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Leonidas

 

Both ships retained their former names. Leonidas was a heroic king of Sparta who died at Thermopylae fighting to hold back the Persian hosts of Xerxes in 480 B.C.

 

II

 

(AD-7: dp. 4,264; l. 264'3"; b. 39'3"; dr. 21'; s. 9.5 k.; cpl. 52; a. 2 3-pdr.; cl. Leonidas)

 

The second Leonidas (AD-7) was built as Elizabeth Holland by S. P. Austin & Son, Ltd., Sunderland, England, in 1897-98: acquired by the Navy from Samuel P. Holland, London, 16 April 1898; and commissioned at New York 21 May 1898, Comdr. W. I. Moore in command.

 

Converted into a collier for duty with the newly established Navy Fleet Train, Leonidas departed New York 30 May 1898 on a coaling voyage to Key West, Fla., and following her return to Norfolk in mid-June, sailed again on the 23d for Cuba and Jamaica, supplying occupation troops and naval units. Putting into League Island Navy Yard, Philadelphia, 15 December, she decommissioned on the 27th and remained there in reserve for nearly 2 years.

 

Reactivated 8 November 1900, she served with the Collier Service, carrying coal to naval ships and stations along the Atlantic coast and in the West Indies through 1908. Decommissioning at Portsmouth Navy Yard, N.H., from 15 February to 11 June 1909, the ship resumed her service as an Atlantic Fleet Auxiliary until placed out of service 3 May 1912 at Portsmouth to fit out for duty as a survey ship.

 

Recommissioned 1 April 1914, Leonidas sailed from Portsmouth via Boston to survey the coast of Panama. From that date until 24 April 1917, the converted survey ship made four surveying trips to the Caribbean, charting the coasts of Panama, Honduras, and Nicaragua and making general observations on climate and terrain.

 

With the outbreak of World War I, she took up patrol duty in the Caribbean, searching for possible enemy submarine bases in Central America. As part of the Caribbean Detachment, Patrol Force, Atlantic Fleet, Leonidas remained in the West Indies until sailing for home 4 September, arriving Portsmouth 30 October. There the Survey ship was converted. once again, this time into a tender capable of supplying two squadrons of submarine chasers.

 

Leonidas sailed for the Mediterranean 8 March 1918 via New York, Bermuda, the Azores and Gibraltar, arriving Corfu, Italy, 8 June and remaining there tending her submarine chasers guarding the area from submarine attack. After the Armistice, 20 November, the tender sailed for home via ports in Italy, the Riviera, and Spain, and escorted a convoy of submarine chasers from the Azores to Bermuda. She twice more escorted homeward bound small craft before arriving New York 8 September.

 

Following short voyages to New London and Newport in support of her submarine chasers, the ship sailed for Key West 11 October and operated off the southern U.S. coast as tender for the destroyers of Reserve Destroyer Squadron 1, Atlantic Fleet, out of Charleston, until sailing for New York and arriving 19 May 1921. Leonidas sailed to Newport for duty 1 June to 17 October and, after returning to New York, sailed for Norfolk on the 28th, arriving 2 days later. She decommissioned there 28 November and was sold 5 June 1922 to Ammunitions Products Corp., Washington, D.C., as ss Elizabeth Holland.