One of the major planets of the solar system, Venus moves in an orbit between Earth and Mercury and, at its brightest, is far more brilliant than any fixed star, often being visible in full daylight.
(AK-135: dp. 14,550; 1. 441'6"; b. 56'11"; dr. 28'4"; s. 12.5 k.; cpl. 206; a. 1 5", 4 40mm.; cl. Crater; T. EC2-S-C1)
William Williams was laid down under a Maritime Commission contract (MCE hull 263) on 5 July 1942 at Richmond, Calif., by the Permanente Metals Corp. Yard No. 2; launched on 21 August; sponsored by Mrs. Paul S. Marrin; was delivered to her owners, the Isthmian Steamship Lines, on 8 September; and operated in the Pacific for the remainder of 1942 and into 1943. On 2 May 1943, while near Suva, Fiji Islands, William Williams was torpedoed by Japanese submarine 1-19, commanded by Lt. Takaichi Kinashi who, while commanding this I-boat, had torpedoed Wasp (CV-7), North Carolina (BB-55), and O'Brien (DD-415) with the same spread of torpedoes off Guadalcanal on 15 September 1942. Kinashi chose not to finish off the crippled "Liberty ship," however, and cleared the area. William, Williams, meanwhile, abandoned by her crew, remained afloat though heavily damaged.
Reboarded, William Williams was towed to Fiji and thence to Auckland, New Zealand, where the Navy acquired the ship on 6 November 1943 from the War Shipping Administration under a bareboat charter. Enough repairs to make the ship seaworthy were effected, and she was commissioned as Venus on 10 November, Lt. Comdr. George H. L. Peet in command.
Towed from Auckland, Venus arrived at Sydney, Australia, where she was decommissioned and placed "in service" on 4 December. Docking and conversion work at the port were delayed due to higher priorities being assigned to other ships and labor troubles at the dockyards themselves. Once these obstacles were overcome, work proceeded apace—a difficult task due to the fact that the conversion was accomplished in a foreign yard with non-standard materials. Designated AK-135, the ship was placed back in commission on 26 September 1944. On 4 October, she commenced her shakedown and soon loaded general cargo and dry provisions before she sailed for the Admiralties on 26 October.
She reached Manus four days later and discharged some of her cargo. There, she also received her main battery, a single 5-inch, dual-purpose gun. The ship witnessed an air raid on 9 November, but the attack was directed at another vicinity, and the cargo vessel did not participate in the action. The following day, Mount Hood (AE-11) blew up in a cataclysmic explosion while handling ammunition at Seeadler Har bor. All but a few of her crew (those who were ashore at the time) were killed in the blast which not only atomized the ammunition ship but severely damaged other ships nearby. Venus responded to this emergency by sending a boat to assist in medical operations with 30 units of blood plasma.
During the ship's stay at Manus, several cases of diphtheria developed on board, and all hands were restricted to the ship. On 28 November, Venus sailed for Dutch New Guinea, arrived at Hollandia the following day, and stayed until Christmas Eve, when she headed for Aitape-—-arriving there on Christmas Day. On 27 December 1944, the cargo vessel got underway for Cape Sansapor, where she supplied LST's attached to Task Group (TG) 77.5, which later took part in the landings at Lingayen Gulf. Proceeding to Morotai upon completion of these revictualling operations, she unloaded the remainder of her cargo and fueled various small craft of the Royal Australian Navy.
On 4 January 1945, during Venus' stay at Morotai, Japanese aircraft conducted a bombing raid on the nearby land base, but the planes were driven off by antiaircraft fire and night fighters. Six days later, Venus, her holds empty, sailed with five other ships to Hollandia, where she took on board passengers. While proceeding thence to Australia, she encountered heavy gales but arrived safely at Brisbane on 23 January.
The ship underwent repairs soon after she arrived while concurrently loading equipment of the 109th Fleet Hospital unit and of the 544th Construction Battalion (CB or "Seabees") for transport to the Philippine Islands. She departed Brisbane on 4 February, proceeded via Manus and Hollandia, and joined a convoy off the Dutch New Guinea coast. The Allied ships arrived at Guiuan Roadstead off Samar on 27 February. Part of the Seabee unit soon went ashore to begin building the hospital, while the remainder stayed on board to unload equipment and stores. Eventually, as more Seabees could be accommodated ashore, the job of unloading passed on to Venus' crew. Despite the lack of barges and experienced stevedores, Venus succeeded in unloading all equipment and supplies earmarked for the hospital unit before she joined a southbound convoy on 8 April, got underway for the Admir-alities, and arrived at Manus one week later.
Proceeding thence to Emirau, Venus loaded the remnants of the 77th CB Battalion and their equipment, accomplishing this on 25 April before getting underway for Brisbane to load more of the 77th Battalion's equipment. Besides the full load of cargo, Venus also accommodated 600 passengers, and additional galley and bunking facilities were set up on deck beneath makeshift shelters to take care of these men. The cargo vessel then headed north for the Philippines, via Milne Bay, and arrived at Manila on 13 June to commence offloading and to disembark her passengers. Five days later, the ship shifted to a berth alongside a sunken Japanese cargo ship.
With the erstwhile enemy freighter serving as a dock, Venus offloaded the remainder of her cargo— experiencing two air raid alerts during her stay at Manila—and completed these operations by 30 June. She then pressed southward for the Admiralties and loaded 1,500 tons of bombs for transport to Bougainville in the Solomons. The installation of a gyro compass delayed her sailing until 25 July, but the ship arrived at Empress Augusta Bay on the 29th.
Eleven days later, Venus departed Torokina, Bougainville, bound for the New Hebrides and arrived at Espiritu Santo on 11 August. She loaded material for drydock ABSD-1, loading from lighters in Pallikulo Bay. Due to poor loading conditions, the job was not completed until 7 September, when she was ready to sail for the Philippine Islands. During her stay at Espiritu Santo, word arrived that Japan had surrendered; and, for the first time since commissioning, the ship could sail at night without having to "darken ship."
Venus arrived at Samar on 20 September and discharged her cargo before moving on to Subic Bay, ultimately mooring at Mactan Island near Cebu City. She remained there for almost three months before departing Cebu on 15 December, bound for the Hawaiian Islands, and arrived in San Francisco on 10 January 1946. The cargo ship remained in San Francisco Bay until 7 March when she sailed to Hawaii, arriving at Pearl Harbor on 16 March. Decommissioned on 18 April 1946, the ship was subsequently towed by Hitchiti (ATF-103) back to the west coast, arriving at San Francisco on 13 March.
Declared surplus to Navy needs, the ship was struck from the Navy list on 19 February 1948. Stripped for disposal, she was returned to the Maritime Commission on the 27th and was placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, Calif. The ship was scrapped at Oakland, Calif., in August 1961.
Venus received one battle star for her service during World War II as William Williams.