A shore bird of the Pacific coasts of America, allied to the turnstones.
(AM-383: dp. 890; l. 221'2"; b. 32'2"; dr. 10'9"; s. 18 k.; cpl. 117; a. 1 3, 2 40mm.; cl. Auk)
Surfbird (AM-383) was laid down on 15 February 1944 by the American Shipbuilding Co., Lorain, Ohio; launched on 31 August 1944; sponsored by Mrs. F. W. Chambers; and commissioned on 25 November 1944, Lt. R. H. Nelson, Jr., USNR, in command.
Surfbird departed Lorain on 26 November en route to Boston, via Montreal, Quebec, and Halifax. She arrived at Boston on 15 December 1944 and held mine-sweeping trials. On 13 February 1945, the ship arrived at Little Creek, Va., to begin her shakedown training. After a brief period in the Charleston Naval Shipyard for alterations, she sailed for the west coast. The Panama Canal was transited on 27 April, and Surfbird arrived at San Diego on 6 May. Two days later, she and Toucan (AM-387) sailed for Hawaii.
Surfbird arrived at Pearl Harbor and on 26 May departed there for Okinawa Retto, via Eniwetok, Guam, and Ulithi. She arrived at Kerama Retto on 25 June and began daily sweeps of the “Skagway” area of the East China Sea. The minesweeper departed Okinawa on 5 September for North Saddle Island, at the entrance of the Yangtze River. She swept Bonham Strait and its approaches until 4 October and then swept the entrance to Chefoo Harbor, Shantung. Next was a two-day sweep of the approaches to Jinsen, Korea, after which she got underway for Shanghai. The Yangtze River was entered on 16 October and, by the end of the month, she had swept 32 mines.
Surfbird sailed from Shanghai on 17 November for Sasebo, Japan, to be repaired. From 14 through 31 December 1945, she swept mines in Tachibana Wan, Kyushu. She moved to Kure from Sasebo and remained there from 20 to 26 February 1946 when she sailed for the United States, via the Marianas, Marshalls, Johnston Island, and Pearl Harbor. The minesweeper arrived at San Diego on 14 April, and was decommissioned on 5 June 1946.
Surfbird was recommissioned at San Diego on 12 March 1952 and operated from there until December. On 1 December, she stood out to sea en route to the Far East. The minesweeper touched at Yokosuka, Japan, on 28 December 1952 and departed on 1 January 1953 with units of Mine Division (MinDiv) 76 to begin sweep and blockade operations between Wonsan and Hungnam, Korea. These patrols were only broken by brief intervals of replenishment and upkeep at Sasebo. On 25 May, Surfbird arrived at Inchon to make magnetic-acoustic sweeps of Yong Do and Cho Do. She returned to Sasebo on 6 June and sailed for the United States three days later.
Surfbird arrived at Long Beach on 3 July. Following an overhaul at Mare Island from 17 August to 28 October, she resumed local operations out of Long Beach. The ship departed the Far East again on 28 April 1954 and returned on 24 November 1954. In February 1955, her designation was changed from AM-383 to MSF-383. She trained along the California coast for the next year and on 1 March 1956 sailed for another tour with the 7th Fleet. When Surfbird was due for rotation on 9 August, she and Waxwing (MSO-389) began a 13,000-mile cruise home through the South Pacific. They called at Manila, P.I.; Bali, Republic of Indonesia; Darwin, Australia; Port Moresby, New Guinea; and Pago Pago, Samoa. They then called at Pearl Harbor before returning to Long Beach on 9 October 1956.
On 22 January 1957, Surfbird sailed for Yokosuka, her new homeport, to begin a new career. She arrived in Japan on 12 February and began receiving degaussing equipment from Ampere (ADG-11). On 15 June, she was redesignated from MSF-383 to a degaussing ship, ADG-383. Until April 1965, Surfbird operated from Sasebo; but her operations covered much of the western Pacific as she also degaussed ships of the allied sea services of Japan, Korea, the Republic of China, the Philippines, and the Republic of South Vietnam.
Surfbird stood out of Subic Bay on 11 April 1965 en route to Vietnam. Upon her arrival there, she was assigned patrol duty on Operation “Market Time” until returning to Sasebo on 7 May. Surfbird again performed “Market Time” patrols and special ranging service off the coast of South Vietnam from 2 to 22 August 1966 and from 17 September to 7 October 1966. She returned to Vietnam for operations during the following periods: 8 to 15 September and 10 to 14 November 1967; 17 June to 20 July 1968; 8 to 28 March, 16 August to 10 September, and 2 to 26 October 1969; 4 January to 7 February and 21 July to 3 August 1970.
On 5 August 1970, Surfbird was notified that she was to be inactivated. She departed Japan on 7 September and, after making port calls at Guam and Hawaii, arrived at the Inactivation Facility, Bremerton, Wash., on 3 October. Surfbird was decommissioned on 18 December 1970 and attached to the Pacific Reserve Fleet, where she remained into February 1975.
Surfbird received three battle stars for service in World War II, two for Korean service, and eight for service in Vietnam.
USS Surf bird (ADG-383), 1964. Now equipped as a degaussing ship, Surf bird provides mobile facilities for measuring and correcting the magnetic fields of naval ships.