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The Reestablishment of the Navy, 1787-1801
Historical Overview and Select Bibliography


Naval Administration


Bauer, K. Jack, ed. The New American State Papers: Naval Affairs. 10 vols. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1981.

Material selected from the Gales and Seaton American State Papers, the congressional serial set, and previously unpublished documents from the National Archives.

Stoddert, Benjamin. "Benjamin Stoddert Calls for Massive Naval Expansion." In American Military Thought, edited by Walter Millis, 74-78. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.

-----. "Letters of Benjamin Stoddert, First Secretary of the Navy, to Nicholas Johnson of Newburyport, 1798-1799." Essex Institute Historical Collections 74 (1938): 350- 60.

United States Congress. American State Papers. Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States. 38 vols. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1832-61. Class VI, Naval Affairs, vol. 1: March 3, 1789-March 5, 1825.

Secondary Literature

Albion, Robert G. "The First Days of the Navy Department." Military Affairs 22 (Spring 1948): 1- 11.

How Benjamin Stoddert shaped the Navy Department.

Carrigg, John Joseph. "Benjamin Stoddert and the Foundation of the American Navy." Ph.D. diss., Georgetown University, 1953. 367 pp.

-----. "Benjamin Stoddert, 18 June 1798-31 March 1801." In American Secretaries of the Navy, edited by Paolo E. Coletta, 1: 59-75. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1980.

Crackel, Theodore J. "The Common Defence: The Department of War, 1789-1794." Prologue 21 (Winter 1989): 331- 43.

Ford, Henry J. "Timothy Pickering." In The American Secretaries of State and Their Diplomacy, edited by Samuel Flagg Bemis, 2: 163-244. 1928. Reprint. New York: Pageant Book, 1958.

Jones, Robert F. "The Naval Thought and Policy of Benjamin Stoddert, First Secretary of the Navy, 1798-1801." American Neptune 24 (January 1964): 61-69.

Paullin, Charles O. Paullin's History of Naval Administration, 1775-1911. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1968. 485 pp.

A collection of articles from the U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings.

-----. "Washington City and the Old Navy." Records of the Columbia Historical Society 33-34 (1932): 163-77.

Scheina, Robert L. "Benjamin Stoddert, Politics, and the Navy." American Neptune 36 (January 1976): 54-68.

Steiner, Bernard C. The Life and Correspondence of James McHenry. Cleveland: Burrows, 1907. 640 pp.

Turner, Harriot Stoddert. "Memoirs of Benjamin Stoddert, First Secretary of the United States Navy." Records of the Columbia Historical Society 20 (1917): 141-66.

Contains Stoddert correspondence.

Ward, Harry M. The Department of War, 1781-1795. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1962. 287 pp.

White, Leonard D. The Federalists: A Study in Administrative History. New York: Macmillan, 1948. 538 pp.