A city in California, south of San Francisco, founded by the Spanish and named for the Count of Monterey in 1598. During the Mexican War, it was captured by a landing force of 250 Marines and bluejackets under Capt. William Mervine, USMC, 7 July 1846.
(BM‑6: dp. 4,084; l. 260'11"; b. 59'; dr. 14'; s. 13.6 k.; cpl. 210; a. 2 12", 2 10", 6 6‑pdrs.; cl. Monterey)
The second Monterey (BM‑6) was laid down by Union Iron Works, San Francisco, Calif., 20 December 1889; launched 28 April 1891; sponsored by Miss Kate C. Gunn; and commissioned 13 February 1893, Capt. Lewis Kempff in command.
Assigned to the Pacific Squadron for harbor defense, Monterey operated out of Mare Island Navy Yard, making numerous voyages to ports on the west coast on maneuvers and target practice during her first 5 years of naval service. Each spring the monitor would make a voyage down the California coast or tip to Washington for target practice. From April to August 1895, she made an extended voyage down the South American coast to Callao, Peru, via Acapulco, Mazatlan, and Panama. With the outbreak of the Spanish American War and Commodore George Dewey’s great victory in Manila Bay 1 May 1898, Monterey was ordered to sail for the Philippines to provide the Asiatic Squadron with big gun support against possible attack by Spanish battleship Paleyo.
Though not designed for extended ocean cruising, the big monitor departed San Diego 11 June in company with collier Brutus for Manila. Sailing via Honolulu and Apra, Guam, the two ships made the 8,000‑mile voyage without mishap, arriving Cavite 13 August, and Monterey remained in the Philippines supporting the occupation of Luzon into 1899. On 18 September she commenced 5 days of operations in Subic Bay with gunboats Charleston and Concord and supply ship Zafiro, helping to destroy a large gun at the head of the bay on the 25th. She remained in the Philippines until 6 April 1900 and then sailed for China, receiving new boilers at Hong Kong, and then operating from July 1900 to September 1901 as station ship at Shanghai, voyaging upriver to Nanking from 25 to 31 July 1902 with Special Commissioner T. S. Sharretts on board for a diplomatic mission. Monterey continued her operations along the coast of China from Chefoo to Hong Kong, also serving as station ship at Shanghai for brief periods, until returning to Cavite in the spring of 1903 for repairs. There she decommissioned 15 December 1904.
Monterey recommissioned in reserve at Olongapo Naval Station 28 September 1907 but 81⁄2 months later was placed in ordinary 7 May 1908. She remained at Olongapo, recommissioning in reserve through November 1911, making brief voyages to Cavite and Manila Subic Bays for repairs and target practice. The ship was placed in full commission 9 November 1911. She sailed 11 November for Amoy, China. and operated off the China coast in protection of American interests at Foochow, Swatow, and Shanghai until returning via Hong Kong to Cavite 16 November 1913. Monterey returned to reserve at Olongapo 11 February 1913, and when World War I broke out in Europe moved to Cavite 11 August 1914. She returned to Olongapo in May 1915 and then on 24 December sailed to cruise the Philippines, operating in the Manila‑Cavite area on drills, recruiting, and making an island patrol as far south as Zamboanga, Mindanao, returning to Cavite 29 June 1916.
The old monitor departed Cavite 13 November 1917, was taken in tow by collier Ajax on the 15th, and proceeded by way of Guam to Pearl Harbor, arriving 19 December. Assigned as station ship for Pearl Harbor Naval Station, Monterey remained in service at the submarine base until decommissioned 27 August 1921. She was sold to A. Bercovich Co., Oakland, Calif., and towed across the Pacific for scrapping.