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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

United States Naval Forces in
Desert Shield and Desert Storm
A Select Bibliography

SOURCE MATERIALS

Browne, Marjorie Ann, comp. Iraq-Kuwait: U.N. Security Council Resolutions--Texts and Votes. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1990. 36 pp.

Collins, John M. High Command Arrangements Early in the Persian Gulf Crisis. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1991. 5 pp.

Desert Storm Missiles: Specifications, Costs and Leading Contractors. Washington: Defense Budget Project, 1991. 5 pp.

Epstein, Susan. The World Embargo on Food Exports to Iraq. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1990. 9 pp.

A First Look at Sealift Options for the 1990s in Light of the Experience in Operation Desert Shield. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 1991. 29 pp. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of sealift performance.

Galbraith, Peter. Civil War in Iraq: A Staff Report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1991. 28 pp.

Goldich, Robert. Iraq-Kuwait Crisis: U.S. Reserve Callup and Reliance on the Reserves. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1990. 15 pp.

Lowenthal, Mark. Naval Restriction of Commerce Against Iraq: Historic Background, Implications and Options. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1990. 6 pp.

Mark, Clyde R., and Renee L. Stasio. Iraq-Kuwait Crisis: A Chronology of Events July 17, 1990-December 31, 1990. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1991. 22 pp.

Newsome, Gary S. Iraq's Armed Forces: Summary of Selected Weapons. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1991. 25 pp.

O'Keefe, Sean C., Frank B. Kelso, and Carl E. Mundy. "From the Sea: A New Direction for the Naval Services." Marine Corps Gazette 76 (November 1992): 18-22. Full text of Navy-Marine Corps White Paper, prepared by the Secretary of the Navy, Chief of Naval Operations, and Commandant of the Marine Corps, defining a new vision for the Navy and Marines; emphasizes the post-Cold War shift from a blue- water, global threat to littoral, regional challenges such as the Gulf war.

O'Rourke, Ronald. Sealift and Operation Desert Shield. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1990. 28 pp. Overview.

Rost, Ronald F., John F. Addams, and John J. Nelson. Sealift in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm: 7 August 1990 to 17 February 1991. Alexandria, VA: Center for Naval Analyses, 1991. 39 pp. Quantitative and qualitative analyses of sealift performance.

Simpson, Michael M. Chemical and Biological Weapons in the Persian Gulf Area: Health Effects and Protections. Washington: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1991. 9 pp.

U.S. Army. The Iraqi Army: Organization and Tactics. Fort Irwin, CA: U.S. Army, National Training Center Handbook 100-91, January 1991. 182 pp. A tactical handbook on the Iraqi Army describing force structure, command systems, artillery, intelligence, capacity for nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare, and other topics.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Crisis in the Persian Gulf: Sanctions, Diplomacy, and War. Hearings Before the Committee on Armed Services, 101st Cong., 2d sess., December 4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 14, 17, 19, 20, 1990. 920 pp. Features testimony by 34 witnesses, including Secretary of Defense Richard Cheney, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell, Cyrus Vance, William Webster, and Admiral Robert F. Dunn.

_______. Military Personnel and Compensation Subcommittee. Redeployment of Reserves From Operation Desert Storm. Hearing Before the Military Personnel and Compensation Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services, 102d Cong., 1st sess., April 18, 1991. 72 pp.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Arms Control, International Security, and Science. The Persian Gulf Crisis: Relevant Documents, Correspondence, Reports. 102d Cong., 1st sess., 1991. 259 pp. Spans the period 2 August 1990 to 7 March 1991.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Merchant Marine. Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm Sealift Performance and Future Sealift Requirements. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Merchant Marine of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, 102d Cong., 1st sess., April 23; May 21, 1991. 596 pp. Discusses sealift performance and policies to improve the commercial Merchant Marine fleet.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Crisis in the Persian Gulf Region: U.S. Policy Options and Implications. Hearings Before the Committee on Armed Services, 101st Cong., 2d sess., September 11, 13; November 27, 28, 29, 30; December 3, 1990. 765 pp. Features testimonies of Secretary Cheney, General Powell, James R. Schlesinger, General David F. Jones, Admiral William J. Crowe, Henry Kissinger, James Webb, Edward N. Luttwak, and others.

