U.S. Navy Submarines Losses, Selected Accidents, and Selected Incidents of Damage Resulting from Enemy Action, Chronological

Submarines Lost Through Enemy Action
Submarines Lost Through Accidents and Perils of the Sea
Selected Submarine Accidents/Damage From Enemy Action
Sources

Submarine Lost Through Enemy Action

                       Date of Loss      Casualties
Shark  (SS-174)         11 Feb 42         59 killed
  Sunk by Japanese destroyer Yamakaze; Makassar Strait, 120
  miles east of Menado, Celebes.

Perch  (SS-176)          3 Mar 42         60 POWs, 6 later died
  Scuttled after severe damage from Japanese destroyers Ushio
  and Sazanami.

Grunion (SS-216)        31 Jul 42         70 killed
  Sunk by gunfire from torpedoed Japanese transport Kashima Maru;
  10 miles north Segula, near Kiska Island, Aleutians.

Argonaut (APS-1)        10 Jan 43        104 killed
  Sunk by aircraft (582d Kokutai) and Japanese destroyers Isokaze
  and Maikaze southeast of New Britain in Solomon Sea.

Amberjack (SS-219)      14 Feb 43         74 killed
  Probably sunk by combined efforts of a Japanese seaplane 
  (958th Kokutai), torpedo boat Hiyodori, and submarine chaser Ch 18
  off Cape St. George, New Britain.

Grampus (SS-207)        Feb or Mar 43     71 killed
  Sunk either by Japanese naval aircraft (958th Kokutai) southeast
  of New Britain on 19 February or by destroyer Minegumo in Blackett
  Strait on the night of 5-6 March.

Triton (SS-201)         15 Mar 43         74 killed
  Sunk either by Japanese destroyer Satsuki or submarine chaser Ch 24
  north of Admiralty Islands.

Pickerel (SS-177)       3 Apr 43          74 killed
  Sunk by Japanese minelayer Shirakami and auxiliary subchaser
  Bunzan Maru off northern Honshu, Japan.

Grenadier (SS-210)      22 Apr 43         76 POWs, 4 later died
  Scuttled after Japanese seaplane attacks (936 Kokutai) damaged
  the boat the previous day, off Penang, Malaysia.

Runner (SS-275)         Jun 43            78 killed
  Unknown, possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface
  attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan.

Pompano (SS-181)        Aug or Sep 43     77 killed
  Unknown, possibly a Japanese mine or combined air and surface 
  attack off northeastern Honshu, Japan.

Grayling (SS-209)       9 Sep 43          76 killed
  Probably rammed and sunk by Japanese transport Hokuan Maru, 
  South China Sea west of Luzon.

Cisco (SS-290)          28 Sep 43         76 killed
  Sunk by Japanese observation seaplane (945th Kokutai) and gunboat
  Karatsu [ex-U.S. river gunboat Luzon (PR-7)] in Sulu Sea off Panay
  Island.

S 44 (SS-155)            7 Oct 43         56 killed
  Lost to Japanese escort destroyer Ishigaki, northeast Araito Island
  off Kamchatka.

Dorado (SS-248)          Oct 43           77 killed
  Unknown, either accidently bombed and sunk by friendly 
  Guantanamo-based flying boat on 13 October or sunk by a
  German submarine mine in the West Indies.

Wahoo (SS-238)           11 Oct 43        80 killed
  Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft, submarine chasers Ch 15 and Ch 43,
  and minesweeper W.18 in La Perouse Strait off Japan.

Corvina (SS-226)         16 Nov 43        82 killed
  Torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I 176 south of Truk.

Capelin (SS-289)         Nov 43           78 killed
  Sunk by unknown causes, either Japanese aircraft (934 Kokutai)
  and minelayer Wakatake, a Japanese mine in the northern Celebes,
  or perhaps a hull defect reported prior to her departure from
  Darwin.

Sculpin (SS-191)         19 Nov 43         12 killed, 51 POWs later died and 21 POWs survived.
  Damaged by Japanese destroyer Yamagumo and later scuttled north
  of Truk.

Scorpion (SS-278)        Jan 44            77 killed
  Unknown, probably a Japanese mine in Yellow or East China Sea.

