Fact Sheet: Pearl Harbor

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor began at 7:55 am on December 7, 1941. Japanese naval forces compiled for the raid included 4 heavy aircraft carriers, 2 heavy cruisers, 35 submarines, 2 light cruisers, 9 oilers, 2 battleships and 11 destroyers.

The attacking forces came in two waves, the first consisting of 183 aircraft which included 40 torpedo planes, 49 level bombers, 51 dive bombers and 43 fighters. The second wave included 170 planes, 54 of them level bombers, 80 dive-bombers and 36 fighters. Over 350 Japanese planes were involved in overall attack, which surprised the United States. At the end of the day, over 2,000 men lost their lives.

USS Maryland and USS Oklahoma after the attack on Pearl Harbor Sailors watch USS Shaw explode from Ford Island Wrecked destroyers USS Downes and USS Cassin in dry-dock for repairs

from left:
USS Maryland and USS Oklahoma after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Sailors watch USS Shaw explode from Ford Island.
Wrecked destroyers USS Downes and USS Cassin in dry dock for repairs after the attack


Battleships

A warship used mainly for naval bombardment and protection of the fleet against air and surface attacks. Roughly equal to the size of three football fields, they floating fortresses eventually were replaced by aircraft carriers. Battleships were named for states.

Cruisers

Smaller than a battleship, cruisers are mainly deployed to conduct raids and protect members of the task force from enemy ships with naval bombardment and gunfire. Cruisers were named for territories, islands, cities and towns.

Destroyers

Small, highly maneuverable and lightly armored. Usually nicknamed the "tin can," destroyers are used to conduct anti-submarine operations. Destroyers were named for deceased Navy and Marine Corps personnel or distinguished civilians.


U.S. Personnel Casualties

    Service Killed Wounded Total

    Navy 2008 710 2718

    Army 218 364 582

    Marines 109 69 178

    Civilians 68 35 103


Summary of U.S. Ship Damage

Battleships

    Arizona sunk, total loss

    California sunk, raised, repaired May 1944

    Maryland damaged, repaired Feb. 1942

    Nevada heavily damaged, repaired Dec. 1942

    Oklahoma capsized, total loss

    Tennessee damaged, repaired Mar. 1942

    West Virginia sunk, raised, repaired July 1944

    Pennsylvania slightly damaged, repaired Aug. 1942

Destroyers

    Cassin heavily damaged, rebuilt Feb. 1944

    Downes heavily damaged, rebuilt Nov. 1943

    Helm damaged, repaired Jan. 1942

Cruisers

    Helena heavily damaged, repaired June 1942

    Honolulu damaged, repaired Jan. 1942

    Raleigh heavily damaged, repaired July 1942

Minecraft

    Oglala sunk, raised, repaired Feb. 1944

Auxiliaries

    Curtis damaged, repaired Jan. 1942

    Sotoyomo sunk, raised, repaired Aug.1942

    Utah capsized, sunk

    Vestal heavily damaged, repaired Feb. 1942

    YFD-2 sunk, raised, repaired May 1942


U.S. Aircraft Damage Summary: Lost and Damaged Aircraft

Navy 92 31

Army Air Corps 77 128

 
Wreck of a P-40 pursuit plane at Wheeler Field   Battleship Row under attack by Japanese aircraftThree civilians killed by shrapnel from a Japanese bomb while on their way to work

from left:
The burned out wreck of a P-40 pursuit aircraft at Wheeler Air Force Base.
Battleship Row under attack by Japanese, December 7, 1941
Three civilians killed while on their way to work by shrapnel from a Japanese bomb.


Ships at Pearl Harbor Lost in World War II

    Arizona (BB 39) December 7, 1941

    Blue (DD 387) August 23, 1942

    Gamble (DM 15) February 18, 1945

    Grebe (AM 43) December 5, 1942

    Helena (CL 50) July 6, 1943

    Henley (DD 391) October 3, 1943

    Hull (DD 30) December 18, 1944

    Jarvis (DD 393) August 9, 1942

    Monaghan (DD 354) December 18, 1942

    Neosho (AO 23) May 11, 1942

    Oklahoma (BB 37) December 7, 1941

    Perry (DMS 17) September 13, 1944

    Reid (DD 369) December 11, 1944

    Thornton (AVD 11)* May 2, 1945

    Tucker (DD 374) August 4, 1942

    Utah (AG 16) December 7, 1941

    Ward (DD 139) December 7, 1944

    Wasmuth (DMS 15)* December 29, 1942

    Worden (DD 352)* January 12, 1943

    PT 22* January 12, 1943

    PT 28* January 12, 1943


Japanese Ships Assigned to "Hawaii Operation"

    Akagi June 5, 1942 Midway

    Kaga June 4, 1942 Midway

    Shokaku June 19, 1942 Philippine Sea

    Zuikaku October 25, 1944 Leyte Gulf

    Hiryu June 5, 1942 Midway

    Soryu June 4, 1942 Midway

    Hiei November 13, 1942 Guadalcanal

    Kirishima November 15, 1942 Guadalcanal

    Chikuma October 25, 1944 Leyte Gulf

    Tone July 24, 1945 Kure

    Abukuma October 26, 1944 Surgao Strait

    Katori February 17, 1944 Truk

    Akigumo April 11, 1944 Celbes Sea

    Arare July 5, 1942 Aleutians

    Hamakaze April 7, 1945 South of Kyushu

    Isokaze April 7, 1945 South of Kyushu

    Kagero May 8, 1943 Solomons

    Kasumi April 7, 1945 South of Kyushu

    Sazanami January 14, 1944 Yap

    Shiranuhi October 27, 1944 Leyte Gulf

    Urakazi November 21, 1944 Formosa

    Ushio Surrendered at Yokosuka Naval Base