Foxhall Alexander Parker, born in New York 5 August 1821 was appointed a midshipman 11 March 1837. During the Civil War he cooperated with the Army of the Potomac, protecting Alexandria, Va., after the Battle of Bull Run. In addition to being in active service off Charleston, S.C., he commanded a naval battery at the bombardment of Fort Sumter, and was also in command of the Potomac Flotilla. In 1872, as Commodore and Chief of Staff of the North Atlantic Fleet, he drew up a code of signals for steam tactics. He was author of Fleet Tactics Under Steam, The Naval Howitzer Afloat, and other valuable works. He became Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy in 1878 and was one of the founders of the United States Naval Institute. He died 10 June 1879 at Annapolis, Md.
(DD48: dp. 1,036; l. 3053; b. 304; dr. 95; a. 30 k.; cpl. 106; a. 4 4, 8 18 tt.; cl. Alywyn)
The first Parker (DD48) was laid down 11 March 1912 by William Cramp and Sons at Philadelphia; launched 8 February 1913; and commissioned 30 December 1913, Lt. Comdr. C. P. Nelson in command.
Parker was attached to the Torpedo Flotilla, Atlantic Fleet, operating off the Atlantic coast during the years of American neutrality in World War I.
Just before the United States entered the war, Parker departed winter maneuvers in Cuban waters to join the fleet at Yorktown in March 1917. She sailed 17 June 1917 with Group 4 of the first convoy of American troops to France. From St. Nazaire, Parker steamed to Queenstown, Ireland, joining the U.S. Naval Forces patrolling the Irish Coast. There she escorted convoys safely through the war zone, and assisted vessels in distress. From July to November 1918 Parker was attached to the base at Plymouth, England, and operated with U.S. submarine chasers.
Parker made contact with the enemy on several occasions during the war. She was credited with probably seriously damaging an enemy submarine 3 August 1917.
As the result of the gallant and daring rescue of survivors of the British Hospital Ship Glenart Castle 26 February 1918, the men of Parker were commended by the British Parliament, the Admiralty, and the U.S. naval authorities.
On 1 November 1918 Parker sailed from Plymouth for Gibraltar but returned to Plymouth at the end of the war. Thereafter Parker carried mail and passengers between Plymouth and Brest. She made a cruise to German ports in early 1919 to implement the terms of the armistice, before steaming to the Baltic Sea to assist members and vessels of the Food Administration.
Parker sailed for New York, 20 July 1919, and upon arrival was assigned to Destroyer Squadron 1, Atlantic Fleet. After operating out of Norfolk from 1919 to mid-1921 and making a final cruise as far as Newport, R.I., the destroyer decommissioned 6 June 1922.
Parker was struck from the Navy List 8 March 1935, scrapped and sold 23 April 1935 in accordance with the terms of the London Treaty for the limitation of naval armament.