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Uncas

 

A Mohican chief—the son of Owenoco—was born in or near 1588. In 1626, he married the daughter of Sassacus, chief of the Pequots, and thus became a chief of the Pequot tribe. When a rebellion against Sassacus lead to his banishment, Uncas fled to the Narragansett tribe; but he subsequently made peace with the Pequots and returned. In 1637, he joined the English in a war against the Pequots, receiving a portion of captured Pequot land. This conduct earned him the enmity of the Pequots, Narragansetts, and other Indian tribes. In 1643, Uncas defeated the powerful Narragansett chief Miantonomo and executed him at the behest of the English colonists. In 1648 the Mohawks, Pocomtocks, and other Indian tribes made war on Uncas but failed to defeat him. Besieged by the Narragansett chief Pessacus, he was saved by Ensign Thomas Lefflngwell. In gratitude, it is said that Uncas gave the Englishman all the land on the site of present-day Norwich, Conn. During his life, he allied with the English in all the wars waged against the Indians, ending with King Philip's War in 1675. Uncas died in 1682 or 1683.

 

I

 

(ScStr.: t. 192; 1. 118'6"; b. 23'4"; dph. 7'6"; s. 11.5 k.; a. 1 20-pdr. P.r., 2 32-pdrs.)

 

Uncas—a screw steamer built at New York City in 1843—was purchased by the Navy there on 20 September 1861 from Dudley Buck for use with the Coast Survey. She was refitted at the New York Navy Yard from September 1861 to February 1862 and placed in service early in March, Acting Master Lemuel G. Crane commanding.

 

However, before Uncas could begin her duties for the Coast Survey, the Confederate ironclad ram Virginia attacked the Union warships blockading Hampton Roads, sinking frigates Cumberland and Congress and endangering their consorts. As a result of the havoc created by the resurrected Merrimack, Uncas was sent to Hampton Roads to strengthen the Union naval forces still afloat there. She had arrived in that strategic roadstead by 14 March and, three days later, was officially transferred to the Navy and assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Unfortunately, by that time, Uncas' brief service had revealed serious deficiencies in the ship; and she was ordered to Baltimore for repairs. While she was being readied for action, the Navy again changed its plans for the vessel and sent her to the western part of the Gulf of Mexico where Flag Officer Farragut was preparingfor his daring attack on New Orleans. On 10 April, the steamer entered the Mississippi where she was needed to help locate positions for Commander David D. Porter's mortar boats during his impending bombardment of Forts St. Philip and Jackson. Farragut planned to use her as a gunboat in the Mississippi Sound. However, her machinery broke down again almost immediately, and the ship returned north for further repairs before beginning either task.

 

The deficiencies were quickly corrected; and, on the 26th, the ship was steaming to Port Royal, S.C., to join Flag Officer Samuel F. Du Font's South Atlantic Blockading Squadron—when she captured the schooner Belle 30 miles northwest of Charleston, S.C. The Belle was operating out of Nassau, New Providence, and purportedly bound for Philadelphia with a cargo of salt, pepper, and soap. Uncas remained only briefly at Port Royal, being assigned on 29 April 1862 to the blockade of St. Simon's Sound, Ga., and all inland waters extending from St. Catherine's to St. Andrew's Sounds.

 

Uncas next received orders to Florida,^arriving in the St. John's River on 11 June 1862. C/wcoiNnrst saw action on 1 September 1862 when she and Patroon engaged a company of Confederates at St. John's and Yellow Bluffs. Scattered incidents following this initial clash led to a major encounter with Southern batteries at St. John's Bluff on 11 September 1862. The engagement lasted four hours and 20 minutes. During the action, Uncas fired 143 shells and 13 solid shot while Patroon expended 60 shells. Uncas suffered considerable damage to her upperworks but weathered the fire and forced the defending Confederates to abandon, temporarily, the fort. The ship and officers drew praise from Flag Officer Du Pont for their conduct. Uncas and Patroon fought a second, minor battle at the bluffs on 2 October 1862. Uncas continued patrol and reconnaissance work on the river through the winter and into the spring of 1863. On 10 March 1863, in company with Norwich, Uncas escorted Army transports up the St. John's River with troops who landed and occupied Jacksonville, Fla.

 

On 10 June 1863, Flag Officer Du Pont ordered Uncas to Port Royal for repairs. The vessel's deteriorated condition upon arrival prompted further orders on 4 July 1863 directing Uncas to proceed to the New York Navy Yard. Uncas was stricken and sold at public auction at the New York Navy Yard on 21 August

1863. She was redocumented as Claymont on 20 November 1863 and remained in merchant service until abandoned in 1886.

 

 

The steamer Uncas, with steam sloop Tuscarora and gunboat Winona, escort Army transports on their way to capture Roanoke Island and cut Albemarle Sound off from the sea early in 1862. (NR&L(O) 20062)