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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

Carlos Andreson (1905-1978)

Carlos Andreson was born in 1905 in Salt Lake City, Utah. He first studied art at the University of Utah, continuing his education in Los Angeles, New York, Paris, and Berlin. While in Europe he exhibited in Stockholm, Nice, and Paris. Returning to the United States in 1933, he participated in the Works Progress Administration (WPA) Art Program, creating paintings and drawings of early pioneer life. Some of these were used to illustrate programs for the Utah Symphony and are currently held by the Utah State Fine Arts Collection. As part of his WPA work, Andreson taught art at the Utah Arts Center.

During the late 1930’s and early 1940’s, Andreson continued to work as an artist in New York. Soon after the start of World War II, Abbott Laboratories commissioned him to depict medical subjects at the stateside Naval hospitals. After the war he moved to San Francisco where he became associated with the San Francisco Civic League. In his later years he produced artwork for the Oakland Army Base.

There are 17 works in the Navy Art Collection by Carlos Andreson.

Institutions that have works by Carlos Andreson in their permanent collections include:

Metropolitan Museum of Art
Princeton University Collection
Brooklyn Museum
National Museum of American Art
Utah State Fine Arts Collection


Arriving for the Best of Medical Care
Carlos Andreson #14
Watercolor, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-N

A naval patient being removed from a streamlined ambulance to a large base hospital by two corpsmen and the chauffeur. Here the seaman will receive the finest possible care and treatment.

 

Hospital Ward
Carlos Andreson #5
Charcoal, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-E

 

This is one of the many spacious and modern wards in a naval hospital which can accommodate as many as 1,200 patients. Many states of the Union are represented by the patients in every ward. The recuperating men recover in an atmosphere of cleanliness and efficiency. For those who wish to listen to the radio, earphones are installed.

 

Fever Therapy Cabinet
Carlos Andreson #11
Charcoal drawing, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-K

 

As this Navy patient's temperature rises to between 105 and 106.5 degrees, the nurses wipes the perspiration from his reddening face, while a fan cools his head. This treatment is used for venereal and certain other diseases. A hospital corpsman takes measures to replace the salt and water lost by perspiration during the treatment.

 

Hubbard Hydrotherapy Tank
Carlos Andreson #15
Watercolor, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-O

 

In this device, victims of joint injuries, paralysis, arthritis, and other ailments are effectively treated. The warmth of the water relaxes muscle spasms, and the size and shape of the tank permit the patient, with the aid of corpsmen, to perform prescribed exercises.

 

Recreational Therapy
Carlos Andreson #6
Charcoal drawing, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-F

A group of convalescent Navy men are trying their skill at sculpting figures, weaving belts and purses, and making other articles. Here time flies and it is found that this work has a relaxing and therapeutic effect upon the men. The Grey Ladies are instructing them and are always at hand when the men are "stumped."

 

Blood Donors
Carlos Andreson #3
Charcoal, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-C

Certain periods at this naval hospital have been set aside for members who wish to donate a pint of their blood. In every naval category, from apprentice seamen to the highest ranking officers, there are many who gladly give their blood.

 

Naval Pharmacists
Carlos Andreson #10
Watercolor, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-J

 

With the assistance of WAVES, these naval pharmacists fill hundreds of prescriptions each day. The pharmacists' responsibilities, which involve the well-being and recovery of thousands of patients, is discharged with the utmost efficiency.

 

Dental WAVES at Work
Carlos Andreson #12
Watercolor, 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-L

 

Their preliminary training is accomplished through work on mannequins. The WAVE in the foreground is demonstrating to a new trainee the process of cleaning teeth. The teeth of the mannequin have been coated with a hard wax to represent tartar deposits on human teeth. Later will come training in more intricate problems.

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Online Exhibits that feature Carlos Andreson's work
Navy Medical Art of the Abbott Collection

 

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22 June 2000