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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
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McCalla

 

Bowman H. McCalla, born 19 June 1844 at Camden, N.J., was appointed midshipman 30 November 1861 . McCalla’s courage and leadership during his career often earned him great, and due, respect among his fellow officers. In the spring of 1885 he led an expeditionary force of 750 seamen and marines which landed at Panama to protect American treaty rights as a revolution there threatened to block transit across the isthmus. As commanding officer of Marblehead (q.v.), 11 September 1897 to 16 September 1898, he took part in the blockade of Cuba and was responsible for the cutting of submarine cables linking Cienfuegos with the outside world, thus isolating the Spanish garrison there, May 1898. While in command of Newark during the Boxer Rebellion 2 years later, he was cited for conspicuous gallantry in battle as he led a force of bluejackets from Tientsin to Peking. McCalla’s force of 112 men spearheaded an international column, under British Admiral Seymour, which was attempting to fight its way to the aid of foreign legations under seige at Peking. In the course of the battle at Hsiku Arsenal, McCalla, along with 25 of his force, was wounded; five were killed. Commissioned rear admiral 11 October 1903, and entered on the retired list 19 June 1906, McCalla died 6 May 1910 at Santa Barbara, Calif., and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

 

II

 

DD‑488: dp. 1,630; l. 348, 311; b. 36' 1"; dr. 17'5"; s. 35 k.; cpl. 276; a. 4 511, 4 40mm., 5 20mm., 5 21" tt., 6 dcp., 2 dct.; cl. Gleaves)

 

The second McCalla (DD‑488) was laid down 15 September 1941 by the Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N.J.; launched 20 March 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Arthur MacArthur; and commissioned 27 May 1942, Lt. Comdr. W. G. Cooper, in command.

 

During shakedown McCalla undertook her first war assignment, escorting a New York‑bound convoy from Cape May, N.J., 19 July 1942. On 3 August, she formally reported at Norfolk for brief antisubmarine employment along the mid‑Atlantic coast. Two weeks later she escorted oilers to Aruba and continued on to the Pacific, reporting to ComSoPac 28 September at Noumea.

 

McCalla immediately joined in the campaign for the Solomons. On 7 October she joined TF 64, Rear Admiral Scott’s cruiser force, then protecting transports carrying supplies and reinforcements to marines on Guadalcanal. Ordered to search for and destroy enemy ships and landing craft, the force patrolled primarily north of the island. On the night of 11 and 12 October, they encountered a Japanese force off Cape Esperance under Rear Admiral Goto, convoying reinforcements to Guadalcanal. In the ensuing battle both forces accomplished their missions, but the cost to the Japanese was greater. Admiral Goto was killed, two cruisers were lost and a third, Aoba, was forced to return to Japan for repairs. In addition, as they attempted to rescue survivors the next day, two Japanese destroyers were sunk by aircraft from Henderson Field. Admiral Scott’s force lost destroyer Duncan, while damage to Boise required navy yard repairs. McCalla rescued 197 of Duncan’s crew, and captured three Japanese sailors.

 

As the campaign for Guadalcanal extended, McCalla’s antishipping activities continued. On 2 November, she depth charged an area in which submarine contact had been made. On the 25th, she was cruising off Tassaforanga Point when a number of landing boats were reported maneuvering along the coast; McCalla destroyed 40 of the Japanese craft.

 

During the first half of 1943 McCalla sailed among the Fiji, New Hebrides and Solomon Islands performing plane guard, escort and antisubmarine patrol duties. Toward the end of June the New Georgia campaign began. McCalla departed Efate on the 26th to escort troop transports to Rendova Island. On the 30th, after the landings, the force was attacked by Japanese aircraft. As the first wave, torpedo planes, pressed in, McCawley (APA‑4) was mortally torpedoed. McCalla’s guns splashed one with two possibles; in the second wave, dive bombers, they splashed one and assisted with another kill. She then rescued 98 of McCawley’s crew.

 

By 5 July, McCalla was back in the New Georgia area to screen the landing of Marine Raiders at Rice Anchorage. On the 9th, she took part in the bombardment of Munda airfield and then returned to escort and antisubmarine work.

 

At the end of September McCalla and Patterson collided, with serious damage to McCalla’s bow. Temporary repairs were effected at Purvis Bay, Florida Island, before she departed for shipyard repairs at Mare Island. While en route, she rescued 868 survivors of the torpedoed troop transport SS Cape San Juan.

 

Ready for war duty again by 8 January 1944, McCalla got underway for the South Pacific. A month later she was at Majuro to resume ASW operations and escort assignments in the Marshalls. On 24 April she returned to Pearl Harbor for carrier group exercises and upon her return to Majuro, 30 May, was attached to fast carrier TF 58. Until the end of October she operated as a unit in the fast carrier screen, participating in strikes on the Marianas, Bonins, Palaus, Philippines, Formosa, and Okinawa.

 

McCalla returned to escort work 24 October and for the next 4 months conducted convoys between ports on Ulithi, Eniwetok, Pelelieu, Manus, and Leyte. At Leyte in midFebruary 1945 she commenced interisland escort duties in the Philippines, extending her range to the Netherlands East Indies in June. Early in July she received her last World War II assignment, mopping‑up operations in the western Carolines.

 

On the 22d, she got underway for Portland, Oreg., arriving 9 August for overhaul preparatory to deactivation. By the end of January 1946 she was en route to Charleston, S.C. There she decommissioned 17 May and entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet.

 

Recommissioned 11 December 1948, McCalla prepared for transferring to the Turkish Navy. She took several short cruises up and down the Atlantic coast with a nucleus Turkish crew aboard for training purposes. Then, in the spring of 1949 she sailed for Turkey, where she decommissioned 29 April 1949, transferred to the Turkish Navy and recommissioned the same day as Giresun (D‑345). Into 1969, she continues to serve in the Turkish Navy with the same devotion to duty that she did in the U.S. Navy.

 

McCalla received 10 battle stars for World War II service.