Return to Naval Historical Center home page. Return to Contemporary History

WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

Announcement of Public Domain Release

Announcement, 17 May 2006:

The Contemporary History Branch of the Naval Historical Center would like to announce the public domain release of a recently completed study by a member of their staff entitled,

"Blue, Gold, and Black: Racial Integration of the United States Naval Academy"

By Dr. Robert J. Schneller, Jr.

The book will be released, into the public domain, making it available to the general public on WEDNESDAY, 17 May 2006.

Anyone interested in examining the work may view a copy when the libraries open on 17 May and afterwards at three locations:

These libraries are not authorized to make paper or digital copies.

Anyone wishing to review this study must communicate its desire to do so via FAX [202-433-3593] on 17 May 2006 to Dr. Gary Weir at the Contemporary History Branch.

Any interested citizen wishing to obtain a copy of this manuscript must send a compact disc [CD-R or CD-RW] and a self addressed return envelope to:

The Director of Naval History's Policy Statement on the Public Domain Release and Potential Commercial Publication of Select Naval Historical Center Studies.

"Blue, Gold, and Black: Racial Integration of the United States Naval Academy" by Robert Schneller

"Blue, Gold, and Black: Racial Integration of the United States Naval Academy" is a history of the integration of African Americans into the Naval Academy. It examines how the Academy's policies and culture evolved in response to civil rights proponents' demands for equal opportunity. It analyzes how changes in the Academy's policies and culture affected the lives of black midshipmen, and how black midshipmen, in turn, affected the Academy's policies and culture. And it argues that whether or not black midshipmen could succeed in any given period depended on national politics, the Navy's racial policy, other midshipmen's racial attitudes, and black midshipmen's own abilities. Based on the documentary record as well as on the memories of hundreds of midshipmen and naval officers, Blue, Gold, and Black combines institutional and social history to describe the way the Naval Academy was transformed from a racist institution to one that ranks equal opportunity among its fundamental tenets.

11 May 2006