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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
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United States Naval History: A Bibliography

NAVAL HISTORY BIBLIOGRAPHIES, NO. 1

BIOGRAPHIES, MEMOIRS

(See also entries in the naval biography subsections of American Revolution, War of 1812, Civil War, World War II, and Conflict in Southeast Asia and in the sections of the Formative Years and Emergence of the Modern Navy.)


Alden, Carroll S., and Ralph Earle. Makers of Naval Tradition. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1942. 378 pp. (Reprinted 1972 by Books for Libraries).

First published in 1925. A collection of twelve biographies of outstanding American naval officers from John Paul Jones to William Thomas Sampson. Includes a chapter on World War I.

Allen, Everett S. Arctic Odyssey: The Life of Rear Admiral Donald B. MacMillan. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1962. 340 pp.

Allen, George W. Sails to Atoms: From Seaman to Admiral. Philadelphia: Dorrance, 1975. 169 pp.

Rear Admiral George Washington Allen enlisted in the Navy in 1908 and was commissioned during World War I. He served in both the Atlantic and Pacific Theaters in World War II.

Ammen, Daniel. The Old Navy and the New. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1891. 553 pp.

Arpee, Edward. From Frigates to Flat-Tops: The Story of the Life and Achievements of Real Admiral William Adger Moffett, U.S.N. Lake Forest, Ill.: The Author, 1953. 276 pp.

Barker, Albert S. Everyday Life in the Navy: Autobiography of Rear Admiral Albert S. Barker. Boston: R. G. Badger, 1928. 422 pp.

Covers period from Civil War to 1905.

Beck, Emily Morison, ed. Sailor Historian: The Best of Samuel Eliot Morison. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977. 431 pp.

Selections from the works of Samuel Eliot Morison, each of which is prefaced by a brief introduction written by the author. The volume is edited by Morison's daughter.

Billings, Charlene W. Grace Hopper: Navy Admiral and Computer Pioneer. Hillside, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1989. 128 pp.

Bowen, Harold G. Ships, Machinery and Mossbacks: The Autobiography of a Naval Engineer. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univ. Press, 1954. 397 pp.

Boyer, Samuel P. Naval Surgeon: The Diary of Dr. Samuel Pellman Boyer. Edited by Elinor Barnes and James A. Barnes. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1963. 2 vols.

Vol. 1, Blockading the South, 1862-1866; Vol. 2, Revolt in Japan, 1868-1869.

Bradford, James C., ed. Admirals of the New Steel Navy: Makers of the American Naval Tradition, 1880-1930. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1990, 427 pp.

Biographies of Stephen B. Luce, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Robley D. Evans, French Ensor Chadwick, Bradley A. Fiske, William J. Sampson, Winfield Scott Schley, George Dewey, Henry T. Mayo, William S. Sims, William S. Benson, Mark L. Bristol, and William A. Moffett.

-----. Captains of the Old Steam Navy: Makers of the American Naval Tradition, 1840-1880. Edited by James C. Bradford. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1986. 356 pp.

Biographical studies of Matthew C. Perry, John A. Dahlgren, Matthew Fontaine Maury, Charles Wilkes, Franklin Buchanan, Andrew Foote, Samuel F. Du Pont, David Glasgow Farragut, Raphael Semmes, David Dixon Porter, John Rodgers, Robert W. Shufeldt, and Benjamin Franklin Isherwood.

-----. Command Under Sail: Makers of the American Naval Tradition, 1775-1850. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1985. 333 pp.

A collection of twelve scholarly, interpretative essays on William S. Bainbridge, John Barry, Stephen Decatur, Esek Hopkins, Isaac Hull, John Paul Jones, Thomas Macdonough, Oliver Hazard Perry, David Porter, Edward Preble, John Rodgers, and Robert Stockton.

Brooke, George M. John M. Brooke: Naval Scientist and Educator. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1980. 372 pp.

