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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
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Schmitt

 

Aloysius H. Schmitt was born on 4 December 1909 in St. Lucas, Iowa, and was appointed Acting Chaplain with rank of Lieutenant (jg.) in the United States Navy on 28 June 1939. He was serving on board the battleship, Oklahoma, (BB-37), when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. When his ship capsized, he became entrapped, along with other members of the crew, in a compartment where only a small porthole provided outlet for escape. He assisted a number of men through the porthole, and then gave up his own chance to escape so that more men might be rescued. He received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal posthumously for his courage and self-sacrifice.

 

(DE-676: dp. 1,400; 1.306'; b. 37'; dr. 13'6"; s. 23.6k.; cpl. 213; a. 3 3", 4 40mm., 4 1.1", 10 20mm., 2 dct, 8 dcp., l dcp. (hh.); cl. Buckley)

 

Schmitt was laid down on 22 February 1943 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Co., Quincy, Mass.; launched on 29 May 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Elizabeth Buchheit; and commissioned on 24 July 1943, Lt. Comdr. T. D. Cunningham in command.

 

After shakedown in Bermuda and repairs at New York, Schmitt departed from New York on 19 October 1943 escorting a convoy to Curasao in the West Indies, and then made her first transatlantic crossing with a convoy from Curagao to Londonderry, Northern Ireland. She served on the Londonderry-New York convoy route until 30 September 1944, crossing the ocean 16 times without incident. Between voyages, the escort underwent antisubmarine training at Londonderry or at Casco Bay, Maine, and received repairs made necessary by the rough North Atlantic weather.

 

On 21 October, Schmitt began a convoy voyage from Norfolk to Bizerte and other Mediterranean ports, returning to New York on 10 December. Between 16 December 1944 and 19 January 1945, she served as training ship for submarines at New London, Conn., and then on 20 January arrived at the United States Naval Frontier Base, Tompkinsville, Staten Is., N.Y., for conversion to a high speed transport. Her designation was changed to APD-76 on 24 January 1945.

 

Schmitt completed conversion on 3 April 1945, and once again underwent shakedown, this time out of Norfolk. She departed Hampton Roads on 19 April and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 16 May. She embarked underwater demolition teams (UDT) there and carried out six days of exercises with them at Maui before sailing for the Southwest Pacific on 4 June. The fast transport arrived off Balikpapan, Borneo, on 23 June and screened the bombardment group of cruisers and destroyers during shore bombardment missions between 23 and 28 June. Her UDT personnel carried out night reconnaissance operations on 25 and 28 June, with the ship resuming escort duties during the day. On 1 July Schmitt's boat led the first 17 waves of landing craft to the beach. The ship left Balikpapan on 3 July, disembarking her UDT personnel at Oceanside, Calif., on 2 August; and, while the ship was under repair at San Pedro from 4 to 18 August, the war in the Pacific came to an end.

 

Schmitt reembarked UDT personnel and departed from San Pedro on 19 August. She arrived at Sasebo, Japan, on 20 September and carried out four days of beach reconnaissance there followed by two more days on nearby islands. She got underway from Japan on 27 September and returned on 19 October to San Diego. Between 17 November and 30 November, she made one round-trip voyage to Pearl Harbor, bringing troops home to the United States, and then proceeded to join the Atlantic Fleet at Norfolk on 16 December.

 

For the next three and a half years, Schmitt conducted peacetime training and upkeep along the Atlantic Coast, highlighted by refresher training and shore bombardment practice in the Caribbean and amphibious landing exercises in Newfoundland and Labrador. She varied her normal routine between 12 June and 7 July 1948 when she escorted four Naval Academy sailing yawls in the Newport to Bermuda race. On 16 April 1949, the fast transport arrived at Charleston, S.C., for inactivation, and was decommissioned and placed in reserve there on 28 June 1949. Schmitt was struck from the Navy list on 1 May 1967 and transferred in February to Taiwan as Lung Shan (PF-44).

 

Schmitt received one battle star for her World War II service.