Dr. Edward J. Marolda, Senior Historian of the Naval Historical Center and a member of the U.S. Commission of Military History, took part in the Thirty-Second Congress of the International Commission of Military History held in Potsdam, Germany, from 20-26 August 2006. The theme of the conference, opened by Dr. Franz Josef Jung, German Minister of Defense, was "The Nation State, Nationalism, and the Military." Participants from 37 European, North and South American, Middle Eastern, Asian, and African nations delivered scholarly papers, including "From Imperial Defence to A Navy Serving the Nation: The Evolution of South African Maritime Defense," "The Monarchy, the Army, and the Building of the Italian Nation, 1861-1918," "The Fatal Predominance of National Interests in the Defeat of the Western Allies in 1940," and "After the Soviet Union's Collapse: Emerging Nations and the Use of Armies as Symbols of Sovereignty." Dr. Marolda took part in a roundtable discussion and spoke on the Center's collaborative efforts with international naval historians and how the Center serves diverse audiences with its publication program. The gracious host of the Congress, the Military History Research Institute, German Ministry of Defense, facilitated visits by the attendees to Frederick the Great of Prussia's Sanssouci palace in Potsdam, the Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr [the Air Force Museum of the German Federal Armed Forces], the rebuilt Reichstag building in Berlin, and the Cecilienhof Palace in Potsdam, site of the pivotal 1945 Potsdam meeting between Truman, Churchill, and Stalin that set the stage for the Cold War.