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Liberator

 

One who frees or sets at liberty (a country) from domination by a foreign power.

 

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Liberator, a 44-gun frigate built in 1826, was purchased by the U.S. Navy when the original purchasers, Greek revolutionists against Ottoman Empire rule, defaulted in payment. Renamed Hudson (q.v.) for service in the Navy, she was the last privately built sailing frigate of the Navy.

 

I

 

(Str: t. 6,027; l. 410'; b. 56'; dr. 30'6"; s. 10.5 k.; cpl. 95)

 

The first Liberator, an animal transport, was launched 24 March 1918 by Union Iron Works, San Francisco; acquired by the Navy 2 July 1918 and commissioned the same day, Lt Comdr. Richard Parley, NSNRF, in command.

 

Assigned to NOTS, Liberator departed Mare Island 5 July; transited the Panama Canal and arrived New York 7 August. After loading cargo at New York she joined a convoy on the 13th and sailed for Europe. Arriving Brest, France, 15 days later, Liberator unloaded her cargo at French ports and prepared for another round-trip cruise from New York to France.

 

After the Armistice 11 November, Liberator returned to the United States for conversion to a troop transport. Alterations completed, she made a total of five cruises to European ports to embark American veterans of World War I for return to the United States. Liberator completed her final crossing 4 September 1919, decommissioned at Hoboken, N.J. 4 October and was returned to USSB. In 1933 she was sold to Lykes Bros.-Ripley SS Co., and operated out of Galveston, Tex., until the mid-1940ís.