NHHC home Frequently Asked Questions

DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORY AND HERITAGE COMMAND


US Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Casualties in World War II

1. Sources of Information on US Navy Personnel Casualties in World War II.
2. US Navy and Marine Corps Casualty Statistics for World War II.
3. Friendly Fire
4. Aviation Personnel Fatalities in World War II
5. US Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Casualties in World War II

Sources of Information on US Navy Casualties in World War II


The Bureau of Naval Personnel's official list of the Navy's World War II casualties resulting from enemy action is a 1947 IBM printout arranged chronologically by the campaigns as listed in the Secretary of the Navy's Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual. Under each campaign, the ships and units are listed alphabetically and then, the personnel casualties are listed alphabetically by last name. The man's service number, rank/rate, casualty code (wounded or killed), and date of casualty are included. The original printout and extensive records including folders of casualties from naval ships and of the armed guard crews of merchant ships were transferred to the Modern Military Branch, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001.

However, the Operational Archives Branch, Naval Historical Center had placed this Bureau of Naval Personnel Cambat Casualty IBM printout and the casualty code description on six reels of microfilm, NRS-1980-1 and also available on sixty-one sheets of microfiche, F-457. The Operational Archives Branch can provide a duplicate set microfilm, NRS-1980-1, or microfiche F-457 for the prices indicated on the fee schedule. If you want to order a copy, please specify whether you want film or fiche and then complete and return the duplication order form along with a check for the appropriate amount, made payable to the DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY, to the Operational Archives Branch, Naval Historical Center, 805 Kidder Breese, SE, Washington Navy Yard, DC 20374-5060 for processing.

In addition, the Operational Archives Branch has several other lists of personnel casualties on microfiche. Microfiche, F-458 (eight fiche) contains a list of personnel killed or wounded in World War II actions not designated in the Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual, such as naval gun crews on merchant ships and Army transports. The casualties are arranged chronologically and then alphabetical under the unit. The name, service number, rank or rate, casualty code, and date of casualty is included. All the information on F-458 is included on NRS-1980-1.

Microfiche F-454 (two fiche) is a list of officers and enlisted prisoners of war as of 25 September 1945. Arranged alphabetically, the list includes service number, rank or rate, date of capture and the prisoner of war camp designation. Another microfiche F-455 (two fiche) is an alphabetical list of the officer and enlisted prisoners of war in the Pacific and Asiatic areas as of 28 July 1945. It provides the same information as fiche F-454.

Lists of casualties are also included in two publications which may be located at a large university or depository libraries in your area or through interlibrary loan channels:

US Navy. Naval Historical Division. United States Submarine Losses, World War II. Washington: Naval History Division, 1963. (Includes crew lists.) OCLC 06579378

US Navy. Office of Information. Combat Connected Naval Casualties, World War II, by States. 2 vols. Washington: Office of Information, 1946. (Vol. 1 covers Alabama through Missouri; vol.2. covers Montana through Wyoming and other areas) OCLC 03829654



US Navy and Marine Corps Casualty Statistics for World War II


Source:

US Navy. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. History of the Medical Departmentof the United States Navy in World War II: The Statistics of Diseases and Injuries. vol.3. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1950. OCLC 04067096.


This history lists the Navy and Marine Corps personnel who were killed in action with the enemy, died of wounds, and died as a prisoner of war, as well as those who were discharged from the service because of their wounds (invalided from service.)
The history provides statistics by officer and enlisted, but for the purpose of this summary, these numbers are totaled for each service.