Byrd, Richard E. Skyward: Man's Mastery of the Air as Shown by the Brilliant Flights of America's Leading Air Explorer. His Life, His Thrilling Adventures, His North Pole and Trans-Atlantic Flights, Together With His Plans for Conquering the Antarctic by Air. New York: Putnam, 1928. 359 pp.

Chadwick, French E. French Ensor Chadwick: Selected Letters and Papers. Edited by Doris D. Maguire. Washington: University Press of America, 1981. 646 pp.

Historian, strategist, and naval commander Admiral Chadwick (1844-1919) served in London as the first permanent naval attache, 1882-1889, and as president of the Naval War College, 1900-1903.

Church, William C. The Life of John Ericsson. New York: Scribner, 1890. 2 vols.

Clark, Charles E. My Fifty Years in the Navy. With an introduction and notes by Jack Sweetman. Classics of Naval Literature. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1984. 190 pp.

Contains account of the famous run of USS Oregon from San Francisco to join the fleet at Santiago de Cuba. First published in 1917 by Little, Brown.

Cogar, William B. Dictionary of Admirals of the U.S. Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1989-.

Vol. 1, 1862-1900; Vol. 2, 1901-1918.

Coletta, Paolo E. Admiral Bradley A. Fiske and the American Navy. Lawrence: The Regents Press of Kansas, 1979. 306 pp.

Fiske (1854-1942), the outstanding naval inventor of his era, made contributions in the fields of ordnance and electricity, and was instrumental in establishing the office of the Chief of Naval Operations.

-----. Bowman Hendry McCalla: A Fighting Sailor. Washington: University Press of America, 1979. 210 pp.

Admiral McCalla (1844-1910) served in the Navy From 1865 to 1906, distinguishing himself during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900.

-----. French Ensor Chadwick, Scholarly Warrior. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1980. 256 pp.

-----, ed. American Secretaries of the Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1980. 2 vols.

Coletta and twenty other scholars have contributed individually authored biographies of the sixty secretaries from Stoddert to Chafee. Vol. 1, 1775-1913; Vol. 2, 1913-1972.

Coontz, Robert E. From the Mississippi to the Sea. Philadelphia: Dorrance & Co., 1930. 483 pp.

The autobiography of Rear Admiral Coontz from his Naval Academy graduation in 1885 through service as Commander in Chief, United States Fleet, 1923-25.

Corner, George W. Doctor Kane of the Arctic Seas. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press, 1972. 306 pp.

Cotten, Elizabeth H. The John Paul Jones-Willie Jones Tradition: A Defense of the North Carolina Position. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Heritage Printers, 1966. 118 pp.

Cummings, Damon E. Admiral Richard Wainwright and the United States Fleet. Washington: GPO, 1962. 266 pp.

Dallas, Francis G. The Papers of Francis Gregory Dallas, United States Navy: Correspondence and Journal, 1837-1859. Edited by Gardner W. Allen. New York: Naval History Society, 1917. 303 pp.

Davis, Charles H. Life of Charles Henry Davis, Rear Admiral 1807-1877, by His Son, Charles H. Davis. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1899. 349 pp. (Reprinted by Library Resources as LAC Microbook).

This outstanding naval officer, recognized as a leading scientist, helped found the National Academy of Sciences.

Dearborn, Henry A. The Life of William Bainbridge, Esq. of the United States Navy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univ. Press, 1931. 218 pp.

Dewey, George. Autobiography of George Dewey, Admiral of the Navy. New York: Scribner, 1913. 337 pp. (Reprinted 1970 by AMS Press).

Dictionary of American Military Biography. Edited by Roger J. Spiller, Joseph G. Dawson, and T. Harry Williams. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1984. 3 vols.

Includes biographical essays on seventy-five Naval and Marine corps officers distinguished for their service from the American Revolution to the present.

Drake, Frederick C. The Empire of the Seas: A Biography of Rear Admiral Robert Wilson Shufeldt, USN. Honolulu: Univ. of Hawaii Press, 1984. 468 pp.

Duncan, Francis. Rickover and the Nuclear Navy: The Discipline of Technology. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1989. 347 pp.

