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Holland

 

John Philip Holland, the man who developed the first true submarine accepted by U.S. Navy (spending 57 of his 74 years working with submersibles), was born in Lis-canor, County Clare, Ireland, on 29 February 1840. As a youth, he considered the use of the submarine to further the cause of Irish Independence. Holland came to the United States in 1873. In 1875 his first submarine designs were submitted for consideration by the U.S. Navy, but turned down as unworkable.

 

Holland continued to improve his designs and worked on several experimental boats prior to his successful efforts with the privately built Holland launched in 1898. This was the first submarine having power to run submerged for any considerable distance. She was purchased by the Navy after rigorous tests, and six more of her type were ordered.

 

On 12 August 1914, John Philip Holland died in Newark, N.J.

 

(SS-1: dp. 64; l. 53'10" ; b. 10'3" ; dr. 8'6" ; s. 5 k.; cpl. 7; a. 318" tt, 18")

 

The first Holland was launched by Crescent Shipyards, Elizabeth, N.J., 1898; commissioned 12 October 1900, Newport, R.I., Lt. Harry H. Caldwell in command.

 

On 16 October 1900, Holland left Newport under tow of tug Leyden for Annapolis where she trained cadets of the Naval Academy as well as officers and enlisted men ordered there to receive training so vital in preparing for the operation of other submarines being built for the Fleet.

 

Holland proved valuable for experimental purposes in collecting data for submarines under construction or contemplation. Her 166-mile surface run from Annapolis to Norfolk 8 to 10 January 1901 provided useful data on her performance underway over an extended period.

 

Except for the period 15 June to 1 October 1901. which was passed training cadets at the Naval Torpedo Station, Newport, R.I., Holland remained at Annapolis until 17 July 1905 as a training submarine.

 

Holland finished out her career at Norfolk. Her name was struck from the Navy Register of Ships on 21 November 1910. She was sold as scrap to Henry A. Hitner & Sons, Philadelphia, on 18 June 1913. Her purchaser was required to put up $5,000 bond as assurance that the submarine would be broken up and not used as a ship.

 

 

USS Holland (SS-1) entering drydock with Russian ship Retvizan

 

 

John P. Holland, builder of the Navy's first submarine, USS Holland (SS-1)