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McDougal

 

David Stockton McDougal, born in Ohio 27 September 1809, was appointed midshipman 1 April 1828. During the next three decades he served in the Mediterranean, West Indian, and Home Squadron’s as well as on the Great Lakes in Michigan. He commanded Warren (1854‑56), John Hancock (1856), and Wyoming (1862‑64) in whom he cruised in the Far East protecting American merchant ships from pirates and Confederate raiders. On 16 July 1863, Wyoming boldly entered the Straits of Shimonoseki to engage shore batteries and three ships of Prince Mori, clan chieftain of the Chosus. During an hour’s brisk action. she sank one ship, heavily damaged the other two, and pounded shore guns. On 23 December 1869 McDougal assumed command of the South Pacific Squadron. He was placed on the retired list 27 September 1871 and appointed rear admiral 24 August 1873. He died at San Francisco 7 August 1882.

 

I

 

(DD‑54: dp. 1,050; l. 305'6"; b. 31'1"; dr. 9'6"; s. 29 k.; cpl. 98; a. 4 4", 16 21" tt.; cl. O’Brien)

 

The first McDougal (DD‑54) was laid down by Bath Iron Works, Ltd., Bath, Maine, 29 July 1913; launched 22 April 1914; sponsored by Miss Marguerite S. LeBreton; and commissioned at Boston 16 June 1914, Lt. (jg.) J. H. Hoover in temporary command and Lt. Comdr. L. C. Palmer in command 27 July.

 

After shakedown, McDougal began duty with the Torpedo Flotilla, Atlantic Fleet. Prior to America’s entry into World War I, she operated out of New York and Newport, R.I., and carried out maneuvers and tactical exercises along the east coast. She cruised to the Caribbean and took part in fleet war games between January and May 1916, and in addition served intermittently with the neutrality patrol. For the first 3 months of 1917 she again joined in exercises in the Caribbean, then returned to New York and Newport to prepare for distant service.

 

McDougal departed Boston 24 April 1917 and steamed with the pioneer American destroyer group under Comdr. J. K. Taussig to Queenstown, Ireland, arriving there 4 May. Among the first destroyers to join English Forces for duty after the entry of the United States into World War I, she patrolled off the Irish coast and escorted convoys of merchant ships and troop transports through waters menaced by German submarines to British ports and the French coast. She carried out unrelenting patrols against the U‑boats and, in addition, performed rescue operations in the war zone. When British ship Manchester Miller was torpedoed and sunk 5 June 1917, McDongal sped to her assistance and rescued 33 survivors.

 

As McDougal escorted a convoy off the southwest coast of England, she detected a surfaced submarine in the early hours of 8 September and gave chase at full speed. The U‑boat submerged about 500 yards ahead of the closing destroyer, and McDougal dropped two depth charges which brought an oil slick to the surface. Her skillful maneuvering and prompt attack saved the convoy from attack and resulted in probable damage to the submarine.

 

McDougal collided with the British merchantman Glenmorag in the Irish Sea 4 February 1918 and until mid-July underwent repairs at Liverpool. Thence, during the remaining months of World War I she operated out of Brest, France, as escort for convoys approaching and departing that vital Allied port. Following the Armistice, she served as part of the escort for George Washington when the transport arrived at Brest 13 December with President Woodrow Wilson embarked.

 

McDougal departed Brest 21 December with Destroyer Division 7 and reached New York 8 January 1919. She resumed duty along the east coast and during May provided part of the comprehensive at‑sea support as Navy seaplanes undertook the historic first aerial crossing of the Atlantic. After completing exercises in the Caribbean, she was placed in commission in reserve at New York 7 August. She was laid up in reduced commission at Philadelphia and Charleston in the years that followed, but she, trained in New England waters during the summer of 1921. She decommissioned at Philadelphia 26 May 1922 and transferred to the Treasury Department 7 June 1924 for service with the U.S. Coast Guard. Returned to the custody of the Navy 30 June 1933, she remained in noncommissioned status. In accordance with terms of the London Treaty, she was ordered scrapped 29 June 1934. Her name was struck from the Navy list 5 July 1934, and she was sold for scrap to Michael Flynn, Inc., Brooklyn, N.Y., 22 August 1934.