Evans, Holden A. One Man's Fight for a Better Navy. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1940. 393 pp.

Evans, Robley D. An Admiral's Log. New York: Appleton, 1910. 466 pp.

-----. A Sailor's Log. New York: Appleton, 1901. 467 pp.

Ferguson, Eugene S. Truxtun of the Constellation: The Life of Commodore Thomas Truxtun, U.S. Navy, 1775-1822. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1956. 322 pp.

Fiske, Bradley A. From Midshipman to Rear-Admiral. New York: Century, 1919. 694 pp.

Fitzpatrick, Donovan, and Saul Saphire. Navy Maverick: Uriah Phillips Levy. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1963. 273 pp.

Freidel, Frank B. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Boston: Little, Brown, 1952-.

Roosevelt served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913-1920. Vol. 1, The Apprenticeship; and Vol. 2, The Ordeal, cover this period.

Gleaves, Albert. The Admiral: The Memoirs of Albert Gleaves, USN. Pasadena, Calif.: Hope Publishing House, 1985. 286 pp.

Admiral Gleaves, whose naval career spanned the years 1866-1922, commanded the Cruiser and Transport Force during World War I. Chapter 15 is written by Waldron K. Post who edited the original manuscript in 1934.

-----. Life and Letters of Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce, U.S. Navy, Founder of the Naval War College. New York: Putnam, 1925. 381 pp.

Godson, Susan H. Viking of Assault: Admiral John Leslie Hall, Jr., and Amphibious Warfare. Washington: University Press of America, 1982. 238 pp.

Harris, Daniel G. F. H. Chapman: The First Naval Architect and His Work. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1989. 255 pp.

Chapman was an eighteenth-century Swedish shipbuilder and author of Architectura Navalis Mercatoria.

Henderson, Daniel M. The Hidden Coasts: A Biography of Admiral Charles Wilkes. New York: Sloane, 1953. 306 pp. (Reprinted 1971 by Greenwood).

Hobbs, William Herbert. Peary. New York: Macmillan, 1936. 502 pp.

Documented biography of the polar explorer.

Hoyt, Edwin P. The Last Explorer: The Adventures of Admiral Byrd. New York: John Day Co., 1968. 380 pp.

Hull, Isaac. Commodore Hull: Papers of Isaac Hull, Commodore, United States Navy. Edited by Gardner W. Allen. Boston: The Boston Athenaeum, 1929. 341 pp.

Hutcheon, Wallace. Robert Fulton: Pioneer of Undersea Warfare. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1981. 191 pp.

Jaffe, Bernard. Michelson and the Speed of Light. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1960. 197 pp.

Johnson, Robert E. Rear Admiral John Rodgers, 1812-1882. Annapolis: U.S. Naval Institute, 1967. 426 pp.

Klachko, Mary, and David F. Trask. Admiral William Shepherd Benson, First Chief of Naval Operations. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1986. 268 pp.

Lanciano, Claude O. Captain John Sinclair of Virginia, Patriot, Privateer, and Alleged Pirate: An Historical Presentment Examining a Personage, a Profession, and the Involvement of Both in the Early Trials of the Nation. Gloucester, Va.: Lands End Books, 1973. 301 pp.

Lewis, Charles L. The Romantic Decatur. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1937. 296 pp.

Livingston, Dorothy M. The Master of Light: A Biography of Albert A. Michelson. New York: Scribner, 1973. 376 pp.

Long, John D. Papers of John Davis Long, 1897-1904. Edited by Gardner W. Allen. Boston : Massachusetts Historical Society, 1939. 464 pp.

Love, Robert W., Jr., ed. The Chiefs of Naval Operations. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1980. 448 pp.

A collection of individually authored, scholarly biographies of the nineteen chiefs of Naval Operations from Benson to Zumwalt.

Luce, Stephen B. The Writings of Stephen B. Luce. Edited by John D. Hayes and John B. Hattendorf. Historical Monograph Series 1. Newport, R.I.: Naval War College, 1975. 262 pp.

