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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
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Aulick

 

John H. Aulick—born in 1787 at Winchester, Va.—was appointed a midshipman on 15 November 1809. During the War of 1812, he served in Enterprise and took part in her battle with HMS Boxer on 4 September 1813. After that engagement ended in a glorious American victory, Aulick served as prize master of the prize. Following the war, he served in Saranac, Ontario, Brandywine, Constitution, and Vincennes.

 

From 1851 to 1853, Aulick commanded the East India Squadron but was forced by ill health to give up command of the projected Japanese expedition to Commodore Matthew C. Perry. Aulick retired in 1861 and died at Washington, D.C., on 27 April 1873.

 

II

 

(DD-569: dp. 2,050; l. 376'5"; b. 39'7"; dr. 13'9"; s. 35.2 k.; cpl. 329; a. 5 5", 6 40mm., 7 20mm., 2 dct., 6 dcp., 8 21" tt; cl. Fletcher)

 

The second Aulick (DD-569) was laid down on 14 May 1941 at Orange, Tex., by the Consolidated Steel Co.; launched on 2 March 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Thaddeus A. Thomson, the wife of Capt Thomson who was then the acting commandant of the 8th Naval District; and commissioned on 27 October 1942, Lt. Comdr. 0. P. Thomas, Jr., in command.

 

Following her commissioning, the destroyer conducted shakedown training in the Gulf of Mexico and out of Casco Bay, Maine, and departed Philadelphia on 23 January 1943, bound for the South Pacific. She transited the Panama Canal and paused at Bora Bora, Society Islands, before making Noumea, New Caledonia, on 12 February. After a week of antisubmarine patrol off New Caledonia, Aulick joined Task Force (TF) 64 in the Coral Sea and stood by to support an American force landing on the Russell Islands.

 

When TF 64 returned to Noumea on the 25th, Aulick was detached. She stood out for Espiritu Santo on 1 March as an escort for HMS Athene. From there, the destroyer steamed to Efate Island, New Hebrides; but, on 9 March, she was ordered back to Noumea. At 0411 on the 10th, Aulick struck a coral reef off the southern tip of New Caledonia while making 20 knots and suffered extensive damage to her hull, propellers, and engines.

 

After being briefly drydocked at Noumea, the ship was taken in tow bound for Hawaii, where she arrived on 10 April after stops at Suva, Fiji Islands, and at Pago Pago, American Samoa. The warship underwent repairs at Pearl Harbor until 8 November when she got underway for Bremerton, Wash. Reaching there on 14 November, Aulick entered the Puget Sound Navy Yard for replacement of damaged machinery. She set sail on 23 December to return to Pearl Harbor. Upon reaching that port, the ship received three more weeks of availability.

 

The destroyer left Hawaii on 22 January 1944, bound for the west coast, and reported to the Fleet Operational Training Command in San Francisco on 3 February. Her duties included serving as a training ship in engineering, ordnance, and deck duties. The highlight of her service during this assignment was her rescue on 11 April of 16 crewmen from a downed Army PBM.

 

The warship was relieved on 18 May and reported to the Bethlehem Steel Shipyard, San Francisco, for repairs. At the end of this work, she sailed once again for Pearl Harbor and arrived there on 27 June. After a series of training exercises, Aulick got underway on 9 July in the screen of 12 transports bound for the invasion of Guam. They arrived off that island on 22 July; and the destroyer remained in the area, patrolling and screening units of the 5th Fleet, until 6 August.

 

After a resupply stop at Eniwetok, Aulick rendezvoused with Task Group (TG) 32.4 on 21 August and continued on to Guadalcanal where she spent the next three weeks preparing for upcoming operations against the Palaus. The destroyer sailed for that group of islands with TG 32.7 on 8 September, reached her destination on 15 September, and supported the forces landing on Peleliu and Anguar.

 

On 30 September, the ship headed for Manus Island, Admiralty Islands, to join the 7th Fleet. She got underway for the Philippines on 12 October and arrived off Leyte on the 18th. The next day, Aulick was assigned to the northern fire support group for shore bombardment, night harassing fire, and close fire support. She entered San Pedro Bay at 0655 and opened fire at 1115. At approximately 1212, Japanese shells scored direct hits on the destroyer, killing one crewman by flying shrapnel. At 1328, she ceased fire and retired for the night. Aulick again rendered fire support on 20 and 21 October. From the 22d to the 24th, she stood by but did not fire her guns.

