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Ossipee

 

A river in eastern New Hampshire and southwestern Maine flowing from Ossipee Lake and emptying into Saco River.

 

(Se Slp: t. 1,240; l. 207’; b. 38’; dph. 16’10”; dr. 16’; s. 10 k.; cpl. 141; a. I 100–pdr. p.r.; 1 11” D.sb.; 3 30–pdr. d.r.; 6 32–pdrs.; I heavy 12–pdr. sb.; I 12–pdr. r.)

 

I

 

The first Ossipee, a wooden, screw sloop of war, was laid down in June 1861 by the Portsmouth Navy Yard, Portsmouth, N. H.; launched 16 November 1861; sponsored by Mrs. McFarland, wife of the editor of the Concord Statesman; and commissioned 6 November 1862 Lt. Comdr. Robert Boyd in command.

 

Ten days later Capt. John P. Gillis took command of the ship and she got underway for Hampton Roads to join the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron in which she served until departing Newport News, Va., 18 May 1863 to join the West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Mobile, Ala. She captured schooner Helena there 30 June and with Kennebec seized steamers James Battle and William Bagley in the Gulf of Mexico 18 July. The former, “the finest packet on the Alabama River...altered to suit her for a blockade runner,” was laden with cotton and rosin while the latter carried cotton which they hoped to sell abroad.

 

In September Ossipee steamed to the coast of Texas for blockade duty until returning to station off Mobile in mid March 1864 as Admiral Farragut built up his forces for the invasion of Mobile Bay. On 5 August, with Itasco alongside, she passed the forts and entered Mobile Bay with Farragut and participated in the ensuing naval battle, playing a large role in the struggle with Tennessee which finally forced the well fought, heavy southern ironclad ram to surrender.

 

In September Ossipee returned to blockade duty off the Texas coast and, but for repairs at Pensacola late in 1864, served there until moving to New Orleans in April 1865. She was one of the Federal ships to pursue CSS Welb during the Confederate steamer’s daring attempt to race down the Mississippi and escape to sea.

 

Following duty off Mobile, Ossipee sailed North late in June and decommissioned at Philadelphia 3 July.

 

Recommissioned 27 October 1866, Capt. George F. Emmons in command, Ossipee served in the north Pacific protecting American interests along the coasts of Mexico and Central America. She departed San Francisco 27 September 1867 for Sitka, Alaska, carrying Russian Commissioners for the ceremony transferring that valuable and strategic territory to the United States 18 October.

 

After serving in the Pacific into spring 1872, Ossipee headed home 6 June, arrived New York 18 November, and decommissioned there on the 30th.

 

Recommissioned 10 October 1873, the veteran sloop of war served in the North Atlantic. She departed Key West 15 December for Tortugas to await filibustering steamer Virginius which had been seized on the high seas by Spanish cruiser Tornado under fraudulent American registery. To help ease tension caused by the incident, Spain had turned the prize over to the United States, represented by Captain Whiting, commander of Despatch at Bahia Honda, Cuba. Despatch took Virginius to Tortugas. Ossipee departed Tortugas 19 December towing Virginius north, but the notorious prize foundered off Cape Hatteras a week later. Ossipee continued operations in the North Atlantic until decommissioning at Boston 25 May 1878.

 

Recommissioned 28 January 1884, Ossipee departed Hampton Roads 30 April for the Far East via Gibraltar and the Suez Canal and served on the Asiatic station until returning to New York 15 February 1887. She then served along the Atlantic coast and in the West Indies until decommissioning at Norfolk 12 November 1889. She was sold there 25 March 1891 to Herbert H. Ives.

 

(WPG–50: dp. 908; l. 165’ 10”; b. 32’; dr. 11’ 9”; s. 13 k.; cpl. 60; a. 4 3”)

 

Ossipee, built by Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Corporation, Newport News, Va., as a cruising cutter, was launched in 1915. Accepted by the Government 10 July, she commissioned 28 July. She arrived Portland, Me. 17 August and commenced coastal patrol and rescue operations in a cruising district from Eastport, Me. to Cape Ann, Mass.

 

Transferred to the Navy by Executive Order of 6 April 1917, she was assigned to Squadron Two, Division Six, Atlantic Patrol Forces. She arrived Gibraltar 30 August and assumed convoy escort duty between Gibraltar and Great Britain. She also took part in anti-submarine operations in the Mediterranean Sea. The cutter cruised in the war zone from 23 August 1917 until 11 November 1918, during which time she assisted in the escort of 596 merchant ships, only five of which were lost to submarine action.

 

Ossipee returned to the Treasury Department in accordance with Executive Order of 28 August 1919. Upon return to the U. S., she resumed patrol and rescue operations out of Portland, Me. She also helped to reinaugurate the cruises of the International lee Patrol in the winter of 1920–21. During the effective life of the 18th Amendment the cutter was called upon to serve as an occasional unit of the Coast Guard’s seagoing force that battled the rum-runners.

 

She continued coastal patrol, rescue, and navigational aid service operations out of Portland, Me. through 1935. Transferred to Great Lakes duty in 1936, she was assigned to Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. By the time of her second transfer to the Navy 1 November 1941, she was carried on the Coast Guard Register as a miscellaneous cutter. Her wartime operations consisted of Lake Erie patrols out of Cleveland, Ohio.

 

Ossipee decommissioned 12 June 1945 and was sold 18 September 1946 to Harold H. Neff of East Cleveland, Ohio.