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General W. A. Mann

 

Named in honor of Major General William Abram Mann, USA, who served in the Sioux Indian, Spanish-American, and First World Wars.

 

(AP-112: dp. 11,450 (lt.); l. 622'7"; b. 75'6"; dr. 25'6"; s. 20.6 k.; cpl. 465; trp. 5,142; a. 4 5", 16 1.1", 20 20-mm.; cl. General John Pope; T. P2-S2-R2)

 

General W. A. Mann, a P2-type troopship, was built by the Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. of Kearny, N.J., in 1942-43 and commissioned on the date of acquisition, 13 October 1943, Comdr. Paul S. Maguire, USNR, in command.

 

Operating out of Norfolk, Va., General W. A. Mann delivered troops and supplies to the North African theater, making four successive round-trip voyages to Casablanca and one to Oran before mid-May 1944. She stood out 5 June 1944 for Oran again and after touching North Africa sailed thence to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to load troops bound for Naples, Italy. General W. A. Mann subsequently visited Oran and Liverpool before returning to New York 14 August. On 2 September the transport got underway for Rio de Janeiro and Naples, returning to Norfolk on 21 October. Eleven days later she sailed for Bombay, India, via Gibraltar, Algiers and the Suez Canal and returned to the west coast of the United States via Brisbane, Australia, and New Guinea, thence to San Pedro, Calif., arriving 13 January 1945. She made another passage to India and visited Melbourne and Noumea on the return voyage, arriving Los Angeles 15 April and thereafter steaming north to San Francisco. The ship journeyed from San Francisco to the Philippines, touching Manila and Leyte, and after reaching Pearl Harbor in early June sailed thence to Norfolk via the Panama Canal.

 

General W. A. Mann departed Norfolk 4 July 1945 for Marseilles, France, to redeploy troops to the Pacific. Re-entering the vast Pacific, she called at Okinawa via Eniwetok and Ulithi in September and returned to Seattle, Washington 28 October.

 

From 2 November 1945 to 5 January 1946 she made a round trip voyage from Seattle to Nagasaki and Wakayama, Japan, setting the pattern of a series of "Magic-Carpet" passages and "Diaper Runs" in which servicemen and their families were carried to and from the Far East. She stood duty as a "Guam Ferry" and continued to transport men and material until transferred to MSTS in October, 1949.

 

During the Korean war, General W. A. Mann carried precious ROK government cargo, including gold and silver bullion valued at a million and a half dollars as well as the private papers of Korean President Rhee, from Pusan to San Francisco, 1 to 15 August 1950. On 16 June 1951, she sailed on a round-the-world voyage which took her from San Francisco via the Panama Canal to New Orleans and thence via Dover, England, to Bremer-haven, Germany. From this latter port, she returned to New York and thence steamed back to Bremerhaven via Dover as before, getting underway for Morocco, Suez, Colombo, Indochina, and finally to San Francisco 22 September 1951 via Guam and Hawaii.

 

From 1952 to 1962 General W. A. Mann made frequent trans-Pacific runs to Japan, Korea, Okinawa, Guam, the Philippines, and Formosa out of west coast ports, and occasional passages to Alaska.

 

In October 1962 during the Cuban crisis, General W. A. Mann sailed from San Diego for the Caribbean with 55,000 pounds of provisions in case these supplies should be needed. When relative calm came to the Caribbean, General W. A. Mann returned to the Pacific and continued her important transportation runs from the West Coast to the Far East.

 

General W. A. Mann was struck 1 December 1966; transferred to the Maritime Administration; and placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Hudson River, N.Y., where she remains.