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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
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Maryland

 

The seventh State, Maryland was admitted to the Union, 28 April 1788.

 

II

 

(ACR‑8: dp. 13,680 (norm.); l. 503'11"; b. 69'7"; dr. 26'; s. 22.4 k.; cpl. 890; a. 4 8", 14 6", 18 3", 4 3‑pdr., 2 18" tt. (subm.); cl. Pennsylvania)

 

The second Maryland (ACR‑8) was laid down by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Newport News, Va., 7 October 1901; launched 12 September 1903; sponsored by Miss Jennie Scott Waters; and commissioned 18 April 1905, Capt. R. R. Ingersoll in command.

 

In October 1905, following shakedown, Maryland joined the Atlantic Fleet for operations along the east coast and in the Caribbean, where she took part in the 1906 winter maneuvers off Cuba. The next summer she conducted a training cruise for Massachusetts Naval Militiamen, and then readied for transfer to the Pacific. Departing Newport 8 September 1906, she sailed, via San Francisco and Hawaii, for the Asiatic station where she remained until October 1907. She then returned to San Francisco and for the next decade she cruised throughout the Pacific, participating in survey missions to Alaska (1912 and 1913); carrying Secretary of State Knox to Tokyo for the funeral of Emperor Meiji Tenno (September 1912); steaming off the Central American coast to aid, if necessary, Americans endangered by political turmoil in Mexico and Nicaragua (1913, 1914, and 1916); and making numerous training cruises to Hawaii and the South‑Central Pacific.

 

When Congress declared war on Germany, 6 April 1917, the armored cruiser, renamed Frederick, 9 November 1916, was en route from Puget Sound to San Francisco. Taking on men and supplies at the latter port, she got underway for the Atlantic. From May 1917 through January 1918 she patrolled the southeastern Atlantic off the coast of South America. On 1 February she was assigned to escort duty in the North Atlantic and until the signing of the Armistice she convoyed troopships east of the 37th meridian. By 20 November she was attached to the Cruiser and Destroyer Force and before mid‑1919 had completed six round trips returning troops from France. Detached from that duty, she entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard where she was briefly placed in reduced commission.

 

Frederick crossed the Atlantic again, carrying the U.S. Olympic Team to Antwerp, Belgium, as she conducted a naval reservist training cruise in July of 1920. At the end of that year she returned to the Pacific Fleet. Serving as flagship of the Train, Pacific Fleet, for the next year, she conducted only one lengthy cruise, to South America in March 1921. Operations off the west coast took up the remainder of her active duty career and on 14 February 1922 she decommissioned and entered the Reserve Fleet at Mare Island. She was struck from the Naval Register 13 November 1929 and sold 11 February 1930.