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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
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West Cheswald

 

__________

 

(Freighter: dp. 12,200; l. 423'9"; b. 54'0"; dr. 24'1" (mean) ; dph. 29'9'; s. 10.5 k.; cpl. 60)

 

West Cheswald—a single-screw, steel-hulled freighter completed in 1919 at Porland, Oreg., by the Northwest Steel Co.—was inspected by the Navy at the 13th Naval District, deemed suitable for service as a naval collier, and assigned the Id. No. 4199. However, due to the fact that World War I ended long before the ship was completed, she was not taken over by the Navy.

 

Nevertheless, she did receive an armed guard detachment (Navy) during World War II, while under the ownership of the United States Maritime Commission's War Shipping Administration. This detachment received two battle stars for the ship's World War II service: the first for taking part in convoy runs to North Russian ports in the spring of 1942 and the second for participating in the Normandy landings in June of 1944. On 16 July 1944, she was deliberately sunk to form part of the breakwater off the San Lorenzo, France, beachhead.