LST-561 was laid down on 24 February 1944 at Evansville, Ind., by the Missouri Valley Bridge & Iron Co.; launched on 25 April 1944; sponsored by Miss Marie Meier; and commissioned on 15 May 1944.
During World War II, LST-561 was assigned to the European theater and participated in the invasion of southern France in August and September 1944. She was decommissioned on 30 April 1946. Due to hostilities in Korea, the ship was recommissioned on 18 September 1950 and assigned to Commander, Amphibious Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet. She participated in the United Nations effort in Korea and performed services in the Far East, the Arctic, and off the west coast of CONUS. On 1 July 1955, she was redesignated Chittenden County (LST-561) after a county in Vermont. The tank landing ship was decommissioned again on 2 June 1958. Struck from the Navy list on 27 June 1948, Chittenden County was sunk as a target south of Oahu, Hawaii, on 21 October 1958.
LST-561 earned one battle star for World War II service and two for Korean service.