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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

R-18

 

(Submarine No. 95: displacement 569 (surfaced), 680 (submerged); length 1862; beam 18; draft 146; speed 13.5 knots (surfaced), 10.5 knots (submerged); complement 29; armament 1 3, 4 21 torpedo tubes; class R-1)

 

R-18 (Submarine No. 95) was laid down 16 June 1917 by the Union Iron Works, San Francisco, Calif.; launched 8 January 1918; sponsored by Miss Marion S. Russell; and commissioned 11 September 1918, Lt. Comdr. Felix X. Gygax in command.

 

Following shakedown, R-18 was assigned, briefly, to the Panama Canal Zone. At the end of the year, 1918, she returned to California. At San Pedro from January to March 1919, she then underwent overhaul at San Francisco and on 17 June got underway for Hawaii. On the 25th she arrived at Pearl Harbor. Based there for over a decade, she served with the fleet, training personnel and testing new submarine equipment. In July 1920 she was designated SS-95.

 

R-18 departed Hawaii 12 December 1930, transited the Panama Canal, thence continued on the east coast for inactivation. Arriving at Philadelphia 9 February 1931, she was decommissioned 13 May and berthed at League Island until after the outbreak of World War II.

 

Recommissioned 8 January 1941, R-18 was at New London for reconditioning and fitting out into May. On the 12th she got underway for the Canal Zone where she patrolled into September. In October, she returned to New London, whence after overhaul, she conducted training exercises in submarine and antisubmarine warfare. In early January 1942, she shifted her training activities to the Casco Bay area. Then, later in the month, she added patrols along a line between Nantucket Light and Bermuda to her schedule.

Originally patrolling out of New London, she shifted to Bermuda in May. In August she moved further south and until December operated in a training capacity in the Virgin Islands and at Trinidad.

 

Then assigned, with others of her class, to training duties for the remainder of the war, R-18 returned to New London on 24 December. She operated in the New London and Portland, Maine, areas until June 1943. The last 6 months of the year were spent at Bermuda. From January through March 1944, she was back in southern New England; then, in April she moved south for 8 months at Key West and Port Everglades.

 

With the new year, 1945, the submarine again began operations out of New London. During the following summer she made her last voyage to Florida and back and in September she headed for New Hampshire and inactivation. R-18 arrived at Portsmouth 7 September and was decommissioned on the 19th. Struck from the Navy list the following month, she was sold for scrapping to the John J. Duane Co., Quincy, Mass., in 1946.