 

Meanwhile, the Japanese high command had activated its plan to defend the Philippines with the Combined Fleet. Japan's warships were organized into four groups. The northern force was built around the Combined Fleet's remaining carriers—now bereft of their warplanes—and was to wait as a decoy north of Luzon. Japan hoped to lure the American Fast Carrier Task Force to a point far enough from Leyte Gulf for it to be out of action while the Emperor's other three forces—composed of surface warships—annihilated the American shipping supporting General MacArthur's beachhead on Leyte. Thus, they hoped to strand the American invaders on Leyte as MacArthur's soldiers had been caught on Bataan some three years before. The more powerful of these surface forces was to cross the Sibuyan Sea, transit San Bernardino Strait, and descend upon Leyte Gulf from the north. The other two were to emerge from Surigao Strait and attack the invaders in Leyte Gulf from the south.

 

On 25 October, Aulick was part of the screen that was protecting American battleships and cruisers guarding the waters approaching Surigao Strait. The guns of these warships defeated the first of the Japanese southern forces so decisively that the second force turned back before really getting into action. As the Japanese retreated, the American ships, including Aulick, joined in sinking a Japanese destroyer of the Akitsuki class. Before the Americans could finish off any more ships, they were ordered to return to Leyte Gulf.

 

Reports were received that a large Japanese force was approaching from the north. Aulick and five other destroyers took station near the south coast of Homonhon Island awaiting an attack which never materialized. On 29 October, Aulick sailed in company with TG 77.2 for Seeadler Harbor. The destroyer sor-tied on 17 November to meet West Virginia (BB^48) in Vitiaz Strait and escort her back to Seeadler. After escorting that battleship on to Ulithi, Aulick sailed back to Leyte on 22 November.

 

Arriving in Leyte Gulf on 25 November, Aulick once again joined TG 77.2. On the 29th, while on antisubmarine patrol in the east entrance to Leyte Gulf, Aulick was attacked at 1750 by six Japanese planes. One peeled off and dived toward the destroyer, dropped a bomb close aboard, then exploded on hitting the water approximately 20 yards off the destroyer's port bow. Another aircraft approached and struck the starboard side of the bridge with its wingtip, continued forward and downward, and exploded near the bow just above the main deck. The explosion set the number 2 gun and handling room on fire. Metal fragments killed several men on the bridge and flying bridge. Altogether a total of 31 men were killed, 64 were wounded, and 1 was missing.

 

After being relieved by Pringle (DD-477), Aulick proceeded to San Pedro Bay to transfer her wounded and made emergency repairs. On 1 December, she got underway for the west coast,via Seeadler Harbor and Pearl Harbor, and entered the Mare Island Navy Yard on Christmas Eve for repairs.

 

The ship began sea trials on 24 February 1945 and underwent refresher training out of San Diego before departing the west coast on 7 March. After further training out of Pearl Harbor, the destroyer set a course on 25 March for the Philippines, via Eniwetok, Ulithi, and Kossol Roads. From Leyte, Aulick sailed on 12 April for Morotai, Netherlands East Indies. A week later, she departed for Mindanao Island with elements of the 31st Infantry Division embarked. After disembarking the invasion troops at Mindanao on 22 April, the destroyer escorted the LST's back to Morotai and remained there through the 30th, before heading for San Pedro Bay.

 

After a period of upkeep, Aulick got underway for Okinawa, anchored off Hagushi beach on 16 May, and joined the antiaircraft and radar picket screen around the transports. She was destined to remain there through the end of World War II. From 24 August to 2 September, the destroyer was assigned air-sea rescue duties on the direct air lane between Okinawa and Tokyo. On the 28th, she rescued nine crewmen from a downed B-29.

 

After being relieved of her lifeguard duties, Aulick departed Okinawa on 10 September, bound for home. She touched at Pearl Harbor, transited the Panama Canal, and arrived in New York harbor on 17 October. The destroyer participated in a Presidential fleet review on the 27th and entered the New York Navy Yard on 15 November to prepare for inactivation. She was decommissioned on 18 April 1946.

 

Aulick was transferred, on loan, to the government of Greece on 21 August 1959. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 1 September 1975, and she was sold to Greece in April of 1977.

 

Aulick earned five battle stars for her World War II service.