Naval History & Heritage Command home image of anchor Frequently Asked Questions .
flag banner
Frequently asked question banner

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORY & HERITAGE COMMAND

Navajo Code Talkers: A Select Bibliography

Related Resources:

Native Americans in the U.S. Military
Navajo Code Talker Fact Sheet
Navajo Code Talker Dictionary

Bernstein, Alison R. American Indians and World War II: Toward a New Era in Indian Affairs Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991.

Bixler, Margaret T. Winds of Freedom: The Story of the Navajo Code Talkers of World War II. Darien, CT: Two Bytes Pub. Co., 1992.

"Comanches Again Called for Army Code Service." New York Times (13 Dec. 1940): 16.

Davis, Goode, Jr. "Proud Tradition of the Marines' Navajo Code Talkers: They Fought With Words-Words No Japanese Could Fathom." Marine Corps League 46, no.1 (Spring 1990): 16-26.

"DOD Hails Indian Code Talkers." Sea Services Weekly (27 Nov. 1992): 9-10.

Donovan, Bill. "Navajo Code Talkers Made History Without Knowing It." Arizona Republic (14 Aug. 1992): B6.

Franco, Jere Bishop. Crossing the Pond: The Native American Effort in World War II. Denton TX: University of North Texas Press, 1999. [contains an extremely useful bibliography of published and unpublished sources.]

Hafford, William E. "The Navajo Code Talkers." Arizona Highways 65, no.2 (Feb. 1989): 36-45.

Hirschfelder, Arlene and Martha Kreipe de Montano. The Native American Almanac: A Portrait of Native America Today. New York: Prentice Hall, 1993. OCLC 27813313. [See pp. 227-36, "Native American and Military Service," which includes some statistics on participation in 20th Century Wars; a list of Medal of Honor recipients; short histories of Navajo, Comanche, and Choctaw code talkers; a brief bibliography of literature concerning veterans; and an extrememly incomplete list of Navy ships named for Native American people, tribes, place names, and other words from Indian languages.]

Kahn, David. The Codebreakers. New York: Macmillan, 1967.
See pp. 549-50.

Kawano, Kenji. Warriors: Navajo Code Talkers. Flagstaff, AZ: Northland Pub. Co., 1990.

King, Jodi A. "DOD Dedicates Code Talkers Display" Pentagram (24 Sep. 1992): 3.

Langille, Vernon. "Indian War Call." Leatherneck 31, No.3 (Mar.1948): 37-40.

Marder, Murrey. "Navajo Code Talkers." Marine Corps Gazette (Sep. 1945): 10-11.

Marine Corps University Libraries. Navajo Code Talkers FAQ

McCoy, Ron. "Navajo Code Talkers of World War II: Indian Marines Befuddled the Enemy." American West 18, no.6 (Nov./Dec. 1981): 67-73, 75.

National Archives, People at War, New Roles: The Codetalkers. [Letter from Philip Johnson which convinced the Commandant of teh Mrine Corps to employ Navajo Indians as radiomen to provide secure communications.]

Paul, Doris Atkinson. The Navajo Code Talkers. Philadelphia: Dorance, 1973.

"Pentagon Ceremony Praises American Indians." Crosswind (13 Nov.1992): 14-15.

"Pentagon Honors Navajos, Code Nobody Could Break." Arizona Republic (18 Sep. 1992): A9.

Thomas, Robert McG. Jr. "Carl Gorman, Code Talker in World War II, Dies at 90," New York Times (1 Feb. 1998): 27.

USMC. Navajo Dictionary. 15 June 1945. (Code word dictionary).

Watson, Bruce. "Navajo Code Talkers: A Few Good Men." Smithsonian 24, no.5 (Aug. 1993): 34-40, 42-43.

Unpublished Sources:

Item in The Navy Department Library Vertical File

Reference Section, History and Museums Division, HQMC. "Navajo Code Talkers in World War II." 14 May 1982. 2 pp.

Archival Records Relating to Navajo Code Talker, World War II

Marine Corps Historical Center, Washington Navy Yard, Washington DC. 20374-0580. Tel.(202)433-3841.

Oral interviews with former Navajo code talkers during the first reunion of Navajo Code Talkers of World War II at Window Rock AZ, 9-10 July 1971.

Marine Corps Oral History Program:
John Benally, 32 pp; Judge W. Dean Wilson (William Dean Yazzie), 20 pp; Paul Blatchford, 27 pp; Sidney Bedoni, 13 pp; Alex Williams, Sr., 21 pp; Carl Gorman, 3 pp; Wilfred Billey, 13 pp, Jimmy King, Sr.,36 pp.

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA):

Textual Reference Branch, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740.
(301)713-7250.

RG 127. Entry 18. Office of the Commandant-General Correspondence (Jan. 1939-Jun. 1950):
File #1535-75, folders: 13-14, 17-20.
File #2185-20, folder 4.

RG 457. Utilization of American Indians as Communications Linguists. Special Research History (SRH) #120, 107 pp.