Place of action           KIA        Wounded,         Died,     Invalided 
                                     died later       POW       from service
----------------------------------------------------------------------
North African landings
Navy                      472           17              0        80
Marine                      3            1              0         1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Sicilian landings
Navy                      521           24              0        33
Marine                      1            0              0         1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Italian landings
Navy                     788            31              1        74
Marine                     0             0              0         0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Landings in Southern France
Navy                      36             8              0        20
Marine                     0             0              0         0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Invasion of France
Navy                    1068            32              2       263
Marine                     0             0              0         0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Atlantic or Caribbean area unspecified
Navy                     2443            14             0        79
Marine                      1             0             0         1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Attack on Pearl Harbor
Navy                     1744            17             2        41
Marine                     99             2             0         6
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Fall of the Philippines
Navy                      337             2           630         3
Marine                     89             0           413         1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Netherlands, East Indies engagement
Navy                     1656            12            94         7
Marine                     36             0             7         0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Pacific raids
Navy                       40             0             4         2
Marine                      0             1             0         0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Coral Sea
Navy                      537             6             1        11
Marine                     19             2             0         0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Midway
Navy                      301             8             1        15
Marine                     39             1             0         1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Guadalcanal, Tulagi landings
Navy                     1176            20             2        85
Marine                    988            77            12       365
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Savo Island
Navy                      936            11             0         51
Marine                     33             0             0          2
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Eastern Solomons
Navy                       85             4             0          4
Marine                      0             1             0          1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Cape Esperance
Navy                      168             1             0          5
Marine                      7             0             0          1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Santa Cruz Islands
Navy                      242             5             0         16
Marine                     12             3             0          0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Guadalcanal
Navy                      971            20             2         62
Marine                     10             1             0          8
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Tassafaronga
Navy                      389             8             0          8
Marine                      0             0             0          0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Capture of remaining Solomons
Navy                     1246            56             0        174
Marine                    781            68            26        277
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Tarawa
Navy                      724             3             0         23
Marine                    950            34             0        210
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Cape Gloucester
Navy                      145             9             0         20
Marine                    325            33             2        157
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Invasion of Marshall Islands
Navy                      187             3             1         44
Marine                    401            34             0        141
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Invasion of Marianas
Navy                      513            43             1        228
Marine                   3995           342             0       2138
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Invasion of Palau Islands
Navy                      185            10             0         68
Marine                   1171           101             1        681
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Landings on Biak New Guinea
Navy                      164             6            0          40
Marine                      0             0            0           0
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bombardment of Truk
Navy                       78             3            0          12
Marine                      7             0            0           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Return to the Philippines
Navy                     4026           270           40         830
Marine                    132            10            1          25
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle of Iwo Jima
Navy                      934            48            0         349
Marine                   4907           614            0        3114
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bombardments of Formosa French Indochina
Navy                      269             9            2          30
Marine                      3             0            0           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bombing and landing on Okinawa
Navy                     3809           219            0         876
Marine                   2897           347            0        2028
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bombardment of Kyushu Island and Japan
Navy                      963             6            1          38
Marine                     61             0            0           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Aleutian or Alaskan area, unspecified
Navy                      177             1            0           8
Marine                      2             0            0           5
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Pacific or Asiatic area, unspecified
Navy                     4462            12           93         188
Marine                     20             0            1           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
After 1 July 1945
Navy                     1103            14            2          88
Marine                     41             0            4         172
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Specific action not determined
Navy                     1719            20           30         773
Marine                    346            10           43         721
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, all actions
Navy                    34607           972          909        4647
Marine                  17376          1682          510       10063
Total                   51983          2654         1419       14710

 

Friendly Fire



Casualties on US Ships Hit by Allied Gunfire During WW2

                   1942         1943       1944        1945       Total
Ship Type        WIA  KIA     WIA  KIA   WIA  KIA    WIA  KIA    WIA  KIA
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Carrier           0    0       0    0     0    0     115   16     15   16
Destroyer         8    5       0    0    21    3      80   10    109   18
Battleship        0    0       0    0     0    0      99   21    109   21
Submarine         0    0       0    0     0   83       0    0      0   83
PT Boat           0    0       0    0    23   22       0    4     23   26
Landing Ship      0    0       0    0     0    0      35    3     35    3
Salvage Ship      0    0      18    8     0    0       0    6     18   14
Cruiser           0    0       0    0     0    0      21    2     21    2
Transport         0    0       0    0     0    0       8    1      8    1
Patrol Craft      0    0       0    0     0    0       6    1      6    1
Minesweeper       0    0       0    0     0    0       3    1      3    1
Cargo Ship        0    0       0    0     0    0       1    0      1    0
Seaplane Tender   0    0       0    0     0    0       0    0      0    0
Hospital Ship     0    0       0    0     0    0       0    0      0    0

Total             8    5      18    8    44  108     368   65    438  186


Source:

Gauker, Eleanor D. and Christopher G. Blood. "Friendly Fire Incidents During World War II Naval Operations." Naval War College Review 48, no.1 (Winter 1995): 115-22.