Remembering the Forgotten War: Korea, 1950-1953
In January 1951, the combined Chinese and North Korean forces
pushed United Nations forces back below the 38th parallel, and
for the next five months the war was one of offensive and counter-offensive,
as the Chinese poured hundreds of thousands more men and tons
of supplies and weapons into its attempt to destroy the Allied
army. Finally, Mao Tse Tung admitted that his army would be unable
to administer a final crushing blow.
The war became one of dogged endurance. Both sides entrenched, and for the next two years as peace negotiations began, broke off, and began again the war continued. The battle line wavered above and below the 38th parallel, but changed little between May 1951 and July 1953.
A cruiser steams daringly close to enemy-held land as it fires at targets far behind the lines.
A battleship scores a hit at Wonsan, during the siege of this Korean city.
A destroyer rides out a typhoon in the Sea of Japan.
This small, ancient South Korean craft is dwarfed by the huge bulk of the cruiser Los Angeles.
Away from the busy roads of Seoul, the roads once leading to the front and the roads south, is a quiet valley. Untouched by this war or wars in the past, its only distinction is that it is the home of the White Buddha of Seoul.
Republic of Korea soldiers relax after fighting on the east coast above the 38th parallel while local civilians go about their daily task of washing clothes in a small stream near the R.O.K. encampment. In the background can be seen a bridge which was destroyed by planes of Task Force 77.
Two U.S. Marine Corps tanks pinned down by artillery have suffered casualties and are coming under serious enemy fire. In the rugged mountainous regions of Northeast Korea, naval hospital corpsmen go in to evacuate the injured, wounded and dead. Under fire, the corpsmen carry a .45, medical equipment, a small corpsman bag and litter, if he can manage. He is helped by frontline cooks, bakers and ratings generally considered non-combatant in his effort to administer life saving forward aid to the combat man. In the Marine sectors, one of his most valuable friends throughout the Korean war has been the Korean Service Corps. (Item Company, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines First Marine Division)
A tin can patrols inside Wonsan harbor on the alert, as their position is to draw enemy fire. The enemy's carefully concealed shore batteries and bunkered artillery require expert observation from destroyer gunners' mates and a high element of risk involved in detecting gun positions and eliminating them. (on board U.S.S. Gregory)
The cruiser U.S.S. Los Angeles receives vital guard mail from a destroyer.
During bombardment of this city, the U.S.S. St. Paul fires from inside the mined harbor at the closest point to the target. (May 1951)
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