Grayback (SS-208)        27 Feb 44         80 killed
  Probably succumbed to damage inflicted by land-based Japanese 
  naval aircraft suffered the day before in the East China Sea.

Trout (SS-202)           29 Feb 44         81 killed
  Most likely sunk by Japanese destroyer Asashimo in Philippine Sea.

Gudgeon (SS-211)         18 April 44       79 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese naval aircraft (901st Kokutai) 
  southwest of Iwo Jima.

Herring (SS-233)          1 Jun 44         83 killed
  Sunk by Japanese Army shore battery (Guards Division 52) 
  off Matsuwa Island, Kuriles.

Golet (SS-361)           14 Jun 44         82 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese guardboat Miya Maru, auxiliary 
  submarine chaser Bunzan Maru, and naval aircraft off northern
  Honshu, Japan.

Robalo (SS-273)          26 Jul 44         74 killed, 4 POWs later died.
  Sunk by a mine off western Palawan, Philippines.

Flier (SS-250)           13 Aug 44         78 killed, 8 survied and were rescued.
 Sunk by a Japanese mine south of Palawan in Balabac Strait.

Harder (SS-257)          24 Aug 44         79 killed
  Sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 22 off west coast of
  Luzon, Philippines.

Escolar (SS-294)         17 Oct 44         82 killed
  Possibly sunk by a Japanese mine in the Yellow Sea.

Shark (SS-314)           24 Oct 44         87 killed
  Sunk by Japanese depth charges from Harukaze, South China Sea
  west of Luzon.

Albacore (SS-218)        7 Nov 44          85 killed
  Possible Japanese mine off northern tip of Honshu, Japan.

Growler (SS-215)         8 Nov 44          86 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese destroyer Shigure, escort vessel
  Chiburi, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 19 off Mindoro.

Scamp (SS-277)           11 Nov 44         83 killed
  Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft and Coast Defense Vessel No.4 
  in Tokyo Bay area.

Swordfish (SS-193)       Jan 45            89 killed
  Possibly sunk by Japanese Coast Defense Vessel No. 4 on 5
  January or sunk by a mine off Okinawa on 9 January.

Barbel (SS-316)          4 Feb 45          81 killed
  Sunk by Japanese naval aircraft in South China Sea in Palawan
  Passage.

Kete (SS-369)            20 Mar 45         87 killed
  Probably sunk by a mine or a Japanese submarine (perhaps RO 41)
  east of Okinawa.

Trigger (SS-237)         28 Mar 45         89 killed
  Sunk by Japanese patrol vessel Mikura, Coast Defense Vessel No.33,
  and Coast Defense Vessel No. 59 in the Nansei Soto.

Snook (SS-279)           9 Apr 45          84 killed
   Probably sunk by a combination of Japanese naval aircraft (256th,
   453rd, and 951st Kokutais); escort vessel Okinawa, Coast Defense
   Vessel No. 8 , Coast Defense Vessel No. 32 , and Coast Defense 
   Vessel No. 52; and/or submarine I-56 in the Nansei Soto.

Lagarto (SS-371)         3 May 45          86 killed
  Sunk by Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka in Gulf of Siam.

Bonefish (SS-223)        18 Jun 45         85 killed
  Sunk by combined efforts of escort destroyer Okinawa, Coast
  Defense Vessel No. 63, Coast Defense Vessel No. 75, Coast
  Defense Vessel No. 158, and Coast Defense Vessel No. 207 
  off southern coast of Honshu, Japan.

Bullhead (SS-332)        6 Aug 45          84 killed
  Probably sunk by Japanese Army aircraft (73rd Chutai) off
  Bali in the Java Sea.

