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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
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Howquah

 

('SwStr: t. 460; l. 120'7"; b. 22'10" ; dr. 12'; s. 10 k.; a. 2 30-pdr. P. r., 112-pdr. r., 112-pdr.)

 

Howquah was purchased in Boston from G. W. Upton 17 June 1863, for action against Confederate commerce raider Tacony then preying upon Northern merchantmen during what Prof. Richard S. West has called "the most brilliant daredevil cruise of the war."

 

Howquah departed Boston 25 June 1863, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant E. F. Devens in command, to search for Tacony in the southern section of the Banks of Newfoundland ; but her quarry had been destroyed the day before she sailed. Tacony's captain, Lt. Charles W. Read, OSN, in an effort to elude the Northern gunboats who were scouring the sea for his ship, shifted his guns to captured fishing schooner Archer and put the torch to Tacony. He and his crew were captured 3 days later while attempting to escape to sea from Portland, Maine, in still another prize, Revenue cutter Caleb Gushing (q.v. Tacony, p. 571, vol. II).

 

When Howquah returned to Boston 3 July, she received orders to sail for Wilmington, N.C., for blockade duty. Except for occasional brief interruptions for repairs, she remained in waters off Wilmington until close to the end of the war, usually stationed near New Inlet. There on 5 November 1863 she assisted Nansemond and Army transport Fulton capture Margaret and Jessie after the ship had run the blockade 15 times. Only 5 days later, she took Ella, a small, fast and new side-wheel steamer subsequently serving the Navy as a picket, patrol, and dispatch vessel. Next, on 11 December, she forced an unidentified ship to run on the beach to be wrecked by a heavy sea.

 

On Christmas Eve she transported troops from Beaufort, N.C., to Bear Inlet to ruin salt works vital to the Confederate war economy. Again on 21 April 1864, she joined Niphon in an attack on salt works on Masonboro Sound. Her guns shelled the beach while a landing party smashed salt-making equipment ashore.

 

Early morning 7 May 1864, Howquah and five other blockaders engaged Confederate ironclad ram Raleigh and drove her back toward the harbor to run aground and "break her back" while attempting to cross the bar to safety. On 25 September, while chasing and firing on blockade runner Lynx, Howquah was caught in a cross fire from Fort Fisher and from "friendly guns" on two other Union ships, Buckingham and Niphon. In this operation one of her bluejackets was killed and four others were wounded, but her hull was not seriously damaged. Lynx ended up on the beach totally destroyed by flre.

 

Christmas Eve 1864 found Howquah engaged in amphibious operations. This time the objective was Fort Fisher, which protected Wilmington, one of the South's most successful centers of blockade running and her last port for overseas aid. Howquah landed troops who took the Flag Pond Hill battery and bombarded enemy positions to support Union forces ashore. Unfortunately, Maj. Gen. B. F. Butler nullified this success by ordering his troops to give up their beachheads and return to their ships; and Howquah had the unpleasant task of assisting in the evacuation. But in less than a month, the Northern ships were again attacking Fort Fisher in conjunction with the Army. Howquah anchored off Half Moon Battery 16 January 1865 and fired at targets ashore while her cutters evacuated the wounded. She remained in the area supporting Northern troops and the fleet's landing force with her guns until the last pockets of resistance along the Wilmington waterfront had been snuffed out.

 

Howquah was transferred to Key West for duty in the East Gulf Blockading Squadron. She was stationed in Saint George's Sound, Fla., until ordered North 1 June. She decommissioned at Philadelphia 22 June 1865 and was sold at public auction 10 August 1865.