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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY - NAVAL HISTORY & HERITAGE COMMAND
The "Philadelphia Experiment"
Allegedly, in the fall of 1943 a U.S. Navy destroyer was
made invisible and teleported from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
to Norfolk, Virginia, in an incident known as the Philadelphia
Experiment. Records in the Operational Archives Branch of the
Naval Historical Center have been repeatedly searched, but no
documents have been located which confirm the event, or any interest
by the Navy in attempting such an achievement.
Office of Naval Research (ONR) fact
UFO Research Guide
The ship involved in the experiment was supposedly the USS
Eldridge. Operational Archives has reviewed the deck log and
war diary from Eldridge's commissioning on 27 August 1943
at the New York Navy Yard through December 1943. The following
description of Eldridge's activities are summarized from
the ship's war diary. After commissioning, Eldridge remained
in New York and in the Long Island Sound until 16 September when
it sailed to Bermuda. From 18 September, the ship was in the vicinity
of Bermuda undergoing training and sea trials until 15 October
when Eldridge left in a convoy for New York where the convoy
entered on 18 October. Eldridge remained in New York harbor
until 1 November when it was part of the escort for Convoy UGS-23
(New York Section). On 2 November the convoy entered Naval Operating
Base, Norfolk. On 3 November, Eldridge and Convoy UGS-23
left for Casablanca where it arrived on 22 November. On 29 November,
Eldridge left as one of escorts for Convoy GUS-22 and arrived
with the convoy on 17 December at New York harbor. Eldridge
remained in New York on availability training and in Block Island
Sound until 31 December when it steamed to Norfolk with four other
ships. During this time frame, Eldridge was never in Philadelphia.
Eldridge's complete World War II action report and
war diary coverage, including the remarks section of the 1943
deck log, is available on microfilm, NRS-1978-26. The cost of
a duplicate film is indicated on the fee schedule. To order a
duplicate film, please complete the duplication
order form and send a check or money order for the correct
amount as indicated on the NHC fee
schedule, made payable to the Department of the Navy, to the
Operational Archives, at the above address.
Supposedly, the crew of the civilian merchant ship SS Andrew
Furuseth observed the arrival via teleportation of the Eldridge
into the Norfolk area. Andrew Furuseth's movement report
cards are in the Tenth Fleet records in the custody of the Modern
Military Branch, National Archives and Records Admnistration,
(8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001), which also has
custody of the action reports, war diaries and deck logs of all
World War II Navy ships, including Eldridge. The movement
report cards list the merchant ship's ports of call, the dates
of the visit, and convoy designation, if any. The movement report
card shows that Andrew Furuseth left Norfolk with Convoy
UGS-15 on 16 August 1943 and arrived at Casablanca on 2 September.
The ship left Casablanca on 19 September and arrived off Cape
Henry on 4 October. Andrew Furuseth left Norfolk with Convoy
UGS-22 on 25 October and arrived at Oran on 12 November. The ship
remained in the Mediterranean until it returned with Convoy GUS-25
to Hampton Roads on 17 January 1944. The Archives has a letter
from Lieutenant Junior Grade William S. Dodge, USNR, (Ret.), the
Master of Andrew Furuseth in 1943, categorically denying
that he or his crew observed any unusual event while in Norfolk.
Eldridge and Andrew Furuseth were not even in Norfolk
at the same time.
The Office of Naval Research (ONR) has stated that the use
of force fields to make a ship and her crew invisible does not
conform to known physical laws. ONR also claims that Dr. Albert
Einstein's Unified Field Theory was never completed. During 1943-1944,
Einstein was a part-time consultant with the Navy's Bureau of
Ordnance, undertaking theoretical research on explosives and explosions.
There is no indication that Einstein was involved in research
relevant to invisibility or to teleportation. ONR's information
sheet on the Philadelphia Experiment is attached.
The Philadelphia Experiment has also been called "Project
Rainbow." A comprehensive search of the Archives has failed
to identify records of a Project Rainbow relating to teleportation
or making a ship disappear. In the 1940s, the code name RAINBOW
was used to refer to the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis. The RAINBOW plans
were the war plans to defeat Italy, Germany and Japan. RAINBOW
V, the plan in effect on 7 December 1941 when Japan attacked Pearl
Harbor, was the plan the U.S. used to fight the Axis powers.
Some researchers have erroneously concluded that degaussing
has a connection with making an object invisible. Degaussing is
a process in which a system of electrical cables are installed
around the circumference of ship's hull, running from bow to stern
on both sides. A measured electrical current is passed through
these cables to cancel out the ship's magnetic field. Degaussing
equipment was installed in the hull of Navy ships and could be
turned on whenever the ship was in waters that might contain magnetic
mines, usually shallow waters in combat areas. It could be said
that degaussing, correctly done, makes a ship "invisible"
to the sensors of magnetic mines, but the ship remains visible
to the human eye, radar, and underwater listening devices.
After many years of searching, the staff of the Operational
Archives and independent researchers have not located any official
documents that support the assertion that an invisibility or teleportation
experiment involving a Navy ship occurred at Philadelphia or any
28 November 2000