Includes a biography of Admiral Luce (1827-1917), a selection of his essays, and an annotated bibliography of his writings. Luce founded the Naval War College.

McKee, Christopher. Edward Preble: A Naval Biography, 1761-1807. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1972. 394 pp.

Mahan, Alfred T. Admiral Farragut. New York: Appleton, 1892. 333 pp. (Reprinted 1968 by Haskell House; 1895 ed. reprinted 1968 by Appleton and by Greenwood; 1901 ed. reprinted by Library Resources as LAC Microbook).

-----. From Sail to Steam: Recollections of a Naval Life. New York: Harper, 1907. 326 pp. (Reprinted 1968 by DaCapo Press; reprinted by Library Resources as LAC Microbook).

The autobiography of America's foremost naval theorist, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840- 1914).

Mannix, Daniel P. The Old Navy. Edited by Daniel Pratt Mannix IV. New York: Macmillan, 1983. 294 pp.

Rear Admiral Mannix reminisces about his boyhood in China and his service in the Navy from 1898 to 1924.

Meade, Rebecca. Life of Hiram Paulding, Rear Admiral, U.S.N. New York: The Baker & Taylor Co., 1910, 321 pp.

Meissner, Mme. Sophie (Radford) de. Old Naval Days: Sketches From the Life of Rear Admiral William Radford, USN. New York: Holt, 1920. 389 pp.

Mercier, Henry J. Life in a Man-of-war, or Scenes in "Old Ironsides" During Her Cruise in the Pacific, by a Foretop- man. Philadelphia: L. R. Bailey, Printer, 1841. 267 pp. (Reprinted in 1927 by Houghton Mifflin).

Morison, Elting E. Admiral Sims and the Modern American Navy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1942. 547 pp. (Reprinted 1968 by Russell).

Morison, Samuel E. "Old Bruin": Commodore Matthew C. Perry, 1794-1858: The American Naval Officer Who Helped Found Liberia . . . Boston: Little, Brown, 1967. 482 pp.

Morris, Richard K. John P. Holland, 1841-1914, Inventor of the Modern Submarine. Annapolis: U.S. Naval Institute, 1966. 211 pp.

Nordhoff, Charles. Man-of-War Life: A Boy's Experience in the United States Navy, During a Voyage Around the World, in a Ship of the Line. Classics of Naval Literature. With introduction and notes by John B. Hattendorf. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1985. 300 pp.

First published in 1855 by Dodd, Mead.

O'Kane, Richard H. Clear the Bridge!: The War Patrols of the USS Tang. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1977. 480 pp. (Reprinted 1981 by Bantam Books).

A memoir by the commander of the submarine Tang.

Parker, William H. Recollections of a Naval Officer, 1841-1865. Classics of Naval Literature. With introduction and notes by Craig L. Symonds. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1985. 320 pp.

First published in 1883 by Scribner.

Paullin, Charles O. Commodore John Rodgers, Captain, Commodore and Senior Officer of the American Navy, 1773-1838. Cleveland: Arthur Clark, 1910. 434 pp. (Reprinted 1967 by U.S. Naval Institute).

Polmar, Norman, and Thomas B. Allen. Rickover. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982. 744 pp.

A biography of Admiral Hyman G. Rickover, USN, "Father of the Atomic Submarine."

Pugh, Herbert L. Navy Surgeon. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1959. 459 pp.

The memoirs of Rear Admiral Herbert L. Pugh, USN, including his service as a Marine during World War II and his long career as a naval surgeon (1923-1956).

Puleston, William D. Mahan: The Life and Work of Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, USN. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1939. 380 pp.

Reynolds, Clark G. Admiral John H. Towers: The Struggle for Naval Air Supremacy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1991. 676 pp.

-----. Famous American Admirals. New York: Van Nostrand, 1978, 446 pp.

Biographies of 215 naval officers, each accompanied by a portrait.

Roseberry, Cecil. Glenn Curtiss: Pioneer of Flight. Garden City, N.J.: Doubleday, 1972. 514 pp.