Submarines Lost Through Accidents and Perils of the Sea

Date of Loss Casualties F 4 (SS-23) 25 Mar 15 21 died Sunk after a battery explosion off Honolulu, Hawaii. F 1 (SS-20) 16 Dec 17 19 died Sunk after collision with USS F 3 (SS-22) off San Diego, California. G 2 (SS-27) 30 Jul 19 3 died Foundered and sunk in Long Island Sound. H 1 (SS-28) 12 Mar 20 4 died Foundered and sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California. O 5 (SS-66) 20 Oct 23 3 died Rammed and sunk by United Fruit steamer Abangarez in Limon Bay, Canal Zone. S 51 (SS-162) 25 Sep 25 33 died Sunk after collision with steamer City of Rome off Block Island, Rhode Island. Squalus (SS-192) 23 May 39 26 died Foundered off Portsmouth, New Hampshire. O-9 (SS-70) 20 Jun 41 33 died Foundered during deep submergence tests off New London, Connecticut. S-26 (SS-131) 24 Jan 42 46 died Sunk after collision with USS PC-460 in Gulf of Panama. R-12 (SS-89) 12 Jun 43 42 died Foundered after battery flooded while off Key West, Florida. Tullibee (SS-284) 26 Mar 44 79 died Accidentally sunk by circular run of own torpedo off Palau Islands. S-28 (SS-133) 4 Jun 44 50 died Lost during ASW exercises off the Hawaiian Islands. Seawolf (SS-197) 3 Oct 44 100 died Accidentally sunk by naval aircraft from USS Midway (CVE-63) and USS Richard M. Rowell (DE-403) off Morotai Island. Darter (SS-227) 24 Oct 44 0 died Ran aground on Bombay Shoal, Palawan Passage; later scuttled by USS Nautilus (SS-168) and USS Dace (SS-247). Tang (SS-306) 24 Oct 44 78 died, 9 POWs survied Accidentally sunk by circular run of own torpedo in Formosa Strait. Cochino (SS-345) 26 Aug 49 1 died Foundered after a battery explosion during a severe storm off northern Norway. Thresher (SSN-593) 10 Apr 63 129 died Sank after a possible piping failure during deep submergence tests off New England coast. Scorpion (SSN-589) 27 May 68 99 died Loss not ascertainable; most probable inadvertent activation of battery of torpedo resulting in a possible "hot run" torpedo detonation off Azores.

Selected Submarine Accidents/Damage From Enemy Action

Grampus (later A3) 10 Dec 10 1 died Main engine fuel explosion. E2 (SS-25) 15 Jan 16 4 died Battery explosion while in New York Navy Yard. G2 (SS-27) 30 Jul 19 3 died Sank at moorings off New London, Connecticut. H1 (SS-28) 12 Mar 20 4 died Aground and later sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California. S37 (SS-142) 10 Oct 23 3 died Battery explosion in harbor at San Pedro, California. S49 (SS-160) 20 Apr 26 4 died Battery explosion at Submarine Base, New London, Connecticut. S4 (SS-109) 17 Dec 27 39 died Rammed off Provincetown, Massachusetts, by Coast Guard cutter Paulding. Later salvaged. S34 (SS-139) 11 Jan 34 1 died Accidental signal cartridge explosion. Seadragon (SS-194) 10 Dec 41 1 killed Slightly damaged by a bomb during Japanese air attack (Takao and 1st Kokutais) on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands. Sealion (SS-195) 10 Dec 41 4 killed Severely damaged by two bombs during Japanese air attack (Takao and 1st Kokutais) on Cavite Navy Yard, Philippine Islands; later scuttled on 25 December. Bass (SS-164) 17 Aug 42 26 died Fire in after battery room asphyxiates part of the crew. Tusk (SS-426) 26 Aug 49 6 died Crew members washed overboard while rescuing crew of fire damaged USS Cochino (SS-345) in the Norwegian Sea. Sargo (SSN-583) 14 Jun 60 1 died Oxygen feedline fire and explosion in after torpedo room; blaze extinguished by submerging in Pearl Harbor with compartment sealed and stern torpedo hatch open. Guitarro (SSN-665) 15 May 69 0 died Sank at the pier at San Francisco Bay Naval Shipyard, Vallejo, California. Bonefish (SS-582) 24 Apr 88 3 died Battery fire and explosion while operating off Florida. Barbel (SS-580) 1 May 89 2 drowned Heavy waves wash three sailors from the deck of submarine while operating off Kyushu, Japan. One sailor rescued.
Sources: Cressman, Robert J. The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1959-89. Various files of the Ships' History Branch, Naval History and Heritage Command, Washington, DC.

20 October 2009