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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
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Jerauld

 

A country in south-central South Dakota.

 

(APA-174: dp. 6,873; l. 455'; b. 62'; dr. 24'; s. 17 k.; cpl. 536; a. 1 5", 12 40mm., 10 20mm.; cl. Haskell; T. VC2-S-AP5)

 

Jerauld (APA-174) was launched under Maritime Commission contract by Oregon Shipbuilding Co., Portland, Oreg., 3 November 1944; sponsored by Mrs. Gloria Dahl-berg; acquired and commissioned at Astoria, Oreg., 28 November 1944, Comdr R. E. Perry in command.

 

After undergoing shakedown off California, Jerauld sailed from Seattle 5 February 1945 carrying Army flyers and civilian workers to Pearl Harbor. She arrived 16 February and began 4 weeks of amphibious exercises in the Hawaiian Islands.

 

The new attack transport sailed from Pearl Harbor 15 March with marines destined for Okinawa. En route she touched at the great American bases at Eniwetok and Ulithi, arriving Okinawa 17 April. She remained off the bitterly-contested island for 5 days debarking a Marine antiaircraft battalion and undergoing frequent air attacks before sailing for Saipan 22 April.

 

Jerauld next steamed to Guadalcanal; and, after her arrival 10 May, she embarked troop units for redeployment to Guam and Saipan. The ship departed Saipan 23 June for her second voyage to Okinawa, this time with Army Engineers needed for the construction of all-important airfields on the island. She remained off Okinawa from 27 June until 6 July when she sailed with more than 250 battle casualties destined for hospitals on Saipan. Jerauld then proceeded to San Francisco, where she arrived 26 July.

 

The battle-tried transport remained in the United States until after Japan's surrender, Sailing 16 August for the Philippines, she arrived Manila 6 September and embarked occupation troops. After stopping at Lingayen Gulf for additional units she steamed to Wakayama 7 October to land occupation soldiers. The ship visited several Japanese ports in support of the operation and made another voyage to the Philippines for troops. She sailed from Nagoya 26 October, embarked returnees in the Philippines, and steamed by way of Pearl Harbor for San Diego.

 

Jerauld made one additional voyage to the Philippines as part of Operation "Magic-Carpet", bringing many combat troops back to the United States. She then sailed from San Francisco 20 February 1946 via the Canal Zone for Norfolk. Arriving 11 March, she decommissioned 6 May, was returned to the Maritime Commission, and was placed in the Maritime Commission's National Defense Reserve Fleet in the James River, where she remains.

 

Jerauld received one battle star for World War II service.