Terms of Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
Secretary of the Navy, Individuals serving as
Individuals serving as Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy 1967-present
The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is the Navy's senior flag officer, and takes precedence over all other officers in the naval service. He is the Navy representative on the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), keeps the Secretary of the Navy informed on JCS activities and decisions, and is reponsible to the Secretary for the management of the Navy.
The post of Chief of Naval Operations was established byAct of Congress in 1915 and Admiral William S. Benson was appointedas the first CNO. During World War II, Admiral Ernest J. Kingheld the dual titles of CNO and Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet,and directed the worldwide operations of the Navy in coordinationwith our allies. King was followed, shortly after the war ended,by Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, wartime commander of the PacificFleet. In 1955, President Eisenhower appointed Admiral ArleighA. Burke to the first of what would be an unprecendented three 2-year terms as CNO.
These officers have served as Chief of Naval Operationssince the office was established 11 May 1915:
NAME TENURE Admiral William S. Benson 11 May 1915-25 Sept.1919 Admiral Robert E. Coontz 01 Nov. 1919-21 July 1923 Admiral Edward W. Eberle 21 July 1923-14 Nov. 1927 Admiral Charles F. Hughes 14 Nov. 1927-17 Sept. 1930 Admiral William V. Pratt 17 Sept. 1930-30 June 1933 Admiral William H. Standley 01 July 1933-01 Jan. 1937 Admiral William D. Leahy 02 Jan. 1937-01 Aug. 1939 Admiral Harold R. Stark 01 Aug. 1939-02 March 1942 Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King 26 March 1942-15 Dec. 1945 Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz 15 Dec. 1945-15 Dec. 1947 Admiral Louis E. Denfeld 15 Dec. 1947-02 Nov. 1949 Admiral Forrest P. Sherman 02 Nov. 1949-22 July 1951 Admiral William M. Fechteler 16 Aug. 1951-17 Aug. 1953 Admiral Robert B. Carney 17 Aug. 1953-17 Aug. 1955 Admiral Arleigh A. Burke 17 Aug. 1955-01 Aug. 1961 Admiral George W. Anderson, Jr. 01 Aug. 1961-01 Aug. 1963 Admiral David L. McDonald 01 Aug. 1963-01 Aug. 1967 Admiral Thomas H. Moorer 01 Aug. 1967-01 July 1970 Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt 01 July 1970-29 June 1974 Admiral James L. Holloway III 29 June 1974-01 July 1978 Admiral Thomas B. Hayward 01 July 1978-30 June 1982 Admiral James D. Watkins 30 June 1982-30 June 1986 Admiral Carlisle A. H. Trost 01 July 1986-29 June 1990 Admiral Frank B. Kelso II 29 June 1990-23 Apr. 1994 Admiral Jeremy M. Boorda 23 Apr. 1994-16 May 1996 Admiral Jay L. Johnson 16 May 1996-21 July 2000 Admiral Vern Clark 21 July 2000-23 July 2005 Admiral Michael G. Mullen 23 July 2005-29 Sep. 2007 Admiral Gary Roughead 29 Sep. 2007-23 Sep. 2011 Admiral Jonathan Greenert 23 Sep. 2011-present