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An Indian tribe of Algonquian stock, inhabitants of eastern Maine.




(ScGbt.: dp. 691; l. 158’4”; b. 28’; dph. 12’; dr. 10’6”; a. 1 11” 1 20-pdr. P. r., 2 24-pdr. how.)


The first Penobscot, built in ninety days by C.P. Carter, Belfast, Maine, was launched 19 November 1861 and delivered to the Navy at Boston 16 January 1862. Assigned initially to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, Penobscot destroyed her first Confederate vessel, the schooner Sereta, grounded and abandoned off Shallotte Inlet, N.C., 8 June 1862. On 1 August she seized sloop Lizzie off New Inlet and on 22 October British brig Robert Burns off Cape Fear. Again off Shallotte Inlet 3 November, she forced the British ship Pathfinder aground, then destroyed her. Continuing her patrol of the Carolina coast into the summer of 1863, she forced blockade runner Kate ashore at Smith’s Island 12 July.


Shifted then to the Gulf of Mexico, Penobscot joined the blockade ships cruising off the Texas coast. In early January 1864, she provided support for troops landed on the Matagorda Peninsula on 31 December. On 28 February she seized Lilly, a British schooner attempting to run the blockade at Velasco to deliver her cargo of powder, and the next day captured schooners Stingray and John Douglas, outward bound with cargoes of cotton. On 12 July, off Galveston, the “ninetyday” gunboat intercepted the schooner James Williams with a cargo of medicine, coffee, and liquor.


By 1865 the Union stranglehold had achieved its purpose. The South was suffering for the materials necessary to wage war. On 18 February Penobscot made her last interceptions. She forced the schooners Mary Agnes and Louisa ashore at Aransas Pass and on the 19th sent a boat crew to destroy them.


After the war Penobscot returned to the cast coast. She decommissioned at New York 31 July 1865 and on 19 October 1869 was sold, at Portsmouth, N.H., to Nehemiah Gibson.