_______. Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm. Hearings Before the Committee on Armed Services, 102d Cong., 1st sess., April 24; May 8, 9, 16, 21; June 4, 12, 20, 1991. 414 pp. Postwar analysis by Major General James M. Myatt, Vice Admiral Stanley R. Arthur, General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, and others.

_______. Subcommittee on Manpower and Personnel. Department of Defense Procedures for Return and Release From Active Duty of National Guardsmen and Reservists Called Up for Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm. Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Manpower and Personnel of the Committee on Armed Services, 102d Cong., 1st sess., June 11, 1991. 85 pp.

U.S. Department of Defense. Conduct of the Persian Gulf Conflict: An Interim Report to Congress. Washington: Department of Defense, 1991. 362 pp. Discusses many operational and social aspects of the war in the format of answers to questions raised by members of Congress. Most sections end with lists of "accomplishments" and "shortcomings." The Final Report listed below has not entirely supplanted the Interim Report in content.

_______. Conduct of the Persian Gulf War: Final Report to Congress, 3 vols. Washington: Department of Defense, 1992. (the "Title V" report.) This is the most important official source on the war, embodying the consensus view of the services. Volume 1 is a narrative covering the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait through the coalition ground campaign, with separate chapters on maritime interception operations and the maritime campaign. Volume 2 analyzes selected topics, including intelligence, preparedness of U.S. forces, deployment, logistics, medical support, reserves, special operations, legal issues, and women in the theater of operations. Volume 3 contains brief descriptions and performance evaluations of selected weapons systems, including aircraft, vehicles, munitions, and "naval systems."

U.S. General Accounting Office. Desert Shield/Storm Logistics: Observations by U.S. Military Personnel: Report to Chairman, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, Committee on Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. Washington: GAO, 1991. 58 pp. Examines readiness of prepositioned supplies, repair parts, food and clothing, and weapons systems.

_______. Military Personnel: Composition of the Active Duty Forces by Race or National Origin Identification and by Gender: Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Legislation and National Security Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. Washington: GAO, 1991. 79 pp. The racial composition of U.S. forces came under close scrutiny during the Gulf War.

_______. Navy Contracting: Military Sealift Command Contracts for Operation Desert Shield: Report to the Chairman, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. Washington: GAO, 1991. 12 pp.

_______. Operation Desert Shield/Storm: Use of Navy and Marine Corps Reserves: Report to Chairman, Subcommittee on Readiness, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives. Washington: GAO, 1991. 5 pp. Summary of numbers of recalled reservists.

_______. Operation Desert Storm: Lack of Accountability Over Materiel During Redeployment: Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Conventional Forces and Alliance Defense, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate. Washington: GAO, 1992. 20 pp.

_______. Operation Desert Storm: Race and Gender Comparison of Deployed Forces with All Active Duty Forces: Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Legislation and National Security Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. Washington: GAO, 1992. 62 pp.

_______. Operation Desert Storm: War Offers Important Insights Into Army and Marine Corps Training Needs: Report to the Honorable Nancy Landon Kassebaum, U.S. Senate. Washington: GAO, 1992. 41 pp.

U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy Current Documents (1990 and 1991). Washington: Department of State, 1991, 1992. "Presents the principal public foreign policy messages, addresses, statements, interviews, press briefings and conferences, and congressional testimony by the executive branch of the U.S. Government" during 1990 and 1991. A separate microfiche supplement contains complete transcripts of many briefings and documents.

U.S. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. The United States Navy in "Desert Shield" "Desert Storm". Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1991. 227 pp. This indispensable reference work provides an overview of naval operations, with a section on initial "lessons learned"; includes 16 appendices and a chronology.


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8 July 1997