Sands, Benjamin F. From Reefer to Rear-Admiral: Reminiscences and Journal Jottings of Nearly Half a Century of Naval Life . . . 1827 to 1874. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co., 1899. 308 pp.

Schley, Winfield S. Forty-Five Years Under the Flag. New York: Appleton, 1904. 439 pp.

Seager, Robert II. Alfred Thayer Mahan: The Man and His Letters. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1977. 713 pp.

-----. "A Biography of a Biographer: Alfred Thayer Mahan." In Changing Interpretations and New Sources in Naval History: Papers From the Third United States Naval Academy History Symposium, edited by Robert W. Love, Jr. and others, 278-292. New York: Garland Pub., 1980.

Shepard, Tazewell T. John F. Kennedy, Man of the Sea. New York: Morrow, 1965. 161 pp.

Skaggs, David C., and Lawrence J. Friedman. "Jesse Duncan Elliott and the Battle of Lake Erie: The Issue of Mental Stability." Journal of the Early Republic 10 (Winter 1990): 493-516.

Awarded the U.S. Navy History Prize by the U.S. Naval Historical Center and the Naval Historical Foundation for the best article on the history of the United States Navy published in 1990.

Spector, Ronald. Admiral of the New Empire: The Life and Career of George Dewey. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 1974. 220 pp.

Stevens, William O. An Affair of Honor: The Biography of Commodore James Barron, U.S.N. Chesapeake, Va.: Norfolk County Historical Society, 1969. 204 pp.

Stillwell, Paul. "The Washington Years of Willis Lee: Preparing for Battle." In Changing Interpretations and New Sources in Naval History: Papers From the Third United States Naval Academy History Symposium, edited by Robert W. Love, Jr. and others, 386-399. New York: Garland Pub., 1980.

Strauss, Lewis L. Men and Decisions. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1962. 468 pp.

Swann, Leonard. John Roach, Maritime Entrepreneur: The Years As Naval Contractor, 1862-1886. Annapolis: U.S. Naval Institute, 1965. 301 pp.

Tuckerman, Henry T. The Life of Silas Talbot, a Commodore in the Navy of the United States. New York: J. C. Riker, 1850. 137 pp.

Turnbull, Archibald D. Commodore David Porter, 1780-1843. New York: London: The Century Co., 1929. 326 pp.

U.S. Naval Institute. Oral History Collection: Catalog of Transcripts. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1983. 65 pp.

A catalog of transcripts of interviews with over 140 senior naval officers.

Van Deurs, George. Anchors in the Sky: Spuds Ellyson, the First Naval Aviator. San Rafael, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1978. 246 pp.

Webster's American Military Biographies. Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1978. 548 pp.

Weems, John E. Peary, the Explorer and the Man, Based on His Personal Papers. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967. 362 pp.

Wells, Tom H. Commodore Moore and the Texas Navy. Austin: Univ. of Texas Press, 1960. 218 pp.

Werlich, David P. Admiral of the Amazon: John Randolph Tucker, His Confederate Colleagues, and Peru. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1990. 353 pp.

West, Richard S. Admirals of American Empire: The Combined Story of George Dewey, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Winfield Scott Schley, and William Thomas Sampson. Indianapolis: Bobbs- Merrill, 1948. 354 pp. (Reprinted 1971 by Greenwood).

Who Was Who in American History-The Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975. 652 pp.

Wiley, Henry A. An Admiral From Texas. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1934. 322 pp.

The autobiography of Rear Admiral Wiley from his Naval Academy graduation in 1888 through service as Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet, 1927-29.

Wilkes, Charles. Autobiography of Rear Admiral Charles Wilkes, U.S. Navy, 1798-1877. Edited by William James Morgan, David B Tyler, Joye L. Leonhart, and Mary F. Loughlin. Washington: Naval History Division, 1978. 944 pp.

Williams, Frances L. Matthew Fontaine Maury, Scientist of the Sea. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers Univ. Press, 1963. 720 pp.

Wilson, Eugene E. Slipstream: The Autobiography of an Air Craftsman. 2d ed. New York: Science Press, 1965. 366 pp.