An Italian volcano located on the eastern side of the Bay of Naples. Its most famous eruption, on 24 August 79 A.D., completely destroyed the city of Pompeii and the town of Herculaneum.
(Bomb Ketch: t. 145; lbp. 82'5"; b. 25'5"; dr. 8'4"; cpl. 30; a. 1 13" mortar, 8 9-pdrs., 2 24-pdrs.)
The first Vesuvius—a bomb ketch built by Jacob Coffin at Newburyport, Mass.—was launched on 31 May 1806; and commissioned in or before September 1806, Lt. James T. Leonard in command.
Vesuvius departed Boston for the Gulf of Mexico but, while en route on 19 October, ran aground in the Gulf of Abaco. The ship lost her rudder and floated free only after her crew had jettisoned all of her guns and their carriages; her shot and shell; and even part of the kentledge. She finally reached New Orleans on 27 November.
Repaired and rearmed with 10 6-pounders, the ship subsequently sailed for Natchez and operated out of that port from February 1807 until returning to New Orleans on 30 May. Vesuvius was then ordered north for further repairs and arrived at New York on 16 August.
The ship apparently remained in the New York area until the spring of 1809, when she again sailed for New Orleans. Embarking upon duties to suppress slave traders and pirates operating out of the trackless bayous, Vesuvius cruised off the mouth of the muddy Mississippi and into the Gulf of Mexico, alert for any sign of illegal activity.
The crew's vigilance was rewarded in February 1810 when, under the command of Lt. Benjamin F. Read, Vesuvius gave chase to a pirate vessel off the mouth of the Mississippi and captured Due de Montebello—a schooner named by Frenchmen who had been expelled from Cuba by the Spanish government. Dispatched to New Orleans, the buccaneer ship was condemned. In the same month, boats from Vesuvius, under the command of Midshipman F. H. Gregory, captured pirate schooner Diomede and slaver Alexandria—the latter with a full cargo of slaves on board and flying British colors.
Four months later, Comdr. David Porter, commander of the New Orleans station, embarked in Vesuvius before the bomb ketch departed New Orleans on 10 June 1810, bound via Havana, Cuba, for Washington. Also making the passage were Porter's wife and the Porters' ward, eight-year-old James Glasgow Farragut. The lad —who would later change his name to David Glasgow Farragut and ultimately become the Navy's first admiral—was experiencing his first sea voyage.
After repairs at the Washington Navy Yard, the ketch pressed on for New York and arrived on 6 September 1810. Vesuvius was placed in ordinary, and her crew was transferred to Enterprise.
In 1816, Vesuvius served as a receiving ship at New York. A survey conducted in April 1818 revealed that the cost to repair and refit the ship would be, in the survey's words, "exhorbitant." Still carried on the Navy list as a receiving ship through 1821, Vesuvius was broken up in June 1829 after being damaged beyond repair on 4 June when the old steamship Fulton exploded alongside.