The word navigation is from a Latin phrase meaning "to drive a ship." Sailors use a combination of three techniques to navigate: maps and charts, a compass, and celestial navigation.
This exhibit explains each of these techniques and showcases navigational devices, such as quadrants, sextants, compasses, chronometers, and charts.
Interesting artifacts in the Navigation exhibit include:
- Celestial navigation devices: quadrant, astrolabe, Hadley quadrant, sextant, crosstaff
- Weather analyzing devices: barometers, psychrometers
- Charts, remark books, navigator's kit
- Dry and liquid-filled compasses
- Marine chronometers
- Maury's hand engraved copper plate used for printing "Wind & Current Chart of the North Atlantic"