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Saratoga

 

On 17 October 1777, American troops commanded by General Horatio Gates compelled a British Army led by General John Burgoyne to surrender at Saratoga, N.Y. This victory ended a prolonged British effort to cut the colonies in two and induced France to enter the war as America's ally.

 

IV

 

On 16 February 1911, cruiser New York (q.v.) was renamed Saratoga.